The life of Jesus as presented by Matthew. The gospel covers His virginal birth to His death and resurrection. Matthew also presents Jesus as the Lion of Judah and the fulfillment of prophecy. It is placed first in the New Testament because many of the early church leaders believed it to be the ...

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Could the Gospel of Matthew be dependent on Luke's Gospel?

Why is it that a possible Gospel dependency order of Mark-Luke-Matthew without requiring 'Q' is considered particularly unlikely, when compared to other possible solutions to the synoptic problem? Do ...
7
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3answers
182 views

Why is Jesus' admission to being the “Son of God” equated with “blasphemy” in Matt. 26:65?

In Matt. 26:63-64, Jesus effectively admits to being the "son of God" according to his response to the chief priest, (i.e., "You said."). English translation: 63 But Jesus kept silent. And when ...
2
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2answers
175 views

Did Jesus promise literal food and clothing in Matthew 6:33?

In Matthew 6:33 Jesus said, "But seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things will be added to you" (ESV). Was Jesus promising his followers that as long as they put him ...
2
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1answer
421 views

Are the words “wife” and “woman” the same in Hebrew and Greek?

This question is related to one on Christianity.SE. Some say they are. Hence Jesus prohibition against looking at women with lust (as in Matthew 5:27-28) could mean prohibition against looking at ...
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4answers
164 views

Is there an issue with translating the word “worshiped” in Matthew 14:33?

Matthew 14:32-33 reads: 32 And when they climbed into the boat, the wind died down. 33 Then those who were in the boat worshiped him, saying, “Truly you are the Son of God.” I have recently been ...
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0answers
33 views

What is the reason for the differences in translations of Matthew 6:12? [duplicate]

I have seen several different translations of Matthew 6:12 and even seen them used liturgically. Here is it in the Greek: καὶ ἄφες ἡμῖν τὰ ὀφειλήματα ἡμῶν, ὡς καὶ ἡμεῖς ἀφήκαμεν τοῖς ...
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1answer
84 views

Why did Jesus say “Get behind me, Satan! You are a stumbling block to me…” towards Peter?

Matthew 16:21 - 28. Peter is not Satan. Who is Jesus talking to and about?
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1answer
176 views

What is the correct interpretation of Matthew 7:6?

6“Do not give dogs what is holy, and do not throw your pearls before pigs, lest they trample them underfoot and turn to attack you. ESV Popular interpretations of this verse do not seem to fit ...
7
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1answer
155 views

Who is the referent of 'us' (ἡμῖν) in Matthew 3:15 if not merely Jesus and John?

Matthew 3:15 reads (emphasis mine): ἀποκριθεὶς δὲ ὁ Ἰησοῦς εἶπεν πρὸς αὐτόν· ἄφες ἄρτι, οὕτως γὰρ πρέπον ἐστὶν ἡμῖν πληρῶσαι πᾶσαν δικαιοσύνην. τότε ἀφίησιν αὐτόν (NA28). But Jesus answered ...
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1answer
42 views

Did the author intend to write Asa or Asaph in Matthew 1:7-8?

Both the King James and the NIV (following the received text and the Chronicler) name Asa as the father of Jehoshaphat in Matthew 1:8. The ESV, however, follows the older manuscripts and names him as ...
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3answers
464 views

What does “torture” mean in Matthew 18:34?

At the end of the parable of the unmerciful servant, the master has him jailed and handed over to be "tortured". And his lord, moved with anger, handed him over to the torturers until he should ...
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2answers
2k views

“Until they see the kingdom of God” in Luke 9:27 and parallels

What are the possible interpretations of "will not taste death until they see the kingdom of God"? Which is most likely correct? Luke 9:27: But I say to you truthfully, there are some of those ...
8
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6answers
372 views

What were the wise men?

Matthew 2 recounts the visit of the wise men to the nativity: 2:1 After Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea, in the time of King Herod, wise men 4 from the East came to Jerusalem 2 saying, ...
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2answers
2k views

What implications does the expression “giving in marriage” have for the existence of sexuality after the ressurection?

In reading various different translations of the following passage (emphasis mine), I presume that Mathew indicates than there will be gender at the resurrection. Also a plain reading of the text ...
5
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2answers
185 views

What does Jesus mean by “Pray then like this:” before the “Lord's Prayer”

7“And when you pray, do not heap up empty phrases as the Gentiles do, for they think that they will be heard for their many words. 8Do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before ...
5
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1answer
176 views

Did Matthew intend “evil” or “the evil one” in the Lord’s Prayer?

