The fourth Gospel in the Christian New Testament that is attributed to John the son of Zebedee.

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What is the relationship between light and life in John 1:4b

As per the title, what is the relationship between life (zoe) and light (phos) in John 1:4b? Are we to understand zoe and phos as being related to egeneto/gegonen in v3 eg. That life was [the ...
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What does “Grace upon grace” mean?

For from his fullness we have all received, grace upon grace. (John 1:16, ESV) I am curious as to the meaning of "grace upon grace." I have read this as "grace for grace" in other bible ...
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In John 1:12, what is the significance of the phrase “believing in his name” as opposed to the usual phrase “believing in him”?

In John 1:12, it is written, But to all who have received him – those who believe in his name – he has given the right to become God’s children NET ὅσοι δὲ ἔλαβον αὐτόν, ἔδωκεν αὐτοῖς ...
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In John 17:1, why did Jesus lift up his eyes to the sky to address God?

In John 17:1, Jesus looks up toward the sky to address God?: Joh 17:1 When Jesus had spoken these words, he lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, "Father, the hour has come; glorify your Son ...
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Did John know about the Synoptics?

What evidence is there that John was aware of the Synoptics when he wrote the Fourth Gospel?
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75 views

Why would Jesus had John to stay (alive?) till He comes?

In John 21:22 Jesus said: "If I want him to remain until I come, is that something to you?" It is probably that John wasn't a martyr. But did Jesus mean that John shouldn't die by martyrdom? If so ...
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Is there a hint in any of Evangelions why Jesus was crucified so close to Sabbath?

There's a passage in St. John's Evangelion: 31 Since it was the day of Preparation, the Jews did not want the bodies left on the cross during the sabbath, especially because that sabbath was a day ...
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In John 19:28-29, why did Jesus say “I'm thirsty”?

In John 19:28-29, Jesus would say that he thirsts, and they end up giving him some type of wine on a sponge: After this Jesus, realizing that by this time everything was completed, said (in order ...
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Why did John take Mary, who was married, into his home?

What exactly does "took her into his home" mean in the following passage? John 19:26-27 (NIV) 26  When Jesus saw his mother there, and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to ...
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1answer
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John 3:6 - What is the meaning of the phrase “That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.”?

In John 3:6, it is written, That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. (NKJV) τὸ γεγεννημένον ἐκ τῆς σαρκὸς σάρξ ἐστιν καὶ τὸ γεγεννημένον ἐκ ...
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To which portions(s) of Isaiah does John 12:41 relate the prophet's vision?

John 12:37-41 reads: Although [Jesus] had performed so many signs in their presence, they did not believe in him. This was to fulfill the word spoken by the prophet Isaiah:     ...
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1answer
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Broken into two peaces

In John 14:27, what difference (if any) is there between "Peace" which Jesus said He gave, and "My peace" which He said He leaves, or is He talking about the same peace, just emphasising by ...
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1answer
48 views

Why do some translations translate eternal life (ζωὴν αἰώνιον) in different ways?

Why do some translations translate eternal life (ζωὴν αἰώνιον) in different ways? Consider for example, John 4:36, 6:40. While some use 'eternal life' in both cases, KJV and NASB do not: “Already ...
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Why does John note the name of the servant whose ear was cut off?

Unlike the synoptics, John notes the name of the man whose ear was cut off during Jesus' arrest. John 18:10 - Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it and struck the high priest’s servant, ...
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Was the Last Supper Actually a Passover Feast?

Related: - The meaning of παρασκευή ('day of preparation') - In the Gospels, Can "Day of:" the Passover - be Interpreted Idiomatically? - In Luke 22:16: Does the Syntax Indicate if ...
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Confused between Romans 2:12 vs John 14:6

It appears to be a contradiction to me. In Roman 2:12 Paul states that there is a way to salvation without Jesus if you obey your conscience and have never heard of Jesus. Of course in John 14:6 Jesus ...
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Why didn't Jesus 'entrust himself' to his followers? (John 2:23-25)

John 2:24-25 reads: But Jesus for his part did not entrust himself to them, because he knew all people and needed no one to bear witness about man, for he himself knew what was in man. (ESV) To ...
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Can John's Passion chronology be reconciled with that of the Synoptics?

