The first half of Luke's history of the church which, along with Acts, was addressed to a certain "Theophilus". The gospel of Luke covers the life of Jesus from his birth to his resurrection.

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What does Jesus mean in Luke 5:36-39? (new wine into old wineskins)

I was reading Luke 5, and could not understand verses 36-39. What did Jesus mean? Luke 5:36-39 (New King James Version) reads: 36 Then He spoke a parable to them: “No one puts a piece from a new ...
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135 views

Luke 22:38 - ἱκανόν ἐστιν - Does it mean, “It is enough” or “Enough!”

In Luke 22:38, did Jesus mean that two swords were enough (i.e., sufficient) or did he intend to say, “Enough of this!”? English translation according to the King James Version: 36 Then said he ...
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2answers
373 views

What does sabbaton deuteroproton in Luke 6:1 refer to?

According to the KJV Luke 6:1 states: And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that he went through the corn fields; and his disciples plucked the ears of corn, and did eat, ...
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532 views

Does the NLT translate Luke 9:7 accurately?

In Luke 9:1-6, Jesus sends the 12 apostles out to tell the Good News and to do miracles, specifically healing the sick. In Luke 9:10, the apostles come back and tell Jesus about what they had done. In ...
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Does Luke put the Twelve in a negative light in Acts 6?

In Acts 6:1-7, there is a dispute among the Hebraic and Hellenistic Jews in the church concerning the care of widows. The Twelve gather together and decide that seven people should be appointed for ...
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226 views

What options did Mary have in mind with Gabriel's greeting?

When Gabriel visited Mary, she was, as is usual when meeting an angel, troubled by it: In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city of Galilee named Nazareth, to a virgin ...
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141 views

Was Luke mistaken about the year in which John the Baptist's preaching began?

Luke goes into detail concerning the beginning of Christ’s ministry. To quote: “In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and Herod being ...
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187 views

Why did the reply in Luke 4:24 make the people furious?

In Luke 4, Jesus is in Nazareth speaking to the people there. He says that a prophet is not welcomed in his hometown. Luke 4:24-27: And He said, “Truly I say to you, no prophet is welcome in his ...
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Comma? “Verily I say unto thee today, …” or “Verily I say unto thee, today…”

The reading of Luke 23:43 differs depending on how we punctuate it: And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, Today shalt thou be with me in paradise. Or And Jesus said unto him, ...
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How is John's answer in Luke 9:49 an answer?

In Luke 9, Jesus interrupts a discussion among the disciples as to who is greatest. But then, John seemingly "answers" Jesus with a non sequitur: An argument arose among them as to which of them ...
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627 views

Luke 7:33 - Why didn't John the Baptist eat bread?

According to Luke 7:33, John the Baptist "came neither eating bread nor drinking wine" (KJV). King James Version: For John the Baptist came neither eating bread nor drinking wine; and ye say, He ...
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What can we infer from the different nativity accounts in Matthew and Luke?

The gospels attributed to Matthew and Luke narrate very different stories about the birth of Jesus. Matthew says that Jesus' family was from Bethlehem, that wise men brought gifts to their home, that ...
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What is the significance of the angel being on the right side of the altar of incense in Luke 1:11?

In Luke 1, as Zechariah is in the temple at the altar of incense, we read: And there appeared to him an angel of the Lord standing on the right side of the altar of incense. (Luke 1:11, ESV) Why ...
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381 views

Who is Simeon addressing?

and Simeon blessed them and said to Mary his mother, "Behold, this child is destined for the fall and rise of many in Israel, and to be a sign that will be contradicted (and you yourself a sword ...
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188 views

How do we interpret Luke 17:37?

Luke 17:33-37 says, "Remember Lot's wife. Whosoever shall seek to save his life shall lose it; and whosoever shall lose his life shall preserve it. I tell you, in that night there shall be ...
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193 views

Was it in “Elizabeth's sixth month of pregnancy” or just “in the sixth month”?

What is the correct wordings of Luke 1:26 from original Greek. I came across two different wordings as produced below: 26 And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of ...
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What is the meaning of Jesus' teaching about unclean spirits returning to a person after being driven out?

In responding to allegations that he drives out demons by the power of Beelzebul, Jesus says, among other things: When the unclean spirit has gone out of a person, it wanders through waterless ...
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What is the “the word” in Luke 1:2?

