The first half of Luke's history of the church which, along with Acts, was addressed to a certain "Theophilus". The gospel of Luke covers the life of Jesus from his birth to his resurrection.

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What are the common solutions to the minor agreements of Matthew and Luke?

There are a number of points where Matthew and Luke agree against Mark in their reading, but which cannot be explained by their supposed reliance on the Q source. For instance, in the narrative of ...
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Could the Gospel of Matthew be dependent on Luke's Gospel?

Why is it that a possible Gospel dependency order of Mark-Luke-Matthew without requiring 'Q' is considered particularly unlikely, when compared to other possible solutions to the synoptic problem? Do ...
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What is the meaning/connotation of προσεποιήσατο in Luke 24:28?

In Luke 24:28, we read ... καὶ αὐτὸς προσεποιήσατο πορρώτερον πορεύεσθαι (Westcott & Hort)1 ... and He προσεποιήσατο farther to be going Here, does προσεποιήσατο carry an active sense, ...
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Luke 10:18 Satan's Name?

Is Jesus saying the name of Satan when speaking in Luke 10:18? I have researched the verse in Hebrew, and there seems to be a question about the smallest of words in the verse when it comes to ...
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How is John's answer in Luke 9:49 an answer?

In Luke 9, Jesus interrupts a discussion among the disciples as to who is greatest. But then, John seemingly "answers" Jesus with a non sequitur: An argument arose among them as to which of them ...
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What does the parable about the leaven in the flour mean?

Matthew 13:33; Luke 13:20-21. Is this fulfilled? Matthew 13:33 (KJV): Another parable spake he unto them; The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three measures ...
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Why was Barabbas in prison?

It seems that there are varying accounts of the problems with Barabbas. John 18:40 Then they all cried again, saying, “Not this Man, but Barabbas!” Now Barabbas was a robber. Another in Mark: ...
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Is “fulfill” in Matthew 5.17 the underlining concept of “obey?” [duplicate]

Matthew 5.17 reads: Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill [the law]. (KJV, emphasis mine)
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Can the Greek word choice underlining “agony” mean “afraid” or “worried” in Luke 22:44?

Although some manuscripts omit Luke 22:44, it has been used along with Hebrews 2:18 to show that Jesus was afraid. It has been proposed that if Jesus was not afraid, then He is not able to help those ...
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Luke 19.22, what precisely is wicked as it pertains to the servant of?

22 And he saith unto him, Out of thine own mouth will I judge thee, thou wicked servant. Thou knewest that I was an austere man, taking up that I laid not down, and reaping that I did not sow: Evil (...
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Is there an allusion to Genesis 3:7 in Luke 24:31?

As I was thinking about the Lord's supper, and possible connections between "taking" and "eating" in Matthew 26:26 and Genesis 3:6, another possible connection occured to me. Towards the end of Luke, ...
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Why did the reply in Luke 4:24 make the people furious?

In Luke 4, Jesus is in Nazareth speaking to the people there. He says that a prophet is not welcomed in his hometown. Luke 4:24-27: And He said, “Truly I say to you, no prophet is welcome in his ...
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What contingency is being expressed in Matthew 24:34 via the word “ἄν”?

In Matthew 24:34 (and Luke 21:32), Strong's word 302 is used, but most English translations don't include it. Strong's indicates that it generally denotes "supposition, wish, possibility or ...
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What is the “the word” in Luke 1:2?

Luke 1:2 reads (NIV emphasis mine): ... just as they were handed down to us by those who from the first were eyewitnesses and servants of the word. Reading this recently, this struck me as ...
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148 views

Who is the “we” that plays the flute and sings the dirge in Luke 7:32?

In Luke 7:31-35 Jesus tells a short parable of sorts comparing the generation to children in a marketplace calling out to each other. Jesus went on to say, "To what, then, can I compare the people ...
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“Until they see the kingdom of God” in Luke 9:27 and parallels

What are the possible interpretations of "will not taste death until they see the kingdom of God"? Which is most likely correct? Luke 9:27: But I say to you truthfully, there are some of those ...
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Is there a Greek word matching the concept of “hate” (unlike Luke 14.26)?

I have read the questions and answers regarding Luke 14:26 and grasp how "hate" is being used. NASB If anyone comes to Me, and does not hate his own father and mother and wife and children and ...
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What is the correct translation and meaning of Matt. 11:19?

