The fourth Gospel in the Christian New Testament that is attributed to John the son of Zebedee.

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In John 1:35, who were the two disciples of John the Baptist?

The Greek text of John 1:35 according to the Textus Receptus states, ΛΕʹ Τῇ ἐπαύριον πάλιν εἱστήκει ὁ Ἰωάννης καὶ ἐκ τῶν μαθητῶν αὐτοῦ δύο TR, 1550 which is translated as, 35 On the day ...
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John 20:17: τὸν πατέρα μου καὶ πατέρα ὑμῶν καὶ θεόν μου καὶ θεὸν ὑμῶν

In John 20:17, instead of saying τὸν πατέρα ἡμῶν καὶ θεόν ἡμῶν, that is, "our Father and our God," Jesus instead says, τὸν πατέρα μου καὶ πατέρα ὑμῶν καὶ θεόν μου καὶ θεὸν ὑμῶν, that is, "my Father ...
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How should the phrase ἐλέγξει τὸν κόσμον περὶ in John 16:8 be translated?

The 1984 NIV of John 16:7b-11 reads (emphasis mine): Unless I go away, the Counselor will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you. When he comes, he will convict the world of guilt[a]...
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In John 12:23 why has the hour come for the Son of Man to be glorified?

In John 12:20-22 some Greeks come up to Philip and ask him if they can see Jesus. The disciples pass along this request to Jesus in v22 and all the sudden in v23 he replies that the hour has come for ...
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Who is the son of man in John 9:35?

In John chapter 9, there is a man that has been blind from birth. He had never seen anything in his life. Yeshua anoints the man's eyes with clay, and then tells him to wash in the pool of Siloam. The ...
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In John 11:16, what is the meaning of Thomas’ statement: “Let us also go, so that we may die with him.”

In John 11:16, it is written, ΙϚʹ εἶπεν οὖν Θωμᾶς ὁ λεγόμενος Δίδυμος τοῖς συμμαθηταῖς Ἄγωμεν καὶ ἡμεῖς ἵνα ἀποθάνωμεν μετ᾽ αὐτοῦ TR, 1550 which may be translated as, 16 Then Thomas (who is ...
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Could the Egerton Gospel be related to Q?

The so-called Egerton Gospel contains only a few verses of some very early and previously unknown "Jesus text". One major criticism of Q is that it requires a completely unattested but highly-...
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What is the meaning of John 17:3?

In a post on Christianity.SE, a member made a comment concerning John 17:3 that "knowing God...is a consequence of eternal life." In John 17:3, the Greek text states, Γʹ αὕτη δέ ἐστιν ἡ αἰώνιος ...
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What is the difference between the μορφῇ of God and the εἶδος of God?

who, though he was in the form [morphe] of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped (Philippians 2:6 ESV). And the Father who sent me has himself borne witness about me. His ...
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Where was Jesus when he said “He who believes in me believes not in me…”

In John 12 Jesus is talking with a crowd and then he disappears. Then the narrator provides an explanation for why "the Jews" could not believe in Jesus. However after it ends, Jesus is talking again. ...
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John 3:6 - What is the meaning of the phrase “That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.”?

In John 3:6, it is written, That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. (NKJV) τὸ γεγεννημένον ἐκ τῆς σαρκὸς σάρξ ἐστιν καὶ τὸ γεγεννημένον ἐκ ...
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What does John 16:10 mean? The Spirit will convict the world “concerning righteousness, because I go to the Father and you no longer see me”

John 16:8-11 - 8 And He, when [the Holy Spirit] comes, [he] will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment; 9 concerning sin, because they do not believe in Me; 10 and concerning ...
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What is the meaning of the Greek word λόγος in John 1:1?

ΕΝ ΑΡΧΗ ἦν ὁ λόγος, καὶ ὁ λόγος ἦν πρὸς τὸν θεόν, καὶ θεὸς ἦν ὁ λόγος. John 1:1 (Westcott and Hort 1881) The Greek word λόγος has more than one meaning. It means 'word','speech','divine ...
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Does John 14:16 cancel the Trinity?

I have come by a verse from Gospel of John as: John 14:16 "And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another advocate to help you and be with you forever--" I looked into its explanations ...
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How do they explain “If I will that he tarry till I come…” (John 21:22) in Christianity?

"Jesus saith unto him, If I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee? follow thou me" (KJV, John 21:22) This verse apparently says that Jesus wants that John be alive until Jesus' ...
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Did Pilate know three languages?

