The life of Jesus as presented by Matthew. The gospel covers His virginal birth to His death and resurrection. Matthew also presents Jesus as the Lion of Judah and the fulfillment of prophecy. It is placed first in the New Testament because many of the early church leaders believed it to be the ...

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What is currently the earliest reference for the title of, “According to Matthew”

The title for the Gospel of Matthew, "According to Matthew". Does anyone know who and when the earliest reference was made that St. Matthew wrote his own Gospel?
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100 views

Does gēs in Matthew 24:30 refer to all the earth, or a particular location?

Matthew 24:30 (ESV), a part of the Olivet Discourse, reads: Then will appear in heaven the sign of the Son of Man, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man ...
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3answers
385 views

Who does the “Mother of Zebedee's sons” refer to?

Matthew 20:20, NIV: Then the mother of Zebedee’s sons came to Jesus with her sons and, kneeling down, asked a favor of him. Matthew 27:56, NIV: Among them were Mary Magdalene, Mary the ...
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4answers
554 views

What does Jesus mean when he says “blessed” in the Beatitudes of Matthew 5?

I ask this as blessed can mean many things. Eternal life, financial wealth, health, having kids, having a job, being happy, etc. Blessings seem to be very broad, so I'd like to see if anyone can ...
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Matthew 3:4 - does ζώνην δερματίνην περὶ τὴν ὀσφὺν αὐτοῦ epexegetically modify τὸ ἔνδυμα αὑτοῦ ἀπὸ τριχῶν καμήλου?

The Greek text of Matt. 3:4: Αὐτὸς δὲ ὁ Ἰωάννης εἶχεν τὸ ἔνδυμα αὑτοῦ ἀπὸ τριχῶν καμήλου, καὶ ζώνην δερματίνην περὶ τὴν ὀσφὺν αὑτοῦ ἡ δὲ τροφὴ αὐτοῦ ἦν ἀκρίδες, καὶ μέλι ἄγριον TR, 1550 Is it ...
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Dealing with the swine as property in Mt 8

In the account in Mathew of Jesus casting out the demons into swine (included below), is there evidence for commentary on property? It would seem the main point of using swine would be for an unclean ...
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Did Joseph of Arimathaea beg for or boldly request Jesus' body from Pilate?

I'm trying to understand Joseph's approach to Pilate. Mark and Matthew appear to be describing his approach in different ways. Did he ask boldly or did he beg for Jesus' body? Mark 15:43 Joseph ...
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1answer
105 views

Comparing Matt 18:15-20 with Jn 20:21-23

Is there a legitimate contextual comparison between what Jesus teaches in Matthew 18:15-20 (certain disciplinary functions working in an assembly of people in God's name) and the text in John 20:21-23?...
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223 views

Why was Jesus baptized?

Matthew 3:16 (KJV) 16 And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and ...
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What is the significance of the term 'bread falling from the table '?

What is the historical background of the mention of 'bread falling from the table' as is seen in Matthew 15:27 (NIV): “Yes it is, Lord,” she said. “Even the dogs eat the crumbs that fall from their ...
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Does the Canaanite woman disagree with Jesus in Matthew 15:27?

27 ἡ δὲ εἶπεν· Ναί, κύριε, καὶ γὰρ τὰ κυνάρια ἐσθίει ἀπὸ τῶν ψιχίων τῶν πιπτόντων ἀπὸ τῆς τραπέζης τῶν κυρίων αὐτῶν. (Matthew 15:27, SBT GNT) 26 And he answered, “It is not right to take the ...
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192 views

What does “petra" mean in Mathew 16:18?

One of the answers to the question Are there any examples of sarcasm in the bible? on Christianity.SE states: Mathew 16:18 Jesus tells Peter (Greek--Petros--rock) that he's the "rock" (Gr: Petra---...
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1answer
74 views

Our Father in Heaven prayer — prose or verse?

I happened to read a write-up presented by Rev. Jack Kilmon, Bible scholar and researcher in his website "Scriptorium". Kilmon has attempted a retro-translation of the 'Our Father in Heaven' prayer ...
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Exegesis of Matthew 13

I have read Robbins and Witheringtons different understanding of socio-rhetorical criticism and have better understood Ben Witherington III's method. But I need to better understand his method or ...
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1answer
71 views

What kind of entity does “φάντασμα” in Matthew 14:26 refer to?

In Matthew 14 when the disciples see Jesus walking on the water, ἐταράχθησαν λέγοντες ὅτι φάντασμά ἐστιν, καὶ ἀπὸ τοῦ φόβου ἔκραξαν. they were terrified, and said, “It is a ghost!” and they ...
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192 views

Does “the church” in Matthew 18:17 refer to the whole assembly?

In Matthew 18:17, Jesus' instructions on the brother who sins reach a climax: If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church. And if he refuses to listen even to the church, let him be to ...
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2answers
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By the phrase “οὔτε ἐν τῷ μέλλοντι”, was Jesus saying that there are sins that could be forgiven after death?

Reading Matthew 12:32 at face value, it seems that it's telling us that forgiveness can be obtained after death but Jesus won't contradict himself in Luke 16:20-25 (I mean, the rich man could easily ...
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0answers
57 views

What is the correct text of Matthew 16:22 in the Codex Vaticanus?

While translating Matthew 16 today, I ran across what the NET Bible calls a "highly elliptical expression" in verse 22: καὶ προσλαβόμενος αὐτὸν ὁ Πέτρος ἤρξατο ἐπιτιμᾶν αὐτῷ λέγων· Ἵλεώς σοι, ...
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131 views

Matthew 7:13-14: What is the straight gate and the narrow way?

What exactly is meant by the strait gate and the narrow way in the following passage? Is it possible to establish that based on the text? Enter ye in at the strait gate: for wide is the gate, and ...
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Does Matthew 1:25 provide evidence for or against the perpetual virginity of Mary?

Matthew 1:25, regarding Joseph "knowing" Mary, reads: but knew her not until she had given birth to a son. And he called his name Jesus. (ESV) The word "until," in English, typically indicates ...