The fourth Gospel in the Christian New Testament that is attributed to John the son of Zebedee.

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Did Satan father Cain?

In John 8:44 (NIV) when Jesus speaks to the non-believers, it is written, You belong to your father, the Devil, and you want to carry out your father's desire. He was a murderer from the ...
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How can Jesus say “My Father is working until now” in John 5:16,17 if God rested on the 7th day?

John 5:16,17 (ESV) And this was why the Jews were persecuting Jesus, because he was doing these things on the Sabbath. But Jesus answered them, “My Father is working until now, and I am ...
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Is it likely that there is an intentional relationship between ἐγένετο in Jn 1:3 and Jn 1:6?

The Gk word ἐγένετο (from γίγνομαι) can mean many things: to come into being (to be born or to be produced), to take place, to become (one of ...), etc. In the beginning of John's Gospel, the word is ...
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Distinction between παρὰ τοῦ θεοῦ ἐξῆλθον and ἐκ τοῦ θεοῦ ἐξῆλθον

A few times, Jesus states παρὰ τοῦ θεοῦ ἐξῆλθον (John 16:27-28). But, once he states, ἐκ τοῦ θεοῦ ἐξῆλθον (John 8:42). How should each phrase be translated into English? What does each phrase mean ...
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John 17:10 What is the number of the pronouns? [closed]

In John 17:10--"καὶ τὰ ἐμὰ πάντα σά ἐστιν καὶ τὰ σὰ ἐμά, καὶ δεδόξασμαι ἐν αὐτοῖς"--what is the number of ἐμὰ and σά? I didn't learn either of those forms in my paradigms for συ or εμε. Biblehub.com ...
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Why is the dividing of clothes considered the fulfillment of scripture?

In John 19:24 it's written: “Let’s not tear it,” they said to one another. “Let’s decide by lot who will get it.” This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled that said, “They ...
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Why do the Jews in John 8:33 say that they have never been enslaved?

ESV: 33 They answered him, “We are offspring of Abraham and have never been enslaved to anyone. How is it that you say, ‘You will become free’?” SBLGNT: 33 ἀπεκρίθησαν πρὸς αὐτόν· Σπέρμα ...
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Who is “that (the) Prophet” in John 1:21? Is “that Prophet” Muhammad, as Islam teaches?

Refer to John 1:21: 19 And this is the record of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, “Who art thou?” 20 And he confessed and denied not, but confessed, ...
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Why is the participle ὢν in John 9:25 translated into English as past tense?

In John 9:25, the Greek text according to Robert Estienne's 1550 Textus Receptus is: ἀπεκρίθη οὖν ἐκεῖνος καὶ εἶπεν, Εἰ ἁμαρτωλός ἐστιν οὐκ οἶδα ἓν οἶδα ὅτι τυφλὸς ὢν ἄρτι βλέπω The King James ...
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How does one reconcile John's account of the baptism of Jesus with that of the synoptic gospels chronologically?

In the synoptic gospels, the Holy Spirit is given as Jesus comes up out of the water (Mark 1:10, Luke 3:21,22, Matt. 3:16,17), but John, in John 1:29, recognizes Jesus, then later says in John 1:33, ...
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Why does Jesus clear the temple so early in John's gospel?

John 2:13-22 is the story of Jesus clearing the temple. In Mark's gospel, the same thing happens in the final week before Jesus' death. What is John's purpose in including this so early in the text? ...
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Internal Evidence of Authorship of the Fourth Gospel

By the "fourth gospel," I mean the gospel commonly attributed to an "apostle John." However, is there actually an internal evidence that someone named John wrote the fourth gospel, as is commonly ...
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Why does the book of John include the story of the Greeks wanting to see Jesus?

20 Now there were certain Greeks among those who came up to worship at the feast. 21 Then they came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida of Galilee, and asked him, saying, “Sir, we wish to see ...
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I will raise you up at the last day

In many verses in John 6, Jesus says "I will raise them up at the last day". Does that mean to literally "revived" the ones who ate his body and drank his blood? Or what does it mean? Thanks!
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Eat my flesh and drink my blood

Jesus says in John 6 53 Jesus said to them, “Very truly I tell you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you. 54 Whoever eats my flesh and drinks ...
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What calendar used in first century Judea by author of gospel of John?

Different calendars have emerged throughout history ie. Julian, revised Julian, Gregorian. These calendars are generally solar or lunar or both (lunisolar). Jews used lunisolar in Tannaitic period ...
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The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

What/who have commentators historically believed the "four riders" of Revelation 6 were?
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When did John The Baptist know Jesus was God's Chosen One according to John 1?

John 1:29-34: The next day John saw Jesus coming towards him and said, ‘Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! This is the one I meant when I said, “A man who comes after me ...
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How come in John 14:22-23 it seems like Jesus doesn't answer the question but talks about something else?

John 14:22-23 (ESV) says: Judas (not Iscariot) said to him, “Lord, how is it that you will manifest yourself to us, and not to the world?” Jesus answered him, “If anyone loves me, he will keep ...
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Are “Christ” and “Son of God” two things or one in John 20:31?

John 20:30-31 says the following: Therefore many other signs Jesus also performed in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; but these have been written so that you may ...
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Why did the disciples ask Jesus where He was staying?

John 1:37-39: When the two disciples heard him say this, they followed Jesus. Turning round, Jesus saw them following and asked, ‘What do you want?’ They said, ‘Rabbi’ (which means ...
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What is the precedent for using water as a symbol for God's Spirit in John 3:5?

When considering John 3:5, many interpret the passage as involving a hendiadys where "born of water and the Spirit" does not refer to two births, but instead sees water as a symbol for God's Spirit. ...
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John 6:37 - What is meant by “Father gives me”?

