The first half of Luke's history of the church which, along with Acts, was addressed to a certain "Theophilus". The gospel of Luke covers the life of Jesus from his birth to his resurrection.

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What are the common solutions to the minor agreements of Matthew and Luke?

There are a number of points where Matthew and Luke agree against Mark in their reading, but which cannot be explained by their supposed reliance on the Q source. For instance, in the narrative of ...
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Luke 4:6-7 How do we read that Satan receives authority over the kingdoms of the world?

How do we read that Satan had received authority over all the kingdoms of the world? That is, he received them, and so offers them to Jesus in the following verse (and of course he cannot offer ...
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What species of flower might Jesus have been referring to when he said, “Consider the lilies”?

When Jesus spoke of 'wheat and weeds' we understand the species of weed he was likely referring to was a poisonous look-alike to wheat. That is very significant! In a personal project I am doing, I ...
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Can the Greek word choice underlining “agony” mean “afraid” or “worried” in Luke 22:44?

Although some manuscripts omit Luke 22:44, it has been used along with Hebrews 2:18 to show that Jesus was afraid. It has been proposed that if Jesus was not afraid, then He is not able to help those ...
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Why is Luke 24:44 rendered “ψαλμοῖς” instead of “Αγιογραφία”?

This verse appears to be referring to the Tanakh, which of course contains the Torah ("Teaching", which contains the Law of Moses), Nevi'im ("Prophets") and Ketuvim ("Writings" or "Hagiographa"), but ...
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Has the NIV incorrectly added “had” in Luke 10:40?

Luke 10:40 in NIV: But Martha was distracted by all the preparations that had to be made. She came to him and asked, “Lord, don’t you care that my sister has left me to do the work by myself? Tell ...
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Was the discounting by the manager in Luke 16 a dishonest act?

The shrewd manager in Luke 16 discounted the debts in order to win favor with the debtors. What hermeneutic principle should be used to determine if this was an evil act, or just good business?
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Why was it a public disgrace for Elizabeth to be barren? (Luke 1:25)

I have read through many translations of Luke 1:25 and I come away with the understanding that it was not just an "internal disgrace" for Elizabeth to not have any children, but also a public disgrace:...
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In Luke 2:22, why does the King James Version translate «τοῦ καθαρισμοῦ αὐτῶν» as “her purification”?

In Luke 2:22, it is written, And when the days of her purification according to the law of Moses were accomplished, they brought him to Jerusalem, to present him to the Lord; KJV, 1769 Καὶ ...
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Why is “Joseph” used in some translations of Luke 2:33?

It seems that most English translations of Luke 2:33 use "father", but the 1599 Geneva Bible, the King James Version, and the Young's Literal Translation use "Joseph". It seems that this difference is ...
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Was the Prodigal Son truly repentant?

I have heard that the Prodigal Son was not truly repentant because in Luke 15:17-19 he was still making demands of his father such as "make me like one of your hired servants": ‘When he came to ...
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What is the context of Luke 12:47-48?

In Luke 12:47-48 (KJV) Jesus says, 47 And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not himself, neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many stripes. 48 But he ...
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What is the correct translation and meaning of Matt. 11:19?

Matt. 11:19 says,(KJV) " The Son of man came eating and drinking, and they say, Behold a man gluttonous, and a winebibber, a friend of publicans and sinners. But wisdom is justified of her ...
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Is there evidence that the name “Lazarus” in the story of Lazarus and the Rich Man is a later addition?

I'm investigating all the avenues that explain the story as a parable and not a real event. One thought that occurred to me is that an early scribe added Lazarus to the story to point to similarities ...
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Is Luke 11:8 about honor or persistence?

In Luke 11:5-8, Jesus tells the parable about a man woken from sleep by his friend asking for bread in the middle of the night. In verse 8 we read (bolding mine): λέγω ὑμῖν, εἰ καὶ⸌ οὐ δώσει αὐτῷ ...
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Luke 16:26: “There is a great chasm fixed between us and you”

In Luke 16:26, the Greek text according to the Textus Receptus states, καὶ ἐπὶ πάσιν τούτοις μεταξὺ ἡμῶν καὶ ὑμῶν χάσμα μέγα ἐστήρικται ὅπως οἱ θέλοντες διαβῆναι ἐντεῦθεν πρὸς ὑμᾶς μὴ δύνωνται ...
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Is there a case to be made that Luke wrote the book of Hebrews?

