The first half of Luke's history of the church which, along with Acts, was addressed to a certain "Theophilus". The gospel of Luke covers the life of Jesus from his birth to his resurrection.

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What species of flower might Jesus have been referring to when he said, “Consider the lilies”?

When Jesus spoke of 'wheat and weeds' we understand the species of weed he was likely referring to was a poisonous look-alike to wheat. That is very significant! In a personal project I am doing, I ...
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question regarding the time of jesus [on hold]

Create an imaginary scenario for yourself. Suppose we lived 2,000 years ago, around the Mediterranean during the period of Roman domination, with what group of people would you identify yourself most ...
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Jesus' command to hate your father and mother in Luke 14:26

I've often heard that Luke 14:26 is meant to be interpreted as "Love me more than your family" or something along those lines (in fact, the CEV translates it as such). I'm interested in how scholars ...
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Is Jesus the Good Samaritan?

It seems clear that in at least some parables there is an analogical correspondence between some character in the parable and Jesus. For instance, in the parable of the tenants in Luke 20, most would ...
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Septuagintal Greek in the Lukan Infancy Narratives

I've been reading a number of literary/narrative studies on Luke lately and nearly all mention that after the introduction, Luke adopts a style of Greek reminiscent of the Septuagint in his telling of ...
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Why did Jesus fast in the wilderness?

In Luke 4:1-13 and Matthew 4:1-11, the Gospels record that Jesus fasts in the wilderness for 40 days. My understanding is that fasting is linked with mourning. Why then did Jesus fast for 40 days in ...
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In Luke 2:34-35, Is Simeon's Dedication Blessing Sympathetic towards Mary, or Against Her?

Related To: "In Luke 2, Whose Soul is Simeon Suggesting Will be “Pierced”?", (SE Link). The Question Given the context and contents of Simeon's "blessing" at Jesus' dedication - Is there textual ...
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Why does Joseph have two different fathers when comparing Matthew and Luke's genealogies? [duplicate]

Matthew 1:16, "and Jacob the father of Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom Jesus was born, who is called Christ." Luke 3:23, "Jesus, when he began his ministry, was about thirty years of age, being ...
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Is there any significance between Luke 10:1 & Matthew 26:53?

In Luke 10:1 in the NIV it reads After this the Lord appointed seventy two others and sent them two by two ahead of him to every town and place where he was about to go. If 72 is the number ...
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Why did John live in the wilderness? [on hold]

Luke 1:80, "John grew up and became strong in spirit. And he lived in the wilderness until he began his public ministry to Israel." Luke 3:2, "Annas and Caiaphas were the high priests. At this time ...
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What does Luke 18:8 mean, and how is “faith” used in this context?

Luke 18:8 reads, Nevertheless when the Son of man cometh, shall he find faith on the earth? The word for "faith" used is πίστιν, which seems to denote an 'active present sense', given the many ...
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What is the New Covenant referenced during the Last Supper?

In Luke 22:20 during the Last Supper, why is the cup of wine (Jesus blood) referred to as the New Covenant? What was the Old Covenant?
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How was “let him take up his cross” understood by Jesus's audience?

Matthew 16:24 SBLGNT Εἴ τις θέλει ὀπίσω μου ἐλθεῖν, ἀπαρνησάσθω ἑαυτὸν καὶ ἀράτω τὸν σταυρὸν αὐτοῦ καὶ ἀκολουθείτω μοι. ESV If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up ...
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Did Mary actually leave Elizabeth before John was born?

When Mary heard from the angel Gabriel that Elizabeth was in her 6th month of pregnancy, Mary quickly left to join her. As the two greeted and the baby John leaped for joy in her womb, Elizabeth was ...
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Why was it a public disgrace for Elizabeth to be barren? (Luke 1:25)

I have read through many translations of Luke 1:25 and I come away with the understanding that it was not just an "internal disgrace" for Elizabeth to not have any children, but also a public ...
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Was Jesus named after the eighth day of his birth?

In Luke 2:21 it says: "And at the end of eight days, when he was circumcised, he was called Jesus, the name given by the angel before he was conceived in the womb." Is this verse suggesting ...
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When did, “Satan fall from Heaven like lightning.” Luke 10:18?

