Questions regarding the book of Isaiah and its content or the prophet Isaiah.

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Are “craftsman” and “destroyer” proper nouns in Isaiah 54:16?

"The Destroyer" is used as a proper noun in the book of Revelation (9:11) to name a (or the) destroying angel, but "the destroyer", when appearing in Exodus 12:23, is not capitalized in any of the ...
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What is the best understanding of חָמָס in Isaiah 53:9?

Isaiah 53:9 And they made his grave with the wicked and with a rich man in his death, although he had done no violence, and there was no deceit in his mouth. Most major translations I've ...
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Are nous and pneuma synonymous?

1 Corinthians 2:16 Westcott and Hort 1881 τίς γὰρ ἔγνω νοῦν Κυρίου, ὃς συνβιβάσει αὐτόν; ἡμεῖς δὲ νοῦν Χριστοῦ ἔχομεν. Romans 11:34 Westcott and Hort 1881 Τίς γὰρ ἔγνω νοῦν ...
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Does Deut. 29:2-4 shed any light on Isaiah 6:8-10?

Came across this passage in Deuteronomy (29:2-4) the other day: 2 Now Moses called all Israel and said to them: “You have seen all that the Lord did before your eyes in the land of Egypt, to ...
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Has Isaiah 27 verse 6 been fulfilled through Israel's export of “Fruits.”? [closed]

In the book of Isaiah at chapter 27 verse 6 (NIV), a prophecy is recorded and it is written that, In days to come Jacob will take root, Israel will bud and blossom and fill the whole ...
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In Isaiah 55:13, what is the referent of “it shall be to the LORD for a name”?

Consider the following passage: Isaiah 55:13 KJV Instead of the thorn shall come up the fir tree, and instead of the brier shall come up the myrtle tree: and it shall be to the LORD for a name, ...
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Should Isaiah 1:25 be translated as 'soap' or 'bleach'?

I'm writing an essay on Isa 1:21-31 and v25 in various translations is soap, detergent, bleach, or lye (= Sodium Hydroxide = drain unblocker!) Soap / detergent is easy to understand, but sounds like ...
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Why does the Septuagint omit Isaiah 2:22 when it's in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Leningrad Codex?

The Dead Sea Scrolls have [almost] the entire book of Isaiah. They include Isaiah 2:22. "Stop focusing on mortals, who have only breath in their nostrils -for what are they really worth?" (...
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Why such a long train in Isaiah 6:1?

In Isaiah's vision he sees a man on a throne in God's temple wearing a garment that featured such a long/large skirt that it filled God's true temple: Isa 6:1 In the year that King Uzziah died, I ...
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To which portions(s) of Isaiah does John 12:41 relate the prophet's vision?

John 12:37-41 reads: Although [Jesus] had performed so many signs in their presence, they did not believe in him. This was to fulfill the word spoken by the prophet Isaiah:     "...
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Is John 12:41 talking about Jesus' glory or YHWH's?

Does John 12:41 say that Isaiah saw YHWH's glory or Jesus' glory? Which option is more supported by the underlying Greek text and the context of the passage? "Isaiah said these things because he ...
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The correct translation of Isaiah 24:23

In Isaiah 24:23 we have וְחָֽפְרָה הַלְּבָנָה וּבוֹשָׁ֖ה הַֽחַמָּ֑ה The moon shall blush and the sun ashamed where levanah = moon and chammah = sun. But the Septuagint gives καὶ τακήσεται ...
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87 views

What does the Greek word μαλακιαν mean in Isaiah 53:3 (LXX)?

Isaiah 53:3 (LXX) ἀλλὰ τὸ εἶδος αὐτοῦ ἄτιμον ἐκλεῖπον παρὰ πάντας ἀνθρώπους ἄνθρωπος ἐν πληγῇ ὢν καὶ εἰδὼς φέρειν μαλακίαν ὅτι ἀπέστραπται τὸ πρόσωπον αὐτοῦ ἠτιμάσθη καὶ οὐκ ἐλογίσθη What ...
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Who is being told to “comfort” in Isaiah 40:1?

Isaiah 40 begins with the well-known line: Comfort, comfort my people, says your God. In English, "comfort" seems to me like a noun, as if God is thrusting comfort toward his people or ...
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60 views

Was Ezra 7:27 intended to indicate fulfillment of a prophecy from Isaiah 60:7?

Isaiah 60:7: All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered to you;    the rams of Nebaioth shall minister to you; they shall come up with acceptance on my altar,    ...
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170 views

“Command ye Me”…What is the proper context and interpretation for Isaiah 45:11?

Isaiah 45:11 is rendered differently in many translations including: King James Version: Thus saith the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, and his Maker, Ask me of things to come concerning my sons, and ...
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Was Isaiah familiar with the prophecy of Amos?

