The first half of Luke's history of the church which, along with Acts, was addressed to a certain "Theophilus". The gospel of Luke covers the life of Jesus from his birth to his resurrection.

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Request for clarification against one doubt [on hold]

How many ladies or sisters washed our Lord Jesus Christ feet and anointed his feet as well as head. In Luke 7:37 Mr. Simon of Pharisees is the same of Bethany Mr. Simon who was a Leper. Although that ...
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What is the significance of both the priest and the Levite in the Good Samaritan parable?

In the Good Samaritan parable (Luke 10:25-37), the first two people who see the beaten up man are a priest and a Levite. However, a priest is a member of the Levite tribe. So why include both since ...
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1answer
50 views

Luke 22:38 - ἱκανόν ἐστιν - Does it mean, “It is enough” or “Enough!”

In Luke 22:38, did Jesus mean that two swords were enough (i.e., sufficient) or did he intend to say, “Enough of this!”? English translation according to the King James Version: 36 Then said he ...
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1answer
51 views

Was the Prodigal Son truly repentant?

I have heard that the Prodigal Son was not truly repentant because in Luke 15:17-19 he was still making demands of his father such as "make me like one of your hired servants": ‘When he came to ...
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Do the specific gifts the father gives to the prodigal son have any special significance?

What is the significance of the robe, ring & sandals in Luke 15:22? ‘But the father said to his servants, “Quick! Bring the best robe and put it on him. Put a ring on his finger and sandals on ...
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3answers
170 views

Did the baby “leap” in Elizabeth's womb when Mary greeted Elizabeth because of “the fruit of the Spirit.”

In Luke chapter 1 (niv) we read about the foretold birth of Jesus,and the foretold birth of Elizabeth's son John. When Mary went to visit her relative Elizabeth, and greeted her, it is written that ...
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48 views

Why is Luke 24:44 rendered “ψαλμοῖς” instead of “Αγιογραφία”?

This verse appears to be referring to the Tanakh, which of course contains the Torah ("Teaching", which contains the Law of Moses), Nevi'im ("Prophets") and Ketuvim ("Writings" or "Hagiographa"), but ...
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70 views

Is there a case to be made that Luke wrote the book of Hebrews?

When I compare and contrast the writings in the book of Romans versus Hebrews they sound very different and in some cases a bit contradictory to each other. Paul emphasizes the certainty of salvation ...
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56 views

Can Smyr 3:1-2 be used to suggest Luke and Matthew are from the same community?

Modern scholarship has rejected the traditional attribution of authorship of Matthew's Gospel to the apostle Matthew, primarily on account of its literary dependence on Mark (an apostle would ...
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76 views

Why the close parallels between the story of Elijah raising the widow’s son, in 1 Kings 17:10-24, and Jesus raising the widow’s son in Luke 7:11-16?

Some parallels between the two narratives: Both stories mention the “city gate” (1 Kings 17:10; Luke 7:12) Both stories concern raising the dead son of a widow (1 Kings 17:10,21-2; Luke 7:12) Both ...
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In Luke 18: Pharisee and Tax Collector

In Luke 18, we read the story of the prayers of the Pharisee and the Tax Collector in the temple. The Pharisee's prayer (vv 11-12): The Pharisee, standing by himself, prayed thus: ‘God, I thank ...
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46 views

What was Luke's relationship to Paul regarding Christian matters, and thus their texts' relationships?

A comment in contention against this answer about early attestation of Luke's gospel in 1 Tim 5:18 being 1st century from Paul himself (where Paul would be referring to Luke's gospel as "Scripture") ...
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74 views

conformance of Acts with Pauline epistles

If an early (or possibly orthodox) date for the authorship of the Pauline epistles is posited (ie 50-60 CE), and a late date for Luke-Acts is simultaneously preferred (ie 100-125 CE), how is the ...
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89 views

What is the proper interpretation of ἄνωθεν in Luke 1:3?

The Text Luke 1:3 reads in the Greek (with the word in question highlighted; SBLGNT): ἔδοξε κἀμοὶ παρηκολουθηκότι ἄνωθεν πᾶσιν ἀκριβῶς καθεξῆς σοι γράψαι, κράτιστε Θεόφιλε It is translated a ...
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1answer
154 views

Earliest attestation to Luke's gospel

What is the earliest convincing attestation to the gospel of Luke? I believe that Justin Martyr quotes from Luke's gospel ca.150. Is that generally considered unassailable? Are there other earlier ...
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148 views

Could the Gospel of Matthew be dependent on Luke's Gospel?