When I compare and contrast the writings in the book of Romans versus Hebrews they sound very different and in some cases a bit contradictory to each other. Paul emphasizes the certainty of salvation ...
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Were the disciples that certain?

John 17:8b: They knew with certainty that I came from you, and they believed that you sent me. I'm guessing that this is a translation issue, but I'm curious to hear expert opinion. Here Jesus ...
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In Luke 6-7, What is the Difference Between the Three Greek Words for “Forgive”?

Question In Luke 6-7, What is the Difference Between the Three Greek Words for "Forgive"? How should these differences impact the interpretation of the text? Is it simply that different terms ...
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Translation of Luke 1:28 “Greetings, favored one!”

Can someone tell me about the translation of the word κεχαριτωμένη as it appears in the context of Luke 1:28 (where Gabriel greets Mary)? ...
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Are there any medieval commentators to mention the Lukan census (of Quirinius, Lk 2:2) in conjunction with the evidence from Josephus?

Josephus, of course, places this census after Herod Archelaus' exile and the creation of Iudaea Province. So far, I've been able to find early discussion of Luke 2:2 in conjunction with Quirinius' ...
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Why did John the Baptist ask Jesus if he was the Messiah since he baptized Jesus and heard God speak about Jesus?

In Luke 7:18-23, it is written, 18 The disciples of John reported to him about all these things. 19 Summoning two of his disciples, John sent them to the Lord, saying, “Are You the Expected One, ...
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Why did Jesus not respond to Herod?

The Gospel according to Luke, chapter 23, verse 9, reads as follows: So Herod questioned him at considerable length; Jesus gave him no answer. (NET) Then he questioned with him in many words; ...
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What is the context in Mark and Luke as regards the buying and preparing of the spices?

I have a question about the context of Mark 16:1 and Luke 23:56 as they relate to the buying and preparing of the burial spices for Jesus of Nazareth. Mark 16:1 (ESV) states: When the Sabbath was ...
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Did Jesus call his disciples before or after going to the Capernaum synagogue?

I have a question concerning a potential contradiction in the order of events in Galilee. In Luke 5, Jesus calls his disciples after he heals an impure spirit at the Capernaum synagogue. But in Mark ...
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In Luke 18: Pharisee and Tax Collector

In Luke 18, we read the story of the prayers of the Pharisee and the Tax Collector in the temple. The Pharisee's prayer (vv 11-12): The Pharisee, standing by himself, prayed thus: ‘God, I thank ...
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Could the Gospel of Matthew be dependent on Luke's Gospel?

Why is it that a possible Gospel dependency order of Mark-Luke-Matthew without requiring 'Q' is considered particularly unlikely, when compared to other possible solutions to the synoptic problem? Do ...
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When was Jesus's body 'broken'?

John says that Jesus's body won't be broken: Lu 22:19 (for context): And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do ...
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Why did God Take Zachariah's Voice?

In Luke 1, Gabriel tells the aged priest Zachariah that he’s going to have a son. But Zachariah wants proof. 18 Zechariah asked the angel, “How can I be sure of this? I am an old man and my ...
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Why does the genealogy in Luke come after Jesus' baptism?

Matthew begins his gospel with a genealogy of Jesus, right before then introducing the birth narrative. Luke, however, waits until after the story is somewhat underway before presenting his genealogy ...
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Why does Luke 9 speak of Jesus “setting his face” to go to Jerusalem?

Luke chapter 9 contains the following set of verses: [51] And it came to pass, when the time was come that he should be received up, he steadfastly set his face to go to Jerusalem, [52] And ...
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Why the close parallels between the story of Elijah raising the widow’s son, in 1 Kings 17:10-24, and Jesus raising the widow’s son in Luke 7:11-16?

Some parallels between the two narratives: Both stories mention the “city gate” (1 Kings 17:10; Luke 7:12) Both stories concern raising the dead son of a widow (1 Kings 17:10,21-2; Luke 7:12) Both ...
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Was it unusual for a woman (Mary) to sit at Jesus' feet in the account of Luke 10?

