Questions regarding the book of Isaiah and its content or the prophet Isaiah.

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Are “craftsman” and “destroyer” proper nouns in Isaiah 54:16?

"The Destroyer" is used as a proper noun in the book of Revelation (9:11) to name a (or the) destroying angel, but "the destroyer", when appearing in Exodus 12:23 during the Passover narrative, is not ...
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What is the best understanding of חָמָס in Isaiah 53:9?

Isaiah 53:9 And they made his grave with the wicked and with a rich man in his death, although he had done no violence, and there was no deceit in his mouth. Most major translations I've ...
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2answers
153 views

From the time what came to be? - Isaiah 48:16

I'm just not sure what the it is referring to here, or is it implied? Is it connected to wherever there is? Isaiah 48:16 (ESV) Draw near to me, hear this: from the beginning I have not ...
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1answer
60 views

Was Ezra 7:27 intended to indicate fulfillment of a prophecy from Isaiah 60:7?

Isaiah 60:7: All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered to you;    the rams of Nebaioth shall minister to you; they shall come up with acceptance on my altar,    ...
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1answer
110 views

To which portions(s) of Isaiah does John 12:41 relate the prophet's vision?

John 12:37-41 reads: Although [Jesus] had performed so many signs in their presence, they did not believe in him. This was to fulfill the word spoken by the prophet Isaiah:     "...
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1answer
122 views

To what extent was the LORD “sought” and “found” in Isaiah 65:1?

Isaiah 65:1a נִדְרַ֙שְׁתִּי֙ לְל֣וֹא שָׁאָ֔לוּ I was ready to be sought by those who did not ask for me; נִמְצֵ֖אתִי לְלֹ֣א בִקְשֻׁ֑נִי I was ready to be found by those who did not ...
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676 views

Does Isaiah 7:14 refer to a virgin?

There have been quite a few debates on why the word παρθένος (“virgin”) is used in the Septuagint of Isaiah 7:14 when translating the Hebrew word עלמה ("a young maiden”).1 For context let us go ...
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Does Deut. 29:2-4 shed any light on Isaiah 6:8-10?

Came across this passage in Deuteronomy (29:2-4) the other day: 2 Now Moses called all Israel and said to them: “You have seen all that the Lord did before your eyes in the land of Egypt, to ...
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2answers
180 views

Why did Adrammelech and Sharezer suddenly kill their father King Sennacherib?

In Isaiah 37, King Sennacherib tries to destroy the Northern two-tribe Kingdom, but Jehovah protects them from the Assyrian empire. King Sennacherib returns to Assyria, begins bowing down to his god ...
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3answers
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What is the meaning of the repetition of “holy” in Isaiah 6:3?

In Isaiah 6:3, the seraphim call one to another, saying: Holy, holy, holy is the LORD of hosts; the whole earth is full of his glory!” (ESV) קָדֹ֧ושׁ׀ קָדֹ֛ושׁ קָדֹ֖ושׁ יְהוָ֣ה צְבָאֹ֑ות ...
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2answers
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Are nous and pneuma synonymous?

1 Corinthians 2:16 Westcott and Hort 1881 τίς γὰρ ἔγνω νοῦν Κυρίου, ὃς συνβιβάσει αὐτόν; ἡμεῖς δὲ νοῦν Χριστοῦ ἔχομεν. Romans 11:34 Westcott and Hort 1881 Τίς γὰρ ἔγνω νοῦν ...
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6answers
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In Isaiah 14:12 did the King James translator make a mistake using the term Lucifer to describe morning star?

KJV Isaiah 14:12 How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations! NRSV Isaiah 14:12 How you are fallen ...
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3answers
314 views

“High and lifted up” in Isaiah

Isaiah 52:13 הִנֵּ֥ה יַשְׂכִּ֖יל עַבְדִּ֑י יָר֧וּם וְנִשָּׂ֛א וְגָבַ֖הּ מְאֹֽד׃ Behold, my servant shall act wisely;         he shall be high and lifted up, ...
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Has Isaiah 27 verse 6 been fulfilled through Israel's export of “Fruits.”? [closed]

In the book of Isaiah at chapter 27 verse 6 (NIV), a prophecy is recorded and it is written that, In days to come Jacob will take root, Israel will bud and blossom and fill the whole ...
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4answers
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What does the word 'evil' mean in In Isaiah 45.7

Isaiah 45:7 (KJ21) 7 I form the light, and create darkness; I make peace, and create evil; I, the Lord, do all these things. Other versions tend to use words such as 'Calamity'.?
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In Isaiah 55:13, what is the referent of “it shall be to the LORD for a name”?

Consider the following passage: Isaiah 55:13 KJV Instead of the thorn shall come up the fir tree, and instead of the brier shall come up the myrtle tree: and it shall be to the LORD for a name, ...
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1answer
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Should Isaiah 1:25 be translated as 'soap' or 'bleach'?

