The fourth Gospel in the Christian New Testament that is attributed to John the son of Zebedee.

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Who are the soldiers in John 18:3?

Does the "detachment of soldiers" refer to a Roman guard? If so, how large of a group? Or is it a different group of soldiers, perhaps a temple guard or Jewish soldiers if there were any at the time? ...
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What is the precedent for using water as a symbol for God's Spirit in John 3:5?

When considering John 3:5, many interpret the passage as involving a hendiadys where "born of water and the Spirit" does not refer to two births, but instead sees water as a symbol for God's Spirit. ...
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What is the meaning of John 4:24?

See this question on Christianity.SE for some background. I am trying to understand how the bible uses the word spirit in a few locations as it relates to God and angels. John 4:24 (KJV) God is ...
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Are there any clues as to the nature of the man's blindness in John 9?

This weekend I heard somebody build a case for a theological position based in part of the kind of healing given to the blind man in John 9. [John 9:1, NET] Now as Jesus was passing by, he saw a ...
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Does the phrase “born of water and the Spirit” refer to one, or two births?

In John 3:5, Jesus says that we must be "born of water and the Spirit". Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit he cannot enter into the kingdom of ...
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What significance does John perceive in the piercing of Christ's side and the flow of blood and water?

Both the piercing of Christ side and the flow of blood and water (John 19:34) are unique to John’s gospel and it’s clear from the testimony which follows (19:35) he sees in them great deal of ...
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How can Jesus say “My Father is working until now” in John 5:16,17 if God rested on the 7th day?

John 5:16,17 (ESV) And this was why the Jews were persecuting Jesus, because he was doing these things on the Sabbath. But Jesus answered them, “My Father is working until now, and I am ...
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Does Jesus refer to aliens in John 10:16?

Jesus said: And I have other sheep that are not of this fold. I must bring them also, and they will listen to my voice. So there will be one flock, one shepherd.—John 10:16 (ESV) Who are ...
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Details on “Western Unical D”?

The story of the woman caught in adultery in John 7:53-8:11 is generally regarded as inauthentic and uninspired. D. A. Carson says the following in his commentary on this passage (p.333): These ...
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Where was the dinner in John 12?

On this question someone posted a link to an article arguing that Lazaraus is the beloved disciple. One of the arguments he makes is that his theory cleanly reconciles the account of a dinner in John ...
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John 16:12 - What were the “many things”?

In John 16:12, it is written, I still have many things to say to you, but you cannot bear [them] now. Ἕτι πολλὰ ἔχω λέγειν ὑμῖν ἀλλ᾽ οὐ δύνασθε βαστάζειν ἄρτι (Textus Receptus, 1550) Does ...
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What is “that day” in John 14:20?

What is "that day" in John 14:20: At that day ye shall know that I am in my Father, and ye in me, and I in you. ἐν ἐκείνῃ τῇ ἡμέρᾳ γνώσεσθε ὑμεῖς ὅτι ἐγὼ ἐν τῷ πατρί μου καὶ ὑμεῖς ἐν ἐμοὶ ...
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What did Jesus mean when he called the Pharisees “A brood of vipers”?

In Matthew 12:34 when Jesus is speaking to the Pharisees it is written, (NIV) You brood of vipers,how can you who are evil say anything good? For out of the overflow of the heart the mouth ...
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The word 'believe' in John 3:15-16

Does the word 'believe' in John 3:15-16 mean to believe in Jesus as the Son of God, or to believe in the message of Jesus: 15that whoever believes in him may have eternal life. 16“For God so ...
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Are sins of the future forgiven? John 20:23

Does John 20:23 use a past-tense verb, i.e. "forgiven"? I was wondering what information there is on the verb "forgiven" here.
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“That they may be one, even as we are one” in John 17:11

In John 17:11, Jesus prays that his disciples "may be one": 11And I am no longer in the world, but they are in the world, and I am coming to you. Holy Father, keep them in your name, which you ...
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Why does Jesus say, “Very truly I tell you”?

I'm studying philosophy of religion and I was just wondering if anyone could tell me why, in the fourth sign in John's gospel especially (feeding of the five thousand), he constantly says, "Very truly ...
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Could μονογενής mean simply “unique”?

In this article Hebrew scholar Michael Heiser makes the claim that the term μονογενής (monogenēs) in John 3:16 means "unique" rather than "only-begotten." However, he does not provide citations, ...
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How to interpret John 6:32-33

Jesus said to them, “I assure you: Moses didn’t give you the bread from heaven, but My Father gives you the real bread from heaven. 33 For the bread of God is the One who comes down from heaven and ...
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Regarding Jesus' arrest, why might the gospels differ so much?

With the story of Jesus being arrested after the last supper, the four gospels differ quite a bit. Matthew 26:47-57 and Mark 14:43-53 simply have Judas arriving with a crowd having swords and clubs, ...
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What does the word, “World”, mean in John 3:16 ,in the light of John 17:9

John 3:16 “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only ...
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Is John 3:18 the words of Jesus, or of John? [duplicate]

Using Bible Gateway John 3:18 is shown to be the words of the author, John, in the NIV translation: Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe stands condemned already ...
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Is there an interpretation of the blood and water that poured from Jesus' side (John 19:34) that involves, in part, some physiological component?

In reading What significance does John perceive in the piercing of Christ's side and the flow of blood and water?, I wondered if there is anything unusual about both blood and water flowing from the ...
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What is the difference between ζωὴ and ψυχὴ?

The word "life" appears in most translations of John 12:25 three times. For example, in the ESV: Whoever loves his life loses it, and whoever hates his life in this world will keep it for eternal ...
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Were the disciples that certain?