John 19:20-22: This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, [and] Greek, [and] Latin. Then said the chief ...
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Is the water jar in John 4:28 a symbol?

At the end of Jesus' conversation with the woman by the well, John records 28 So the woman left her water jar and went away into town and said to the people, 29 “Come, see a man who told me all ...
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What meaning does the preposition πρὸς really convey in John 1:1?

John 1:1 reads as follows: Ἐν ἀρχῇ ἦν ὁ λόγος, καὶ ὁ λόγος ἦν πρὸς τὸν Θεόν, καὶ Θεὸς ἦν ὁ λόγος. I'm wondering about the "πρὸς τὸν Θεόν", translated as "with god." But, I'm more asking about the ...
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Does John 11:25 refer to “Life after death” or “Life despite death”?

εἶπεν αὐτῇ ὁ Ἰησοῦς Ἐγώ εἰμι ἡ ἀνάστασις καὶ ἡ ζωή· ὁ πιστεύων εἰς ἐμὲ κἂν ἀποθάνῃ ζήσεται (John 11:25 Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550) These last two words are are the focus ἀποθάνῃ (apothanē): he ...
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What is John 15:10 really saying?

John 15:10 (ESV): If you keep my commandments, you will abide in my love, just as I have kept my Father's commandments and abide in his love. I have been looking at this verse for more then a week ...
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In John 8:31 in what sense did the people believe in Jesus?

Did they just believe in Him enough to listen to Him for awhile but really want to kill Him because there is no place in them for his word as in verse John 8:37? Are these people the ones who didn't ...
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John 14:14 in P75

I apologize if this is the wrong place to ask, but, I understand that P75 and P66 are the oldest attestations of the word me in John 14:14: "If you ask me for anything in my name, I will do it" NIV ...
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What calendar used in first century Judea by author of gospel of John?

Different calendars have emerged throughout history ie. Julian, revised Julian, Gregorian. These calendars are generally solar or lunar or both (lunisolar). Jews used lunisolar in Tannaitic period ...
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In John 1:1-3, translated pronouns as “him” or “it”? (Neuter or masculine?)

Disclaimer: I don't know any foreign languages except Pig Latin. This is probably a dumb question, but... In Koine, I believe "logos" is a masculine noun. Pronouns for "logos" such as Οὗτος are ...
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Confused between Romans 2:12 vs John 14:6

It appears to be a contradiction to me. In Roman 2:12 Paul states that there is a way to salvation without Jesus if you obey your conscience and have never heard of Jesus. Of course in John 14:6 Jesus ...
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Holy Spirit and the forgiving of sins: Who is the subject in John 20:23?

John 20:22-23 KJVS And when he had said this, he breathed on them , and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost: Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whose soever sins ...
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Who said “of them which thou gavest me have I lost none”?

In John 18:9 Jesus (or John) says: That the saying might be fulfilled, which he spake, Of them which thou gavest me have I lost none. This apparently alludes to the saying which Jesus pronounced in ...
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In John 19:25, are there three women or four women listed?

In John 19:25, the Greek text states, ΚΕʹ εἱστήκεισαν δὲ παρὰ τῷ σταυρῷ τοῦ Ἰησοῦ ἡ μήτηρ αὐτοῦ καὶ ἡ ἀδελφὴ τῆς μητρὸς αὐτοῦ Μαρία ἡ τοῦ Κλωπᾶ καὶ Μαρία ἡ Μαγδαληνή TR, 1550 According to the ...
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What do the “I am” references in the NT refer to?

I am a student of Buddhism and, naturally, have a 'mystical' or 'gnostic' bent. I have read some unconventional views on the internet about the renowned words attributed to Jesus: I am the way, ...
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What does the Latin word 'sermo' convey that 'verbum' does not in John 17:17 and John 1:1?

Augustine spoke of Latin MSS (copies of scriptures in Latin) that has 'sermo' instead of 'verbum' in John 17:17 and John 1:1 in his Tractate 108: Finally, He proceeds, and doing so fails not to ...
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Word order in John 1:1 [duplicate]

John 1:1 reads: In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. (John 1:1, ESV) The greek reads as follows (as best I can tell; not sure if this is NA or ...
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Who said “of them which thou gavest me have I lost none”? [duplicate]

In John 18:9, Jesus (or John) says: That the saying might be fulfilled, which he spake, Of them which thou gavest me have I lost none. However, I couldn't find what scriptures is being quoted ...
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John 11:9 Why does Jesus remind his disciples about 12 hours in a day?

