The first half of Luke's history of the church which, along with Acts, was addressed to a certain "Theophilus". The gospel of Luke covers the life of Jesus from his birth to his resurrection.

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Jesus' command to hate your father and mother in Luke 14:26

I've often heard that Luke 14:26 is meant to be interpreted as "Love me more than your family" or something along those lines (in fact, the CEV translates it as such). I'm interested in how scholars ...
4
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1answer
76 views

Why did John the Baptist ask Jesus if he was the Messiah since he baptized Jesus and heard God speak about Jesus?

In Luke 7:18-23, it is written, 18 The disciples of John reported to him about all these things. 19 Summoning two of his disciples, John sent them to the Lord, saying, “Are You the Expected One, ...
4
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2answers
250 views

Was the Prodigal Son truly repentant?

I have heard that the Prodigal Son was not truly repentant because in Luke 15:17-19 he was still making demands of his father such as "make me like one of your hired servants": ‘When he came to ...
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3answers
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Why would the disciples have rebuked people for bringing infants to Jesus?

Luke 18:15 tells a story of people bringing infants to Jesus: Now they were bringing even infants to him that he might touch them. And when the disciples saw it, they rebuked them. (ESV) I take ...
8
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1answer
53 views

What evidence suggests Luke's “Psalms” is shorthand for the whole “Writings” division of the Hebrew Bible?

In the traditional Hebrew Bible layout there were three major groupings: the Torah, the Prophets, and the Writings. It seems like a pretty easy connection to say that when Luke mentions “Moses and all ...
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1answer
44 views

Does the Gospel of Luke not mention John the Baptist baptizing Jesus?

The Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Mark both plainly relate that John the Baptist baptized the Lord Jesus Christ. Matt. 3:13-17 13 Then Jesus arrived from Galilee at the Jordan coming to ...
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3answers
980 views

Why did God Take Zachariah's Voice?

In Luke 1, Gabriel tells the aged priest Zachariah that he’s going to have a son. But Zachariah wants proof. 18 Zechariah asked the angel, “How can I be sure of this? I am an old man and my ...
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0answers
17 views

In Luke 18:19 (and parallels), what does “good” (αγαθος) mean?

Jesus doesn't just deny that he himself is "good" but he denies that anyone is good (αγαθος) except God. Luke describes Barnabas as "a good man": Act 11:24 for he was a good (αγαθος) man, full ...
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1answer
50 views

In Luke 1:41 why does Luke say that Elizabeth was *filled* with πνευματος αγιου? [closed]

Does the verb επλησθη suggest a quantity of a substance rather than a person taking up residence?: Luk 1:41 And when Elizabeth heard the greeting of Mary, the baby leaped in her womb. And ...
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6answers
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What was meant by “paradise” when Jesus spoke to the thief on the cross?

As he was crucified, Jesus engaged in a conversation with one of the other thieves hung along side him. at the end is this pronouncement: Luke 23:43 (ESV) 43 And he said to him, "Truly, I say to ...
8
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0answers
43 views

Addressing someone as “epistates” (Ἐπιστάτα)

In the New Testament the Greek word used for 'Lord' is often 'kurios' or 'Kyrie', a transliteration of Greek Κύριε (Kyrie), vocative case of Κύριος (Kyrios). I understand and believe the ...
4
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2answers
329 views

What species of flower might Jesus have been referring to when he said, “Consider the lilies”?

When Jesus spoke of 'wheat and weeds' we understand the species of weed he was likely referring to was a poisonous look-alike to wheat. That is very significant! In a personal project I am doing, I ...
6
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4answers
155 views

Is Jesus the Good Samaritan?

It seems clear that in at least some parables there is an analogical correspondence between some character in the parable and Jesus. For instance, in the parable of the tenants in Luke 20, most would ...
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0answers
44 views

Did Chrysostom's Text Say a “Double Sabbath” was One Day? or Two?

Related: - What does sabbaton deuteroproton in Luke 6:1 refer to? - Do Idioms Used in the Crucifixion Narrative Resolve the "3 Day/3 Night" Objections? 1. Question - Clarification of ...
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0answers
53 views

In Luke 22:16: Does the Syntax Indicate if Jesus Was not Going to Eat THAT Passover?

Related: - Is there any significance to using φάγω vs ἐσθίω? - In Luke 22, How Should Prepare and Eat - be Translated from the Aorist Subjunctive? - Was the Last Supper Actually a Passover Feast? ...
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3answers
6k views

What is the meaning of Luke 23:31?