John 6:37: All that the Father gives me will come to me, and whoever comes to me I will never cast out. You might see my question about John 12:32 and can probably guess where I am going with ...
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John 12:32 - What/Who Does the “All” refer to?

John 12:32.. Jesus speaking here obviously, "And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to Myself.” (NASB) Who or what are the referents for the "All" in this passage and what is the ...
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What does the word, “World”, mean in John 3:16 ,in the light of John 17:9

John 3:16 “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only ...
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When Jesus bowed his head, was he committing suicide?

When Jesus had received the sour wine, he said, “It is finished,” and he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.—John 19:30 (ESV) Does the text say or imply that this was a deliberate act ...
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What is the original Greek translation of John 1:1? [duplicate]

Regarding John 1:1, I really want to know if the correct translation of the verse from Greek to English should contain the word God or the words a God?
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What does John 4:24 mean

See this question on Christianity.SE for some background. I am trying to understand how the bible uses the word spirit in a few locations as it relates to God and angels. John 4:24 (KJV) God is ...
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What did Jesus mean in John 20:23 when he talked about his followers forgiving sins?

What did Jesus mean in John 20:23 when he said, “If you forgive the sins of any, their sins have been forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they have been retained”? According to other ...
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In the time of Jesus, were the Jewish authorities allowed to execute?

In the gospel accounts of the trial of Jesus we learn that the Jewish authorities could not sentence anyone to death: Pilate said, “Take him yourselves and judge him by your own law.” “But we ...
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Does John 1:12 identify believers of the past only, or past and present tense believers?

Here are two versions to help aid the question: But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, John 1:12 ESV But to all who have received him ...
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John 11:9 Why does Jesus remind his disciples about 12 hours in a day?

He stayed a couple of days longer when He heard Lazarus was sick. Then Jesus decided to go to Judea. His disciples quickly reminded him that the Jews were trying to stone him just a few days ago. ...
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In John 3:16, is the word believe a continous action for everlasting life?

Is eternal life in John 3:16 conditional on continous belief in Jesus Christ? The word "believe" in this verse is a present participle verb. Thanks very much!
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Translation questions “right, may, might” as listed below

John 1:12 "to all who received Him, to those who believed in His name, He gave the right to become children of God." John 20:31 "but these (signs) are written so that you may believe that Jesus is ...
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Is John 3:18 the words of Jesus, or of John? [duplicate]

Using Bible Gateway John 3:18 is shown to be the words of the author, John, in the NIV translation: Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe stands condemned already ...
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Why would a copyist enter the author's name in Revelation 21:2?

Revelation 21:2: And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband I wonder why John would need to mention his own ...
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What does “My Lord and my God” Mean?

John 20:28: Thomas said to him, “My Lord and my God!” Why both words? Doesn't God imply "Lord" as well? I'm assuming this has something to do with the exact original text?
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Is there an interpretation of the blood and water that poured from Jesus' side (John 19:34) that involves, in part, some physiological component?

In reading What significance does John perceive in the piercing of Christ's side and the flow of blood and water?, I wondered if there is anything unusual about both blood and water flowing from the ...
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Is John 21 a later addition to the Fourth Gospel?

Many readers have noted that John 20:30-31 makes for a fitting ending to the Gospel. Jesus performed many other signs in the presence of his disciples, which are not recorded in this book. But ...
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Details on “Western Unical D”?

The story of the woman caught in adultery in John 7:53-8:11 is generally regarded as inauthentic and uninspired. D. A. Carson says the following in his commentary on this passage (p.333): These ...
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Does John 21:20-24 indicate that the original author of the Fourth Gospel was dead?

Early tradition says that the author lived on for some time after the composition, while many post-eighteenth century critical scholars seem to take for granted that the author (if it even is the ...
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How many days elapsed between Jesus's baptism and his return to Galilee?

Matthew, Mark and Luke tell us that a period of at least forty days separated Jesus's baptism from his return to Galilee. Mark (1:9-15) writes, 9 At that time Jesus came from Nazareth in Galilee ...
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Did Pilate know three languages?

John 19:20-22: This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, [and] Greek, [and] Latin. Then said the chief ...
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Can John's Passion chronology be reconciled with that of the Synoptics?

Background: Over the centuries, many readers of the four Gospels have seen significant discrepancies between John and the Synoptics, particularly with regards to chronology. This has led many to ...
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To whom should we attribute John 3:16?

Who is speaking in John 3:16? Jesus or John? John 3 begins with Jesus speaking in the first person but in v. 13 there's a shift to the third person which continues until a change of scene at 3:22. ...
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Is the Gospel of John arranged as a chiasm?

In his book the Literary Structure of the Old Testament, David Dorsey compiles a list of fifteen ways the writers of the Hebrew bible linked narrative units into narrative patterns. One of these ...
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Why does John note the name of the servant whose ear was cut off?

Unlike the synoptics, John notes the name of the man whose ear was cut off during Jesus' arrest. John 18:10 - Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it and struck the high priest’s servant, ...
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Is the water jar in John 4:28 a symbol?

At the end of Jesus' conversation with the woman by the well, John records 28 So the woman left her water jar and went away into town and said to the people, 29 “Come, see a man who told me all ...
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Why does Jesus tell his mother his “hour has not yet come”?

Very early on, John tells a story that is unique to his gospel: On the third day there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. Jesus also was invited to the wedding ...
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What significance does John perceive in the piercing of Christ's side and the flow of blood and water?

Both the piercing of Christ side and the flow of blood and water (John 19:34) are unique to John’s gospel and it’s clear from the testimony which follows (19:35) he sees in them great deal of ...