This question came up in reading Isaiah 1:11-15, excerpted: I cannot endure iniquity and solemn assembly. Your new moons and your appointed feasts    my soul hates; ...
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Is Isaiah 30:27-33 about the practice of child sacrifice?

This answer cites Mark S. Smith's "The Early History of God: Yahweh and the Other Deities in Ancient Israel" where the author states that Isaiah 30:27-33 appears as the best evidence for the early ...
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Is there a break between Isaiah 39 and 40 in the Dead Sea Scrolls?

In this video (around 31:40) Christine Hayes explains that the Great Isaiah Scroll from Qumran includes an indication by the scribe that a break was recognized between Chapter 39 and Chapter 40. ...
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From the time what came to be? - Isaiah 48:16

I'm just not sure what the it is referring to here, or is it implied? Is it connected to wherever there is? Isaiah 48:16 (ESV) Draw near to me, hear this: from the beginning I have not ...
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In Isaiah 46:10, what exactly will God accomplish?

Isaiah 46:10 states (emphasis added): (Is 46:10 NABRE) At the beginning I declare the outcome; from of old, things not yet done. I say that my plan shall stand, I accomplish my every ...
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In Isaiah 14:12 did the King James translator make a mistake using the term Lucifer to describe morning star?

KJV Isaiah 14:12 How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations! NRSV Isaiah 14:12 How you are fallen ...
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To what extent was the LORD “sought” and “found” in Isaiah 65:1?

Isaiah 65:1a נִדְרַ֙שְׁתִּי֙ לְל֣וֹא שָׁאָ֔לוּ I was ready to be sought by those who did not ask for me; נִמְצֵ֖אתִי לְלֹ֣א בִקְשֻׁ֑נִי I was ready to be found by those who did not ...
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Will the fire not “be quenched” (passive) or never “go out” (possibly reflexive) at Isaiah 66:24

In Isaiah 66:24 we read that the fire will not be quenched: וְאִשָּׁם֙ לֹ֣א תִכְבֶּ֔ה This looks like the Niphal stem to me (passive). Yet several versions I've looked at render it as the fire will "...
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“High and lifted up” in Isaiah

Isaiah 52:13 הִנֵּ֥ה יַשְׂכִּ֖יל עַבְדִּ֑י יָר֧וּם וְנִשָּׂ֛א וְגָבַ֖הּ מְאֹֽד׃ Behold, my servant shall act wisely;         he shall be high and lifted up, ...
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Why do Isaiah 37 and 2 Kings 19 contain the same verses?

If you read Isaiah 37 and compare it with 2 Kings 19, you will notice that these verses are the exact same. How is it possible or why is it that these verses are identical? Isaiah 37: https://www....
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What does the bible mean when it uses 'ancient people'

In Isaiah, the Lord talks about worshipping idols and how it is strictly prohibited but then in 44:7 he says Let him declare and lay out before me what has happened since I established my ancient ...
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Could foreign peoples (non Israelite) serve as priests in the temple?

In reading Isaiah 56:6,7, it seems to indicate the allowance of foreign peoples serving as priests at the temple. This, it seems, would be in direct contradiction to the Levitical priesthood. The word ...
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Why did Adrammelech and Sharezer suddenly kill their father King Sennacherib?

In Isaiah 37, King Sennacherib tries to destroy the Northern two-tribe Kingdom, but Jehovah protects them from the Assyrian empire. King Sennacherib returns to Assyria, begins bowing down to his god ...
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Why is Isaiah 7 narrated in the third person?

Is there some literary (or other) reason that Isaiah moves from the first person to the third person and then back to the first in Isaiah 6-8? I think the switches probably actually line up with the ...
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What does Isaiah 55:1 mean by “buying without money”?

“Come, everyone who thirsts, come to the waters; and he who has no money, come, buy and eat! Come, buy wine and milk without money and without price. Isaiah 55:1 (ESV) What does Isaiah 55:1 ...
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How did “Sirens” arise in the Septuagint translation of Isaiah 13:21?

I am reading in the book of Isaiah at chapter 13 verse 21 in the King James Bible , and I notice in this bible, and in other English bible translations, that owls and jackals are commonly mentioned. ...
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Is the *Good News* translation of Isaiah 3:12 accurate? [duplicate]

The Good News Bible by the Bible Societies/Collins, a division of Harper Collins Publishers reads: Money lenders oppress my people and creditors cheat them." More info: It's a bible that belongs ...
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Isaiah 3:12: ‘…women rule over them.'

Isaiah 3:12a: My people — infants are their oppressors,      and women rule over them. (ESV) עַמִּי נֹגְשָׂיו מְעוֹלֵל וְנָשִׁים מָשְׁלוּ בוֹ (WLC) ...
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Can anyone explain this apparent discrepancy between the Greek and Hebrew versions of Isaiah 30:20-21?

