The fourth Gospel in the Christian New Testament that is attributed to John the son of Zebedee.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

1
vote
1answer
67 views

In John 1:32, what is the distinction between «ὡσεὶ» (TR) and «ὡς» (NA28)?

In John 1:32, the Greek text states, ΛΒʹ καὶ ἐμαρτύρησεν Ἰωάννης λέγων ὅτι τεθέαμαι τὸ πνεῦμα καταβαῖνον ὡσεὶ περιστερὰν ἐξ οὐρανοῦ καὶ ἔμεινεν ἐπ᾽ αὐτόν TR, 1550 ΛΒʹ καὶ ἐμαρτύρησεν Ἰωάννης ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

John 1:25: εἶπον v. εἶπαν - which is more likely to have been written in the 1st century A.D.?

In John 1:25, the Textus Receptus has εἶπον, while the NA28 has εἶπαν. Apparently both are conjugated in the aorist tense and in the same voice (active) and number (plural). While they therefore have ...
1
vote
2answers
62 views

In the Gospel of John, did the Jews disbelieve or misunderstand the Lord Jesus Christ?

Several times during the narrative provided by the Gospel of John the Jews attempt to kill the Lord Jesus Christ. For example: John 5:17-18 17 But He answered them, “My Father is working until ...
6
votes
3answers
86 views

How to interpret neuter adjective “one” in John 10:30?

My understanding is an adjective in the predicate function should generally match the subject in case, number, and gender. In John 10:30 that means the adjective “one” should be masculine (εἷς), but ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

In John 1:1-3, translated pronouns as “him” or “it”? (Neuter or masculine?)

Disclaimer: I don't know any foreign languages except Pig Latin. This is probably a dumb question, but... In Koine, I believe "logos" is a masculine noun. Pronouns for "logos" such as Οὗτος are ...
2
votes
2answers
182 views

What calendar used in first century Judea by author of gospel of John?

Different calendars have emerged throughout history ie. Julian, revised Julian, Gregorian. These calendars are generally solar or lunar or both (lunisolar). Jews used lunisolar in Tannaitic period ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Why would Jesus had John to stay (alive?) till He comes?

In John 21:22 Jesus said: "If I want him to remain until I come, is that something to you?" It is probably that John wasn't a martyr. But did Jesus mean that John shouldn't die by martyrdom? If so ...
7
votes
2answers
301 views

What are the translations of the Greek word μονογενής in Ancient Versions?Is it “only” or “only-begotten”?

What are the translations of the Greek word μονογενής in Ancient Versions? What are the rendering of μονογενής into Ancient Versions of the *NT passages? Hebrew Arabic: Ethiopic: Syriac ...
5
votes
2answers
131 views

Is there a hint in any of Evangelions why Jesus was crucified so close to Sabbath?

There's a passage in St. John's Evangelion: 31 Since it was the day of Preparation, the Jews did not want the bodies left on the cross during the sabbath, especially because that sabbath was a day ...
12
votes
5answers
15k views

Why is the blind man in John 9 sent to the pool that means “sent”?

In John 9, Jesus performs the miracle of healing the blind man in a rather unorthodox manner. He first creates some mud or clay out of the dirt and his saliva, then he "anoints" the man's eyes, and ...
20
votes
4answers
3k views

Should John 1:18 read “the only begotten God”?

I was reading my New King James version of the Bible and found a footnote for this verse: John 1:18 (NKJV) No one has seen God at any time. The only begotten Son,[a] who is in the bosom of the ...
6
votes
3answers
337 views

The meaning of παρασκευή ('day of preparation')

Background I realise that the word παρασκευή has a wider range then just a reference to a day, for example Eph 6:15 is not a reference to a specific day however it is the understanding of this term ...
2
votes
2answers
156 views

John 3:6 - What is the meaning of the phrase “That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.”?

In John 3:6, it is written, That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. (NKJV) τὸ γεγεννημένον ἐκ τῆς σαρκὸς σάρξ ἐστιν καὶ τὸ γεγεννημένον ἐκ ...
48
votes
10answers
15k views

“A god” or “God” in John 1:1?

John 1:1 (NWT): In [the] beginning the Word was, and the Word was with God, and the Word was a god. This translation, the Jehovah's Witnesses New World Translation is, I think, unique in using ...
7
votes
1answer
105 views

To which portions(s) of Isaiah does John 12:41 relate the prophet's vision?

