Questions regarding the book of Isaiah and its content or the prophet Isaiah.

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14
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1answer
11k views

Is “wait” in Isaiah 40:31 active or passive?

Some translations have this verse reading "They that wait (up)on the Lord" (eg. NKJV) while others have "They that wait for the Lord" (eg. ESV) and still others "Those that hope in the Lord". (eg NIV) ...
13
votes
1answer
333 views

What word best captures the spirit of לִּילִית in Isaiah 34:14?

Isaiah 34:14 in the Masoretic Text is the following: גְשׁוּ צִיִּים אֶת-אִיִּים, וְשָׂעִיר עַל-רֵעֵהוּ יִקְרָא; אַךְ-שָׁם הִרְגִּיעָה לִּילִית, וּמָצְאָה לָהּ מָנוֹח Here, לִּילִית is supposedly ...
12
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5answers
3k views

Why is Isaiah 14:12-15 interpreted by some to refer to Satan?

Is 14:12 “How you are fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How you are cut down to the ground, You who weakened the nations! 13 For you have said in your heart: ‘I will ...
12
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3answers
260 views

Is ἐγώ εἰμι testified in extra-biblical Greek as an expression for saying “I am he”?

This question arises from this insightful answer to another question about John 8:58. That answer makes an argument that the Greek ἐγώ εἰμι (literally "I am") is the wording used to translate the ...
11
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3answers
4k views

Did King Hezekiah do something wrong in showing off his wealth to emissaries from Babylonia in II Kings 20?

The Hezekiah (Heb: Chizkiyahu) narrative in II Kings (chapters 17 – 20) and Isaiah (36 – 39) concludes on a dissonant and haunting confrontation between King Hezekiah and the prophet Isaiah. Hezekiah ...
10
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4answers
1k views

Did King Ahaz find a virgin mother?

In Isaiah 7, King Ahaz, the Judean king, is surrounded by the armies of Aram and Israel and things look bleak. At Isaiah 7:13-17, the prophet tells Ahaz that God will give him a sign that the seige ...
10
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3answers
324 views

Does Isaiah 11:3 involve smelling?

This question was inspired by this recent answer which offered a translation of the first part of Isaiah 11:3: and his smelling is with the fear of Yahveh... I was surprised to find that none ...
9
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5answers
1k views

Whose blood is on the white rider's robe?

The vision in Revelation 19:11 and following describes a rider on a white horse making war against the nations. While introducing the rider, verse 13 mentions, "He is dressed in a robe dipped in ...
9
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3answers
4k views

To whom does El-Gibbor refer in Isaiah 9?

I've asked about the translation philosophy of the long title in Isaiah 9. This question drills down into one of the phrases: El-Gibbor. According to Wikipedia, there are two basic options: The ...
9
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3answers
290 views

What were the translators of the LXX thinking in rendering “virgin” in Isaiah 7:14?

Obviously we can not know for certain what they were thinking, but with some knowledge about ancient interpretations of this text and the translation philosophy employed by the LXX, I suspect someone ...
9
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1answer
116 views

Why does the Greek Septuagint of Genesis 34:3 refer to Dinah as a virgin?

In relation to a question, Does Isaiah 7:14 refer to a virgin? καὶ προσέσχεν τῇ ψυχῇ Δινας τῆς θυγατρὸς Ιακωβ καὶ ἠγάπησεν τὴν παρθένον καὶ ἐλάλησεν κατὰ τὴν διάνοιαν τῆς παρθένου αὐτῇ Greek ...
9
votes
4answers
876 views

What did Isaiah intend with his unusual usage of “create” in Isaiah 45:7?

In Isaiah 45:7 (ESV): I form light and create darkness, I make well-being and create calamity, I am the LORD, who does all these things. The word "create" (01254) is the same word used in ...
9
votes
1answer
724 views

Should the title in Isaiah 9 be translated?

Translators publishing for the Christian market translate the title in Isaiah 9:6: For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his ...
9
votes
2answers
231 views

To whom was Isaiah referring in Isaiah 53?

I already asked a variant of this question at Christianity.SE. Consider Isaiah 53:4-6 (NIV), which is commonly interpreted as a prophecy that the Messiah would die for the sins of the world: ...
8
votes
1answer
170 views

What is meant by keeping people blind and deaf so as not to get healed?

What is meant by keeping people blind and deaf so as not to get healed? I understand this to be one of those scriptures that is meant to challenge our understanding, such as "drink my blood and eat ...
8
votes
1answer
414 views

Who will suffer plague/punishment in Isaiah 53:8?