Isaiah 30:21, as translated from the Masoretic text (Hebrew), has been used times to say that God can show us where we need to go. וְאָזְנֶ֙יךָ֙ תִּשְׁמַ֣עְנָה דָבָ֔ר מֵֽאַחֲרֶ֖יךָ לֵאמֹ֑ר זֶ֤ה ...
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How many Isaiahs?

I understand that there is a scholarly position that holds that the book of Isaiah was written by three authors, termed First Isaiah (chapters 1-39), Second Isaiah (chapters 40-55), and Third Isaiah (...
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Isaiah 28:10: precepts or gibberish?

This question was occasioned by this answer about קַו in Psalm 19:4 which pointed out its use in Isaiah 28:10. In Isaiah 28, after the prophet rebukes the "the proud crown of the drunkards of Ephraim,...
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Does the past tense in the suffering servant song (Isaiah 53) refer to Jesus?

My question is concerning a supposed prophecy that appears to be about Jesus, but a closer look has clued me into something astounding, which was never discussed in church. According to biblical ...
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Who’s doing the calling in Isaiah 7:14?

Isaiah 7:14b reads: הִנֵּ֣ה הָעַלְמָ֗ה הָרָה֙ וְיֹלֶ֣דֶת בֵּ֔ן וְקָרָ֥את שְׁמֹ֖ו עִמָּ֥נוּ אֵֽל׃ This is often translated similarly to the ESV: Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a ...
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Does Isaiah 7:14 refer to a virgin?

There have been quite a few debates on why the word παρθένος (“virgin”) is used in the Septuagint of Isaiah 7:14 when translating the Hebrew word עלמה ("a young maiden”).1 For context let us go ...
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Why does the Greek Septuagint of Genesis 34:3 refer to Dinah as a virgin?

In relation to a question, Does Isaiah 7:14 refer to a virgin? καὶ προσέσχεν τῇ ψυχῇ Δινας τῆς θυγατρὸς Ιακωβ καὶ ἠγάπησεν τὴν παρθένον καὶ ἐλάλησεν κατὰ τὴν διάνοιαν τῆς παρθένου αὐτῇ Greek ...
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Does Isaiah 63:17 suggest that humans, only have a certain amount of “free will”? [closed]

I am reading in the Old Testament (NIV) from the book of Isaiah chapter 63:17 where it is written, Isaiah 63:17 Why,O Lord do you make us wander from your ways and harden our hearts so that ...
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How many times does the Hebrew word הֵילֵל (heilel) occur in the Masoretic text?

In Isa. 14:12, the Hebrew text according to BHS states, אֵ֛יךְ נָפַ֥לְתָּ מִשָּׁמַ֖יִם הֵילֵ֣ל בֶּן־שָׁ֑חַר נִגְדַּ֣עְתָּ לָאָ֔רֶץ חֹולֵ֖שׁ עַל־גֹּויִֽם Does the Hebrew word הֵילֵל occur ...
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How does the reader of Isaiah and Daniel reconcile these end-time prophecies?

I am reading about the Lord's judgement against Edom in an end-time prophecy written in the book of Isaiah (niv), and the prophecy appears to be speaking about a great destruction in Edom.Isaiah 34. ...
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Does Isaiah 11:3 involve smelling?

This question was inspired by this recent answer which offered a translation of the first part of Isaiah 11:3: and his smelling is with the fear of Yahveh... I was surprised to find that none ...
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1answer
196 views

What is meant by keeping people blind and deaf so as not to get healed?

What is meant by keeping people blind and deaf so as not to get healed? I understand this to be one of those scriptures that is meant to challenge our understanding, such as "drink my blood and eat ...
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Does Isaiah 40 indicate (along with science) that the universe is expanding?

Does this passage in Isaiah indicate that the heavens (e.g. universe) is expanding, in agreement with scientific observations? Am I interpreting this correctly? It would be pretty amazing if this is ...
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What is the meaning of the repetition of “holy” in Isaiah 6:3?

In Isaiah 6:3, the seraphim call one to another, saying: Holy, holy, holy is the LORD of hosts; the whole earth is full of his glory!” (ESV) קָדֹ֧ושׁ׀ קָדֹ֛ושׁ קָדֹ֖ושׁ יְהוָ֣ה צְבָאֹ֑ות ...
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Who is the desolate one and who is the one who is married in Isaiah 54:1?

Isaiah 54:1 Sing, O barren one, who did not bear; break forth into singing and cry aloud, you who have not been in labor! For the children of the desolate one will be more than the children of ...
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212 views

Is Isaiah 1:18 reasonable?

I’m accustomed to the ESV Isaiah 1:18 (defining my own a/b/c clauses for the sake of discussion): (a): “Come now, let us reason together, says the LORD: (b): though your sins are like scarlet, ...