I'm writing an essay on Isa 1:21-31 and v25 in various translations is soap, detergent, bleach, or lye (= Sodium Hydroxide = drain unblocker!) Soap / detergent is easy to understand, but sounds like ...
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1answer
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What does the Greek word μαλακιαν mean in Isaiah 53:3 (LXX)?

Isaiah 53:3 (LXX) ἀλλὰ τὸ εἶδος αὐτοῦ ἄτιμον ἐκλεῖπον παρὰ πάντας ἀνθρώπους ἄνθρωπος ἐν πληγῇ ὢν καὶ εἰδὼς φέρειν μαλακίαν ὅτι ἀπέστραπται τὸ πρόσωπον αὐτοῦ ἠτιμάσθη καὶ οὐκ ἐλογίσθη What ...
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Why does the Septuagint omit Isaiah 2:22 when it's in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Leningrad Codex?

The Dead Sea Scrolls have [almost] the entire book of Isaiah. They include Isaiah 2:22. "Stop focusing on mortals, who have only breath in their nostrils -for what are they really worth?" (...
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Does Isaiah 40 indicate (along with science) that the universe is expanding?

Does this passage in Isaiah indicate that the heavens (e.g. universe) is expanding, in agreement with scientific observations? Am I interpreting this correctly? It would be pretty amazing if this is ...
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Why such a long train in Isaiah 6:1?

In Isaiah's vision he sees a man on a throne in God's temple wearing a garment that featured such a long/large skirt that it filled God's true temple: Isa 6:1 In the year that King Uzziah died, I ...
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1answer
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Was Isaiah familiar with the prophecy of Amos?

This question came up in reading Isaiah 1:11-15, excerpted: I cannot endure iniquity and solemn assembly. Your new moons and your appointed feasts    my soul hates; ...
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1answer
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What scripture is Paul referring to in Ephesians 5:14?

In Ephesians we find that light (religious truth) is being deacribed as very powerul as it is able to make dead things living just by shinning on them. But when anything is exposed by the light, it ...
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3answers
5k views

What is the meaning of, “I make known the end from the beginning” in Isaiah 46:10?

In Isaiah 46:8-10 it is written (NIV), 8 Remember this, fix it in mind, take it to heart you rebels. 9 Remember the former things, those of long ago, I am God, and there is no other,...
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2answers
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Is John 12:41 talking about Jesus' glory or YHWH's?

Does John 12:41 say that Isaiah saw YHWH's glory or Jesus' glory? Which option is more supported by the underlying Greek text and the context of the passage? "Isaiah said these things because he ...
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2answers
60 views

The correct translation of Isaiah 24:23

In Isaiah 24:23 we have וְחָֽפְרָה הַלְּבָנָה וּבוֹשָׁ֖ה הַֽחַמָּ֑ה The moon shall blush and the sun ashamed where levanah = moon and chammah = sun. But the Septuagint gives καὶ τακήσεται ...
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1answer
567 views

Who will suffer plague/punishment in Isaiah 53:8?

Why do different translations render Isaiah 53:8 differently in English: מֵעֹצֶר וּמִמִּשְׁפָּט לֻקָּח וְאֶת דּוֹרוֹ מִי יְשׂוֹחֵחַ כִּי נִגְזַר מֵאֶרֶץ חַיִּים מִפֶּשַׁע עַמִּי נֶגַע לָמוֹ. One ...
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49 views

Who is being told to “comfort” in Isaiah 40:1?

Isaiah 40 begins with the well-known line: Comfort, comfort my people, says your God. In English, "comfort" seems to me like a noun, as if God is thrusting comfort toward his people or ...
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1answer
226 views

Isaiah 28:10: precepts or gibberish?

This question was occasioned by this answer about קַו in Psalm 19:4 which pointed out its use in Isaiah 28:10. In Isaiah 28, after the prophet rebukes the "the proud crown of the drunkards of Ephraim,...
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“Command ye Me”…What is the proper context and interpretation for Isaiah 45:11?

Isaiah 45:11 is rendered differently in many translations including: King James Version: Thus saith the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, and his Maker, Ask me of things to come concerning my sons, and ...
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What/where is Topheth?

Isaiah 30:33 (NIV) Topheth has long been prepared; it has been made ready for the king. Its fire pit has been made deep and wide, with an abundance of fire and wood; the breath of the ...
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2answers
103 views

Is Isaiah 30:27-33 about the practice of child sacrifice?

This answer cites Mark S. Smith's "The Early History of God: Yahweh and the Other Deities in Ancient Israel" where the author states that Isaiah 30:27-33 appears as the best evidence for the early ...
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1answer
120 views

Why is Isaiah 7 narrated in the third person?