Matt. 11:19 says,(KJV) " The Son of man came eating and drinking, and they say, Behold a man gluttonous, and a winebibber, a friend of publicans and sinners. But wisdom is justified of her ...
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Why did Jesus not respond to Herod?

The Gospel according to Luke, chapter 23, verse 9, reads as follows: So Herod questioned him at considerable length; Jesus gave him no answer. (NET) Then he questioned with him in many words; ...
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Why did Jesus tell the demon-possessed man to tell others about his healing in Luke 8:39?

Jesus asks others to not tell anyone about what they have seen him do a number of times: Luke 5:14 "Don't tell anyone, but go, show yourself to the priest and offer the sacrifices that Moses ...
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Why does the genealogy in Luke come after Jesus' baptism?

Matthew begins his gospel with a genealogy of Jesus, right before then introducing the birth narrative. Luke, however, waits until after the story is somewhat underway before presenting his genealogy ...
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When Jesus says “your sins are forgiven”, how is that reconciled with the sacrificial system established in the old testament?

Question: Why is it necessary to verbally forgive someone of their sins as indicated in these cases when Jesus' death and their faith should be enough? If verbal forgiveness is not necessary, why does ...
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What is the ‘Wisdom of God’ in Luke 11:49?

Luke 11:49: διὰ τοῦτο καὶ ἡ σοφία τοῦ θεοῦ εἶπεν· ἀποστελῶ εἰς αὐτοὺς προφήτας καὶ ἀποστόλους, καὶ ἐξ αὐτῶν ἀποκτενοῦσιν καὶ διώξουσιν, (NA28) Therefore also the Wisdom of God said, 'I ...
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Is Luke 11:8 about honor or persistence?

In Luke 11:5-8, Jesus tells the parable about a man woken from sleep by his friend asking for bread in the middle of the night. In verse 8 we read (bolding mine): λέγω ὑμῖν, εἰ καὶ⸌ οὐ δώσει αὐτῷ ...
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How did Joanna “get away with” sponsoring Jesus' ministry?

Luke 8:1-3 Καὶ ἐγένετο ἐν τῷ καθεξῆς καὶ αὐτὸς διώδευεν κατὰ πόλιν καὶ κώμην κηρύσσων καὶ εὐαγγελιζόμενος τὴν βασιλείαν τοῦ θεοῦ, καὶ οἱ δώδεκα σὺν αὐτῷ, 2 καὶ γυναῖκές τινες αἳ ἦσαν ...
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Did Jesus sweat blood?

Luke 22:44 (NIV) And being in anguish, he prayed more earnestly, and his sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground. Was this a literal thing--did he actually sweat drops of blood. Is ...
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Why is “Joseph” used in some translations of Luke 2:33?

It seems that most English translations of Luke 2:33 use "father", but the 1599 Geneva Bible, the King James Version, and the Young's Literal Translation use "Joseph". It seems that this difference is ...
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Did the Holy Spirit leave Jesus when temptation was present in Luke 4?

Luke 4 states: 1And Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit in the wildernessESV and: 13And when the devil had ended every temptation, he departed ...
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How could the person in Luke 9:49 cast out demons without Jesus' mandate?

Luke 9:49 (ESV): John answered, “Master, we saw someone casting out demons in your name, and we tried to stop him, because he does not follow with us.” The 12 (and later the 70) only started ...
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conformance of Acts with Pauline epistles

If an early (or possibly orthodox) date for the authorship of the Pauline epistles is posited (ie 50-60 CE), and a late date for Luke-Acts is simultaneously preferred (ie 100-125 CE), how is the ...
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Why is part of Luke 9:55-56 omitted in some Bible translations?

In the KJV we have But he turned, and rebuked them, and said, Ye know not what manner of spirit ye are of. For the Son of man is not come to destroy men's lives, but to save them. And they went to ...
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Did the baby “leap” in Elizabeth's womb when Mary greeted Elizabeth because of “the fruit of the Spirit.”

In Luke chapter 1 (niv) we read about the foretold birth of Jesus,and the foretold birth of Elizabeth's son John. When Mary went to visit her relative Elizabeth, and greeted her, it is written that ...
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Why is the genealogy in Luke attributed to Mary?

When He began His ministry, Jesus Himself was about thirty years of age, being, as was supposed, the son of Joseph, the son of Eli, the son of... - Luke 3:23 (NASB) There seems to be a widely held ...
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Why is the word ἐβαπτίσθη used in Luke 11:38?