For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry? There have been numerous commentaries suggesting what the "Green" and "Dry" Tree is; also, the fact that He addresses the ...
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2answers
303 views

The correct translation for Luke 6:21 (γελάσετε)

What is the correct way to translate Luke 6:21b and 6:25b? When translating the word (γελάσετε), some translators have used "you will laugh" or "you shall laugh." Blessed are you who hunger now, ...
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3answers
2k views

Did Luke use Josephus as a source?

Richard Carrier summarizes an argument made by Steve Mason in his book Josephus and the New Testament that Luke knew of Josephus' Jewish War (79 CE) and Jewish Antiquities (94 CE). At it's core, the ...
6
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3answers
401 views

Does the story of the thief on the cross imply that Jesus believed religious practice was unnecessary for salvation?

In Luke we read that Jesus predicted he would see one of the criminals hanging beside him in Paradise: One of the criminals who were hanged railed at him, saying, “Are you not the Christ? Save ...
3
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1answer
73 views

In Luke 2:34-35, Is Simeon's Dedication Blessing Sympathetic towards Mary, or Against Her?

Related To: "In Luke 2, Whose Soul is Simeon Suggesting Will be “Pierced”?", (SE Link). The Question Given the context and contents of Simeon's "blessing" at Jesus' dedication - Is there textual ...
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3answers
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Does Jesus drink wine?

http://biblehub.com/luke/7-34.htm For John the Baptist came neither eating bread nor drinking wine, and you say, ‘He has a demon.’ The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and you say, ‘Here ...
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4answers
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What does “on earth as it is in heaven” cover?

The first three subprayers of the Lord's Prayer are: "Hallowed be your name. Your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven" (Matthew 6:9-10; Luke 11:2). I have always assumed that ...
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4answers
849 views

Why is Abel called a “Prophet”?

In the gospel of Luke at Chapter 11:50-51 (NIV), Jesus refers to Abel as a "prophet." I am not aware of any scripture spoken by Abel, which would prove that he is a prophet,but the words of Jesus ...
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4answers
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Does Jesus always use the mustard seed to signify the property of “smallness”?

In Luke, we read: The apostles said to the Lord, “Increase our faith!” And the Lord said, “If you had faith like a grain of mustard seed, you could say to this mulberry tree, ‘Be uprooted and ...
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2answers
102 views

Is the meaning of the word 'spirit' in Luke 23:46 the same as in John 16:26?

When Jesus died on the cross he said : 'In your hands I commend my spirit.'(Luke 23:46). In John 16:13 (and others) Jesus says that He will send the Spirit which comes from the Father, the ...
9
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2answers
1k views

Jesus's genealogy: 28 generations or 41 since David?

These questions keep me wondering: Firstly, how is it possible that Matthew and Luke came up with completely different genealogies of Jesus ancestors, if they are both following the masculine line? ...
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3answers
191 views

How to reconcile Luke 2:11 and Acts 2:36?

For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. Luke 2:11 (ESV) Let all the house of Israel therefore know for certain that God has made him both ...
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7answers
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Why does Luke associate the birth of Christ with the census conducted by Quirinus?

Luke states that Mary and Joseph went to Bethlehem because of a census that took place while Quirinius was governor of Syria (2:1-5). In those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all ...
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0answers
68 views

Septuagintal Greek in the Lukan Infancy Narratives

I've been reading a number of literary/narrative studies on Luke lately and nearly all mention that after the introduction, Luke adopts a style of Greek reminiscent of the Septuagint in his telling of ...
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3answers
707 views

Is Luke's “Theophilus” An Actual Person or an Allegorical Person

I've always wondered if there's any persuasive evidence either way for Theophilus whom Luke addresses in Luke 1:3 and Acts 1:1 being an actual person or an allegorical personification? I mean my ...
2
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4answers
128 views

Was Jesus quoting from a proverb of His time at Luke 9:62?

At Luke 9:62 (RSVCE) we read: Jesus said to him, “No one who puts his hand to the plow and looks back is fit for the kingdom of God.” This saying of Jesus has become a proverb in all prominent ...
7
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3answers
174 views

Why did Jesus fast in the wilderness?

In Luke 4:1-13 and Matthew 4:1-11, the Gospels record that Jesus fasts in the wilderness for 40 days. My understanding is that fasting is linked with mourning. Why then did Jesus fast for 40 days in ...
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0answers
53 views

Why does Joseph have two different fathers when comparing Matthew and Luke's genealogies? [duplicate]

Matthew 1:16, "and Jacob the father of Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom Jesus was born, who is called Christ." Luke 3:23, "Jesus, when he began his ministry, was about thirty years of age, being ...
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1answer
46 views

Is there any significance between Luke 10:1 & Matthew 26:53?

