Questions regarding the book of Isaiah and its content or the prophet Isaiah.

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Was Isaiah familiar with the prophecy of Amos?

This question came up in reading Isaiah 1:11-15, excerpted: I cannot endure iniquity and solemn assembly. Your new moons and your appointed feasts    my soul hates; ...
7
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4answers
2k views

What/where is Topheth?

Isaiah 30:33 (NIV) Topheth has long been prepared; it has been made ready for the king. Its fire pit has been made deep and wide, with an abundance of fire and wood; the breath of ...
4
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2answers
109 views

From the time what came to be? - Isaiah 48:16

I'm just not sure what the it is referring to here, or is it implied? Is it connected to wherever there is? Isaiah 48:16 (ESV) Draw near to me, hear this: from the beginning I have not ...
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1answer
111 views

Why did Adrammelech and Sharezer suddenly kill their father King Sennacherib?

In Isaiah 37, King Sennacherib tries to destroy the Northern two-tribe Kingdom, but Jehovah protects them from the Assyrian empire. King Sennacherib returns to Assyria, begins bowing down to his god ...
3
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2answers
84 views

Is Isaiah 30:27-33 about the practice of child sacrifice?

This answer cites Mark S. Smith's "The Early History of God: Yahweh and the Other Deities in Ancient Israel" where the author states that Isaiah 30:27-33 appears as the best evidence for the early ...
9
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1answer
108 views

Why is Isaiah 7 narrated in the third person?

Is there some literary (or other) reason that Isaiah moves from the first person to the third person and then back to the first in Isaiah 6-8? I think the switches probably actually line up with the ...
6
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0answers
66 views

Is there a break between Isaiah 39 and 40 in the Dead Sea Scrolls?

In this video (around 31:40) Christine Hayes explains that the Great Isaiah Scroll from Qumran includes an indication by the scribe that a break was recognized between Chapter 39 and Chapter 40. ...
14
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1answer
174 views

“High and lifted up” in Isaiah

Isaiah 52:13 הִנֵּ֥ה יַשְׂכִּ֖יל עַבְדִּ֑י יָר֧וּם וְנִשָּׂ֛א וְגָבַ֖הּ מְאֹֽד׃ Behold, my servant shall act wisely;         he shall be high and lifted up, ...
9
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2answers
319 views

How did “Sirens” arise in the Septuagint translation of Isaiah 13:21?

I am reading in the book of Isaiah at chapter 13 verse 21 in the King James Bible , and I notice in this bible, and in other English bible translations, that owls and jackals are commonly mentioned. ...
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6answers
807 views

In Isaiah 14:12 did the King James translator make a mistake using the term Lucifer to describe morning star?

KJV Isaiah 14:12 How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations! NRSV Isaiah 14:12 How you are fallen ...
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0answers
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In Isaiah 46:10, what exactly will God accomplish?

Isaiah 46:10 states (emphasis added): (Is 46:10 NABRE) At the beginning I declare the outcome; from of old, things not yet done. I say that my plan shall stand, I accomplish my every ...
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3answers
351 views

To whom was Isaiah referring in Isaiah 53?

I already asked a variant of this question at Christianity.SE. Consider Isaiah 53:4-6 (NIV), which is commonly interpreted as a prophecy that the Messiah would die for the sins of the world: ...
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4answers
3k views

What is the meaning of, “I make known the end from the beginning” in Isaiah 46:10?

In Isaiah 46:8-10 it is written (NIV), 8 Remember this, fix it in mind, take it to heart you rebels. 9 Remember the former things, those of long ago, I am God, and there is no ...
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0answers
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To what extent was the LORD “sought” and “found” in Isaiah 65:1?

Isaiah 65:1a נִדְרַ֙שְׁתִּי֙ לְל֣וֹא שָׁאָ֔לוּ I was ready to be sought by those who did not ask for me; נִמְצֵ֖אתִי לְלֹ֣א בִקְשֻׁ֑נִי I was ready to be found by those who did not ...
3
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1answer
66 views

Will the fire not “be quenched” (passive) or never “go out” (possibly reflexive) at Isaiah 66:24

In Isaiah 66:24 we read that the fire will not be quenched: וְאִשָּׁם֙ לֹ֣א תִכְבֶּ֔ה This looks like the Niphal stem to me (passive). Yet several versions I've looked at render it as the fire will ...
6
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2answers
367 views

Can we use “linguistic fingerprints” to identify different authors of the Bible?

I read, what was to me, quite an interesting blog post about different authors' contributing to different parts of the bible measured by analysing "linguistic fingerprints": For millions of Jews ...
2
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1answer
610 views

What is the traditional understanding of God's Marriage Contract(Ketubah) with Israel?

Isa. 54:5 says, "For thy Maker is thine husband; the Lord of hosts is his name; and thy Redeemer the Holy One of Israel; The God of the whole earth shall he be called." Jer. 31:32 says, ...
13
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2answers
270 views

Why does the Greek Septuagint of Genesis 34:3 refer to Dinah as a virgin?

