The book of Hebrews (not the Hebrew language or members of the Hebrew religion). Authorship of the book is disputed.

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What does conscience (συνείδησις) mean in Hebrews 9-10?

The word 'conscience' appears in Hebrews 9-10 three times: 9(which is symbolic for the present age). According to this arrangement, gifts and sacrifices are offered that cannot perfect the ...
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What is meant by “for salvation without reference to sin” in Hebrews 9:28?

I'm curious about the Greek (χωρὶς ἁμαρτίας) which NASB translates as "without reference to sin" here: so Christ also, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time ...
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Heb. 12:1 - How should μαρτύρων be understood?

In Heb. 12:1, it is written, Τοιγαροῦν καὶ ἡμεῖς τοσοῦτον ἔχοντες περικείμενον ἡμῖν νέφος μαρτύρων ὄγκον ἀποθέμενοι πάντα καὶ τὴν εὐπερίστατον ἁμαρτίαν δι᾽ ὑπομονῆς τρέχωμεν τὸν προκείμενον ἡμῖν ...
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Leviticus says animal sacrifice will cleanse you from your sins. Hebrews says it's impossible. What does “clean” mean?

Leviticus 16: 2The Lord said...6Aaron is to offer the bull for his own sin offering to make atonement for himself and his household...9 Aaron shall bring the goat whose lot falls to the Lord and ...
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Hebrews 12:24: subjective or objective genitive?

Does the subjective or objective genitive appear in the following verse? Hebrews 12:24 (NASB) 24 and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood, which speaks better ...
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How should I interpret Hebrews 12:14 correctly?

My question is, what does the author of Hebrews mean by striving for holiness? Strive for peace with everyone, and for the holiness without which no one will see the Lord. (Hebrews 12.14, ESV) ...
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A little lower than angels, or lower for a little while?

Most translations render Hebrews 2:7 like the NIV: "…a little lower than the angels…", but several modern translations (eg NET, NASB etc) have a different sense like the ESV: 7You made him for a ...
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Hebrews 12:2 - Any Other Translations For “Enduring” the Cross?

Question In Hebrews 12:2, are there any alternate translation choices for endured, (ὑπομένω) -- that connote "Firmly Resolved to Face", as in the sense of bearing down to face a profound challenge -- ...
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In Hebrews 1:5, why did the author use the word “Will”?

For to which of the angels did God ever say, “You are my Son; today I have become your Father”? Or again, “I will be his Father, and he will be my Son”? (‭Hebrews‬ ‭1‬:‭5‬ NIV) Why does the author of ...
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What does “made perfect” mean in Heb 5:9?

Hebrews 5:8-10 (ESV) Although he was a son, he learned obedience through what he suffered. And being made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation to all who obey him, being designated ...
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What does it mean to “assembling of ourselves together” in Hebrews 10:25?

In Hebrews 10:25 we read Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another: and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching. (KJV) The ...
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In Heb. 9:14, what is the meaning of the phrase πνεύματος αἰωνίου?

In Heb. 9:14, it is written, How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living ...
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How is the Law changed in Hebrews 7:12?

For when the priesthood is changed, the law must be changed also. Hebrews 7:12 (NIV) How is the Law changed in Hebrews 7:12?
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Is Hebrews 12:25 an allusion to the Judgement pronounced by Noah, or by Moses/Yahweh at Sinai?

Is the statement, "warned them on earth" (v25) an allusion to the judgement pronounced by Noah, or by Moses and Yahweh at Sinai? See to it that you do not refuse Him who is speaking. For if those ...
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What does the Greek word υποστασεως mean in Hebrews 1:3?

The Greek word υποστασεως has more than one meaning like nature, person, confidence, reality, title-deed and so on (source). What does the Greek word υποστασεως really mean in Hebrews 1:3? What is ...
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In Hebrews 1:3 does χαρακτηρ της υποστασεως αυτου say that Jesus is the same substance or similar substance to God?

Heb 1:3 He is the reflection of God's glory [shining?] and the exact likeness of his being, and he holds everything together by his [God's] powerful word. After he had provided ["performed"] a ...
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Does those who obey him just mean believe (not reject him) in Hebrews 5:9

Does those who obey him just mean believe (not reject him) in Hebrews 5:9 Hebrews 5:9: And having been made perfect, He came to all those who obey Him, the source of eternal salvation. What ...
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In Hebrews 1:9, who are the “companions” and were they also anointed, just less so?

Who are Solomon's/Jesus' (depending on your view) "companions" in the phrase παρα τους μετοχους σου ? Heb 1:8 ISV But about the Son he says, "Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, and the ...
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In Hebrews 1:9 what is the “oil of gladness”?