Why is it that a possible Gospel dependency order of Mark-Luke-Matthew without requiring 'Q' is considered particularly unlikely, when compared to other possible solutions to the synoptic problem? Do ...
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125 views

How do we interpret Luke 17:37?

Luke 17:33-37 says, "Remember Lot's wife. Whosoever shall seek to save his life shall lose it; and whosoever shall lose his life shall preserve it. I tell you, in that night there shall be ...
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69 views

The Lord Needs It - How did the owners perceive the word Lord? [duplicate]

How did the owners of the colt perceive the Word for Lord? And if anyone asks you, ‘Why are you loosing it?’ thus you shall say to him, ‘Because the Lord has need of it.’” 32 So those who were ...
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107 views

What does Luke 18:8 mean, and how is “faith” used in this context?

Luke 18:8 reads, Nevertheless when the Son of man cometh, shall he find faith on the earth? The word for "faith" used is πίστιν, which seems to denote an 'active present sense', given the many ...
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191 views

What is meant by the term “the times of the gentiles” in Luke 21:24

To what does Luke refer, when he records Jesus’ phrase: "the times of the gentiles" (Luke 21:24)? Young's Literal Translation renders the verse in question as follows: “and they shall fall by ...
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4answers
207 views

Was Jesus too young at 12 years old to go about His Father's business?

Luke 2:41-51 contains the account of Jesus at the Passover and His famous phrase "I must be about my Father's business." Mary and Joseph went to Jerusalem yearly for the feast of Passover. Luke ...
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240 views

How was “let him take up his cross” understood by Jesus's audience?

Matthew 16:24 SBLGNT Εἴ τις θέλει ὀπίσω μου ἐλθεῖν, ἀπαρνησάσθω ἑαυτὸν καὶ ἀράτω τὸν σταυρὸν αὐτοῦ καὶ ἀκολουθείτω μοι. ESV If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up ...
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322 views

Translation of Luke 1:28 “Greetings, favored one!”

Can someone tell me about the translation of the word κεχαριτωμένη as it appears in the context of Luke 1:28 (where Gabriel greets Mary)? ...
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Luke 4:6-7 How do we read that Satan receives authority over the kingdoms of the world?

How do we read that Satan had received authority over all the kingdoms of the world? That is, he received them, and so offers them to Jesus in the following verse (and of course he cannot offer ...
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234 views

NIV Bible by Biblica different on Luke 1:37

The verse Luke 1:37 is different in my NIV Bible than on the other versions. Check comparison below: King James Version: For with God nothing shall be impossible. International Standard ...
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89 views

Does the Gospel of Marcion attest to Luke's authorship of the Gospel of Luke?

The Gospel of Marcion is said to be evidence that the Gospel of Luke was in fact written by Luke: Tradition unanimously affirms this author to be Luke. This is attested by the early heretic ...
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440 views

What does “on earth as it is in heaven” cover?

The first three subprayers of the Lord's Prayer are: "Hallowed be your name. Your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven" (Matthew 6:9-10; Luke 11:2). I have always assumed that ...
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262 views

Why is the fact that the Muratorian Fragment included Luke in its canon considered an external evidence for Luke's authorship?

The Muratorian Fragment is said to be evidence that the Gospel of Luke was in fact written by him: Tradition unanimously affirms this author to be Luke. This is attested by the early heretic ...
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66 views

Didn't Cleopas see Jesus’ nail marks?

When Jesus appeared to some and then all 11 disciples, he told then to look at his hands, side and feet. (e.g. Luke 24:39, John 20:20, 27) Prior to that, when Jesus appeared to and told the women to ...
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369 views

Luke 7:33 - Why didn't John the Baptist eat bread?

According to Luke 7:33, John the Baptist "came neither eating bread nor drinking wine" (KJV). King James Version: For John the Baptist came neither eating bread nor drinking wine; and ye say, He ...
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105 views

Does Luke 24:16 use passive voice in the Greek?

In Luke 24:16, in the use of the passive voice true to the Greek? "Their eyes were kept from recognizing him." (NRSV) Only one English translation (NLV) has it that God kept them from ...
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277 views

Is the breaking of bread in Luke 24:30 meant to be understood in terms of the Last Supper?

Luke 24:30-31 NIV describes Jesus' meal with two disciples after the resurrection: When he was at the table with them, he took bread, gave thanks, broke it and began to give it to them. Then their ...
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252 views

What is the context of Luke 12:47-48?

In Luke 12:47-48 (KJV) Jesus says, 47 And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not himself, neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many stripes. 48 But he ...
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132 views

Was Jesus alluding to Hos. 10:8 in Luke 23:30?