Is there some literary (or other) reason that Isaiah moves from the first person to the third person and then back to the first in Isaiah 6-8? I think the switches probably actually line up with the ...
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Is there a break between Isaiah 39 and 40 in the Dead Sea Scrolls?

In this video (around 31:40) Christine Hayes explains that the Great Isaiah Scroll from Qumran includes an indication by the scribe that a break was recognized between Chapter 39 and Chapter 40. ...
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409 views

How did “Sirens” arise in the Septuagint translation of Isaiah 13:21?

I am reading in the book of Isaiah at chapter 13 verse 21 in the King James Bible , and I notice in this bible, and in other English bible translations, that owls and jackals are commonly mentioned. ...
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In Isaiah 46:10, what exactly will God accomplish?

Isaiah 46:10 states (emphasis added): (Is 46:10 NABRE) At the beginning I declare the outcome; from of old, things not yet done. I say that my plan shall stand, I accomplish my every ...
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To whom was Isaiah referring in Isaiah 53?

I already asked a variant of this question at Christianity.SE. Consider Isaiah 53:4-6 (NIV), which is commonly interpreted as a prophecy that the Messiah would die for the sins of the world: ...
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Will the fire not “be quenched” (passive) or never “go out” (possibly reflexive) at Isaiah 66:24

In Isaiah 66:24 we read that the fire will not be quenched: וְאִשָּׁם֙ לֹ֣א תִכְבֶּ֔ה This looks like the Niphal stem to me (passive). Yet several versions I've looked at render it as the fire will "...
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370 views

Can we use “linguistic fingerprints” to identify different authors of the Bible?

I read, what was to me, quite an interesting blog post about different authors' contributing to different parts of the bible measured by analysing "linguistic fingerprints": For millions of Jews ...
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1answer
915 views

What is the traditional understanding of God's Marriage Contract(Ketubah) with Israel?

Isa. 54:5 says, "For thy Maker is thine husband; the Lord of hosts is his name; and thy Redeemer the Holy One of Israel; The God of the whole earth shall he be called." Jer. 31:32 says, ...
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Why does the Greek Septuagint of Genesis 34:3 refer to Dinah as a virgin?

In relation to a question, Does Isaiah 7:14 refer to a virgin? καὶ προσέσχεν τῇ ψυχῇ Δινας τῆς θυγατρὸς Ιακωβ καὶ ἠγάπησεν τὴν παρθένον καὶ ἐλάλησεν κατὰ τὴν διάνοιαν τῆς παρθένου αὐτῇ Greek ...
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1answer
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Could foreign peoples (non Israelite) serve as priests in the temple?

In reading Isaiah 56:6,7, it seems to indicate the allowance of foreign peoples serving as priests at the temple. This, it seems, would be in direct contradiction to the Levitical priesthood. The word ...
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2answers
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Who are eunuchs of their mother's womb?

For there are some eunuchs, which were so born from [their] mother's womb: and there are some eunuchs, which were made eunuchs of men: and there be eunuchs, which have made themselves eunuchs for the ...
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Why do Isaiah 37 and 2 Kings 19 contain the same verses?

If you read Isaiah 37 and compare it with 2 Kings 19, you will notice that these verses are the exact same. How is it possible or why is it that these verses are identical? Isaiah 37: https://www....
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6answers
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Why is Isaiah 14:12-15 interpreted by some to refer to Satan?

Is 14:12 “How you are fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How you are cut down to the ground, You who weakened the nations! 13 For you have said in your heart: ‘I will ascend ...
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1answer
112 views

What does the bible mean when it uses 'ancient people'

In Isaiah, the Lord talks about worshipping idols and how it is strictly prohibited but then in 44:7 he says Let him declare and lay out before me what has happened since I established my ancient ...
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Did King Hezekiah do something wrong in showing off his wealth to emissaries from Babylonia in II Kings 20?

The Hezekiah (Heb: Chizkiyahu) narrative in II Kings (chapters 17 – 20) and Isaiah (36 – 39) concludes on a dissonant and haunting confrontation between King Hezekiah and the prophet Isaiah. Hezekiah ...
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Turning to the right or the left in Isaiah 30:21

In Isaiah 30:21, the prophet writes: Although the Lord gives you the bread of adversity and the water of affliction, your teachers will be hidden no more; with your own eyes you will see them. ...
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1answer
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Should the title in Isaiah 9 be translated?

Translators publishing for the Christian market translate the title in Isaiah 9:6: For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his ...
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74 views

What does Isaiah 55:1 mean by “buying without money”?

“Come, everyone who thirsts, come to the waters; and he who has no money, come, buy and eat! Come, buy wine and milk without money and without price. Isaiah 55:1 (ESV) What does Isaiah 55:1 ...