John 12:37-41 reads: Although [Jesus] had performed so many signs in their presence, they did not believe in him. This was to fulfill the word spoken by the prophet Isaiah:     ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

What is the difference between the μορφῇ of God and the εἶδος of God?

who, though he was in the form [morphe] of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped (Philippians 2:6 ESV). And the Father who sent me has himself borne witness about me. ...
5
votes
1answer
63 views

Broken into two peaces

In John 14:27, what difference (if any) is there between "Peace" which Jesus said He gave, and "My peace" which He said He leaves, or is He talking about the same peace, just emphasising by ...
3
votes
3answers
85 views

Where does John get the idea that Jesus' comment about the Temple was really about his own body?

I'm concerned about John's interpretation in 2:21 of Jesus' statements about destroying the Temple. According to John, and only him, Jesus was not talking about God's temple in Jerusalem where people ...
6
votes
2answers
20k views

What was the actual thorn plant that was used in Christ's crown of thorns? John 19:2

John 19:2 (HCSB) The soldiers also twisted together a crown of thorns, put it on His head, and threw a purple robe around Him. Image from The Passion of the Christ. What was the actual thorn ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

What time of the year did Jesus raise Lazarus?

Jesus said, “Take away the stone.” Martha, the sister of him who was dead, said to Him, “Lord, by this time there is a stench, for he has been dead four days.” Jesus said to her, “Did I not say ...
5
votes
3answers
163 views

In John 19:28-29, why did Jesus say “I'm thirsty”?

In John 19:28-29, Jesus would say that he thirsts, and they end up giving him some type of wine on a sponge: After this Jesus, realizing that by this time everything was completed, said (in order ...
3
votes
0answers
48 views

Where was Jesus when he said “He who believes in me believes not in me…”

In John 12 Jesus is talking with a crowd and then he disappears. Then the narrator provides an explanation for why "the Jews" could not believe in Jesus. However after it ends, Jesus is talking again. ...
19
votes
5answers
21k views

Is Jesus giving the Spirit in John 20:22?

After the resurrection in John's gospel, Jesus appears to the disciples and in John 20:22 he breathes on them and says, "Receive the Holy Spirit." What is happening here? Is Jesus giving them the Holy ...
4
votes
2answers
434 views

Why didn't Jesus 'entrust himself' to his followers? (John 2:23-25)

John 2:24-25 reads: But Jesus for his part did not entrust himself to them, because he knew all people and needed no one to bear witness about man, for he himself knew what was in man. (ESV) To ...
3
votes
1answer
222 views

Did Jesus ever say that he loved someone in the Bible? [closed]

Jesus asked Peter if he loved him, and Peter affirmed his love for Jesus. In John 21:15, it is written, So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

What do the “I am” references in the NT refer to?

I am a student of Buddhism and, naturally, have a 'mystical' or 'gnostic' bent. I have read some unconventional views on the internet about the renowned words attributed to Jesus: I am the way, ...
8
votes
2answers
210 views

What is the relationship between light and life in John 1:4b

As per the title, what is the relationship between life (zoe) and light (phos) in John 1:4b? Are we to understand zoe and phos as being related to egeneto/gegonen in v3 eg. That life was [the ...
6
votes
3answers
7k views

What does “Grace upon grace” mean?

For from his fullness we have all received, grace upon grace. (John 1:16, ESV) I am curious as to the meaning of "grace upon grace." I have read this as "grace for grace" in other bible ...
5
votes
3answers
89 views

In John 1:12, what is the significance of the phrase “believing in his name” as opposed to the usual phrase “believing in him”?

In John 1:12, it is written, But to all who have received him – those who believe in his name – he has given the right to become God’s children NET ὅσοι δὲ ἔλαβον αὐτόν, ἔδωκεν αὐτοῖς ...
0
votes
0answers
80 views

In John 17:1, why did Jesus lift up his eyes to the sky to address God?

In John 17:1, Jesus looks up toward the sky to address God?: Joh 17:1 When Jesus had spoken these words, he lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, "Father, the hour has come; glorify your Son ...
26
votes
2answers
1k views

Did John know about the Synoptics?

What evidence is there that John was aware of the Synoptics when he wrote the Fourth Gospel?
17
votes
4answers
4k views

Why did John take Mary, who was married, into his home?

What exactly does "took her into his home" mean in the following passage? John 19:26-27 (NIV) 26  When Jesus saw his mother there, and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Why do some translations translate eternal life (ζωὴν αἰώνιον) in different ways?