Luke 10:39: She [Martha] had a sister called Mary, who sat at the Lord’s feet listening to what he said. I understand that sitting at someone's feet in this context can be like a student ...
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Did Mary actually leave Elizabeth before John was born?

When Mary heard from the angel Gabriel that Elizabeth was in her 6th month of pregnancy, Mary quickly left to join her. As the two greeted and the baby John leaped for joy in her womb, Elizabeth was ...
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What was Luke's relationship to Paul regarding Christian matters, and thus their texts' relationships?

A comment in contention against this answer about early attestation of Luke's gospel in 1 Tim 5:18 being 1st century from Paul himself (where Paul would be referring to Luke's gospel as "Scripture") ...
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Was Jesus too young at 12 years old to go about His Father's business?

Luke 2:41-51 contains the account of Jesus at the Passover and His famous phrase "I must be about my Father's business." Mary and Joseph went to Jerusalem yearly for the feast of Passover. Luke 2:...
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What is Jesus trying to tell us about divisions in the household?

49I have come to cast fire upon the earth, and how I wish that it were already kindled! 50I have a baptism with which to be baptized, and how greatly and sorely I am urged on (impelled, constrained) ...
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In Luke 2:34-35, Is Simeon's Dedication Blessing Sympathetic towards Mary, or Against Her?

Related To: "In Luke 2, Whose Soul is Simeon Suggesting Will be “Pierced”?", (SE Link). The Question Given the context and contents of Simeon's "blessing" at Jesus' dedication - Is there textual ...
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What does hate mean in Luke 14:26? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Jesus' command to hate your father and mother in Luke 14:26 Luke 14:26 If anyone comes to me and does not hate his father and mother, his wife and children, his ...
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Luke 12:41 - Does Jesus answer Peter's question?

In Luke 12:41, Peter asks Jesus: “Lord, are you telling this parable for us or for all?” Jesus does not answer directly, but responds with a question and a parable: 42 And the Lord said, “Who ...
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Did Jesus preach in synagogues in Judea?

There is very little evidence of synagogues in Judea during the time of Jesus. In 'Ancient Synagogues' edited by Dan Urman, PVM Flesher says in an article: 'The archaeological evidence thus provides ...
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Meaning of Daniel 2:43

One view of Genesis 6:1-4 is that fallen angels mated with human women to produce the giants of old, the Nephilim. In Luke 17:26, Jesus said that "...as it was in the days of Noe, so shall it be ...
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Was Jesus quoting from a proverb of His time at Luke 9:62?

At Luke 9:62 (RSVCE) we read: Jesus said to him, “No one who puts his hand to the plow and looks back is fit for the kingdom of God.” This saying of Jesus has become a proverb in all prominent ...
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Is there a Greek word matching the concept of “hate” (unlike Luke 14.26)?

I have read the questions and answers regarding Luke 14:26 and grasp how "hate" is being used. NASB If anyone comes to Me, and does not hate his own father and mother and wife and children and ...
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Why is this same word translated both “they”, “he” and “him” in Luke 10:38?

In the KJV with Strong's, this verse: Now it came to pass, as they went, that he entered into a certain village: and a certain woman named Martha received him into her house. the words I've ...
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In Matthew 6:9, what name is Jesus referring to?

Jesus taught: Mat 6:9 Pray then like this: "Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name. Matthew/Jesus appears to allude to the Torah which provides the name as "YHVH" (perhaps "Yehovah"): ...
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What is the meaning of 'said' and 'whispered' from Luke 12:2,3?

Luke 12:2,3 2: There is nothing concealed that will not be disclosed, or hidden that will not be made known. 3: What you have said in the dark will be heard in the daylight, and what you ...
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How could the person in Luke 9:49 cast out demons without Jesus' mandate?

Luke 9:49 (ESV): John answered, “Master, we saw someone casting out demons in your name, and we tried to stop him, because he does not follow with us.” The 12 (and later the 70) only started ...
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Did the Holy Spirit leave Jesus when temptation was present in Luke 4?

Luke 4 states: 1And Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit in the wildernessESV and: 13And when the devil had ended every temptation, he departed ...
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How to reconcile Luke 2:11 and Acts 2:36?

For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. Luke 2:11 (ESV) Let all the house of Israel therefore know for certain that God has made him both ...