Background: Over the centuries, many readers of the four Gospels have seen significant discrepancies between John and the Synoptics, particularly with regards to chronology. This has led many to ...
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John 10:16 - Identity of other sheep and this sheepfold

In light of Ephesians 2:14-16, the "other sheep" and "this sheepfold" mentioned in John 10:16 would naturally refer to Gentile and Jewish Christians, respectively. Is there anything in the immediate ...
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What does it mean to be “born of water”?

In John 3:5, Jesus tells Nicodemus that to enter the kingdom one must be "born of water and the Spirit". How is this phrase understood? Is it a single construct (i.e. one birth of both water and ...
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What does “My Lord and my God” Mean?

John 20:28: Thomas said to him, “My Lord and my God!” Why both words? Doesn't God imply "Lord" as well? I'm assuming this has something to do with the exact original text?
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What did Jesus mean in John 20:23 when he talked about his followers forgiving sins?

What did Jesus mean in John 20:23 when he said, “If you forgive the sins of any, their sins have been forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they have been retained”? According to other ...
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261 views

Is there an allusion to Psalm 22 in John 19:30, ‘It is finished’?

The allusions to Psalm 22 in the Gospel accounts of Jesus' crucifixion are well-known and have been discussed on BH.SE on several occasions. I recently ran across the claim (e.g. in a blog and a JETS ...
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In the Gospel of John, why does Jesus say (four times), “I will raise him up at the last day”?

It's obviously significant since he repeated it four times, but what actually is the significance of the phrase? The phrase is translated from the Greek ἀναστήσω αὐτὸ (ἐν) τῇ ἐσχάτῃ ἡμέρᾳ which ...
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Why did John make such a big deal about being a faster runner than Peter?

John 20:3-8: So Peter and the other disciple started for the tomb. Both were running, but the other disciple outran Peter and reached the tomb first. He bent over and looked in at the strips of ...
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Did Jesus have actual marks or holes in his hands and side after his resurrection? John 20

Being the Easter season I was reading this section a couple weeks ago and noticed something. I'm not sure if the passage is saying Jesus had actual holes or marks in his hands and/or side. All I can ...
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Is John 12:41 talking about Jesus' glory or YHWH's?

Does John 12:41 say that Isaiah saw YHWH's glory or Jesus' glory? Which option is more supported by the underlying Greek text and the context of the passage? "Isaiah said these things because he ...
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Is the meaning of the word 'spirit' in Luke 23:46 the same as in John 16:26?

When Jesus died on the cross he said : 'In your hands I commend my spirit.'(Luke 23:46). In John 16:13 (and others) Jesus says that He will send the Spirit which comes from the Father, the ...
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Are there parallels for when Jesus wrote with his finger on the ground?

In John 8:6-8 says that Jesus wrote on the ground. I'm interested is there some parallel in Bible with that act? What does it signifies? Is it something like prophetic act, or some ancient Jewish ...
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John 14:3 (KJV): Why did Jesus say, “If I go?”

And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also. John 14:3 (KJV)
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How does John 6:26 not conflict with John 6:14?

I don't understand why the author is telling us why the people believed in Jesus in verse 14 only to later tell us that Jesus says that is wrong in verse 26. Why did John write it this way? esv ...
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How do they explain “If I will that he tarry till I come…” (John 21:22) in Christianity?

"Jesus saith unto him, If I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee? follow thou me" (KJV, John 21:22) This verse apparently says that Jesus wants that John be alive until Jesus' ...
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What significance does John perceive in the piercing of Christ's side and the flow of blood and water?

The piercing of Christ side and the flow of blood and water (John 19:34) are unique to John’s gospel and it’s clear from the testimony which follows it ( 19:35) the author sees in them a real ...
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Why does Jesus tell his mother his “hour has not yet come”?