Why do different translations render Isaiah 53:8 differently in English: מֵעֹצֶר וּמִמִּשְׁפָּט לֻקָּח וְאֶת דּוֹרוֹ מִי יְשׂוֹחֵחַ כִּי נִגְזַר מֵאֶרֶץ חַיִּים מִפֶּשַׁע עַמִּי נֶגַע לָמוֹ. One ...
8
votes
1answer
109 views

Is Isaiah 1:18 reasonable?

I’m accustomed to the ESV Isaiah 1:18 (defining my own a/b/c clauses for the sake of discussion): (a): “Come now, let us reason together, says the LORD: (b): though your sins are like scarlet, ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

What/where is Topheth?

Isaiah 30:33 (NIV) Topheth has long been prepared; it has been made ready for the king. Its fire pit has been made deep and wide, with an abundance of fire and wood; the breath of ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Who is the prophetess in Isaiah 8:3?

The bible doesn't seem to give much information for who "the prophetess" in Isaiah 8:3 is. Who is she? Many seem to assert that she is his wife, but cite no evidence to support this. The word ...
7
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1answer
152 views

Does Isaiah 7:14 indicate that the young woman is already pregnant?

Isaiah 7:14b (WLC) הִנֵּ֣ה הָעַלְמָ֗ה הָרָה֙ וְיֹלֶ֣דֶת בֵּ֔ן וְקָרָ֥את שְׁמֹ֖ו עִמָּ֥נוּ אֵֽל׃ Very roughly, "Behold, the-young-woman [to-be] pregnant and-bearing son..."1 The majority of ...
6
votes
4answers
461 views

What does “bless” [ברך] mean?

יברך and ברך are translated as bless/ing all over the Bible but translated as kneel/ing in Gen 24:11, 2 Chr 6:13 ברך is translated as knee in Isa 45:23 What does the word ברך, translated as "bless" ...
6
votes
1answer
144 views

Do the righteous flourish or perish?

For example: Psalm 92:12 (KJV) 12 The righteous shall flourish like the palm tree: he shall grow like a cedar in Lebanon. compared to: Isaiah 57:1 (KJV) 1 The righteous perisheth, and no ...
6
votes
2answers
354 views

Can we use “linguistic fingerprints” to identify different authors of the Bible?

I read, what was to me, quite an interesting blog post about different authors' contributing to different parts of the bible measured by analysing "linguistic fingerprints": For millions of Jews ...
6
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4answers
1k views

What is “the stump of Jesse”?

A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse; from his roots a Branch will bear fruit. Isiah 11:1 (NIV) Question 1: What does this "stump" refer to? Question 2: I think it is referring to ...
6
votes
3answers
259 views

“The Name of Yahweh” a name for God?

I have often been told that "name" in the Old Testament has much more weight than it does to us today. Then I noticed this passage recently: See, the Name of the Yahweh comes from afar, with ...
5
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1answer
116 views

Does Isaiah 40 indicate (along with science) that the universe is expanding?

Does this passage in Isaiah indicate that the heavens (e.g. universe) is expanding, in agreement with scientific observations? Am I interpreting this correctly? It would be pretty amazing if this is ...
5
votes
2answers
131 views

What does the word הַסִּרְפַּד mean?

Isaiah 55:13 uses the word הַסִּרְפַּד which I have seen translated as "brier" or "nettle". What is the precise meaning of this word? Is it used elsewhere?
5
votes
1answer
599 views

The Latin word lucifer in the Vulgate

The word "Lucifer" in the A.V. of Isaiah 14:12, How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! [how] art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations! is derived ...
5
votes
2answers
339 views

Turning to the right or the left in Isaiah 30:21

In Isaiah 30:21, the prophet writes: Although the Lord gives you the bread of adversity and the water of affliction, your teachers will be hidden no more; with your own eyes you will see them. ...
5
votes
2answers
161 views

Does Isaiah 7:14 refer to a virgin?

There have been quite a few debates on why the word παρθένος (“virgin”) is used in the Septuagint of Isaiah 7:14 when translating the Hebrew word עלמה ("a young maiden”).1 For context let us go ...
5
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0answers
39 views

Isaiah 28:10: precepts or gibberish?

This question was occasioned by this answer about קַו in Psalm 19:4 which pointed out its use in Isaiah 28:10. In Isaiah 28, after the prophet rebukes the "the proud crown of the drunkards of ...
5
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1answer
257 views

Historical Context and Fulfillment of Isaiah 7:8

Isaiah 7:8 (NET) reads: For Syria’s leader is Damascus, and the leader of Damascus is Rezin. Within sixty-five years Ephraim will no longer exist as a nation. As the IVP OT Commentary points ...
4
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5answers
209 views

Does the past tense in the suffering servant song (Isaiah 53) refer to Jesus?

My question is concerning a supposed prophecy that appears to be about Jesus, but a closer look has clued me into something astounding, which was never discussed in church. According to biblical ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the meaning of, “I make known the end from the beginning” in Isaiah 46:10?

