The first half of Luke's history of the church which, along with Acts, was addressed to a certain "Theophilus". The gospel of Luke covers the life of Jesus from his birth to his resurrection.

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Luke 4:6-7 How do we read that Satan receives authority over the kingdoms of the world?

How do we read that Satan had received authority over all the kingdoms of the world? That is, he received them, and so offers them to Jesus in the following verse (and of course he cannot offer ...
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Background to the phrase “fall from heaven like lightning”?

When the 70 came back to Jesus they were excited to report to Him that they had even found that the demons had to obey them in Jesus' name. Jesus appears to affirm their account by saying the ...
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Why does Luke 11:20 read “The Finger of God” instead of “Spirit of God”?

In Matthew's account (12:27-28), we read (All quotes from NIV, all empahsis mine): And if I drive out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your people drive them out? So then, they will be your judges. ...
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What is the significance of both the priest and the Levite in the Good Samaritan parable?

In the Good Samaritan parable (Luke 10:25-37), the first two people who see the beaten up man are a priest and a Levite. However, a priest is a member of the Levite tribe. So why include both since ...
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What is the difference in the Kingdom of Heaven and the Kingdom of God?

Some assert the Kingdom of Heaven and the Kingdom of God refer to the same thing while others say they are different. Which is accurate? For example: Luke 17:21 uses Kingdom of God while Matthew ...
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Did both thieves on The cross mock Jesus?

In the accounts of Matthew and Mark both thieves on the cross mock Jesus, but Luke's account says that one of them didn't mock Him but on the contrary he rebuked the other thief and said "Lord, ...
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Earliest attestation to Luke's gospel

What is the earliest convincing attestation to the gospel of Luke? I believe that Justin Martyr quotes from Luke's gospel ca.150. Is that generally considered unassailable? Are there other earlier ...
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Are there any medieval commentators to mention the Lukan census (of Quirinius, Lk 2:2) in conjunction with the evidence from Josephus?

Josephus, of course, places this census after Herod Archelaus' exile and the creation of Iudaea Province. So far, I've been able to find early discussion of Luke 2:2 in conjunction with Quirinius' ...
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Was Luke mistaken about the year in which John the Baptist's preaching began?

Luke goes into detail concerning the beginning of Christ’s ministry. To quote: “In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and Herod being ...
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Why was Zacchaeus saved according to Jesus?

In Luke 19:1-10 we read the story of Zacchaeus which ends like so: And Zacchaeus stood and said to the Lord, "Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor. And if I have defrauded anyone ...
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What is Luke's purpose for recording this narrative and ultimately Jesus' reason to express this account of the rich man and Lazarus to those present?

There are people who understand this text to express Jesus warning the hearers of the potential torment of the lost directly following their death. 1. Explain why that is, or isn't the intended ...
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What is the significance of the angel being on the right side of the altar of incense in Luke 1:11?

In Luke 1, as Zechariah is in the temple at the altar of incense, we read: And there appeared to him an angel of the Lord standing on the right side of the altar of incense. (Luke 1:11, ESV) Why ...
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In Luke 2, Whose Soul is Simeon Suggesting Will be “Pierced”?

and Simeon blessed them and said to Mary his mother, "Behold, this child is destined for the fall and rise of many in Israel, and to be a sign that will be contradicted (and you yourself a sword ...
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Why would Mary and Joseph offer “turtle doves” in Luke 2:24?

When Jesus was "presented" in Jerusalem by Mary and Joseph, the sacrifice made was "a pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons": Luke 2: 22 When the days of their purification according to the law ...
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Was Luke's birth narrative written in response to Marcion's version of the gospel?

This site suggests that Marcion's version of The Gospel of Luke - a version which includes no birth narrative - was written before the version of Luke that includes the birth narrative, and that the ...
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How exactly does parable of a tower and a war (Luke 14:28-33) mean that we should give up everything we have?

In the parable in Luke 14:28-32 I see advice to think first and give up risky plans. But the explanation in verse 33 says it means to give up one's earthly belongings, which is quite a different ...
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Was Malchus right ear reattached or regrown? [closed]

In Matthew 26:51-54, Mark 14:47-49, Luke 22:50-51, John 18:10 the bible tells how Simon Peter did cutoff the servant Malchus right ear with his sword, and in Luke 22:51 Jesus healed the servant's ear. ...
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Do the specific gifts the father gives to the prodigal son have any special significance?

