The fourth Gospel in the Christian New Testament that is attributed to John the son of Zebedee.

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“A god” or “God” in John 1:1?

John 1:1 (NWT): In [the] beginning the Word was, and the Word was with God, and the Word was a god. This translation, the Jehovah's Witnesses New World Translation is, I think, unique in using ...
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2answers
482 views

Did John know about the Synoptics?

What evidence is there that John was aware of the Synoptics when he wrote the Fourth Gospel?
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7answers
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What does it mean to be “born of water”?

In John 3:5, Jesus tells Nicodemus that to enter the kingdom one must be "born of water and the Spirit". How is this phrase understood? Is it a single construct (i.e. one birth of both water and ...
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454 views

Is NWT's translation of John 8:58 reasonable?

I already assumed the opposite in an answer to why there are so many Bible translations, on Christianity.SE. Now that we have an expert community, I'd like to check. The translators of the New World ...
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4answers
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What does “born again” from John 3:3 mean?

John 3:3 (NIV) Jesus replied, “Very truly I tell you, no one can see the kingdom of God unless they are born again.” A note for this verse in the NIV says, "The Greek for again also means from ...
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Is Jesus giving the Spirit in John 20:22?

After the resurrection in John's gospel, Jesus appears to the disciples and in John 20:22 he breathes on them and says, "Receive the Holy Spirit." What is happening here? Is Jesus giving them the Holy ...
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3answers
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“You are gods” in John 10:30-36

In John 10:30-36 (NASB), Jesus responds to an accusation of blasphemy by quoting the Old Testament: 30I and the Father are one.” 31The Jews picked up stones again to stone Him. 32Jesus ...
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Where is the citation of John 7:38 taken from?

Whoever puts his trust in me, as the Scripture says, rivers of living water will flow from his inmost being!" (John 7:38 CJB) I always read John 7:38 as "If I believe like the scripture ...
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Why did John take Mary, who was married, into his home?

What exactly does "took her into his home" mean in the following passage? John 19:26-27 (NIV) 26  When Jesus saw his mother there, and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to ...
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5answers
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Is John 7:53-8:11 inspired? [closed]

I've read several recent commentaries on John 8 and all agree that the story of the woman caught in adultery almost certainly wasn't there in the original manuscript. Yet they all go on to explain the ...
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6answers
668 views

How should we understand the “Cleansing of the Temple”?

As a preface, I was talking with some good friends last night and this passage came up. On of my friends contributed an interpretation that made my blood boil. He was clearly wrong and clearly ...
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6answers
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Why does Jesus tell his mother his “hour has not yet come”?

Very early on, John tells a story that is unique to his gospel: On the third day there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. Jesus also was invited to the wedding ...
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2answers
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Should John 1:19 read “the only begotten God”?

I was reading my New King James version of the Bible and found a footnote for this verse: John 1:18 (NKJV) No one has seen God at any time. The only begotten Son,[a] who is in the bosom of the ...
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6answers
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What is the significance of 153 fish?

John 21:11 Simon Peter climbed aboard and dragged the net ashore. It was full of large fish, 153, but even with so many the net was not torn. Is there any significance to the number 153? Or ...
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4answers
298 views

Who is “that (the) Prophet” in John 1:21? Is “that Prophet” Muhammad, as Islam teaches?

Refer to John 1:21: 19 And this is the record of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, “Who art thou?” 20 And he confessed and denied not, but confessed, ...
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3answers
355 views

Does John 7:15 mean Jesus was untaught?

John 7:15 (ESV): The Jews therefore marveled, saying, “How is it that this man has learning,1 when he has never studied?” The footnote is: 7:15 Or this man knows his letters So there ...
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2answers
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Can John's Passion chronology be reconciled with that of the Synoptics?

Background: Over the centuries, many readers of the four Gospels have seen significant discrepancies between John and the Synoptics, particularly with regards to chronology. This has led many to ...
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2answers
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Why is the blind man in John 9 sent to the pool that means “sent”?

