The fourth Gospel in the Christian New Testament that is attributed to John the son of Zebedee.

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Does John distinguish between terms for love?

It's fairly common knowledge that there are four Greek words for love, but it's not clear from the Wikipedia article whether certain distinctions persist from Ancient Greek to Koine, namely the ...
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Internal Evidence of Authorship of the Fourth Gospel

By the "fourth gospel," I mean the gospel commonly attributed to an "apostle John." However, is there actually an internal evidence that someone named John wrote the fourth gospel, as is commonly ...
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What does “My Lord and my God” Mean?

John 20:28: Thomas said to him, “My Lord and my God!” Why both words? Doesn't God imply "Lord" as well? I'm assuming this has something to do with the exact original text?
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Chronology of Jesus' ministry: John and the Synoptics

I've heard that there is a recent trend to see the Fourth Gospel - despite its obvious theological purpose as compared to especially Luke - as actually more chronological than the Synoptics. Wikipedia ...
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What significance does John perceive in the piercing of Christ's side and the flow of blood and water?

The piercing of Christ side and the flow of blood and water (John 19:34) are unique to John’s gospel and it’s clear from the testimony which follows it ( 19:35) the author sees in them a real ...
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Was Nazareth a joke town?

Nathanael said (John 1:46a):  “Nazareth! Can anything good come from there?” Nathanael asked. What was the reputation of Nazareth at the time? Was it considered a "joke town" to be made fun of?
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Is the statement about love and obedience in John 14:15 an imperative or an indicative?

In the 1984 NIV, Jesus says in John 14:15: If you love me, you will obey what I command. But in the 2011 revision, the same sentence is rendered: If you love me, keep my commands. This ...
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John 9: Did the blind man know scripture?

I found it odd that in John 9:30-33, the (healed) blind man refers to scripture, suddenly speaking as a learned scholar to the point where the Pharisees accuse him of lecturing them. I wonder, was it ...
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What external evidence do we have for who wrote the Gospel of John?

It seems the Gospel of John was written in the late 80s or early 90s. If John was around Jesus age when they both met, then he would have been 80 or 90 years when writing it. In that time, people ...
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When did John The Baptist know Jesus was God's Chosen One according to John 1?

John 1:29-34: The next day John saw Jesus coming towards him and said, ‘Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! This is the one I meant when I said, “A man who comes after me ...
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Why did John write in this seemingly time-bending way?

John 11:1-2 (NLT) 11 A man named Lazarus was sick. He lived in Bethany with his sisters, Mary and Martha. 2 This is the Mary who later poured the expensive perfume on the Lord’s feet and ...
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In John 2:11, why did the disciples of the Lord Jesus Christ believe in him after he turned water into wine?

In John 2:11, it is written, 11 Jesus did this beginning of the signs in Cana of Galilee, and he manifested his glory, and his disciples believed in him. ΙΑʹ Ταύτην ἐποίησεν τὴν ἀρχὴν τῶν ...
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The beloved disciple vs Peter

I was reading a book by Andreas Köstenberger and he points out that in the Fourth Gospel, the beloved disciple is depicted at least several times as having greater access to knowledge as compared ...
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“That they may be one, even as we are one” in John 17:11

In John 17:11, Jesus prays that his disciples "may be one": 11And I am no longer in the world, but they are in the world, and I am coming to you. Holy Father, keep them in your name, which you ...
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What is the meaning of “In the bosom of the Father” (John 1:18)?

I am reading from the Gospel of John, chapter 18 verse 1, KJV, where it is written, No man hath seen God at any time, the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared ...
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The word 'believe' in John 3:15-16

Does the word 'believe' in John 3:15-16 mean to believe in Jesus as the Son of God, or to believe in the message of Jesus: 15that whoever believes in him may have eternal life. 16“For God so ...
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Why in John's account does Jesus reply to Pilate's inquiry with a question?

The initial exchange between Pilate and Jesus in Mark 15:2 is quite terse: And Pilate asked him, “Are you the King of the Jews?” And he answered him, “You have said so.” Matthew 27:11 and Luke ...
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Is John 16:31 meant to be a question?