A couple of recent questions regarding Satan/devil on this site, has prompted me to ask a related question. In Luke 10:17 after the seventy-two returned,they say to Jesus (NIV), "Lord,even the ...
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When was Jesus's body 'broken'?

John says that Jesus's body won't be broken: Lu 22:19 (for context): And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do ...
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What is the difference in response between Zechariah and Mary?

In Luke 1, we read very similar accounts of two births foretold. In the first, the angel Gabriel tells Zechariah that his wife Elizabeth will bear a son to be named John. In the second, Mary is told ...
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Son of a snake or illegitimate son of a snake?

In a lecture before the Biblical Archeology Society and on page 123 of Social-science Commentary on the Gospel of John Dr. Richard L. Rohrbaugh (and Dr. Bruce J. Malina) make the claim that verses ...
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Did Mary leave before John was born? [duplicate]

In Luke 1:26-27 it says Elizabeth was 6 month pregnant when God sent Gabriel to tell Mary that she will become pregnant with Jesus as a virgin. In Luke 1:39-40 we see just a few days later Mary ...
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What is the meaning of Jesus' teaching about unclean spirits returning to a person after being driven out?

In responding to allegations that he drives out demons by the power of Beelzebul, Jesus says, among other things: When the unclean spirit has gone out of a person, it wanders through waterless ...
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Who was Neri, father of Shealtiel?

This one has been dogging me for a while. I know there is no (direct) Biblical source to answer this question, but perhaps the scholars here might be better informed as to the existence of some ...
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Was Zechariah simply mute, or deaf as well?

In Luke 1 (ESV), Zechariah the priest is rendered mute for his lack of faith: 19 And the angel answered him, “I am Gabriel. I stand in the presence of God, and I was sent to speak to you and to ...
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A manger vs The manger in Luke 2

Does the Greek specifically say "a manger" or does it say "the manger" in Luke 2:7,12,16? Wondering if it, by chance, denotes a specific manger as opposed to any manger. In other words, would the ...
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Luke 4:6-7 How do we read that Satan receives authority over the kingdoms of the world?

How do we read that Satan had received authority over all the kingdoms of the world? That is, he received them, and so offers them to Jesus in the following verse (and of course he cannot offer ...
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Background to the phrase “fall from heaven like lightning”?

When the 70 came back to Jesus they were excited to report to Him that they had even found that the demons had to obey them in Jesus' name. Jesus appears to affirm their account by saying the ...
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Why does Luke 11:20 read “The Finger of God” instead of “Spirit of God”?

In Matthew's account (12:27-28), we read (All quotes from NIV, all empahsis mine): And if I drive out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your people drive them out? So then, they will be your judges. ...
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What is the meaning of Luke 23:31?

For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry? There have been numerous commentaries suggesting what the "Green" and "Dry" Tree is; also, the fact that He addresses the ...
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What is the significance of both the priest and the Levite in the Good Samaritan parable?

In the Good Samaritan parable (Luke 10:25-37), the first two people who see the beaten up man are a priest and a Levite. However, a priest is a member of the Levite tribe. So why include both since ...
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What is the difference in the Kingdom of Heaven and the Kingdom of God?

Some assert the Kingdom of Heaven and the Kingdom of God refer to the same thing while others say they are different. Which is accurate? For example: Luke 17:21 uses Kingdom of God while Matthew ...
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Did both thieves on The cross mock Jesus?

In the accounts of Matthew and Mark both thieves on the cross mock Jesus, but Luke's account says that one of them didn't mock Him but on the contrary he rebuked the other thief and said "Lord, ...
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Earliest attestation to Luke's gospel

What is the earliest convincing attestation to the gospel of Luke? I believe that Justin Martyr quotes from Luke's gospel ca.150. Is that generally considered unassailable? Are there other earlier ...
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Are there any medieval commentators to mention the Lukan census (of Quirinius, Lk 2:2) in conjunction with the evidence from Josephus?

