The fourth Gospel in the Christian New Testament that is attributed to John the son of Zebedee.

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Is there a redaction in John 19:34?

I've read it said that Bultmann argued that the "water and blood" which came out of Jesus in John 19:34 were an "ecclesiastical redaction", and I do not have access to his commentary. Are there others ...
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140 views

Why do the apostles suggest that the blind man could have sinned before his birth in John 9:2?

In John 9, upon seeing the man born blind, his disciples ask Jesus, “Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born blind?”(ESV) Was it a widely held belief among first century ...
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60 views

Were the disciples that certain?

John 17:8b: They knew with certainty that I came from you, and they believed that you sent me. I'm guessing that this is a translation issue, but I'm curious to hear expert opinion. Here Jesus ...
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172 views

Why does John interweave the stories of Jesus' questioning and Peter's denial?

In John 18, the author weaves together an account of Peter's denial and a questioning of Jesus before Annas. It's very well done and seems rather more complex from a literary standpoint. But what does ...
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*Two* miraculous catches of fish in John 21 and significance?

In John 21, Jesus tells the disciples to throw their nets on the "right side of the boat" (verse 6) which enables the second miraculous catch of fish in Jesus' ministry, the catching of 153 fish. ...
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263 views

Does God really hate some people (Ps 11:5), even though he loves the whole world (John 3:16)?

From John 3:16, we know that God loves the world. 16 "For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life." (John ...
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170 views

What does “spirit” mean in John 3:6?

What does "spirit" mean in John 3:6 (in bold)? Is it referring to the soul? John 3:6 (ESV) That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. ...
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Jewish Captivity [duplicate]

Is John forgetting the Jewish captivity in Babylon? John 8:33 KJV They answered him, We be Abraham's seed, and were never in bondage to any man: how sayest thou, Ye shall be made free?
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Eat my flesh and drink my blood [duplicate]

Jesus says in John 6 53 Jesus said to them, “Very truly I tell you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you. 54 Whoever eats my flesh and drinks ...
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What does the word “world” mean in John 3:16, in the light of John 17:9?

John 3:16 “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only ...
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649 views

Is there a difference between 'seeing' the Kingdom of God, and 'entering' it? (John 3)

My question concerns two verses in John's Gospel. I'm using the English Standard Version here but I think the same question arises in other translations: Jesus answered him, “Truly, truly, I say ...
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419 views

Why didn't Jesus 'entrust himself' to his followers? (John 2:23-25)

John 2:24-25 reads: But Jesus for his part did not entrust himself to them, because he knew all people and needed no one to bear witness about man, for he himself knew what was in man. (ESV) To ...
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John 1:49 - What is the basis for Nathanael's proclamation - “Rabbi, You are the Son of God! You are the King of Israel!”?

In John 1:49, it is written, Nathanael answered and said to Him, “Rabbi, You are the Son of God! You are the King of Israel!” (NKJV) ἀπεκρίθη Ναθαναήλ καὶ λέγει αὐτῷ Ῥαββί σὺ εἶ ὁ υἱὸς τοῦ ...
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John 10:16 - Identity of other sheep and this sheepfold

In light of Ephesians 2:14-16, the "other sheep" and "this sheepfold" mentioned in John 10:16 would naturally refer to Gentile and Jewish Christians, respectively. Is there anything in the immediate ...
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When was Jesus's body 'broken'?

John says that Jesus's body won't be broken: Lu 22:19 (for context): And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do ...
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401 views

Is there a scriptural warrant for the literal-historical approach?

Jesus appears to establish the Christological approach used by the apostles: Joh 5:39 Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me. ...
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John 17:10 What is the number of the pronouns? [closed]

In John 17:10--"καὶ τὰ ἐμὰ πάντα σά ἐστιν καὶ τὰ σὰ ἐμά, καὶ δεδόξασμαι ἐν αὐτοῖς"--what is the number of ἐμὰ and σά? I didn't learn either of those forms in my paradigms for συ or εμε. Biblehub.com ...
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John 6:45 - What is the meaning of «διδακτοὶ τοῦ θεοῦ»?