In the 1984 NIV, Jesus replies to his disciples in John 16:31 saying, "You believe at last!" However, there is also a footnote on the verse, "Or Do you now believe?" In the 2011 NIV, however, the ...
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How many resurrection hours does Jesus refer to in John 5:25-29?

In John 5:25-29 we read: “Truly, truly, I say to you, an hour is coming, and is now here, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear will live. For as the Father has ...
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Are there parallels for when Jesus wrote with his finger on the ground?

In John 8:6-8 says that Jesus wrote on the ground. I'm interested is there some parallel in Bible with that act? What does it signifies? Is it something like prophetic act, or some ancient Jewish "...
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How does John 5:28-29 fit with the dispensational hermeneutic

The dispensational hermeneutic has been summarized as: “Consistently literal or plain interpretation is indicative of a dispensational approach to the interpretation of the Scriptures,” declared ...
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Could μονογενής mean simply “unique”?

In this article Hebrew scholar Michael Heiser makes the claim that the term μονογενής (monogenēs) in John 3:16 means "unique" rather than "only-begotten." However, he does not provide citations, ...
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John 21:15: “do you love me more than…?”

John 21:15a reads NA28 Ὅτε οὖν ἠρίστησαν λέγει τῷ Σίμωνι Πέτρῳ ὁ Ἰησοῦς· Σίμων Ἰωάννου, ἀγαπᾷς με πλέον τούτων; ESV When they had finished breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, “Simon, son ...
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Distinction between παρὰ τοῦ θεοῦ ἐξῆλθον and ἐκ τοῦ θεοῦ ἐξῆλθον

A few times, Jesus states παρὰ τοῦ θεοῦ ἐξῆλθον (John 16:27-28). But, once he states, ἐκ τοῦ θεοῦ ἐξῆλθον (John 8:42). How should each phrase be translated into English? What does each phrase mean (...
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Is it likely that there is an intentional relationship between ἐγένετο in Jn 1:3 and Jn 1:6?

The Gk word ἐγένετο (from γίγνομαι) can mean many things: to come into being (to be born or to be produced), to take place, to become (one of ...), etc. In the beginning of John's Gospel, the word is ...
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How come in John 14:22-23 it seems like Jesus doesn't answer the question but talks about something else?

John 14:22-23 (ESV) says: Judas (not Iscariot) said to him, “Lord, how is it that you will manifest yourself to us, and not to the world?” Jesus answered him, “If anyone loves me, he will keep ...
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How many days elapsed between Jesus's baptism and his return to Galilee?

Matthew, Mark and Luke tell us that a period of at least forty days separated Jesus's baptism from his return to Galilee. Mark (1:9-15) writes, 9 At that time Jesus came from Nazareth in Galilee ...
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What does John 12:40 mean?

I'm just going to post the King James Version. Feel free to reference your preferred version at your leisure. John 12:40 He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not ...
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In John 1:12, what is the significance of the phrase “believing in his name” as opposed to the usual phrase “believing in him”?

In John 1:12, it is written, But to all who have received him – those who believe in his name – he has given the right to become God’s children NET ὅσοι δὲ ἔλαβον αὐτόν, ἔδωκεν αὐτοῖς ...
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Is there a hint in any of Evangelions why Jesus was crucified so close to Sabbath?

There's a passage in St. John's Evangelion: 31 Since it was the day of Preparation, the Jews did not want the bodies left on the cross during the sabbath, especially because that sabbath was a day ...
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Broken into two peaces

In John 14:27, what difference (if any) is there between "Peace" which Jesus said He gave, and "My peace" which He said He leaves, or is He talking about the same peace, just emphasising by repetition?...
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John 12:24--In what way does the grain of wheat die?

John 12:24 23 But Jesus answered them, saying, “The hour has come that the Son of Man should be glorified. 24 Most assuredly, I say to you, unless a grain of wheat falls into the ground and dies, it ...
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Who are the soldiers in John 18:3?

