The first half of Luke's history of the church which, along with Acts, was addressed to a certain "Theophilus". The gospel of Luke covers the life of Jesus from his birth to his resurrection.

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Why is the healing of Malchus’ ear only found in the Gospel of Luke?

Is there any legitimate reason given by scholars as to why Luke uniquely adds the account of Jesus healing the ear of Malchus after it being severed off? In Luke 22:50-51, it is written, 50 And ...
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93 views

Why did John the Baptist ask Jesus if he was the Messiah since he baptized Jesus and heard God speak about Jesus?

In Luke 7:18-23, it is written, 18 The disciples of John reported to him about all these things. 19 Summoning two of his disciples, John sent them to the Lord, saying, “Are You the Expected One, ...
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Did Chrysostom's Text Say a “Double Sabbath” was One Day? or Two?

Related: - What does sabbaton deuteroproton in Luke 6:1 refer to? - Do Idioms Used in the Crucifixion Narrative Resolve the "3 Day/3 Night" Objections? 1. Question: Homilies on ...
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Addressing someone as “epistates” (Ἐπιστάτα)

In the New Testament the Greek word used for 'Lord' is often 'kurios' or 'Kyrie', a transliteration of Greek Κύριε (Kyrie), vocative case of Κύριος (Kyrios). I understand and believe the ...
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In Luke 2:22, why does the King James Version translate «τοῦ καθαρισμοῦ αὐτῶν» as “her purification”?

In Luke 2:22, it is written, And when the days of her purification according to the law of Moses were accomplished, they brought him to Jerusalem, to present him to the Lord; KJV, 1769 Καὶ ...
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266 views

The names Levi and Matthew

One question I have is regarding some names. I’ve read of name changes and different names being from different languages (e.g. “Matthew was the Greek name and Levi was the Hebrew name”), but I could ...
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In Luke 23:30, was the Lord Jesus Christ alluding to Hosea 10:8?

In Luke 23:30, it is written, 30 Then they shall begin to say to the mountains, “Fall on us!” and to the hills, “Cover us!” Λʹ τότε ἄρξονται λέγειν τοῖς ὄρεσιν Πέσετε ἐφ᾽ ἡμᾶς καὶ τοῖς ...
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In Luke 22:42, how many wills are there?

We know that it was the will of God (Jesus' father, "the God and father of our lord Jesus Christ") that Jesus taste death for every man: KJV 1Jn_4:10 Herein is love, not that we loved God, but ...
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Does the Gospel of Luke omit John the Baptist baptizing Jesus?

The Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Mark both plainly relate that John the Baptist baptized the Lord Jesus Christ. Matt. 3:13-17 13 Then Jesus arrived from Galilee at the Jordan coming to ...
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In Matthew 6:9, what name is Jesus referring to?

Jesus taught: Mat 6:9 Pray then like this: "Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name. Matthew/Jesus appears to allude to the Torah which provides the name as "YHVH" (perhaps "Yehovah"): ...
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What is the difference in the Kingdom of Heaven and the Kingdom of God?

Some assert the Kingdom of Heaven and the Kingdom of God refer to the same thing while others say they are different. Which is accurate? For example: Luke 17:21 uses Kingdom of God while Matthew 11:...
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Why did Elisabeth remain in seclusion in Luke 1:24?

Luke 1 tells the story of Zechariah's vision and conception of John the Baptist. It ends like this (Lk 1:24-25): After this his wife Elizabeth became pregnant and for five months remained in ...
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Is Luke's “Theophilus” An Actual Person or an Allegorical Person

I've always wondered if there's any persuasive evidence either way for Theophilus whom Luke addresses in Luke 1:3 and Acts 1:1 being an actual person or an allegorical personification? I mean my ...
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How was “let him take up his cross” understood by Jesus's audience?

Matthew 16:24 SBLGNT Εἴ τις θέλει ὀπίσω μου ἐλθεῖν, ἀπαρνησάσθω ἑαυτὸν καὶ ἀράτω τὸν σταυρὸν αὐτοῦ καὶ ἀκολουθείτω μοι. ESV If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up ...
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When was Jesus's body 'broken'?

John says that Jesus's body won't be broken: Lu 22:19 (for context): And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do ...
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What does Jesus mean by generation when talking about the end times?