Very early on, John tells a story that is unique to his gospel: On the third day there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. Jesus also was invited to the wedding ...
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What are the Pharisees saying to search in John 7:52?

The Pharisees say to Nicodemus in John 7:52: ἐραύνησον καὶ ἴδε ὅτι ἐκ τῆς Γαλιλαίας προφήτης οὐκ ἐγείρεται Or Search and see that a prophet has not arisen from Galilee Is there any way to ...
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What does John 16:10 mean? The Spirit will convict the world “concerning righteousness, because I go to the Father and you no longer see me”

John 16:8-11 - 8 And He, when [the Holy Spirit] comes, [he] will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment; 9 concerning sin, because they do not believe in Me; 10 and ...
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“A god” or “God” in John 1:1?

John 1:1 (NWT): In [the] beginning the Word was, and the Word was with God, and the Word was a god. This translation, the Jehovah's Witnesses New World Translation is, I think, unique in using ...
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1answer
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Is there biblical scholarship on the addition of “and is now come” by John in John 4:23 and John 5:25?

My question deals with a specific part of John 4:23 and John 5:25. John 4:23 - Yet a time is coming and has now come when the true worshipers will worship the Father in the Spirit and in truth, ...
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What is the meaning of John 4:24?

See this question on Christianity.SE for some background. I am trying to understand how the bible uses the word spirit in a few locations as it relates to God and angels. John 4:24 (KJV) God is ...
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2answers
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John 12:24--In what way does the grain of wheat die?

John 12:24 23 But Jesus answered them, saying, “The hour has come that the Son of Man should be glorified. 24 Most assuredly, I say to you, unless a grain of wheat falls into the ground and dies, ...
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Does God really hate some people (Ps 11:5), even though he loves the whole world (John 3:16)?

From John 3:16, we know that God loves the world. 16 "For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life." (John ...
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Multiple conflated sources or literary device in Jesus' Farewell Discourse?

In the Gospel of John, during Jesus' Farewell Discourse during his last meal with his disciples (chapters 13-17), the following statements are present in the account: Simon Peter said to him, ...
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Jesus and the adulterous woman: was stoning a practical possiblity?

In John 8:5, the Pharisees ask Jesus: In the Law Moses commanded us to stone such women. Now what do you say? (NIV) Was stoning a woman for adultery often/sometimes done during Jesus' days, or ...
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Where was Jesus when he received word of Lazarus' illness?

John 11:6 has Jesus receiving word of Lazarus' illness and then staying put for two days. When Jesus reaches Bethany, Lazarus has been dead for four days (11:17). So when the messengers reached Jesus ...
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1answer
344 views

What is Philip asking for in John 14:8?

When Philip asks Jesus, "Lord, show us the Father, and we will be content," what is he asking for? Obviously his categories were mistaken, because the answer to his request was standing right before ...
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How does John 5:28-29 fit with the dispensational hermeneutic

The dispensational hermeneutic has been summarized as: “Consistently literal or plain interpretation is indicative of a dispensational approach to the interpretation of the Scriptures,” declared ...
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What basis did the Jews have for wanting to stone Jesus for blasphemy?

In John 10, Jesus famously says, "The Father and I are one," and then the Jews he is speaking with get angry: The Jewish leaders picked up rocks again to stone him to death. Jesus said to them, "I ...
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John 11:9 Why does Jesus remind his disciples about 12 hours in a day?

He stayed a couple of days longer when He heard Lazarus was sick. Then Jesus decided to go to Judea. His disciples quickly reminded him that the Jews were trying to stone him just a few days ago. ...
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After the crucifixion, why was Mary not cared for by her own children, rather than the disciple John? [closed]

Jesus entrusted his mother to the disciple whom he loved: John 19:26,27. According to scripture Matt.13:55,56 Jesus had at least six siblings, and the oldest of them being approx. four years younger ...
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Is there a redaction in John 19:34?

I've read it said that Bultmann argued that the "water and blood" which came out of Jesus in John 19:34 were an "ecclesiastical redaction", and I do not have access to his commentary. Are there others ...