The life of Jesus as presented by Matthew. The gospel covers His virginal birth to His death and resurrection. Matthew also presents Jesus as the Lion of Judah and the fulfillment of prophecy. It is placed first in the New Testament because many of the early church leaders believed it to be the ...

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Matt. 5:28: αὐτὴν or αὐτῆς as the object of τὸ ἐπιθυμῆσαι?

The Textus Receptus (1550, Estienne) has the pronoun αὐτῆς as the object of the infinitive τὸ ἐπιθυμῆσαι, while the NA28 has αὐτὴν. Grammatically, which is the preferred reading? Which manuscripts ...
10
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2answers
2k views

Why would Mary and Joseph offer “turtle doves” in Luke 2:24?

When Jesus was "presented" in Jerusalem by Mary and Joseph, the sacrifice made was "a pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons": Luke 2: 22 When the days of their purification according to the law ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Matthew 7:13-14: What is the straight gate and the narrow way?

What exactly is meant by the strait gate and the narrow way in the following passage? Is it possible to establish that based on the text? Enter ye in at the strait gate: for wide is the gate, and ...
11
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4answers
110k views

What is the meaning of “poor in spirit” in Matthew 5:3

Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. - KJV Matthew 5:3 How can the "poor in spirit" get the kingdom of heaven? Is there a similar usage else where?
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1answer
44 views

What is currently the earliest reference for the title of, “According to Matthew”

The title for the Gospel of Matthew, "According to Matthew". Does anyone know who and when the earliest reference was made that St. Matthew wrote his own Gospel?
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4answers
3k views

Does the Holy Spirit have a name

Does the Holy Spirit have a name? In Matthew 28:18-19 says: 18 Then Jesus came to them and said, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19 Therefore go and make disciples of all ...
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9answers
2k views

Is Jesus Christ the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit?

Is the “name” of the Lord singular or collective in meaning? Matt 28:19 (KJV) 19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy ...
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3answers
505 views

Did Matthew intend “evil” or “the evil one” in the Lord’s Prayer?

I previously asked a question about how to understand these words in the language Jesus was originally speaking. However, the text we have is in Greek, and I realized I’m not as familiar with the ...
6
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1answer
326 views

Matthew 10:28 - Is there anything linguistic to support eternal torment in this verse?

In Matthew 10:28 is there anything linguistic to support eternal torment in this verse? The natural interpretation obviously is that this teaches annihilationism since he uses the word "destroy" not ...
4
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3answers
227 views

Was Jesus’ commandment to “love enemies” (Matthew 5:43) meant literally?

Was Jesus’ commandment to his disciples to love their enemies in Matthew 5:43 intended to be understood literally? 43“You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbor and hate your ...
12
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2answers
2k views

Is the Greek of “you” in Mathew 18 singular or plural and what does this say about who is granted authority?

I don't know very much Greek at all, but I'm very curious about the translation of the word "you" in Matthews gospel. In Matthew 16:19 he seems to be speaking directly to Peter when using the word ...
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1answer
4k views

Are the words “wife” and “woman” the same in Hebrew and Greek?

This question is related to one on Christianity.SE. Some say they are. Hence Jesus prohibition against looking at women with lust (as in Matthew 5:27-28) could mean prohibition against looking at ...
4
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1answer
155 views

Matt. 27:52 “tombs also were opened” apocalyptic symbolism?

Matt. 27:51b (NA28) ... καὶ ἡ γῆ ἐσείσθη καὶ αἱ πέτραι ἐσχίσθησαν,  52 καὶ τὰ μνημεῖα ἀνεῴχθησαν καὶ πολλὰ σώματα τῶν κεκοιμημένων ἁγίων ἠγέρθησαν,  53 καὶ ἐξελθόντες ἐκ τῶν μνημείων μετὰ τὴν ...
3
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2answers
132 views

Matt 16:18 gates of hades will not “withstand” or “overcome” it - which one?

Basically most translations say: "gates of Hades will not overpower [the church]", one translation (Aramaic Bible in Plain English) says "gates of Sheol will not withstand it". My understanding of ...
6
votes
3answers
220 views

Who does the “Mother of Zebedee's sons” refer to?

Matthew 20:20, NIV: Then the mother of Zebedee’s sons came to Jesus with her sons and, kneeling down, asked a favor of him. Matthew 27:56, NIV: Among them were Mary Magdalene, Mary the ...
6
votes
2answers
150 views

Do the children have their ‘guardian’ angels (Matthew 18:10)?

In Matthew 18:10 it reads: "See that you do not disdain one of these little ones. For I tell you that their angels in heaven always see the face of my Father in heaven. (Matthew 18:10, NET, ...
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2answers
8k views

Who are eunuchs of their mother's womb?