In Luke 10:1 in the NIV it reads After this the Lord appointed seventy two others and sent them two by two ahead of him to every town and place where he was about to go. If 72 is the number ...
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0answers
112 views

Why did John live in the wilderness? [closed]

Luke 1:80, "John grew up and became strong in spirit. And he lived in the wilderness until he began his public ministry to Israel." Luke 3:2, "Annas and Caiaphas were the high priests. At this time ...
2
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2answers
747 views

What does Luke 18:8 mean, and how is “faith” used in this context?

Luke 18:8 reads, Nevertheless when the Son of man cometh, shall he find faith on the earth? The word for "faith" used is πίστιν, which seems to denote an 'active present sense', given the many ...
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1answer
72 views

What is the New Covenant referenced during the Last Supper?

In Luke 22:20 during the Last Supper, why is the cup of wine (Jesus blood) referred to as the New Covenant? What was the Old Covenant?
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3answers
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How was “let him take up his cross” understood by Jesus's audience?

Matthew 16:24 SBLGNT Εἴ τις θέλει ὀπίσω μου ἐλθεῖν, ἀπαρνησάσθω ἑαυτὸν καὶ ἀράτω τὸν σταυρὸν αὐτοῦ καὶ ἀκολουθείτω μοι. ESV If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up ...
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1answer
849 views

Did Mary actually leave Elizabeth before John was born?

When Mary heard from the angel Gabriel that Elizabeth was in her 6th month of pregnancy, Mary quickly left to join her. As the two greeted and the baby John leaped for joy in her womb, Elizabeth was ...
4
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1answer
222 views

Why was it a public disgrace for Elizabeth to be barren? (Luke 1:25)

I have read through many translations of Luke 1:25 and I come away with the understanding that it was not just an "internal disgrace" for Elizabeth to not have any children, but also a public ...
0
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1answer
111 views

Was Jesus named after the eighth day of his birth?

In Luke 2:21 it says: "And at the end of eight days, when he was circumcised, he was called Jesus, the name given by the angel before he was conceived in the womb." Is this verse suggesting ...
9
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5answers
671 views

When did, “Satan fall from Heaven like lightning.” Luke 10:18?

A couple of recent questions regarding Satan/devil on this site, has prompted me to ask a related question. In Luke 10:17 after the seventy-two returned,they say to Jesus (NIV), "Lord,even the ...
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4answers
6k views

When was Jesus's body 'broken'?

John says that Jesus's body won't be broken: Lu 22:19 (for context): And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do ...
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6answers
8k views

What is the difference in response between Zechariah and Mary?

In Luke 1, we read very similar accounts of two births foretold. In the first, the angel Gabriel tells Zechariah that his wife Elizabeth will bear a son to be named John. In the second, Mary is told ...
7
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1answer
111 views

Son of a snake or illegitimate son of a snake?

In a lecture before the Biblical Archeology Society and on page 123 of Social-science Commentary on the Gospel of John Dr. Richard L. Rohrbaugh (and Dr. Bruce J. Malina) make the claim that verses ...
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0answers
27 views

Did Mary leave before John was born? [duplicate]

In Luke 1:26-27 it says Elizabeth was 6 month pregnant when God sent Gabriel to tell Mary that she will become pregnant with Jesus as a virgin. In Luke 1:39-40 we see just a few days later Mary ...
8
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3answers
6k views

What is the meaning of Jesus' teaching about unclean spirits returning to a person after being driven out?

In responding to allegations that he drives out demons by the power of Beelzebul, Jesus says, among other things: When the unclean spirit has gone out of a person, it wanders through waterless ...
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3answers
665 views

Who was Neri, father of Shealtiel?

This one has been dogging me for a while. I know there is no (direct) Biblical source to answer this question, but perhaps the scholars here might be better informed as to the existence of some ...
7
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1answer
121 views

Was Zechariah simply mute, or deaf as well?

In Luke 1 (ESV), Zechariah the priest is rendered mute for his lack of faith: 19 And the angel answered him, “I am Gabriel. I stand in the presence of God, and I was sent to speak to you and to ...
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1answer
53 views

A manger vs The manger in Luke 2

Does the Greek specifically say "a manger" or does it say "the manger" in Luke 2:7,12,16? Wondering if it, by chance, denotes a specific manger as opposed to any manger. In other words, would the ...