Luke 1:2 reads (NIV emphasis mine): ... just as they were handed down to us by those who from the first were eyewitnesses and servants of the word. Reading this recently, this struck me as ...
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Why does Luke 11:20 read “The Finger of God” instead of “Spirit of God”?

In Matthew's account (12:27-28), we read (All quotes from NIV, all empahsis mine): And if I drive out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your people drive them out? So then, they will be your judges. ...
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277 views

Does the story of the thief on the cross imply that Jesus believed religious practice was unnecessary for salvation?

In Luke we read that Jesus predicted he would see one of the criminals hanging beside him in Paradise: One of the criminals who were hanged railed at him, saying, “Are you not the Christ? Save ...
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Why is the word ἐβαπτίσθη used in Luke 11:38?

When referring to washing up before eating in Luke 11:38 (actually referring to not washing), the greek word used is ἐβαπτίσθη (ebaptisthē: he washed). Yet, in Mark 7:3, which is also referring to ...
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142 views

What is the proper interpretation of ἄνωθεν in Luke 1:3?

The Text Luke 1:3 reads in the Greek (with the word in question highlighted; SBLGNT): ἔδοξε κἀμοὶ παρηκολουθηκότι ἄνωθεν πᾶσιν ἀκριβῶς καθεξῆς σοι γράψαι, κράτιστε Θεόφιλε It is translated a ...
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289 views

Who was Neri, father of Shealtiel?

This one has been dogging me for a while. I know there is no (direct) Biblical source to answer this question, but perhaps the scholars here might be better informed as to the existence of some ...
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123 views

What is the ‘Wisdom of God’ in Luke 11:49?

Luke 11:49: διὰ τοῦτο καὶ ἡ σοφία τοῦ θεοῦ εἶπεν· ἀποστελῶ εἰς αὐτοὺς προφήτας καὶ ἀποστόλους, καὶ ἐξ αὐτῶν ἀποκτενοῦσιν καὶ διώξουσιν, (NA28) Therefore also the Wisdom of God said, 'I ...
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958 views

Do the specific gifts the father gives to the prodigal son have any special significance?

What is the significance of the robe, ring & sandals in Luke 15:22? ‘But the father said to his servants, “Quick! Bring the best robe and put it on him. Put a ring on his finger and sandals on ...
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Luke 23:43: “I say to you today, you will be with me in paradise” or “I say to you, today you will be with me in paradise”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Comma? “Verily I say unto thee to day, …” or “Verily I say unto thee, to day…” Luke 23:43: “I say to you today, you will be with me ...
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1answer
155 views

What are the common solutions to the minor agreements of Matthew and Luke?

There are a number of points where Matthew and Luke agree against Mark in their reading, but which cannot be explained by their supposed reliance on the Q source. For instance, in the narrative of ...
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347 views

What is the significance of both the priest and the Levite in the Good Samaritan parable?

In the Good Samaritan parable (Luke 10:25-37), the first two people who see the beaten up man are a priest and a Levite. However, a priest is a member of the Levite tribe. So why include both since ...
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233 views

Earliest attestation to Luke's gospel

What is the earliest convincing attestation to the gospel of Luke? I believe that Justin Martyr quotes from Luke's gospel ca.150. Is that generally considered unassailable? Are there other earlier ...
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190 views

Separation of Luke-Acts

Does anyone know of any recent Biblical scholars who advocate for a position that separates Luke and Acts (from an interpretive point of view)? edit: Many scholars view Luke and Acts as an ...
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Who is the “we” that plays the flute and sings the dirge in Luke 7:32?

In Luke 7:31-35 Jesus tells a short parable of sorts comparing the generation to children in a marketplace calling out to each other. Jesus went on to say, "To what, then, can I compare the people ...
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95 views

Has the NIV incorrectly added “had” in Luke 10:40?

Luke 10:40 in NIV: But Martha was distracted by all the preparations that had to be made. She came to him and asked, “Lord, don’t you care that my sister has left me to do the work by myself? Tell ...
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Is κεχαριτωμένη synonymous with πλήρης χάριτος?

Is κεχαριτωμένη synonymous with πλήρης χάριτος? Why did Jerome translate the Greek word κεχαριτωμένη into Latin as gratia plena (full of grace) in Luke 1:28? καὶ εἰσελθὼν πρὸς αὐτὴν εἶπεν Χαῖρε, ...
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Why is “Joseph” used in some translations of Luke 2:33?