For there are some eunuchs, which were so born from [their] mother's womb: and there are some eunuchs, which were made eunuchs of men: and there be eunuchs, which have made themselves eunuchs for ...
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6answers
8k views

What does the oil in the ten virgins parable represent?

The parable of the ten virgins is found in Matthew 25:1-12. Verses 8-9 (ESV) read: And the foolish said to the wise, ‘Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.’ But the wise ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

Comparing Matt 18:15-20 with Jn 20:21-23

Is there a legitimate contextual comparison between what Jesus teaches in Matthew 18:15-20 (certain disciplinary functions working in an assembly of people in God's name) and the text in John ...
7
votes
3answers
381 views

Is “puppies” a justifiable translation of κυναρίοις?

Mark 7 contains an odd little story: And from there he arose and went away to the region of Tyre and Sidon. And he entered a house and did not want anyone to know, yet he could not be hidden. But ...
3
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0answers
63 views

Matthew 3:4 - does ζώνην δερματίνην περὶ τὴν ὀσφὺν αὐτοῦ epexegetically modify τὸ ἔνδυμα αὑτοῦ ἀπὸ τριχῶν καμήλου?

The Greek text of Matt. 3:4: Αὐτὸς δὲ ὁ Ἰωάννης εἶχεν τὸ ἔνδυμα αὑτοῦ ἀπὸ τριχῶν καμήλου, καὶ ζώνην δερματίνην περὶ τὴν ὀσφὺν αὑτοῦ ἡ δὲ τροφὴ αὐτοῦ ἦν ἀκρίδες, καὶ μέλι ἄγριον TR, 1550 Is it ...
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4answers
1k views

Why Were there 12 Baskets of Leftovers when feeding 5000?

Mathew 14:16-20 (NIV) says: 16 Jesus replied, “They do not need to go away. You give them something to eat.” 17 “We have here only five loaves of bread and two fish,” they answered. 18 “Bring ...
5
votes
2answers
109 views

Dealing with the swine as property in Mt 8

In the account in Mathew of Jesus casting out the demons into swine (included below), is there evidence for commentary on property? It would seem the main point of using swine would be for an unclean ...
5
votes
3answers
535 views

Was Jesus unaware of Joel 2:32?

Matthew records Jesus saying: Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but the one who does the will of my Father who is in heaven. On that day many will say to ...
13
votes
4answers
15k views

Who are “the least of these my brothers” in Matthew 25?

In Matthew 25:31-46, Jesus teaches that when the Son of Man comes in his glory, he will separate sheep and goats along certain lines, saying: "Truly, I say to you, as you did it to one of the least of ...
8
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5answers
189 views

Why was Jesus baptized?

Matthew 3:16 (KJV) 16 And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and ...
6
votes
3answers
336 views

What does it mean that the Son did not know the hour of his return in Matthew 24:36 // Mark 13:32?

I'm little lost here. Can somebody please help me with this? We have these two verses concerning the day when (as introduced in Mark 13:26 // Mark 24:30) the Son of Man returns in glory: But of ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

What is the significance of the term 'bread falling from the table '?

What is the historical background of the mention of 'bread falling from the table' as is seen in Matthew 15:27 (NIV): “Yes it is, Lord,” she said. “Even the dogs eat the crumbs that fall from their ...
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votes
2answers
84 views

By the phrase “οὔτε ἐν τῷ μέλλοντι”, was Jesus saying that there are sins that could be forgiven after death?

Reading Matthew 12:32 at face value, it seems that it's telling us that forgiveness can be obtained after death but Jesus won't contradict himself in Luke 16:20-25 (I mean, the rich man could easily ...
5
votes
1answer
50 views

Our Father in Heaven prayer — prose or verse?

I happened to read a write-up presented by Rev. Jack Kilmon, Bible scholar and researcher in his website "Scriptorium". Kilmon has attempted a retro-translation of the 'Our Father in Heaven' prayer ...
12
votes
6answers
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Are the 'ten virgins' told in Jesus' parable multiple brides or just general wedding party?

Jesus told a parable about the kingdom of God involving "ten virgins" and a "bridegroom". It starts out in the beginning of Matthew: Matthew 25:1-2 (ESV) 1 "Then the kingdom of heaven will be ...
7
votes
6answers
2k views

Why doesn't Jesus give away all his money?

Jesus, said this: Jesus said to him, “If you would be perfect, go, sell what you possess and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow me.” ESV, Matthew 19:21 But ...
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2answers
4k views

What implications does the expression “giving in marriage” have for the existence of sexuality after the ressurection?

In reading various different translations of the following passage (emphasis mine), I presume that Mathew indicates than there will be gender at the resurrection. Also a plain reading of the text ...
7
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5answers
35k views

Did Jesus endorse tithing for all when addressing the Pharisees?