In John 9, Jesus performs the miracle of healing the blind man in a rather unorthodox manner. He first creates some mud or clay out of the dirt and his saliva, then he "anoints" the man's eyes, and ...
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2answers
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Is there any significance behind Jesus' use of the word “love” in “John 21:15-17”

In John 21:15-17 (ESV), we read: 15 When they had finished breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, “Simon, son of John, do you love me more than these?” He said to him, “Yes, Lord; you know that ...
9
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2answers
392 views

Why do many chinese Bibles translate “Logos” in John 1:1 as 道 (Dao)?

道(Dao) is the concept which the entire Dao De Jing seeks to expound upon and discuss. Dao De Jing is the central text of Daoist philosophy. I don't know how to define "dao" beyond an extremely ...
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3answers
363 views

What types of birth were meant by 'blood', 'will of the flesh', and 'will of man'?

John mentions three specific types of birth that are not the avenue through which we may become children of God. To what types of births did each of these three things refer? John 1:12-13 (ESV) ...
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3answers
487 views

Is there a sacramentalism in the “Bread of Life” discourse?

The "Bread of Life" discourse in John 6:22-59 seems to have all the components of a good discussion on the Lord's Supper (or Eucharist, or communion, or whatever your tradition calls it): Jesus is ...
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4answers
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When did Jesus change his view on preaching to Gentiles?

In John 10:16 Jesus says (ESV quoted): And I have other sheep that are not of this fold. I must bring them also, and they will listen to my voice. So there will be one flock, one shepherd. The ...
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1answer
361 views

Jesus and the adulterous woman: was stoning a practical possiblity?

In John 8:5, the Pharisees ask Jesus: In the Law Moses commanded us to stone such women. Now what do you say? (NIV) Was stoning a woman for adultery often/sometimes done during Jesus' days, or ...
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1answer
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Is the Gospel of John arranged as a chiasm?

In his book the Literary Structure of the Old Testament, David Dorsey compiles a list of fifteen ways the writers of the Hebrew bible linked narrative units into narrative patterns. One of these ...
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103 views

Are “Christ” and “Son of God” two things or one in John 20:31?

John 20:30-31 says the following: Therefore many other signs Jesus also performed in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; but these have been written so that you may ...
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Why did the Samaritans worship God in Mount Gerissim rather than Jerusalem?

In John chapter 4, Jesus has a discussion with a woman of Samaria: The woman said to him, “Sir, I perceive that you are a prophet. Our fathers worshiped on this mountain, but you say that in ...
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3answers
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Jesus is both the good shepherd and the gate - Is it the same parable or two different?

In John 10 Jesus use two images. First he is the gate for the sheep. John 10:7-10 (NIV): Therefore Jesus said again, “Very truly I tell you, I am the gate for the sheep. All who have come ...
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Who was the Beloved Disciple?

According to Wikipedia: The Gospel [of John]'s authorship is anonymous. Its Chapter 21 states it derives from the testimony of the 'disciple whom Jesus loved.' Along with Peter, the unnamed ...
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Why does Jesus clear the temple so early in John's gospel?

John 2:13-22 is the story of Jesus clearing the temple. In Mark's gospel, the same thing happens in the final week before Jesus' death. What is John's purpose in including this so early in the text? ...
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In what sense would Nathanael have “seen” in John 1:51?

In John 1:51, Jesus tells Nathanael that he will "see the heavens opened, and the angels of God ascending and descending on the Son of Man". John 1:49-51 (ESV) 49 Nathanael answered him, "Rabbi, ...
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325 views

What are the Pharisees saying to search in John 7:52?

The Pharisees say to Nicodemus in John 7:52: ἐραύνησον καὶ ἴδε ὅτι ἐκ τῆς Γαλιλαίας προφήτης οὐκ ἐγείρεται Or Search and see that a prophet has not arisen from Galilee Is there any way to ...
7
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1answer
256 views

How many and who were the people the women found at Jesus' tomb?

In the empty tomb stories, somebody was already there when the women arrived. But how many people and who were they? For reference: Mark: a young man Matthew: an angel of the Lord Luke: two men ...
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1answer
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What did Jesus mean in John 20:23 when he talked about his followers forgiving sins?