In Isaiah 46:8-10 it is written (NIV), 8 Remember this, fix it in mind, take it to heart you rebels. 9 Remember the former things, those of long ago, I am God, and there is no ...
4
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1answer
117 views

Has the referent in Isaiah 53 ever been interpreted as anything non-human?

The entire chapter of Isaiah 53 is basically an extended description of someone or something, most frequently identified in English translations as "He." What is the range of possibilities (even ...
4
votes
2answers
391 views

What is the meaning of the repetition of “holy” in Isaiah 6:3?

In Isaiah 6:3, the seraphim call one to another, saying: Holy, holy, holy is the LORD of hosts; the whole earth is full of his glory!” (ESV) קָדֹ֧ושׁ׀ קָדֹ֛ושׁ קָדֹ֖ושׁ יְהוָ֣ה צְבָאֹ֑ות ...
4
votes
1answer
635 views

What does the phrase “son of the morning” mean?

Isaiah uses the phrase "son of the morning" to describe someone here Isaiah 14:12 (KJV) 12  How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ...
4
votes
1answer
173 views

The original form(s) of Isaiah 2:2-4 // Micah 4:1-3

Isaiah/Yeshaayahu 2:2-4 and Micah/Micha 4:1-3 (BHS) are almost 90% identical in the Hebrew, leading scholars such as Oswalt to speculate that there may have been two original sources or one source ...
4
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0answers
44 views

Who’s doing the calling in Isaiah 7:14?

Isaiah 7:14b reads: הִנֵּ֣ה הָעַלְמָ֗ה הָרָה֙ וְיֹלֶ֣דֶת בֵּ֔ן וְקָרָ֥את שְׁמֹ֖ו עִמָּ֥נוּ אֵֽל׃ This is often translated similarly to the ESV: Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Explanation of Isaiah 40:12

Isaiah 40:12 Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted out heaven with the span, and comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure, and weighed the ...
3
votes
2answers
123 views

How many times does the Hebrew word הֵילֵל (heilel) occur in the Masoretic text?

In Isa. 14:12, the Hebrew text according to BHS states, אֵ֛יךְ נָפַ֥לְתָּ מִשָּׁמַ֖יִם הֵילֵ֣ל בֶּן־שָׁ֑חַר נִגְדַּ֣עְתָּ לָאָ֔רֶץ חֹולֵ֖שׁ עַל־גֹּויִֽם Does the Hebrew word הֵילֵל occur ...
3
votes
1answer
543 views

Is the robe that Jesus wears “Dipped” or “Spattered” in blood

In Revelation 19:13, regarding the rider on the white horse, it is written (NIV), He is dressed in a robe dipped in blood. In the same chapter at verse 15 it is written, He treads the ...
2
votes
3answers
787 views

What does the word 'evil' mean in In Isaiah 45.7

Isaiah 45:7 (KJ21) 7 I form the light, and create darkness; I make peace, and create evil; I, the Lord, do all these things. Other versions tend to use words such as 'Calamity'.?
2
votes
2answers
171 views

Isaiah 7:15: to whom does this verse refer?

According to Matthew 1:23, Isaiah 7:14 is a reference to the Lord Jesus Christ. However, Isaiah 7:15 (NET) reads: He will eat sour milk and honey, which will help him know how to reject evil and ...
2
votes
1answer
5k views

What scripture is Paul referring to in Ephesians 5:14?

In Ephesians we find that light (religious truth) is being deacribed as very powerul as it is able to make dead things living just by shinning on them. But when anything is exposed by the light, it ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Can the 'bravery' of Isaiah 3: 18 be understood as 'magic power'?

"In that day the Lord will take away the bravery of their anklets . . ." I can understand that 'bravery' can possibly be words like 'finery' but recently heard from one of the more esoterically ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

What is to Reign on David's throne?

What does it mean to Reign on David's throne in this verse? For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful ...
2
votes
1answer
287 views

What is the traditional understanding of God's Marriage Contract(Ketubah) with Israel?

Isa. 54:5 says, "For thy Maker is thine husband; the Lord of hosts is his name; and thy Redeemer the Holy One of Israel; The God of the whole earth shall he be called." Jer. 31:32 says, ...
2
votes
0answers
118 views

How does the Septuagint differ from the Masoretic text for Isaiah 7:14? [duplicate]

The JPS (1917) reads: Therefore the L-rd Himself shall give you a sign: behold, the young woman shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel. But the ESV reads: Therefore ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Who or what is the author speaking about when he wrote 'walls' in Isaiah 49:16?

Isaiah 49:16, New American Standard Bible (NASB): 16 “Behold, I have inscribed you on the palms of My hands; Your walls are continually before Me."