Here's the text of Luke 11:42: “But woe to you Pharisees! For you tithe mint and rue and every herb, and neglect justice and the love of God. These you ought to have done, without neglecting the ...
3
votes
1answer
843 views

The meaning of the phrase “mustard seed”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Does Jesus always use the mustard seed to signify the property of “smallness”? The phrase "mustard seed" is found in the New Testament several times. I am not sure, ...
5
votes
2answers
475 views

Does “Thou hast said”equate to “yes”?

I have encountered "Thou hast said" number of times in the N.T. Perhaps, it can also be found in O.T. I wonder if it is absolutely synonymous to "yes" or it is a way of implying "yes" while not ...
5
votes
2answers
333 views

Understanding the appropriation of Psalm 22:2 in the Gospel crucifixion accounts

In Matthew 27:46, the author quotes Jesus, first transliterating his words with Greek letter (NA28 | ESV): ηλι ηλι λεμα σαβαχθανι; Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani? He then translates into Greek: ...
1
vote
1answer
146 views

What does “petra" mean in Mathew 16:18?

One of the answers to the question Are there any examples of sarcasm in the bible? on Christianity.SE states: Mathew 16:18 Jesus tells Peter (Greek--Petros--rock) that he's the "rock" (Gr: ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

According to the Gospel of John, was Jesus always known as the Messiah?

The first mention to the title of Messiah (or Christ) in the Gospel of John is from Andrew testifying to Peter right after he met Jesus. John 1:41 He first found his own brother Simon, and said to ...
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votes
3answers
4k views

What is really being said in Mathew 6:22-23

22“The eye is the lamp of the body. If your eyes are healthy, your whole body will be full of light. 23But if your eyes are unhealthy, your whole body will be full of darkness. If then the light ...
5
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1answer
171 views

What are the common solutions to the minor agreements of Matthew and Luke?

There are a number of points where Matthew and Luke agree against Mark in their reading, but which cannot be explained by their supposed reliance on the Q source. For instance, in the narrative of ...
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votes
4answers
351 views

Could the Gospel of Matthew be dependent on Luke's Gospel?

Why is it that a possible Gospel dependency order of Mark-Luke-Matthew without requiring 'Q' is considered particularly unlikely, when compared to other possible solutions to the synoptic problem? Do ...
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2answers
3k views

Translation of “this generation will not pass away” in Matthew 24:34?

I'm curious specifically regarding the translation of the word "generation" here in Matthew 24:34, Mark 13:30, and Luke 21:32. Matthew 24:34 (NIV) Truly I tell you, this generation will ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

What kind of entity does “φάντασμα” in Matthew 14:26 refer to?

In Matthew 14 when the disciples see Jesus walking on the water, ἐταράχθησαν λέγοντες ὅτι φάντασμά ἐστιν, καὶ ἀπὸ τοῦ φόβου ἔκραξαν. they were terrified, and said, “It is a ghost!” and they ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Exegesis of Matthew 13

I have read Robbins and Witheringtons different understanding of socio-rhetorical criticism and have better understood Ben Witherington III's method. But I need to better understand his method or ...
6
votes
1answer
240 views

Matthew vs Levi in the Gospel according to Matthew

Referring to: Matthew 9:9 - "a man called Matthew" Mark 2:14 - "Levi the son of Alphaeus" Luke 5:27 - "a tax collector named Levi" Is it widely regarded that Levi and Matthew are the same person ...
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votes
3answers
4k views

Reconciling the accounts of the calling of Simon Peter

How do you reconcile the two accounts of Jesus calling Peter? (Matt 4:18-19 and John 1:35-42) In the Matthew passage, Peter and Andrew are together fishing. In the John passage, Andrew was with John ...
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10answers
7k views

“How did Jesus' ”teaching with authority“ differ from the Scribes?”

In Matt. 7:28-29 the author inserts a narrative remark,"And it came to pass, when He had ended these sayings, the people were astonished at His doctrine: for He taught them as having authority, and ...
3
votes
0answers
52 views

What is the correct text of Matthew 16:22 in the Codex Vaticanus?

While translating Matthew 16 today, I ran across what the NET Bible calls a "highly elliptical expression" in verse 22: καὶ προσλαβόμενος αὐτὸν ὁ Πέτρος ἤρξατο ἐπιτιμᾶν αὐτῷ λέγων· Ἵλεώς σοι, ...
4
votes
3answers
173 views

Did the disciples go out preaching to “Jews only”?

Acts 11:19 says, Now those who were scattered after the persecution that arose over Stephen traveled as far as Phoenicia, Cyprus, and Antioch, preaching the word to no one but the Jews only ...