Questions about the interpretation of a passage in light of the historical context, or about this hermeneutical approach.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
5answers
250 views

Historical Evidences that the Israeli Calendar Day Began at Sunset?

Related: - In Luke 23:54 - Was Jesus Entombed Right Before the Sabbath Dawn? - Do Idioms Used in the Crucifixion Narrative Resolve the "3 Day/3 Night" Objections? - In the Gospels, How ...
3
votes
2answers
120 views

Is there a hint in any of Evangelions why Jesus was crucified so close to Sabbath?

There's a passage in St. John's Evangelion: 31 Since it was the day of Preparation, the Jews did not want the bodies left on the cross during the sabbath, especially because that sabbath was a day ...
4
votes
2answers
101 views

How is the Shema interpreted by those who think Israel had henotheistic beliefs?

Deut. 6:4 says, שְׁמַ֖ע יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֵ֖ינוּ יְהוָ֥ה ׀ אֶחָֽד ׃(Westminster Leningrad Codex) "Hear O Israel, the Lord our God the Lord (is) one:" I know there are a few people ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Historically, how was Jonah classified in terms of literary genre?

I've been reading through a lengthy discussion at this site over the historical nature of Jonah. One position that has been advanced is that there are internal text indicators that the narrative is ...
1
vote
2answers
119 views

Was the Last Supper Actually a Passover Feast?

Related: - The meaning of παρασκευή ('day of preparation') - In the Gospels, Can "Day of:" the Passover - be Interpreted Idiomatically? - In Luke 22:16: Does the Syntax Indicate if ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Predestinate: Before Birth or Before Judgment?

Predestinate: to determine or set a destiny ahead of an appointed time. I am curious as to why the appointed time in regard to 'predestinate' is so often interpreted to mean "before time began," when ...
16
votes
4answers
6k views

Are Job's friends the voice of the Accuser?

I have often struggled with the book of Job, wondering what rubric should guide my interpretation as I read through the speeches of Job's "friends". They say so much that is "true" (so much that ...
10
votes
4answers
11k views

“Cakes of Raisins” in Hosea 3

Hosea 3:1 reads (ESV): And the LORD said to me, “Go again, love a woman who is loved by another man and is an adulteress, even as the LORD loves the children of Israel, though they turn to other ...
4
votes
3answers
418 views

What is the significance of Gen 46:10 “Shaul the son of a Canaanitish woman”?

What message is being conveyed in Gen 46:10 when it says of one of Simeon's sons: "Shaul the son of a Canaanitish woman" (KJV)? Judah also had three sons by a Canaanite woman (Gen 38:2-5), Er, Onan, ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

Jesus and the adulterous woman: was stoning a practical possiblity?

In John 8:5, the Pharisees ask Jesus: In the Law Moses commanded us to stone such women. Now what do you say? (NIV) Was stoning a woman for adultery often/sometimes done during Jesus' days, or ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Was there only one carpenter in the village?

According to Matthew 13:55: Isn't this the carpenter's son? Isn't his mother named Mary? And aren't his brothers James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas? (NET) οὐχ οὗτός ἐστιν ὁ τοῦ τέκτονος υἱός; ...
11
votes
2answers
631 views

The significance of the designations of families who will mourn in Zechariah 12

As the prophet Zechariah proclaims the greatness of Jerusalem's mourning, he says: 12“All Israel will mourn, each clan by itself, and with the husbands separate from their wives. The clan of David ...
4
votes
1answer
78 views

Earliest interpretation of Genesis 6:3 as referring to man's lifespan?

Genesis 6:3 ESV Then the LORD said, “My Spirit shall not abide in man forever, for he is flesh: his days shall be 120 years.” Many people these days seem to understand this passage as referring ...
8
votes
1answer
179 views

Understanding of Book of Daniel 9.26

I am reading from the Book of Daniel Chapter 9:26 (NIV) concerning an end-time prophecy, where it is written, 26 After the sixty-two ‘sevens,’ the Anointed One will be put to death and will ...
4
votes
1answer
94 views

Are there any medieval commentators to mention the Lukan census (of Quirinius, Lk 2:2) in conjunction with the evidence from Josephus?

Josephus, of course, places this census after Herod Archelaus' exile and the creation of Iudaea Province. So far, I've been able to find early discussion of Luke 2:2 in conjunction with Quirinius' ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

1 Corinthians 5:5 What Does It Mean to Be Handed Over to Satan? [duplicate]

What exactly does this text mean? Does the believer loose their salvation and Satan has his way with them? if it does mean to be excommunicated from the fellowship as I have read in some other places, ...
7
votes
2answers
5k views

Who is the Prince of Tyre?