What is the significance of the robe, ring & sandals in Luke 15:22? ‘But the father said to his servants, “Quick! Bring the best robe and put it on him. Put a ring on his finger and sandals on ...
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Why does Luke 9 speak of Jesus “setting his face” to go to Jerusalem?

Luke chapter 9 contains the following set of verses: [51] And it came to pass, when the time was come that he should be received up, he steadfastly set his face to go to Jerusalem, [52] And ...
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Is κεχαριτωμένη synonymous with πλήρης χάριτος?

Is κεχαριτωμένη synonymous with πλήρης χάριτος? Why did Jerome translate the Greek word κεχαριτωμένη into Latin as gratia plena (full of grace) in Luke 1:28? καὶ εἰσελθὼν πρὸς αὐτὴν εἶπεν Χαῖρε, ...
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Translation of Luke 1:28 “Greetings, favored one!”

Can someone tell me about the translation of the word κεχαριτωμένη as it appears in the context of Luke 1:28 (where Gabriel greets Mary)? ...
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In Luke 1:62 it states they made signs for Zechariah but he could hear just not speak so why make signs?

The New International Version of Luke 1:62 says: Then they made signs to his father, to find out what he would like to name the child. Why did they make signs as he could hear what they were ...
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Herod The Fox: Luke 13-32

In the book of Luke chapter 13 v 32, Jesus refers to Herod as "that Fox": 32And he said to them, “Go and tell that fox, ‘Behold, I cast out demons and perform cures today and tomorrow, and the ...
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In Luke 6-7, What is the Difference Between the Three Greek Words for “Forgive”?

Question In Luke 6-7, What is the Difference Between the Three Greek Words for "Forgive"? How should these differences impact the interpretation of the text? Is it simply that different terms ...
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Luke 22:31-32 - What is the significance of ὑμᾶς?

In Luke 22:31-32, it is written, English Translation 31 And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired to have you (ὑμᾶς), that he may sift you as wheat: 32 But I have prayed for ...
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What does Jesus mean in Luke 5:36-39? (new wine into old wineskins)

I was reading Luke 5, and could not understand verses 36-39. What did Jesus mean? Luke 5:36-39 (New King James Version) reads: 36 Then He spoke a parable to them: “No one puts a piece from a new ...
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Luke 2:22 - Why does the KJV translate τοῦ καθαρισμοῦ αὐτῶν as “her purification”?

In Luke 2:22, it is written, And when the days of her purification according to the law of Moses were accomplished, they brought him to Jerusalem, to present him to the Lord; (KJV) The Textus ...
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Why did Jesus request silence in Mark 8:30 and Luke 9:21? [duplicate]

After Peter received the revelation that Jesus is the Messiah, Jesus asked the disciples to not make this known to anybody. Why did he do this? We know that in other instances he did not do this, for ...
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Did Jesus endorse tithing for all when addressing the Pharisees?

Here's the text of Luke 11:42: “But woe to you Pharisees! For you tithe mint and rue and every herb, and neglect justice and the love of God. These you ought to have done, without neglecting the ...
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Should Luke be considered a 'primary' source concerning events in Jesus' life?

Sould Luke properly be described as a 'primary' or 'secondary' source concerning the life of Jesus? I ask because the author of Luke does not claim to be an eye-witness to most of the events he ...
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Does Luke 1:1-3 suggest that there are more than four Gospels?

Luke 1:1-3 (NIV) Many have undertaken to draw up an account of the things that have been fulfilled among us, just as they were handed down to us by those who from the first were ...
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What are the common solutions to the minor agreements of Matthew and Luke?

There are a number of points where Matthew and Luke agree against Mark in their reading, but which cannot be explained by their supposed reliance on the Q source. For instance, in the narrative of ...
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Could the Gospel of Matthew be dependent on Luke's Gospel?

Why is it that a possible Gospel dependency order of Mark-Luke-Matthew without requiring 'Q' is considered particularly unlikely, when compared to other possible solutions to the synoptic problem? Do ...
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What is the meaning/connotation of προσεποιήσατο in Luke 24:28?