In Luke 23:30, it is written, Then they shall begin to say to the mountains, "Fall on us!" and to the hills, "Cover us!" τότε ἄρξονται λέγειν τοῖς ὄρεσιν Πέσετε ἐφ᾽ ἡμᾶς καὶ τοῖς βουνοῖς ...
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398 views

Does Jesus drink wine?

http://biblehub.com/luke/7-34.htm For John the Baptist came neither eating bread nor drinking wine, and you say, ‘He has a demon.’ The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and you say, ‘Here ...
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121 views

Who was Neri, father of Shealtiel?

This one has been dogging me for a while. I know there is no (direct) Biblical source to answer this question, but perhaps the scholars here might be better informed as to the existence of some ...
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343 views

What is the meaning of 'said' and 'whispered' from Luke 12:2,3?

Luke 12:2,3 2: There is nothing concealed that will not be disclosed, or hidden that will not be made known. 3: What you have said in the dark will be heard in the daylight, and what you ...
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106 views

Was it in “Elizabeth's sixth month of pregnancy” or just “in the sixth month”?

What is the correct wordings of Luke 1:26 from original Greek. I came across two different wordings as produced below: 26 And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of ...
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601 views

Why would Mary and Joseph offer “turtle doves” in Luke 2:24?

When Jesus was "presented" in Jerusalem by Mary and Joseph, the sacrifice made was "a pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons": Luke 2: 22 When the days of their purification according to the law ...
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233 views

How did Joanna “get away with” sponsoring Jesus' ministry?

Luke 8:1-3 Καὶ ἐγένετο ἐν τῷ καθεξῆς καὶ αὐτὸς διώδευεν κατὰ πόλιν καὶ κώμην κηρύσσων καὶ εὐαγγελιζόμενος τὴν βασιλείαν τοῦ θεοῦ, καὶ οἱ δώδεκα σὺν αὐτῷ, 2 καὶ γυναῖκές τινες αἳ ἦσαν ...
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What is the significance of the angel being on the right side of the altar of incense in Luke 1:11?

In Luke 1, as Zechariah is in the temple at the altar of incense, we read: And there appeared to him an angel of the Lord standing on the right side of the altar of incense. (Luke 1:11, ESV) Why ...
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When did Joseph, Jesus's father, die?

I heard someone claim that Joseph, Jesus's father, died a very short time after Jesus was born. But we know from Luke 2:41-52, that when Jesus was twelve years old he went with his parents (οἱ γονεῖς ...
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284 views

What is Luke's purpose for recording this narrative and ultimately Jesus' reason to express this account of the rich man and Lazarus to those present?

There are people who understand this text to express Jesus warning the hearers of the potential torment of the lost directly following their death. 1. Explain why that is, or isn't the intended ...
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Are there any medieval commentators to mention the Lukan census (of Quirinius, Lk 2:2) in conjunction with the evidence from Josephus?

Josephus, of course, places this census after Herod Archelaus' exile and the creation of Iudaea Province. So far, I've been able to find early discussion of Luke 2:2 in conjunction with Quirinius' ...
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What is the meaning of Luke 23:31?

For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry? There have been numerous commentaries suggesting what the "Green" and "Dry" Tree is; also, the fact that He addresses the ...
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228 views

Did Mary actually leave Elizabeth before John was born?

When Mary heard from the angel Gabriel that Elizabeth was in her 6th month of pregnancy, Mary quickly left to join her. As the two greeted and the baby John leaped for joy in her womb, Elizabeth was ...
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136 views

Why does the genealogy in Luke come after Jesus' baptism?

Matthew begins his gospel with a genealogy of Jesus, right before then introducing the birth narrative. Luke, however, waits until after the story is somewhat underway before presenting his genealogy ...
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Why is the genealogy in Luke attributed to Mary?

When He began His ministry, Jesus Himself was about thirty years of age, being, as was supposed, the son of Joseph, the son of Eli, the son of... - Luke 3:23 (NASB) There seems to be a widely ...
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313 views

What is the context in Mark and Luke as regards the buying and preparing of the spices?

I have a question about the context of Mark 16:1 and Luke 23:56 as they relate to the buying and preparing of the burial spices for Jesus of Nazareth. Mark 16:1 (ESV) states: When the Sabbath was ...
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481 views

Why would the disciples have rebuked people for bringing infants to Jesus?

Luke 18:15 tells a story of people bringing infants to Jesus: Now they were bringing even infants to him that he might touch them. And when the disciples saw it, they rebuked them. (ESV) I take ...