In John 6:45, it is written, ἔστιν γεγραμμένον ἐν τοῖς προφήταις Καὶ ἔσονται πάντες διδακτοὶ τοῦ θεοῦ πᾶς οὖν ὁ ἀκούσας παρὰ τοῦ πατρὸς καὶ μαθὼν ἔρχεται πρὸς με TR, 1550 The Lord Jesus Christ ...
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When does the cleansing of the Temple happen? At the beginning of Jesus's ministry or later?

The gospel of John says that the cleansing of the temple was early in Jesus's ministry (John 2:14-21). The other gospels put this event after Jesus enters Jerusalem, near the time he was crucified. So ...
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What is the 'law' in John 19:7

In John 19:7 it says, 7 The Jews answered him, “We have a law, and according to that law he ought to die because he has made himself the Son of God.” What is the law that they are speaking of ...
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Why does everyone in John misunderstand Jesus?

Jesus seems to be misunderstood pretty consistently throughout the Gospel According to John: John 2:19-20 Jesus answered them, “Destroy this temple, and I will raise it again in three days.” ...
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How and why did Jesus weep?

John 11:35 (the shortest verse in the Bible?) says simply: Jesus wept. How should we understand this? Tearful? Sobbing? What was the nature of his weeping? And what was the reason? Sadness at ...
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Why did Tyndale (1525) not capitalize 'word' in John 1:1?

In the beginnynge was the worde and the worde was with God: and the worde was God. John 1:1 (Tyndale Bible 1534 by William Tyndale) Why did Tyndale (1525) did not capitalize 'word' in John 1:1?
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Who is Jesus addressing in John 13:27?

Is Jesus directing His words towards (a) Judas, (b) Satan, or (c) both? How can we draw a definite conclusion here? John 13:21-30 ESV 21 After saying these things, Jesus was troubled in his ...
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John 15:5 – Bring Forth or Carry/Support Fruit?

In John 15 Jesus uses an example from agriculture to illustrate the relationship between Himself and His disciples: ἐγώ εἰμι ἡ ἄμπελος ὑμεῖς τὰ κλήματα ὁ μένων ἐν ἐμοὶ κἀγὼ ἐν αὐτῷ οὗτος φέρει ...
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Why is the greater love not to lay down one's life for one's *enemies*?

How are we to reconcile the following verses? Jn 15:13: Greater love has no one than this: to lay down one's life for one's friends. Mt 5:44,46-47: But I tell you, love your enemies and ...
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John 14:2, why “dwelling places” in NABRE

Two translations of John 14:2. In my Father’s house there are many dwelling places. If there were not, would I have told you that I am going to prepare a place for you? (NABRE) In my ...
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437 views

The Healing at the Pool in John 5:1-14

What is the significance of the man's belief regarding healing through the disturbed waters? Was it just a belief (bordering on superstition)? Or was it really intended by God for healing to take ...
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233 views

Does John 1:12 identify believers of the past only, or past and present tense believers?

Here are two versions to help aid the question: But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, John 1:12 ESV But to all who have received him ...
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534 views

Does John 21:20-24 indicate that the original author of the Fourth Gospel was dead?

Early tradition says that the author lived on for some time after the composition, while many post-eighteenth century critical scholars seem to take for granted that the author (if it even is the ...
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Why did Jesus tell Mary not to hold onto Him?

John 20:17a: Jesus said, "Do not hold on to me, for I have not yet returned to the Father." Why did Jesus tell Mary not to "hold on to" Him? Presumably it was not a problem with touching, since ...
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John 1:16: What is “the fullness” (τὸ πλήρωμα) that was received by the author of the fourth gospel?

In John 1:16, it is written, And we all received from his fullness, and grace in place of grace. καὶ ἐκ τοῦ πληρώματος αὐτοῦ ἡμεῖς πάντες ἐλάβομεν καὶ χάριν ἀντὶ χάριτος What is "the ...
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Why would Jesus ask, “the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?”

Jesus, while being arrested in the garden, says “the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?” He's having Peter take his sword back to the sheath, but why would Jesus ask that? ...
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531 views

The value of the 153 large fish in John 21:11?