When referring to washing up before eating in Luke 11:38 (actually referring to not washing), the greek word used is ἐβαπτίσθη (ebaptisthē: he washed). Yet, in Mark 7:3, which is also referring to ...
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Luke 17:5 - What is the meaning and significance of the phrase πρόσθες ἡμῖν πίστιν?

The Textus Receptus of Luke 17:5 states, Καὶ εἶπον οἱ ἀπόστολοι τῷ κυρίῳ πρόσθες ἡμῖν πίστιν What is the meaning of the phrase «πρόσθες ἡμῖν πίστιν»? Does the phrase it imply that our faith (...
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How is Adam “son of God” in Luke 3:38?

The Genealogy of Jesus in Luke's gospel ends like this (Luke 3:38): ... the son of Enosh, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God. Emphasis mine. Adam is clearly not "...
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What is the context in Mark and Luke as regards the buying and preparing of the spices?

I have a question about the context of Mark 16:1 and Luke 23:56 as they relate to the buying and preparing of the burial spices for Jesus of Nazareth. Mark 16:1 (ESV) states: When the Sabbath was ...
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Luke 16:26: “There is a great chasm fixed between us and you”

In Luke 16:26, the Greek text according to the Textus Receptus states, καὶ ἐπὶ πάσιν τούτοις μεταξὺ ἡμῶν καὶ ὑμῶν χάσμα μέγα ἐστήρικται ὅπως οἱ θέλοντες διαβῆναι ἐντεῦθεν πρὸς ὑμᾶς μὴ δύνωνται ...
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What is the missing block?

In An Introduction to the New Testament, page 263, Raymond E. Brown says material from Mark 6:45-8:26 is unexpectedly missing from Luke's Gospel, and refers to this as the "Big Omission", although I ...
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What was Luke's relationship to Paul regarding Christian matters, and thus their texts' relationships?

A comment in contention against this answer about early attestation of Luke's gospel in 1 Tim 5:18 being 1st century from Paul himself (where Paul would be referring to Luke's gospel as "Scripture") ...
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In Luke 18: Pharisee and Tax Collector

In Luke 18, we read the story of the prayers of the Pharisee and the Tax Collector in the temple. The Pharisee's prayer (vv 11-12): The Pharisee, standing by himself, prayed thus: ‘God, I thank ...
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Is there evidence that the name “Lazarus” in the story of Lazarus and the Rich Man is a later addition?

I'm investigating all the avenues that explain the story as a parable and not a real event. One thought that occurred to me is that an early scribe added Lazarus to the story to point to similarities ...
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Was the older brother in Luke 15 intended to be portrayed as a slave?

I'm wondering whether, in the story of the Prodigal / Lost Son(s), Jesus probably intended the older brother to think of himself as a slave. This is for multiple reasons: V29: he says he has been ...
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The 99 people in Luke 15: don't need to repent or don't *think* they need to?

Luke 15:7: I tell you that in the same way there will be more rejoicing in heaven over one sinner who repents than over ninety-nine righteous people who do not need to repent. What is meant by ...
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How can we understand “fear”?

It seems that (throughout the Bible), we have been told to "not fear" but also to "fear God". How can we understand this word "fear" in these two contexts? If this word in these two contexts carries ...
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Luke 22:38 - ἱκανόν ἐστιν - Does it mean, “It is enough” or “Enough!”

In Luke 22:38, did Jesus mean that two swords were enough (i.e., sufficient) or did he intend to say, “Enough of this!”? English translation according to the King James Version: 36 Then said he ...
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NIV Bible by Biblica different on Luke 1:37

The verse Luke 1:37 is different in my NIV Bible than on the other versions. Check comparison below: King James Version: For with God nothing shall be impossible. International Standard ...
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Was the word ἐπιούσιον used prior to the Lord's prayer? What does it mean?

The word ἐπιούσιον has been translated in numerous ways, but the greatest modern consensus is to translate the word as 'daily.' Was the word ἐπιούσιον used prior to the Lord's prayer (Matthew 6:11; ...
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Why is Luke 24:44 rendered “ψαλμοῖς” instead of “Αγιογραφία”?

This verse appears to be referring to the Tanakh, which of course contains the Torah ("Teaching", which contains the Law of Moses), Nevi'im ("Prophets") and Ketuvim ("Writings" or "Hagiographa"), but ...
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Is there a case to be made that Luke wrote the book of Hebrews?

When I compare and contrast the writings in the book of Romans versus Hebrews they sound very different and in some cases a bit contradictory to each other. Paul emphasizes the certainty of salvation ...