John 17:8b: They knew with certainty that I came from you, and they believed that you sent me. I'm guessing that this is a translation issue, but I'm curious to hear expert opinion. Here Jesus ...
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Why does John interweave the stories of Jesus' questioning and Peter's denial?

In John 18, the author weaves together an account of Peter's denial and a questioning of Jesus before Annas. It's very well done and seems rather more complex from a literary standpoint. But what does ...
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*Two* miraculous catches of fish in John 21 and significance?

In John 21, Jesus tells the disciples to throw their nets on the "right side of the boat" (verse 6) which enables the second miraculous catch of fish in Jesus' ministry, the catching of 153 fish. ...
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Jewish Captivity [duplicate]

Is John forgetting the Jewish captivity in Babylon? John 8:33 KJV They answered him, We be Abraham's seed, and were never in bondage to any man: how sayest thou, Ye shall be made free?
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Is there a difference between 'seeing' the Kingdom of God, and 'entering' it? (John 3)

My question concerns two verses in John's Gospel. I'm using the English Standard Version here but I think the same question arises in other translations: Jesus answered him, “Truly, truly, I say ...
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When was Jesus's body 'broken'?

John says that Jesus's body won't be broken: Lu 22:19 (for context): And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do ...
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John 12:32 - What/Who Does the “All” refer to?

John 12:32.. Jesus speaking here obviously, "And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to Myself.” (NASB) Who or what are the referents for the "All" in this passage and what is the ...
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At the last day

When Jesus spoke of the resurrection in John 6:39,40,44,54 he said the resurrection would occur "at" the last day. Is there any significance to the use of the word at rather than the word on.
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How to interpret John 2:10

King James Bible: And saith unto him, Every man at the beginning doth set forth good wine; and when men have well drunk, then that which is worse: but thou hast kept the good wine until now. ...
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John 17:10 What is the number of the pronouns? [closed]

In John 17:10--"καὶ τὰ ἐμὰ πάντα σά ἐστιν καὶ τὰ σὰ ἐμά, καὶ δεδόξασμαι ἐν αὐτοῖς"--what is the number of ἐμὰ and σά? I didn't learn either of those forms in my paradigms for συ or εμε. Biblehub.com ...
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When did John The Baptist know Jesus was God's Chosen One according to John 1?

John 1:29-34: The next day John saw Jesus coming towards him and said, ‘Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! This is the one I meant when I said, “A man who comes after me ...
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Why does everyone in John misunderstand Jesus?

Jesus seems to be misunderstood pretty consistently throughout the Gospel According to John: John 2:19-20 Jesus answered them, “Destroy this temple, and I will raise it again in three days.” ...
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How and why did Jesus weep?

John 11:35 (the shortest verse in the Bible?) says simply: Jesus wept. How should we understand this? Tearful? Sobbing? What was the nature of his weeping? And what was the reason? Sadness at ...
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Why is the greater love not to lay down one's life for one's *enemies*?

How are we to reconcile the following verses? Jn 15:13: Greater love has no one than this: to lay down one's life for one's friends. Mt 5:44,46-47: But I tell you, love your enemies and ...
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Was Jesus crucified naked?

John 19:23 When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his clothes, dividing them into four shares, one for each of them, with the undergarment remaining. This garment was seamless, woven ...
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John 14:2, why “dwelling places” in NABRE

Two translations of John 14:2. In my Father’s house there are many dwelling places. If there were not, would I have told you that I am going to prepare a place for you? (NABRE) In my ...
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The Healing at the Pool in John 5:1-14

What is the significance of the man's belief regarding healing through the disturbed waters? Was it just a belief (bordering on superstition)? Or was it really intended by God for healing to take ...
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Does John 1:12 identify believers of the past only, or past and present tense believers?

Here are two versions to help aid the question: But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, John 1:12 ESV But to all who have received him ...
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Does John 21:20-24 indicate that the original author of the Fourth Gospel was dead?

Early tradition says that the author lived on for some time after the composition, while many post-eighteenth century critical scholars seem to take for granted that the author (if it even is the ...
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Why did Jesus tell Mary not to hold onto Him?

John 20:17a: Jesus said, "Do not hold on to me, for I have not yet returned to the Father." Why did Jesus tell Mary not to "hold on to" Him? Presumably it was not a problem with touching, since ...
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The articular infinitive of John 17:5 rendering

Greeting! I was having a discussion bout John 17:5 and someone pointed out that εἶναι is articular because of the accusative article closest to that word. Someone else then defined the following ...
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John 1:16: What is “the fullness” (τὸ πλήρωμα) that was received by the author of the fourth gospel?

In John 1:16, it is written, And we all received from his fullness, and grace in place of grace. καὶ ἐκ τοῦ πληρώματος αὐτοῦ ἡμεῖς πάντες ἐλάβομεν καὶ χάριν ἀντὶ χάριτος What is "the ...
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The value of the 153 large fish in John 21:11?

I have often wondered if the large catch of fish in John 21:11 just prior to Jesus' intimate discussion with Peter might have been a "test" or "challenge" to Peter as Jesus urged him to feed and tend ...
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Translation questions “right, may, might” as listed below

John 1:12 "to all who received Him, to those who believed in His name, He gave the right to become children of God." John 20:31 "but these (signs) are written so that you may believe that Jesus is ...
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In John 18, who was high priest at the time of Jesus' arrest?

First the text in John 18 (NIV) seems to make clear that Caiaphas was high priest: 18:13 They bound him and brought him first to Annas, who was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest that ...
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John 1:35: Who were the two disciples of John the Baptist?

In John 1:35, it is written, Τῇ ἐπαύριον πάλιν εἱστήκει ὁ Ἰωάννης καὶ ἐκ τῶν μαθητῶν αὐτοῦ δύο which is translated as, On the day after, John, and two of his disciples, had been standing ...