He stayed a couple of days longer when He heard Lazarus was sick. Then Jesus decided to go to Judea. His disciples quickly reminded him that the Jews were trying to stone him just a few days ago. ...
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I will raise you up at the last day

In many verses in John 6, Jesus says "I will raise them up at the last day". Does that mean to literally "revived" the ones who ate his body and drank his blood? Or what does it mean? Thanks!
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Jesus said Θεέ μου before He died and Jesus said Θεόν μου after He rose. What is the difference?

Matthew (NKJV): And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?” that is, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?” (27:46) Matthew (USB5): περὶ δὲ ...
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369 views

What pronoun refers to the Holy Spirit in John 14:26?

In John 14:26, English translations read, "He will teach you all things" or something similar, referring to the Holy Spirit with a masculine singular pronoun. Apparently the Greek word is "ekeinos", ...
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Who does Jesus refer to by the phrase “another who testifies about me” in John 5:32?

There is another who testifies about me, and I know that the testimony that he testifies about me is true. ἄλλος ἐστὶν ὁ μαρτυρῶν περὶ ἐμοῦ καὶ οἶδα ὅτι ἀληθής ἐστιν ἡ μαρτυρία ἣν μαρτυρεῖ περὶ ...
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John 14:3 (KJV): Why did Jesus say, “If I go?”

And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also. John 14:3 (KJV)
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Jesus' commandments

1 John 2:3-6 NIV And by this we know that we have come to know him, if we keep his commandments. Whoever says “I know him” but does not keep his commandments is a liar, and the truth is not in ...
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“Jesus said to them ”I am" (John 18:6) - Did Jesus break a taboo here?

In the following verse, did Jesus in fact say the word, the name of God, that no Jew would dare to say aloud at that time? As soon then as he had said unto them, I am [he], they went backward, ...
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In John 1:32, what is the distinction between «ὡσεὶ» (TR) and «ὡς» (NA28)?

In John 1:32, the Greek text states, ΛΒʹ καὶ ἐμαρτύρησεν Ἰωάννης λέγων ὅτι τεθέαμαι τὸ πνεῦμα καταβαῖνον ὡσεὶ περιστερὰν ἐξ οὐρανοῦ καὶ ἔμεινεν ἐπ᾽ αὐτόν TR, 1550 ΛΒʹ καὶ ἐμαρτύρησεν Ἰωάννης ...
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In the New Testament, What is the Origin of “Believe In” and “Believe Into”?

Is there any Extra-Biblical source, (in Classical Greek, or Semitic sources), or a syntactical rule, behind the construction: ["πιστεύων ἐν" and "πιστεύων εἰς" + "Some Leader"]* — Or, is this ...
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142 views

Did the sister of Lazarus anoint Jesus with perfume once, or twice?

I am not re-asking this question or this question, which concern the absolute number of times Jesus was anointed with perfume. I'm asking about a confusing fact from the Gospel of John, by itself, ...
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336 views

The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

What/who have commentators historically believed the "four riders" of Revelation 6 were?
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John 1:25: εἶπον v. εἶπαν - which is more likely to have been written in the 1st century A.D.?

In John 1:25, the Textus Receptus has εἶπον, while the NA28 has εἶπαν. Apparently both are conjugated in the aorist tense and in the same voice (active) and number (plural). While they therefore have ...
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Was the Last Supper Actually a Passover Feast?

Related: - The meaning of παρασκευή ('day of preparation') - In the Gospels, Can "Day of:" the Passover - be Interpreted Idiomatically? - In Luke 22:16: Does the Syntax Indicate if ...
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“for my thirst they gave me sour wine” and anything else?

He said, "I thirst". (John 19:28) They gave me poison for food, and for my thirst they gave me sour wine to drink. (Psalm 69:21) So, now John compares "I thirst" with Psalm, so now my doubt is, ...
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820 views

What might “on the third day” stand for in John 2:1?

John 2 (Amplified Bible): 1 On the third day there was a wedding at Cana of Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. 2 Jesus also was invited with His disciples to the wedding. I have ...
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What does Jesus mean in John 10:34? [duplicate]

I have asked this question of many Christian leaders and teachers. No one really has an answer. I know that Jehovah Witnesses us this to disprove that Jesus is God. It is obvious in other verses that ...
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Why would a copyist enter the author's name in Revelation 21:2?

Revelation 21:2: And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband I wonder why John would need to mention his own ...