In Luke 24:28, we read ... καὶ αὐτὸς προσεποιήσατο πορρώτερον πορεύεσθαι (Westcott & Hort)1 ... and He προσεποιήσατο farther to be going Here, does προσεποιήσατο carry an active sense, ...
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Luke 10:18 Satan's Name?

Is Jesus saying the name of Satan when speaking in Luke 10:18? I have researched the verse in Hebrew, and there seems to be a question about the smallest of words in the verse when it comes to ...
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How is John's answer in Luke 9:49 an answer?

In Luke 9, Jesus interrupts a discussion among the disciples as to who is greatest. But then, John seemingly "answers" Jesus with a non sequitur: An argument arose among them as to which of them ...
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What does the parable about the leaven in the flour mean?

Matthew 13:33; Luke 13:20-21. Is this fulfilled? Matthew 13:33 (KJV): Another parable spake he unto them; The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three measures ...
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Why was Barabbas in prison?

It seems that there are varying accounts of the problems with Barabbas. John 18:40 Then they all cried again, saying, “Not this Man, but Barabbas!” Now Barabbas was a robber. Another in Mark: ...
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Is “fulfill” in Matthew 5.17 the underlining concept of “obey?” [duplicate]

Matthew 5.17 reads: Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill [the law]. (KJV, emphasis mine)
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Can the Greek word choice underlining “agony” mean “afraid” or “worried” in Luke 22:44?

Although some manuscripts omit Luke 22:44, it has been used along with Hebrews 2:18 to show that Jesus was afraid. It has been proposed that if Jesus was not afraid, then He is not able to help those ...
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Luke 19.22, what precisely is wicked as it pertains to the servant of?

22 And he saith unto him, Out of thine own mouth will I judge thee, thou wicked servant. Thou knewest that I was an austere man, taking up that I laid not down, and reaping that I did not sow: Evil ...
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Is there an allusion to Genesis 3:7 in Luke 24:31?

As I was thinking about the Lord's supper, and possible connections between "taking" and "eating" in Matthew 26:26 and Genesis 3:6, another possible connection occured to me. Towards the end of Luke, ...
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Why did the reply in Luke 4:24 make the people furious?

In Luke 4, Jesus is in Nazareth speaking to the people there. He says that a prophet is not welcomed in his hometown. Luke 4:24-27: And He said, “Truly I say to you, no prophet is welcome in his ...
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What contingency is being expressed in Matthew 24:34 via the word “ἄν”?

In Matthew 24:34 (and Luke 21:32), Strong's word 302 is used, but most English translations don't include it. Strong's indicates that it generally denotes "supposition, wish, possibility or ...
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What is the “the word” in Luke 1:2?

Luke 1:2 reads (NIV emphasis mine): ... just as they were handed down to us by those who from the first were eyewitnesses and servants of the word. Reading this recently, this struck me as ...
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Who is the “we” that plays the flute and sings the dirge in Luke 7:32?

In Luke 7:31-35 Jesus tells a short parable of sorts comparing the generation to children in a marketplace calling out to each other. Jesus went on to say, "To what, then, can I compare the people ...
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“Until they see the kingdom of God” in Luke 9:27 and parallels

What are the possible interpretations of "will not taste death until they see the kingdom of God"? Which is most likely correct? Luke 9:27: But I say to you truthfully, there are some of those ...
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Is there a Greek word matching the concept of “hate” (unlike Luke 14.26)?

I have read the questions and answers regarding Luke 14:26 and grasp how "hate" is being used. NASB If anyone comes to Me, and does not hate his own father and mother and wife and children and ...
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What can we infer from the different nativity accounts in Matthew and Luke?

The gospels attributed to Matthew and Luke narrate very different stories about the birth of Jesus. Matthew says that Jesus' family was from Bethlehem, that wise men brought gifts to their home, that ...
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What is the correct translation and meaning of Matt. 11:19?

Matt. 11:19 says,(KJV) " The Son of man came eating and drinking, and they say, Behold a man gluttonous, and a winebibber, a friend of publicans and sinners. But wisdom is justified of her ...