I have often wondered if the large catch of fish in John 21:11 just prior to Jesus' intimate discussion with Peter might have been a "test" or "challenge" to Peter as Jesus urged him to feed and tend ...
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202 views

Translation questions “right, may, might” as listed below

John 1:12 "to all who received Him, to those who believed in His name, He gave the right to become children of God." John 20:31 "but these (signs) are written so that you may believe that Jesus is ...
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218 views

How many resurrection hours does Jesus refer to in John 5:25-29?

In John 5:25-29 we read: “Truly, truly, I say to you, an hour is coming, and is now here, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear will live. For as the Father has ...
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106 views

What does John 3:8 mean?

John 3:8 (ESV) states: The wind blows where it wishes, and you hear its sound, but you do not know where it comes from or where it goes. So it is with everyone who is born of the Spirit. I don't ...
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Comparing Matt 18:15-20 with Jn 20:21-23

Is there a legitimate contextual comparison between what Jesus teaches in Matthew 18:15-20 (certain disciplinary functions working in an assembly of people in God's name) and the text in John ...
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John 3:16: What does the aorist inflection of ἀγαπῶ indicate?

In John 3:16, it is written, For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. (KJV) Οὕτως γὰρ ...
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106 views

John 20:17: τὸν πατέρα μου καὶ πατέρα ὑμῶν καὶ θεόν μου καὶ θεὸν ὑμῶν

In John 20:17, instead of saying τὸν πατέρα ἡμῶν καὶ θεόν ἡμῶν, that is, "our Father and our God," Jesus instead says, τὸν πατέρα μου καὶ πατέρα ὑμῶν καὶ θεόν μου καὶ θεὸν ὑμῶν, that is, "my Father ...
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How should the phrase ἐλέγξει τὸν κόσμον περὶ in John 16:8 be translated?

The 1984 NIV of John 16:7b-11 reads (emphasis mine): Unless I go away, the Counselor will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you. When he comes, he will convict the world of ...
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In John 12:23 why has the hour come for the Son of Man to be glorified?

In John 12:20-22 some Greeks come up to Philip and ask him if they can see Jesus. The disciples pass along this request to Jesus in v22 and all the sudden in v23 he replies that the hour has come for ...
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John 1:35: Who were the two disciples of John the Baptist?

In John 1:35, it is written, Τῇ ἐπαύριον πάλιν εἱστήκει ὁ Ἰωάννης καὶ ἐκ τῶν μαθητῶν αὐτοῦ δύο which is translated as, On the day after, John, and two of his disciples, had been standing ...
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Could the Egerton Gospel be related to Q?

The so-called Egerton Gospel contains only a few verses of some very early and previously unknown "Jesus text". One major criticism of Q is that it requires a completely unattested but ...
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Where was Jesus when he said “He who believes in me believes not in me…”

In John 12 Jesus is talking with a crowd and then he disappears. Then the narrator provides an explanation for why "the Jews" could not believe in Jesus. However after it ends, Jesus is talking again. ...
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Is there a hint in any of Evangelions why Jesus was crucified so close to Sabbath?

There's a passage in St. John's Evangelion: 31 Since it was the day of Preparation, the Jews did not want the bodies left on the cross during the sabbath, especially because that sabbath was a day ...
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54 views

Broken into two peaces

In John 14:27, what difference (if any) is there between "Peace" which Jesus said He gave, and "My peace" which He said He leaves, or is He talking about the same peace, just emphasising by ...
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What does John 16:10 mean? The Spirit will convict the world “concerning righteousness, because I go to the Father and you no longer see me”

John 16:8-11 - 8 And He, when [the Holy Spirit] comes, [he] will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment; 9 concerning sin, because they do not believe in Me; 10 and ...
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How do they explain “If I will that he tarry till I come…” (John 21:22) in Christianity?

"Jesus saith unto him, If I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee? follow thou me" (KJV, John 21:22) This verse apparently says that Jesus wants that John be alive until Jesus' ...
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Did Pilate know three languages?

John 19:20-22: This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, [and] Greek, [and] Latin. Then said the chief ...