Why do some translations translate eternal life (ζωὴν αἰώνιον) in different ways? Consider for example, John 4:36, 6:40. While some use 'eternal life' in both cases, KJV and NASB do not: “Already ...
7
votes
3answers
6k views

Why does John note the name of the servant whose ear was cut off?

Unlike the synoptics, John notes the name of the man whose ear was cut off during Jesus' arrest. John 18:10 - Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it and struck the high priest’s servant, ...
1
vote
2answers
130 views

Was the Last Supper Actually a Passover Feast?

Related: - The meaning of παρασκευή ('day of preparation') - In the Gospels, Can "Day of:" the Passover - be Interpreted Idiomatically? - In Luke 22:16: Does the Syntax Indicate if ...
2
votes
3answers
131 views

Confused between Romans 2:12 vs John 14:6

It appears to be a contradiction to me. In Roman 2:12 Paul states that there is a way to salvation without Jesus if you obey your conscience and have never heard of Jesus. Of course in John 14:6 Jesus ...
12
votes
4answers
3k views

Can John's Passion chronology be reconciled with that of the Synoptics?

Background: Over the centuries, many readers of the four Gospels have seen significant discrepancies between John and the Synoptics, particularly with regards to chronology. This has led many to ...
4
votes
1answer
90 views

John 10:16 - Identity of other sheep and this sheepfold

In light of Ephesians 2:14-16, the "other sheep" and "this sheepfold" mentioned in John 10:16 would naturally refer to Gentile and Jewish Christians, respectively. Is there anything in the immediate ...
32
votes
10answers
31k views

What does it mean to be “born of water”?

In John 3:5, Jesus tells Nicodemus that to enter the kingdom one must be "born of water and the Spirit". How is this phrase understood? Is it a single construct (i.e. one birth of both water and ...
5
votes
5answers
9k views

What does “My Lord and my God” Mean?

John 20:28: Thomas said to him, “My Lord and my God!” Why both words? Doesn't God imply "Lord" as well? I'm assuming this has something to do with the exact original text?
10
votes
3answers
12k views

What did Jesus mean in John 20:23 when he talked about his followers forgiving sins?

What did Jesus mean in John 20:23 when he said, “If you forgive the sins of any, their sins have been forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they have been retained”? According to other ...
8
votes
3answers
281 views

Is there an allusion to Psalm 22 in John 19:30, ‘It is finished’?

The allusions to Psalm 22 in the Gospel accounts of Jesus' crucifixion are well-known and have been discussed on BH.SE on several occasions. I recently ran across the claim (e.g. in a blog and a JETS ...
4
votes
3answers
474 views

In the Gospel of John, why does Jesus say (four times), “I will raise him up at the last day”?

It's obviously significant since he repeated it four times, but what actually is the significance of the phrase? The phrase is translated from the Greek ἀναστήσω αὐτὸ (ἐν) τῇ ἐσχάτῃ ἡμέρᾳ which ...
6
votes
2answers
651 views

Why did John make such a big deal about being a faster runner than Peter?

John 20:3-8: So Peter and the other disciple started for the tomb. Both were running, but the other disciple outran Peter and reached the tomb first. He bent over and looked in at the strips of ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Did Jesus have actual marks or holes in his hands and side after his resurrection? John 20

Being the Easter season I was reading this section a couple weeks ago and noticed something. I'm not sure if the passage is saying Jesus had actual holes or marks in his hands and/or side. All I can ...
4
votes
2answers
75 views

Is John 12:41 talking about Jesus' glory or YHWH's?

Does John 12:41 say that Isaiah saw YHWH's glory or Jesus' glory? Which option is more supported by the underlying Greek text and the context of the passage? "Isaiah said these things because he ...
1
vote
2answers
102 views

Is the meaning of the word 'spirit' in Luke 23:46 the same as in John 16:26?

When Jesus died on the cross he said : 'In your hands I commend my spirit.'(Luke 23:46). In John 16:13 (and others) Jesus says that He will send the Spirit which comes from the Father, the ...
5
votes
4answers
183 views

Are there parallels for when Jesus wrote with his finger on the ground?

In John 8:6-8 says that Jesus wrote on the ground. I'm interested is there some parallel in Bible with that act? What does it signifies? Is it something like prophetic act, or some ancient Jewish ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

John 14:3 (KJV): Why did Jesus say, “If I go?”

And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also. John 14:3 (KJV)
2
votes
3answers
116 views

How does John 6:26 not conflict with John 6:14?

I don't understand why the author is telling us why the people believed in Jesus in verse 14 only to later tell us that Jesus says that is wrong in verse 26. Why did John write it this way? esv ...