In Luke 21:32-33 (ESV) Jesus says: "Truly, I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all has taken place. Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away." What ...
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Did Jesus call his disciples before or after going to the Capernaum synagogue?

I have a question concerning a potential contradiction in the order of events in Galilee. In Luke 5, Jesus calls his disciples after he heals an impure spirit at the Capernaum synagogue. But in Mark ...
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Jesus' command to hate your father and mother in Luke 14:26

I've often heard that Luke 14:26 is meant to be interpreted as "Love me more than your family" or something along those lines (in fact, the CEV translates it as such). I'm interested in how scholars ...
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Was the Prodigal Son truly repentant?

I have heard that the Prodigal Son was not truly repentant because in Luke 15:17-19 he was still making demands of his father such as "make me like one of your hired servants": ‘When he came to ...
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Why would the disciples have rebuked people for bringing infants to Jesus?

Luke 18:15 tells a story of people bringing infants to Jesus: Now they were bringing even infants to him that he might touch them. And when the disciples saw it, they rebuked them. (ESV) I take ...
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What evidence suggests Luke's “Psalms” is shorthand for the whole “Writings” division of the Hebrew Bible?

In the traditional Hebrew Bible layout there were three major groupings: the Torah, the Prophets, and the Writings. It seems like a pretty easy connection to say that when Luke mentions “Moses and all ...
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Why did God Take Zachariah's Voice?

In Luke 1, Gabriel tells the aged priest Zachariah that he’s going to have a son. But Zachariah wants proof. 18 Zechariah asked the angel, “How can I be sure of this? I am an old man and my ...
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In Luke 18:19 (and parallels), what does “good” (αγαθος) mean?

Jesus doesn't just deny that he himself is "good" but he denies that anyone is good (αγαθος) except God. Luke describes Barnabas as "a good man": Act 11:24 for he was a good (αγαθος) man, full ...
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In Luke 1:41 why does Luke say that Elizabeth was *filled* with πνευματος αγιου? [closed]

Does the verb επλησθη suggest a quantity of a substance rather than a person taking up residence?: Luk 1:41 And when Elizabeth heard the greeting of Mary, the baby leaped in her womb. And ...
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What was meant by “paradise” when Jesus spoke to the thief on the cross?

As he was crucified, Jesus engaged in a conversation with one of the other thieves hung along side him. at the end is this pronouncement: Luke 23:43 (ESV) 43 And he said to him, "Truly, I say to ...
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2answers
389 views

What species of flower might Jesus have been referring to when he said, “Consider the lilies”?

When Jesus spoke of 'wheat and weeds' we understand the species of weed he was likely referring to was a poisonous look-alike to wheat. That is very significant! In a personal project I am doing, I ...
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4answers
162 views

Is Jesus the Good Samaritan?

It seems clear that in at least some parables there is an analogical correspondence between some character in the parable and Jesus. For instance, in the parable of the tenants in Luke 20, most would ...
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In Luke 22:16: Does the Syntax Indicate if Jesus Was not Going to Eat THAT Passover?

Related: - Is there any significance to using φάγω vs ἐσθίω? - In Luke 22, How Should Prepare and Eat - be Translated from the Aorist Subjunctive? - Was the Last Supper Actually a Passover Feast? ...
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What is the meaning of Luke 23:31?

For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry? There have been numerous commentaries suggesting what the "Green" and "Dry" Tree is; also, the fact that He addresses the "...
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The correct translation for Luke 6:21 (γελάσετε)

What is the correct way to translate Luke 6:21b and 6:25b? When translating the word (γελάσετε), some translators have used "you will laugh" or "you shall laugh." Blessed are you who hunger now, ...
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Did Luke use Josephus as a source?

Richard Carrier summarizes an argument made by Steve Mason in his book Josephus and the New Testament that Luke knew of Josephus' Jewish War (79 CE) and Jewish Antiquities (94 CE). At it's core, the ...
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Does the story of the thief on the cross imply that Jesus believed religious practice was unnecessary for salvation?

In Luke we read that Jesus predicted he would see one of the criminals hanging beside him in Paradise: One of the criminals who were hanged railed at him, saying, “Are you not the Christ? Save ...
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1answer
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In Luke 2:34-35, Is Simeon's Dedication Blessing Sympathetic towards Mary, or Against Her?