In relation to a question, Does Isaiah 7:14 refer to a virgin? καὶ προσέσχεν τῇ ψυχῇ Δινας τῆς θυγατρὸς Ιακωβ καὶ ἠγάπησεν τὴν παρθένον καὶ ἐλάλησεν κατὰ τὴν διάνοιαν τῆς παρθένου αὐτῇ Greek ...
3
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1answer
66 views

Could foreign peoples (non Israelite) serve as priests in the temple?

In reading Isaiah 56:6,7, it seems to indicate the allowance of foreign peoples serving as priests at the temple. This, it seems, would be in direct contradiction to the Levitical priesthood. The word ...
3
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2answers
8k views

Who are eunuchs of their mother's womb?

For there are some eunuchs, which were so born from [their] mother's womb: and there are some eunuchs, which were made eunuchs of men: and there be eunuchs, which have made themselves eunuchs for ...
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0answers
234 views

Why do Isaiah 37 and 2 Kings 19 contain the same verses?

If you read Isaiah 37 and compare it with 2 Kings 19, you will notice that these verses are the exact same. How is it possible or why is it that these verses are identical? Isaiah 37: ...
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6answers
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Why is Isaiah 14:12-15 interpreted by some to refer to Satan?

Is 14:12 “How you are fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How you are cut down to the ground, You who weakened the nations! 13 For you have said in your heart: ‘I will ...
3
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1answer
78 views

What does the bible mean when it uses 'ancient people'

In Isaiah, the Lord talks about worshipping idols and how it is strictly prohibited but then in 44:7 he says Let him declare and lay out before me what has happened since I established my ancient ...
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3answers
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Did King Hezekiah do something wrong in showing off his wealth to emissaries from Babylonia in II Kings 20?

The Hezekiah (Heb: Chizkiyahu) narrative in II Kings (chapters 17 – 20) and Isaiah (36 – 39) concludes on a dissonant and haunting confrontation between King Hezekiah and the prophet Isaiah. Hezekiah ...
8
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3answers
2k views

Turning to the right or the left in Isaiah 30:21

In Isaiah 30:21, the prophet writes: Although the Lord gives you the bread of adversity and the water of affliction, your teachers will be hidden no more; with your own eyes you will see them. ...
10
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2answers
1k views

Should the title in Isaiah 9 be translated?

Translators publishing for the Christian market translate the title in Isaiah 9:6: For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his ...
3
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0answers
59 views

What does Isaiah 55:1 mean by “buying without money”?

“Come, everyone who thirsts, come to the waters; and he who has no money, come, buy and eat! Come, buy wine and milk without money and without price. Isaiah 55:1 (ESV) What does Isaiah ...
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Is the *Good News* translation of Isaiah 3:12 accurate? [duplicate]

The Good News Bible by the Bible Societies/Collins, a division of Harper Collins Publishers reads: Money lenders oppress my people and creditors cheat them." More info: It's a bible that belongs ...
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2answers
185 views

Isaiah 3:12: ‘…women rule over them.'

Isaiah 3:12a: My people — infants are their oppressors,      and women rule over them. (ESV) עַמִּי נֹגְשָׂיו מְעוֹלֵל וְנָשִׁים מָשְׁלוּ בוֹ (WLC) ...
5
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1answer
406 views

Historical Context and Fulfillment of Isaiah 7:8

Isaiah 7:8 (NET) reads: For Syria’s leader is Damascus, and the leader of Damascus is Rezin. Within sixty-five years Ephraim will no longer exist as a nation. As the IVP OT Commentary points ...
5
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1answer
95 views

Can anyone explain this apparent discrepancy between the Greek and Hebrew versions of Isaiah 30:20-21?

Isaiah 30:21, as translated from the Masoretic text (Hebrew), has been used times to say that God can show us where we need to go. וְאָזְנֶ֙יךָ֙ תִּשְׁמַ֣עְנָה דָבָ֔ר מֵֽאַחֲרֶ֖יךָ לֵאמֹ֑ר זֶ֤ה ...
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3answers
555 views

Who is the desolate one and who is the one who is married in Isaiah 54:1?

Isaiah 54:1 Sing, O barren one, who did not bear; break forth into singing and cry aloud, you who have not been in labor! For the children of the desolate one will be more than the children ...
8
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1answer
147 views

How many Isaiahs?

I understand that there is a scholarly position that holds that the book of Isaiah was written by three authors, termed First Isaiah (chapters 1-39), Second Isaiah (chapters 40-55), and Third Isaiah ...
6
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3answers
1k views

What does “bless” [ברך] mean in Isa 45:23?

יברך and ברך are translated as bless/ing all over the Bible but translated as kneel/ing in Gen 24:11, 2 Chr 6:13 ברך is translated as knee in Isa 45:23 What does the word ברך, translated as "bless" ...
7
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3answers
334 views

“The Name of Yahweh” a name for God?