I previously asked a question about how to understand these words in the language Jesus was originally speaking. However, the text we have is in Greek, and I realized I’m not as familiar with the ...
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3answers
715 views

Does the Holy Spirit have a name

Does the Holy Spirit have a name? In Matthew 28:18-19 says: 18 Then Jesus came to them and said, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19 Therefore go and make disciples of all ...
4
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1answer
90 views

Is there additional significance in the pairings of the twelve disciples?

In Matthew 10:2-4 the disciples are listed in pairs (presumably parallel to the "two by two" of Mark 6:7): Matthew 10:2-4 (ESV) The names of the twelve apostles are these: first, Simon, who is ...
4
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1answer
265 views

Deliver us from “evil” or “the evil one” – help from the Semitists?

Matthew 6:13 ESV And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. But NIV And do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one. UBS5 καὶ μὴ εἰσενέγκῃς ἡμᾶς ...
6
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1answer
169 views

Why does Matthew use the plural form of “Key(s)” as opposed to other singular references according to the original Greek texts?

The word "Key" is referred to a few times in Scripture: 22 And I will give him the glory of David; and he shall rule, and there shall be none to speak against him: and I will give him the key ...
3
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3answers
317 views

Is Jesus Christ the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit?

Is the “name” of the Lord singular or collective in meaning? Matt 28:19 (KJV) 19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy ...
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2answers
2k views

What is the socio-historical significance of the “cup of cold water” in Matthew 10:42

In Matthew 10:40-42, Jesus identifies himself with his disciples and lays some expectations for how he expects them to be treated. I'm curious, though, about the the significance of his "cup of cold ...
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1answer
438 views

Did Judas repent or feel remorse?

Matthew 27:3 NIV - When Judas, who had betrayed him, saw that Jesus was condemned, he was seized with remorse and returned the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and the elders. ...
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2answers
2k views

Why does Matthew double people?

Matthew seems to mention two people (or animals) where other Gospels mention just one, e.g. two demon possessed men, in Matthew 8:28-34 (compare Mark 5:1-17 and Luke 8:26-39) two blind men, in ...
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5answers
6k views

What did Jesus mean by “be perfect” in the Sermon on the Mount?

I asked this on the Christianity Stack Exchange site, and they told me it would be better here. So I here I am asking it... Therefore you shall be perfect, just as your Father in heaven is ...
3
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4answers
229 views

“but” deliver us from evil

The Lord's Prayer (Matthew 6:9-13) says: Matthew 6:13 Lead us not into temptation but deliver us from evil The two phrases "Lead us not into temptation" and "deliver us from evil" don't seem to ...
10
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3answers
3k views

What is the sign of the Son of Man?

What is the sign of the Son of Man spoken of in Matthew 24:30?— At that time the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and all the nations of the earth will mourn. They will see the ...
12
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4answers
5k views

Why pray, “lead us not into temptation”?

Those famous words from The Lord's Prayer, Matthew 6:13: And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one. I find puzzling. Why would anyone ask God not to lead is into ...
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0answers
25 views

women ancestors of Jesus [duplicate]

My question is: Why are four women of questionable backgrounds offered as ancestors of Jesus? (Maatthew 1: 1-17). Is there some significance in the fact that they aren't examples of "righteous" ...
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1answer
352 views

Was baptism practiced by first-century Jews?

In Matthew 3:13-17 Jesus is baptized by John. Is baptism a Jewish practice? Based on Jesus the Phoenician baptism used to be practiced by Canaanites, not Jews. Is this claim true or false?
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3answers
230 views

What, exactly, counts as a “vain repetition” (Matthew 6:7)?

I answered a question on Christianity.SE which focused on Christian prayer in light of Matthew 6:7: But when ye pray, use not vain repetitions, as the heathen do: for they think that they shall be ...
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2answers
88 views

Who is being addressed in Matthew 6:13?

In Matthew's description of the Lord's Prayer, he quotes Jesus telling people to pray to "our Father" but at 6:13 the prayer states: "Lead us not into temptation...." Who is being addressed here? ...
8
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3answers
322 views

How was “let him take up his cross” understood by Jesus's audience?

