Questions about the interpretation of a passage in light of the historical context, or about this hermeneutical approach.

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How is 2 Maccabees 12:40-46 to be understood?

In 2 Maccabees 12:40-46, it says, And they found under the coats of the slain some of the donaries of the idols of Jamnia, which the law forbiddeth to the Jews: so that all plainly saw, that ...
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Lifted Hands in 1 Timothy 2:8

I want men everywhere to lift up holy hands in prayer, without anger or disputing. —1 Timothy 2:8 I was once told that in context this verse refers only to the pastor. Are there good exegetical ...
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What is the difference between St Thomas Aquinas and Abbot Suger's interpretation of the term “anagogic”?

I know in de Administratione Suger writes that a lavish church inspires its worshippers to recognize god and perhaps sees anagogic meaning as the more lavish the church=the more uplifting the ...
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Was there only one carpenter in the village?

According to Matthew 13:55: Isn't this the carpenter's son? Isn't his mother named Mary? And aren't his brothers James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas? (NET) οὐχ οὗτός ἐστιν ὁ τοῦ τέκτονος υἱός; ...
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Why does sending Epaphroditus to the Philippian Christians make Paul less anxious?

Philippians 2:28 (NA28) reads: σπουδαιοτέρως οὖν ἔπεμψα αὐτόν, ἵνα ἰδόντες αὐτὸν πάλιν χαρῆτε κἀγὼ ἀλυπότερος ὦ. I am specifically interested in the meaning of κἀγὼ ἀλυπότερος ὦ, which simply ...
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What calendar used in first century Judea by author of gospel of John?

Different calendars have emerged throughout history ie. Julian, revised Julian, Gregorian. These calendars are generally solar or lunar or both (lunisolar). Jews used lunisolar in Tannaitic period ...
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What are possible historical interpretations of John 1:1?

This question is inspired by a question about the proper translation of John 1:1.1 There are lengthy debates on how to translate the Johanine prologue properly.2 This is not about that debate. Based ...
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Punishment in Exodus 20.5? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Who are the “third and fourth generation” in Exodus 20:5? “You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven ...
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Galatians 1:2 - Who are the brethren who were with Paul?

Galatians 1:1-2 says (KJV): 1 Paul, an apostle, (not of men, neither by man, but by Jesus Christ, and God the Father, who raised him from the dead;) and all the brethren which are with me, unto ...
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How do scholars explain the Bible's seeming discrepancy over Morningstar/Daystar?

Revelation 22:16 I Jesus have sent my angel to testify to you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning-star. (WBS) Jesus calls Himself ...
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Can 1 Cor. 1:10-13 be interpreted as a Commandment against Cults?

Question: In 1 Cor. 13, is the Early Church's understanding of the Command against "Divisions", pragmatically equivalent to the modern Church's prohibition against "Cults"? Notes: The ...