In Ezekiel 28:2 it says," Son of man, say unto the prince of Tyrus, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thine heart is lifted up, and thou hast said, I am a God, I sit in the seat of God, in the ...
15
votes
3answers
479 views

Was there precedent for John to link the satan and the serpent?

In Revelation 20:2, John links the satan and the serpent: He seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the devil, or Satan, and bound him for a thousand years. A couple preliminary ...
8
votes
4answers
8k views

The Ten Commandments were based on the Code of Hammurabi?

A topic that was discussed among peers was that the Ten Commandments of Christian and Jewish faith were based off the Code of Hammurabi. I looked into the Wikipedia article and was informed that ...
7
votes
1answer
287 views

Which “house of the forest of Lebanon” had gold “shields” & “vessels” (1 Kg 10:17, 21)?

Background NOTE: All English translation is from NASB. In 1 Kg 10, the phrase בֵּ֖ית יַ֥עַר הַלְּבָנֹֽון ("in the house of the forest of Lebanon," v.17) and בֵּֽית־יַ֥עַר הַלְּבָנֹ֖ון ("of the house ...
19
votes
6answers
8k views

Why is Isaiah 14:12-15 interpreted by some to refer to Satan?

Is 14:12 “How you are fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How you are cut down to the ground, You who weakened the nations! 13 For you have said in your heart: ‘I will ...
3
votes
0answers
69 views

What does Isaiah 55:1 mean by “buying without money”?

“Come, everyone who thirsts, come to the waters; and he who has no money, come, buy and eat! Come, buy wine and milk without money and without price. Isaiah 55:1 (ESV) What does Isaiah ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

How to reconcile Romans 3:28 and James 2:24? [duplicate]

Paul said that justification is not by works but only by faith: For we hold that one is justified by faith apart from works of the law. Romans 3:28 (ESV) This coheres with his other ...
4
votes
1answer
10k views

Where was Daniel when Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego were thrown into the fire?

In chapter 3 of book of Daniel we find the story of the three young men that are thrown in fire because they refused to worship the image of gold that Nebuchadnezzar made. King Nebuchadnezzar made ...
1
vote
1answer
396 views

Lifted Hands in 1 Timothy 2:8

I want men everywhere to lift up holy hands in prayer, without anger or disputing. —1 Timothy 2:8 I was once told that in context this verse refers only to the pastor. Are there good exegetical ...
4
votes
1answer
53 views

Translation and historical background of Job 29:6a

Various Translations Job 29:6a is translated various ways. The apparently more literal one's being: (KJV) When I washed my steps with butter (NASB) When my steps were bathed in butter [NET ...
5
votes
2answers
127 views

What are the implications of calling Jesus “the son of Mary” in Mark 6:3?

In Mark 6:3, Jesus is referred to by his community in an unusual way. The text was originally written in Greek, but to paraphrase a bit, an Aramaic translation would equate to something like: "Is ...
-1
votes
1answer
224 views

How do scholars explain the Bible's seeming discrepancy over Morningstar/Daystar?

Revelation 22:16 I Jesus have sent my angel to testify to you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning-star. (WBS) Jesus calls Himself ...
-2
votes
2answers
140 views

Can 1 Cor. 1:10-13 be interpreted as a Commandment against Cults?

Question: In 1 Cor. 13, is the Early Church's understanding of the Command against "Divisions", pragmatically equivalent to the modern Church's prohibition against "Cults"? Notes: The ...
6
votes
2answers
5k views

Who are the “third and fourth generation” in Exodus 20:5?

“You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. You shall not bow ...
18
votes
2answers
857 views

How did Joanna “get away with” sponsoring Jesus' ministry?

Luke 8:1-3 Καὶ ἐγένετο ἐν τῷ καθεξῆς καὶ αὐτὸς διώδευεν κατὰ πόλιν καὶ κώμην κηρύσσων καὶ εὐαγγελιζόμενος τὴν βασιλείαν τοῦ θεοῦ, καὶ οἱ δώδεκα σὺν αὐτῷ, 2 καὶ γυναῖκές τινες αἳ ἦσαν ...
0
votes
2answers
265 views

What are possible historical interpretations of John 1:1?

This question is inspired by a question about the proper translation of John 1:1.1 There are lengthy debates on how to translate the Johanine prologue properly.2 This is not about that debate. Based ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Who is the prophetess in Isaiah 8:3?

The bible doesn't seem to give much information for who "the prophetess" in Isaiah 8:3 is. Who is she? Many seem to assert that she is his wife, but cite no evidence to support this. The word ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

What is an “anachronism” in Biblical Hermeneutics?