Matthew 16:24 SBLGNT Εἴ τις θέλει ὀπίσω μου ἐλθεῖν, ἀπαρνησάσθω ἑαυτὸν καὶ ἀράτω τὸν σταυρὸν αὐτοῦ καὶ ἀκολουθείτω μοι. ESV If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up ...
10
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2answers
197 views

Can αδελφοί refer to cousins?

Matthew 13:55-56a (ESV) Is not this the carpenter's son? Is not his mother called Mary? And are not his brothers James and Joseph and Simon and Judas? And are not all his sisters with us? ...
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5answers
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Why is the “give to Caesar what is Caesar's” answer so great?

After being asked whether it was right to pax taxes, Jesus repies: “Give to Caesar what is Caesar’s, and to God what is God’s.” Why is that an answer that "amazed" them? To a modern person, it ...
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8answers
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How is it that Jesus could be “three days and three nights in the heart of the earth”?

This verse is usually interpreted as a prophetic word by Jesus about Himself: Matthew 12:40: For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three ...
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3answers
146 views

Is it possible that the “name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit” is “Jesus”?

Matthew 28:19 (KJV) Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Name is singular. Does it mean that Father, Son, Holy ...
3
votes
3answers
6k views

What's the root definition of the word “judge” in Matthew 7:1?

What is the root definition of the word judge in the below scripture? Does it correlate to the currently accepted definition of judge? Judge not, that ye be not judged. (Matthew 7:1 KJV) ...
13
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5answers
17k views

What is the difference in the Kingdom of Heaven and the Kingdom of God?

Some assert the Kingdom of Heaven and the Kingdom of God refer to the same thing while others say they are different. Which is accurate? For example: Luke 17:21 uses Kingdom of God while Matthew ...
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6answers
2k views

Why doesn't Jesus give away all his money?

Jesus, said this: Jesus said to him, “If you would be perfect, go, sell what you possess and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow me.” ESV, Matthew 19:21 But ...
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1answer
69 views

Was there only one carpenter in the village?

According to Matthew 13:55: Isn't this the carpenter's son? Isn't his mother named Mary? And aren't his brothers James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas? (NET) οὐχ οὗτός ἐστιν ὁ τοῦ τέκτονος υἱός; ...
7
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2answers
471 views

Is the Son of Man passage in Matthew 25 a reference to 1 Enoch?

I've mostly heard Jesus's Son of Man title considered to be a reference to Daniel (7:13-14; 8:16-18), but the use in Matthew 25:31 of "the son of man....on the throne of his glory" sounds a lot like ...
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1answer
136 views

What evidence supports Matthew as Paul's source?

There is a noteworthy scholarly position that Matthew was the first Gospel written. As such, it may have even been the first New Testament book written. If this is correct, it is likely that Matthew ...
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3answers
217 views

Matthew originally written in Hebrew?

I recently came across a post which suggested that Mathew was originally written in Hebrew. I had never heard this before... is this a significant scholarly position? If so, what evidence supports it? ...
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2answers
255 views

What would Peter “bind” or “loose” on earth?

In Matthew 16 Jesus tells Peter that, as the rock on which his church will be built, he’d bind or loose things on earth. Matthew 16:18-19 (KJV) And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, ...
7
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2answers
2k views

What does the word “Sword” mean in Mathew 10:24

Matthew 10:34 New International Version (NIV) 34 “Do not suppose that I have come to bring peace to the earth. I did not come to bring peace, but a sword. How do we understand Jesus use of ...
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0answers
28 views

Meaning of Matthew 16:28 [duplicate]

None the disciples who heard Jesus speak the words of Mat 16:28 is alive today. So what did Jesus really mean? What is it that some of them would see in their lifetime? Matthew 16:28 “Truly I tell ...
3
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0answers
62 views

What does “Be perfect” in Mathew 5:48 entail? [duplicate]

What, exactly, does Jesus mean when He says, «Be perfect, therefore, as your heavenly Father is perfect» in Matthew 5:48? Is this a reference to the preceding list (i.e. does it entail "turning the ...
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1answer
97 views

What is the Greek meaning of “this” in Matthew 16:18?

And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. (Matthew 16:18 ESV) Taking this verse at face value - it appears ...
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1answer
303 views

What position in society did the teachers of the law hold?

Matthew 23:27-28 (NIV): 27"Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You are like whitewashed tombs, which look beautiful on the outside but on the inside are full of the ...