What did Jesus mean in John 20:23 when he said, “If you forgive the sins of any, their sins have been forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they have been retained”? According to other ...
7
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4answers
916 views

In John 14:2, what is Jesus' Father's house?

In John 14:2, Jesus tells his disciples: In my Father’s house are many rooms; if it were not so, I would have told you. I am going there to prepare a place for you. (NIV) What is Jesus referring ...
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3answers
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Was the Beloved Disciple the author of the Fourth Gospel?

One very common interpretation of the Gospel of John is that the Beloved Disciple was the author of the book. (Presumably, he was interested in obscuring his identity for some reason.) But other ...
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2answers
241 views

Why does the book of John include the story of the Greeks wanting to see Jesus?

20 Now there were certain Greeks among those who came up to worship at the feast. 21 Then they came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida of Galilee, and asked him, saying, “Sir, we wish to see ...
6
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1answer
187 views

What is Philip asking for in John 14:8?

When Philip asks Jesus, "Lord, show us the Father, and we will be content," what is he asking for? Obviously his categories were mistaken, because the answer to his request was standing right before ...
6
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2answers
365 views

Why did the disciples ask Jesus where He was staying?

John 1:37-39: When the two disciples heard him say this, they followed Jesus. Turning round, Jesus saw them following and asked, ‘What do you want?’ They said, ‘Rabbi’ (which means ...
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3answers
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Did the Romans (and Jewish law) allow the Jewish authorities to execute?

In the gospel accounts of the trial of Jesus we learn that the Jewish authorities could not sentence anyone to death: Pilate said, “Take him yourselves and judge him by your own law.” “But we ...
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1answer
252 views

To whom should we attribute John 3:16?

Who is speaking in John 3:16? Jesus or John? John 3 begins with Jesus speaking in the first person but in v. 13 there's a shift to the third person which continues until a change of scene at 3:22. ...
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7answers
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What does it mean to convict the world concerning righteousness?

In John 16:8-11, we read (emphasis mine): When he comes, he will convict the world of guilt in regard to sin and righteousness and judgment: in regard to sin, because men do not believe in me; in ...
6
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5answers
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Understanding Jesus' apparent lie in John 7:8

John 7:8: "...You go to the festival. I am not[a] going up to this festival, because my time has not yet fully come." The all important footnote: [a] John 7:8 Some manuscripts not yet It ...
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2answers
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Did Satan father Cain?

In John 8:44 (NIV) when Jesus speaks to the non-believers, it is written, You belong to your father, the Devil, and you want to carry out your father's desire. He was a murderer from the ...
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3answers
796 views

In John 3:16, is the word believe a continous action for everlasting life?

Is eternal life in John 3:16 conditional on continous belief in Jesus Christ? The word "believe" in this verse is a present participle verb. Thanks very much!
5
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2answers
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Does John distinguish between terms for love?

It's fairly common knowledge that there are four Greek words for love, but it's not clear from the Wikipedia article whether certain distinctions persist from Ancient Greek to Koine, namely the ...
5
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3answers
439 views

How should John 1 be interpreted?

The first chapter of the Gospel of John seems to contrast with the rest of the book, in style and purpose. It seems very abstract and poetic, while the rest of John seems to be a more traditional ...
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2answers
286 views

Was Nazareth a joke town?

Nathanael said (John 1:46a):  “Nazareth! Can anything good come from there?” Nathanael asked. What was the reputation of Nazareth at the time? Was it considered a "joke town" to be made fun of?
5
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3answers
326 views

Is John 21 a later addition to the Fourth Gospel?

Many readers have noted that John 20:30-31 makes for a fitting ending to the Gospel. Jesus performed many other signs in the presence of his disciples, which are not recorded in this book. But ...
5
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1answer
240 views

Why did John write in this seemingly time-bending way?

John 11:1-2 (NLT) 11 A man named Lazarus was sick. He lived in Bethany with his sisters, Mary and Martha. 2 This is the Mary who later poured the expensive perfume on the Lord’s feet ...