Does the "detachment of soldiers" refer to a Roman guard? If so, how large of a group? Or is it a different group of soldiers, perhaps a temple guard or Jewish soldiers if there were any at the time? ...
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What is the precedent for using water as a symbol for God's Spirit in John 3:5?

When considering John 3:5, many interpret the passage as involving a hendiadys where "born of water and the Spirit" does not refer to two births, but instead sees water as a symbol for God's Spirit. ...
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What is the meaning of John 4:24?

See this question on Christianity.SE for some background. I am trying to understand how the bible uses the word spirit in a few locations as it relates to God and angels. John 4:24 (KJV) God is ...
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Are there any clues as to the nature of the man's blindness in John 9?

This weekend I heard somebody build a case for a theological position based in part of the kind of healing given to the blind man in John 9. [John 9:1, NET] Now as Jesus was passing by, he saw a ...
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Does the phrase “born of water and the Spirit” refer to one, or two births?

In John 3:5, Jesus says that we must be "born of water and the Spirit". Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit he cannot enter into the kingdom of ...
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John 12:32 - What/Who Does the “All” refer to?

John 12:32.. Jesus speaking here obviously, "And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to Myself.” (NASB) Who or what are the referents for the "All" in this passage and what is the ...
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How to interpret John 2:10

King James Bible: And saith unto him, Every man at the beginning doth set forth good wine; and when men have well drunk, then that which is worse: but thou hast kept the good wine until now. ...
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At the last day

When Jesus spoke of the resurrection in John 6:39,40,44,54 he said the resurrection would occur "at" the last day. Is there any significance to the use of the word at rather than the word on.
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Does Jesus refer to aliens in John 10:16?

Jesus said: And I have other sheep that are not of this fold. I must bring them also, and they will listen to my voice. So there will be one flock, one shepherd.—John 10:16 (ESV) Who are ...
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How and why did Jesus weep?

John 11:35 (the shortest verse in the Bible?) says simply: Jesus wept. How should we understand this? Tearful? Sobbing? What was the nature of his weeping? And what was the reason? Sadness at ...
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Details on “Western Unical D”?

The story of the woman caught in adultery in John 7:53-8:11 is generally regarded as inauthentic and uninspired. D. A. Carson says the following in his commentary on this passage (p.333): These ...
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Where was the dinner in John 12?

On this question someone posted a link to an article arguing that Lazaraus is the beloved disciple. One of the arguments he makes is that his theory cleanly reconciles the account of a dinner in John ...
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What basis did the Jews have for wanting to stone Jesus for blasphemy?

In John 10, Jesus famously says, "The Father and I are one," and then the Jews he is speaking with get angry: The Jewish leaders picked up rocks again to stone him to death. Jesus said to them, "I ...
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The articular infinitive of John 17:5 rendering

Greeting! I was having a discussion bout John 17:5 and someone pointed out that εἶναι is articular because of the accusative article closest to that word. Someone else then defined the following ...
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John 16:12 - What were the “many things”?

In John 16:12, it is written, I still have many things to say to you, but you cannot bear [them] now. Ἕτι πολλὰ ἔχω λέγειν ὑμῖν ἀλλ᾽ οὐ δύνασθε βαστάζειν ἄρτι (Textus Receptus, 1550) Does ...
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What is “that day” in John 14:20?

What is "that day" in John 14:20: At that day ye shall know that I am in my Father, and ye in me, and I in you. ἐν ἐκείνῃ τῇ ἡμέρᾳ γνώσεσθε ὑμεῖς ὅτι ἐγὼ ἐν τῷ πατρί μου καὶ ὑμεῖς ἐν ἐμοὶ ...
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Are sins of the future forgiven? John 20:23

Does John 20:23 use a past-tense verb, i.e. "forgiven"? I was wondering what information there is on the verb "forgiven" here.
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Is there precedent (perhaps in Jewish tradition) for the usage of “Rabboni,” which is solely found consistently in John 10:26?

John 10:26 New International Version Jesus said to her, "Mary." She turned toward him and cried out in Aramaic, "Rabboni!" (which means "Teacher"). New Living Translation "Mary!" Jesus ...