I have often been told that "name" in the Old Testament has much more weight than it does to us today. Then I noticed this passage recently: See, the Name of the Yahweh comes from afar, with ...
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2answers
451 views

Does Isaiah 7:14 refer to a virgin?

There have been quite a few debates on why the word παρθένος (“virgin”) is used in the Septuagint of Isaiah 7:14 when translating the Hebrew word עלמה ("a young maiden”).1 For context let us go ...
12
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3answers
396 views

Is ἐγώ εἰμι testified in extra-biblical Greek as an expression for saying “I am he”?

This question arises from this insightful answer to another question about John 8:58. That answer makes an argument that the Greek ἐγώ εἰμι (literally "I am") is the wording used to translate the ...
9
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0answers
157 views

Isaiah 28:10: precepts or gibberish?

This question was occasioned by this answer about קַו in Psalm 19:4 which pointed out its use in Isaiah 28:10. In Isaiah 28, after the prophet rebukes the "the proud crown of the drunkards of ...
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5answers
722 views

Does the past tense in the suffering servant song (Isaiah 53) refer to Jesus?

My question is concerning a supposed prophecy that appears to be about Jesus, but a closer look has clued me into something astounding, which was never discussed in church. According to biblical ...
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2answers
2k views

Who is the prophetess in Isaiah 8:3?

The bible doesn't seem to give much information for who "the prophetess" in Isaiah 8:3 is. Who is she? Many seem to assert that she is his wife, but cite no evidence to support this. The word ...
8
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1answer
517 views

Who will suffer plague/punishment in Isaiah 53:8?

Why do different translations render Isaiah 53:8 differently in English: מֵעֹצֶר וּמִמִּשְׁפָּט לֻקָּח וְאֶת דּוֹרוֹ מִי יְשׂוֹחֵחַ כִּי נִגְזַר מֵאֶרֶץ חַיִּים מִפֶּשַׁע עַמִּי נֶגַע לָמוֹ. One ...
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4answers
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What is “the stump of Jesse”?

A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse; from his roots a Branch will bear fruit. Isiah 11:1 (NIV) Question 1: What does this "stump" refer to? Question 2: I think it is referring to ...
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2answers
231 views

Isaiah 7:15: to whom does this verse refer?

According to Matthew 1:23, Isaiah 7:14 is a reference to the Lord Jesus Christ. However, Isaiah 7:15 (NET) reads: He will eat sour milk and honey, which will help him know how to reject evil and ...
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4answers
1k views

Did King Ahaz find a virgin mother?

In Isaiah 7, King Ahaz, the Judean king, is surrounded by the armies of Aram and Israel and things look bleak. At Isaiah 7:13-17, the prophet tells Ahaz that God will give him a sign that the seige ...
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0answers
73 views

Who’s doing the calling in Isaiah 7:14?

Isaiah 7:14b reads: הִנֵּ֣ה הָעַלְמָ֗ה הָרָה֙ וְיֹלֶ֣דֶת בֵּ֔ן וְקָרָ֥את שְׁמֹ֖ו עִמָּ֥נוּ אֵֽל׃ This is often translated similarly to the ESV: Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a ...
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2answers
984 views

What is the meaning of the repetition of “holy” in Isaiah 6:3?

In Isaiah 6:3, the seraphim call one to another, saying: Holy, holy, holy is the LORD of hosts; the whole earth is full of his glory!” (ESV) קָדֹ֧ושׁ׀ קָדֹ֛ושׁ קָדֹ֖ושׁ יְהוָ֣ה צְבָאֹ֑ות ...
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1answer
152 views

Does Isaiah 63:17 suggest that humans, only have a certain amount of “free will”? [closed]

I am reading in the Old Testament (NIV) from the book of Isaiah chapter 63:17 where it is written, Isaiah 63:17 Why,O Lord do you make us wander from your ways and harden our hearts so that ...
3
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2answers
283 views

How many times does the Hebrew word הֵילֵל (heilel) occur in the Masoretic text?

In Isa. 14:12, the Hebrew text according to BHS states, אֵ֛יךְ נָפַ֥לְתָּ מִשָּׁמַ֖יִם הֵילֵ֣ל בֶּן־שָׁ֑חַר נִגְדַּ֣עְתָּ לָאָ֔רֶץ חֹולֵ֖שׁ עַל־גֹּויִֽם Does the Hebrew word הֵילֵל occur ...
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1answer
223 views

How does the reader of Isaiah and Daniel reconcile these end-time prophecies?

I am reading about the Lord's judgement against Edom in an end-time prophecy written in the book of Isaiah (niv), and the prophecy appears to be speaking about a great destruction in Edom.Isaiah 34. ...
8
votes
1answer
188 views

What is meant by keeping people blind and deaf so as not to get healed?

What is meant by keeping people blind and deaf so as not to get healed? I understand this to be one of those scriptures that is meant to challenge our understanding, such as "drink my blood and eat ...