Josephus, of course, places this census after Herod Archelaus' exile and the creation of Iudaea Province. So far, I've been able to find early discussion of Luke 2:2 in conjunction with Quirinius' ...
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Was Luke mistaken about the year in which John the Baptist's preaching began?

Luke goes into detail concerning the beginning of Christ’s ministry. To quote: “In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and Herod being ...
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Why was Zacchaeus saved according to Jesus?

In Luke 19:1-10 we read the story of Zacchaeus which ends like so: And Zacchaeus stood and said to the Lord, "Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor. And if I have defrauded anyone ...
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What is Luke's purpose for recording this narrative and ultimately Jesus' reason to express this account of the rich man and Lazarus to those present?

There are people who understand this text to express Jesus warning the hearers of the potential torment of the lost directly following their death. 1. Explain why that is, or isn't the intended ...
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What is the significance of the angel being on the right side of the altar of incense in Luke 1:11?

In Luke 1, as Zechariah is in the temple at the altar of incense, we read: And there appeared to him an angel of the Lord standing on the right side of the altar of incense. (Luke 1:11, ESV) Why ...
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In Luke 2, Whose Soul is Simeon Suggesting Will be “Pierced”?

and Simeon blessed them and said to Mary his mother, "Behold, this child is destined for the fall and rise of many in Israel, and to be a sign that will be contradicted (and you yourself a sword ...
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Why would Mary and Joseph offer “turtle doves” in Luke 2:24?

When Jesus was "presented" in Jerusalem by Mary and Joseph, the sacrifice made was "a pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons": Luke 2: 22 When the days of their purification according to the law ...
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Was Luke's birth narrative written in response to Marcion's version of the gospel?

This site suggests that Marcion's version of The Gospel of Luke - a version which includes no birth narrative - was written before the version of Luke that includes the birth narrative, and that the ...
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How exactly does parable of a tower and a war (Luke 14:28-33) mean that we should give up everything we have?

In the parable in Luke 14:28-32 I see advice to think first and give up risky plans. But the explanation in verse 33 says it means to give up one's earthly belongings, which is quite a different ...
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Was Malchus right ear reattached or regrown? [closed]

In Matthew 26:51-54, Mark 14:47-49, Luke 22:50-51, John 18:10 the bible tells how Simon Peter did cutoff the servant Malchus right ear with his sword, and in Luke 22:51 Jesus healed the servant's ear. ...
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Do the specific gifts the father gives to the prodigal son have any special significance?

What is the significance of the robe, ring & sandals in Luke 15:22? ‘But the father said to his servants, “Quick! Bring the best robe and put it on him. Put a ring on his finger and sandals on ...
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Why would the disciples have rebuked people for bringing infants to Jesus?

Luke 18:15 tells a story of people bringing infants to Jesus: Now they were bringing even infants to him that he might touch them. And when the disciples saw it, they rebuked them. (ESV) I take ...
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Why does Luke 9 speak of Jesus “setting his face” to go to Jerusalem?

Luke chapter 9 contains the following set of verses: [51] And it came to pass, when the time was come that he should be received up, he steadfastly set his face to go to Jerusalem, [52] And ...
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Is κεχαριτωμένη synonymous with πλήρης χάριτος?

Is κεχαριτωμένη synonymous with πλήρης χάριτος? Why did Jerome translate the Greek word κεχαριτωμένη into Latin as gratia plena (full of grace) in Luke 1:28? καὶ εἰσελθὼν πρὸς αὐτὴν εἶπεν Χαῖρε, ...
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Translation of Luke 1:28 “Greetings, favored one!”

Can someone tell me about the translation of the word κεχαριτωμένη as it appears in the context of Luke 1:28 (where Gabriel greets Mary)? ...
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In Luke 1:62 it states they made signs for Zechariah but he could hear just not speak so why make signs?

The New International Version of Luke 1:62 says: Then they made signs to his father, to find out what he would like to name the child. Why did they make signs as he could hear what they were ...
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Herod The Fox: Luke 13-32

In the book of Luke chapter 13 v 32, Jesus refers to Herod as "that Fox": 32And he said to them, “Go and tell that fox, ‘Behold, I cast out demons and perform cures today and tomorrow, and the ...