It seems that most English translations of Luke 2:33 use "father", but the 1599 Geneva Bible, the King James Version, and the Young's Literal Translation use "Joseph". It seems that this difference is ...
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What is the context of Luke 12:47-48?

In Luke 12:47-48 (KJV) Jesus says, 47 And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not himself, neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many stripes. 48 But he ...
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326 views

What is Luke's purpose for recording this narrative and ultimately Jesus' reason to express this account of the rich man and Lazarus to those present?

There are people who understand this text to express Jesus warning the hearers of the potential torment of the lost directly following their death. 1. Explain why that is, or isn't the intended ...
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Does Gabriel's initial announcement to Mary suggest the virgin birth?

Luke 1:31 records the angel telling Mary, "you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall name Him Jesus." Mary's question in reply shows mystification or surprise; it's clear she ...
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116 views

Is there evidence that the name “Lazarus” in the story of Lazarus and the Rich Man is a later addition?

I'm investigating all the avenues that explain the story as a parable and not a real event. One thought that occurred to me is that an early scribe added Lazarus to the story to point to similarities ...
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How did the Greek “charis” come to imply “favor?”

Luke 2:52 (ESV) states that "Jesus increased in wisdom and in stature and in favor with God and man." The word "favor" in this passage is translated from the Greek word "charis" (Strong's G5485), ...
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114 views

What is the correct translation and meaning of Matt. 11:19?

Matt. 11:19 says,(KJV) " The Son of man came eating and drinking, and they say, Behold a man gluttonous, and a winebibber, a friend of publicans and sinners. But wisdom is justified of her ...
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Is Luke 11:8 about honor or persistence?

In Luke 11:5-8, Jesus tells the parable about a man woken from sleep by his friend asking for bread in the middle of the night. In verse 8 we read (bolding mine): λέγω ὑμῖν, εἰ καὶ⸌ οὐ δώσει αὐτῷ ...
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Luke 16:26: “There is a great chasm fixed between us and you”

In Luke 16:26, the Greek text according to the Textus Receptus states, καὶ ἐπὶ πάσιν τούτοις μεταξὺ ἡμῶν καὶ ὑμῶν χάσμα μέγα ἐστήρικται ὅπως οἱ θέλοντες διαβῆναι ἐντεῦθεν πρὸς ὑμᾶς μὴ δύνωνται ...
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Was the Prodigal Son truly repentant?

I have heard that the Prodigal Son was not truly repentant because in Luke 15:17-19 he was still making demands of his father such as "make me like one of your hired servants": ‘When he came to ...
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Is there a case to be made that Luke wrote the book of Hebrews?

When I compare and contrast the writings in the book of Romans versus Hebrews they sound very different and in some cases a bit contradictory to each other. Paul emphasizes the certainty of salvation ...
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830 views

Why would the disciples have rebuked people for bringing infants to Jesus?

Luke 18:15 tells a story of people bringing infants to Jesus: Now they were bringing even infants to him that he might touch them. And when the disciples saw it, they rebuked them. (ESV) I take ...
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58 views

Were the disciples that certain?

John 17:8b: They knew with certainty that I came from you, and they believed that you sent me. I'm guessing that this is a translation issue, but I'm curious to hear expert opinion. Here Jesus ...
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66 views

What is the meaning/connotation of προσεποιήσατο in Luke 24:28?

In Luke 24:28, we read ... καὶ αὐτὸς προσεποιήσατο πορρώτερον πορεύεσθαι (Westcott & Hort)1 ... and He προσεποιήσατο farther to be going Here, does προσεποιήσατο carry an active sense, ...
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Are there any medieval commentators to mention the Lukan census (of Quirinius, Lk 2:2) in conjunction with the evidence from Josephus?

Josephus, of course, places this census after Herod Archelaus' exile and the creation of Iudaea Province. So far, I've been able to find early discussion of Luke 2:2 in conjunction with Quirinius' ...
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174 views

Background to the phrase “fall from heaven like lightning”?

When the 70 came back to Jesus they were excited to report to Him that they had even found that the demons had to obey them in Jesus' name. Jesus appears to affirm their account by saying the ...
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What is the context in Mark and Luke as regards the buying and preparing of the spices?

I have a question about the context of Mark 16:1 and Luke 23:56 as they relate to the buying and preparing of the burial spices for Jesus of Nazareth. Mark 16:1 (ESV) states: When the Sabbath was ...