Related To: "In Luke 2, Whose Soul is Simeon Suggesting Will be “Pierced”?", (SE Link). The Question Given the context and contents of Simeon's "blessing" at Jesus' dedication - Is there textual ...
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Does Jesus drink wine?

http://biblehub.com/luke/7-34.htm For John the Baptist came neither eating bread nor drinking wine, and you say, ‘He has a demon.’ The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and you say, ‘Here ...
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What does “on earth as it is in heaven” cover?

The first three subprayers of the Lord's Prayer are: "Hallowed be your name. Your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven" (Matthew 6:9-10; Luke 11:2). I have always assumed that ...
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Why is Abel called a “Prophet”?

In the gospel of Luke at Chapter 11:50-51 (NIV), Jesus refers to Abel as a "prophet." I am not aware of any scripture spoken by Abel, which would prove that he is a prophet,but the words of Jesus ...
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Does Jesus always use the mustard seed to signify the property of “smallness”?

In Luke, we read: The apostles said to the Lord, “Increase our faith!” And the Lord said, “If you had faith like a grain of mustard seed, you could say to this mulberry tree, ‘Be uprooted and ...
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Is the meaning of the word 'spirit' in Luke 23:46 the same as in John 16:26?

When Jesus died on the cross he said : 'In your hands I commend my spirit.'(Luke 23:46). In John 16:13 (and others) Jesus says that He will send the Spirit which comes from the Father, the ...
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Jesus's genealogy: 28 generations or 41 since David?

These questions keep me wondering: Firstly, how is it possible that Matthew and Luke came up with completely different genealogies of Jesus ancestors, if they are both following the masculine line? ...
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3answers
194 views

How to reconcile Luke 2:11 and Acts 2:36?

For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. Luke 2:11 (ESV) Let all the house of Israel therefore know for certain that God has made him both ...
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Why does Luke associate the birth of Christ with the census conducted by Quirinus?

Luke states that Mary and Joseph went to Bethlehem because of a census that took place while Quirinius was governor of Syria (2:1-5). In those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all ...
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Septuagintal Greek in the Lukan Infancy Narratives

I've been reading a number of literary/narrative studies on Luke lately and nearly all mention that after the introduction, Luke adopts a style of Greek reminiscent of the Septuagint in his telling of ...
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Was Jesus quoting from a proverb of His time at Luke 9:62?

At Luke 9:62 (RSVCE) we read: Jesus said to him, “No one who puts his hand to the plow and looks back is fit for the kingdom of God.” This saying of Jesus has become a proverb in all prominent ...
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Why did Jesus fast in the wilderness?

In Luke 4:1-13 and Matthew 4:1-11, the Gospels record that Jesus fasts in the wilderness for 40 days. My understanding is that fasting is linked with mourning. Why then did Jesus fast for 40 days in ...
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Why does Joseph have two different fathers when comparing Matthew and Luke's genealogies? [duplicate]

Matthew 1:16, "and Jacob the father of Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom Jesus was born, who is called Christ." Luke 3:23, "Jesus, when he began his ministry, was about thirty years of age, being ...
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Is there any significance between Luke 10:1 & Matthew 26:53?

In Luke 10:1 in the NIV it reads After this the Lord appointed seventy two others and sent them two by two ahead of him to every town and place where he was about to go. If 72 is the number ...
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Why did John live in the wilderness? [closed]

Luke 1:80, "John grew up and became strong in spirit. And he lived in the wilderness until he began his public ministry to Israel." Luke 3:2, "Annas and Caiaphas were the high priests. At this time ...
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What does Luke 18:8 mean, and how is “faith” used in this context?

Luke 18:8 reads, Nevertheless when the Son of man cometh, shall he find faith on the earth? The word for "faith" used is πίστιν, which seems to denote an 'active present sense', given the many ...
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What is the New Covenant referenced during the Last Supper?

In Luke 22:20 during the Last Supper, why is the cup of wine (Jesus blood) referred to as the New Covenant? What was the Old Covenant?
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Did Mary actually leave Elizabeth before John was born?

When Mary heard from the angel Gabriel that Elizabeth was in her 6th month of pregnancy, Mary quickly left to join her. As the two greeted and the baby John leaped for joy in her womb, Elizabeth was ...