I have run across several definitions as it relates to "anachronism" in Biblical Hermeneutics and I am confused: An anachronism in word studies takes place when we read a definition of a word ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

Why did Joab side with Adonijah and not Solomon?

Joab was a loyal captain of King David. However he conspired with Adonijah. (1 Kings 2:28). Was there bitterness in his heart toward David because of the recent killing of Absalom? Or did Joab think ...
7
votes
1answer
892 views

Not singing the songs of Zion/Yahweh's song in Psalm 137

The first colophon (or first two colophons, perhaps) of Psalm 137 reads, 1 By the waters of Babylon, there we sat down and wept, when we remembered Zion. 2 On the willows there we hung up ...
6
votes
1answer
656 views

Was John the Baptist a member of the Essene community at Qumran?

This paper by Alan Farnes is one of many that have identified John’s appropriation of Isaiah 40:3 as reminiscent of the Qumran documents (a.k.a. Dead Sea Scrolls): John 1:23 (ESV) He said, “I am ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

What does “torture” mean in Matthew 18:34?

At the end of the parable of the unmerciful servant, the master has him jailed and handed over to be "tortured". And his lord, moved with anger, handed him over to the torturers until he should ...
-1
votes
2answers
129 views

Galatians 1:2 - Who are the brethren who were with Paul?

Galatians 1:1-2 says (KJV): 1 Paul, an apostle, (not of men, neither by man, but by Jesus Christ, and God the Father, who raised him from the dead;) and all the brethren which are with me, unto ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Assessments of the evidence for the “Gap Theory” reading of Genesis 1:1-2?

Ever since the emergence of an understanding of "geological time" in the 18th Century, there has been a perceived tension with the six-day account of creation in Genesis 1 -- at least, if those "days" ...
1
vote
1answer
334 views

What is the difference between St Thomas Aquinas and Abbot Suger's interpretation of the term “anagogic”?

I know in de Administratione Suger writes that a lavish church inspires its worshippers to recognize god and perhaps sees anagogic meaning as the more lavish the church=the more uplifting the ...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

Why does sending Epaphroditus to the Philippian Christians make Paul less anxious?

Philippians 2:28 (NA28) reads: σπουδαιοτέρως οὖν ἔπεμψα αὐτόν, ἵνα ἰδόντες αὐτὸν πάλιν χαρῆτε κἀγὼ ἀλυπότερος ὦ. I am specifically interested in the meaning of κἀγὼ ἀλυπότερος ὦ, which simply ...
12
votes
4answers
6k views

Are there two different types of “tongues” spoken about in the NT?

My question comes directly from 1 Cor 14: 2, 4: 2 For one who speaks in a tongue does not speak to men but to God; for no one understands, but in his spirit he speaks mysteries.....4 One who ...
5
votes
2answers
255 views

Are the speeches in the gospels and Acts meant to be taken as literal renditions of the original speech, or general gists of the speaker's message?

Acts 13:16-19 Then Paul stood up, and motioning with his hand said, “Men of Israel, and you who fear God, listen: The God of this people Israel chose our fathers, and exalted the people when they ...
8
votes
4answers
35k views

What does a mustard seed grow into?

Jesus said, “How shall we picture the kingdom of God, or by what parable shall we present it? It is like a mustard seed, which, when sown upon the soil, though it is smaller than all the seeds that ...
9
votes
2answers
184 views

Was there any significance to the term χριστὸς in koine Greek outside of Judeo-Christian thought?

This question is motivated by a reading of John 20:31: SBLGNT ταῦτα δὲ γέγραπται ἵνα πιστεύητε ὅτι Ἰησοῦς ἐστιν ὁ χριστὸς ὁ υἱὸς τοῦ θεοῦ, καὶ ἵνα πιστεύοντες ζωὴν ἔχητε ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι αὐτοῦ. ...
2
votes
1answer
166 views

Have the sizes of the image of gold made of Nebuchadnezzar any significance?

King Nebuchadnezzar made an image of gold, sixty cubits high and six cubits wide, and set it up on the plain of Dura in the province of Babylon. (Daniel 3:1) Did these sizes represent something ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the historical basis for viewing Genesis 3:15 as the 'protoevangelium'?

Genesis 3:15 is referred to by Christian theologians as the protoevangelium (first proclamation of the [Christian] gospel). The text reads: Hebrew (MT): וְאֵיבָ֣ה׀ אָשִׁ֗ית בֵּֽינְךָ֙ וּבֵ֣ין ...
4
votes
2answers
194 views

How to interpret John 6:32-33

Jesus said to them, “I assure you: Moses didn’t give you the bread from heaven, but My Father gives you the real bread from heaven. 33 For the bread of God is the One who comes down from heaven and ...