What is "happiness oil"? Does it make you happy? Or is happiness the oil? Heb 1:8 But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre ...
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In Hebrews 1:9 is it “above your companions” or “rather than your companions”?

Does the ISV have it right? All of the other translations I see have "above". Heb 1:8 ISV But about the Son he says, "Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, and the scepter of your kingdom is ...
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Whose faith is the subject of Hebrews 11:11?

Πίστει καὶ αὐτὴ Σάρρα δύναμιν εἰς καταβολὴν σπέρματος ἔλαβεν καὶ παρὰ καιρὸν ἡλικίας, ἐπεὶ πιστὸν ἡγήσατο τὸν ἐπαγγειλάμενον (Hebrews 11:11, Westcott and Hort) The traditional translation of ...
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Hebrews 11:27 - Meaning of «τὸν…ἀόρατον ὡς ὁρῶν ἐκαρτέρησεν»

In Heb. 11:27, it is written, Πίστει κατέλιπεν Αἴγυπτον μὴ φοβηθεὶς τὸν θυμὸν τοῦ βασιλέως τὸν γὰρ ἀόρατον ὡς ὁρῶν ἐκαρτέρησεν which the King James Version translated as, By faith he forsook ...
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What passage is the author of “To the Hebrews” quoting in Hebrews 1:6?

What passage is the author of "To the Hebrews" quoting in Hebrews 1:6?: Heb 1:6 And again, when he reintroduces the firstbegotten into the populated lands, he says, "And let all the angels of ...
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Exoneration of future sins [closed]

Hebrews 10:17, NKJV (Quoting from Jeremiah 31:34) - Their sins and their lawless deeds I will remember no more. Many are being led to believe that this implies exoneration of all sin, including ...
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“Name” or “designation” in To The Hebrews 1:4?

I'm of the opinion that context demands that ONOMA be rendered "designation" in To The Hebrews 1:4. I ran this by the folks at B-Greek and did not get any push back. And yet I'm not aware of any ...
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Where did the Christians in Hebrews 10:25 have their assemblies?

Do we know where the Christians in Hebrews 10:25 had their assemblies (for example, synagogues, private houses)? ESV: not neglecting to meet together, as is the habit of some, but encouraging ...
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Melchizedek: He was a priest of the Most High?

I do not understand why Melchizedek is said "priest of God Most High" (Genesis 14:18) while to my humble knowledge, priesthood started in the law of Moses and at that point of time the law of Moses ...
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What is the difference between οὐ δύναται (1 Jn 3.9) and Ἀδύνατον (Heb 6.4)?

What is the difference between οὐ δύναται (1 Jn 3.9) and Ἀδύνατον (Heb 6.4)? 1 John 3.9: Πᾶς ὁ γεγεννημένος ἐκ τοῦ θεοῦ ἁμαρτίαν οὐ ποιεῖ, ὅτι σπέρμα αὐτοῦ ἐν αὐτῷ μένει, καὶ οὐ δύναται ...
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Could saying that Melchizedek was “without beginning of days or end of life” possibly be a textual error?

Few mysteries of the Bible have attracted more interest than the mystery of the identity of Melchizedek. He is mentioned in Genesis 14:14-20; Psalm 110:4; Hebrews 5:6, 10, 6:20, 7:1-17; but Hebrews ...
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318 views

Understanding of Hebrews 11:37

I am reading from the book of Hebrews, at 11:37, where it is written: They were stoned, they were sawn in two, they were tempted, they were put to death with the sword; they went about in ...
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What is the meaning of “Rest” in Heb. 4:3-5?

εἰσερχόμεθα γὰρ εἰς τὴν κατάπαυσιν οἱ πιστεύσαντες καθὼς εἴρηκεν Ὡς ὤμοσα ἐν τῇ ὀργῇ μου Εἰ εἰσελεύσονται εἰς τὴν κατάπαυσίν μου καίτοι τῶν ἔργων ἀπὸ καταβολῆς κόσμου γενηθέντων(Heb. 4:3 TR) ...
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Heb. 11:17: Why προσενήνοχεν, first, and then shortly thereafter, προσέφερεν?

Greek text of Heb. 11:17 according to Textus Receptus: Πίστει προσενήνοχεν Ἀβραὰμ τὸν Ἰσαὰκ πειραζόμενος καὶ τὸν μονογενῆ προσέφερεν ὁ τὰς ἐπαγγελίας ἀναδεξάμενος English translation according ...
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88 views

Who was “speaking in David”?

My question pertains to Hebrews 4:7, which reads as follows: He again fixes a certain day, “Today,” saying [in] David after so long a time just as has been said before, “Today if you hear His ...
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Is there a case to be made that Luke wrote the book of Hebrews?

When I compare and contrast the writings in the book of Romans versus Hebrews they sound very different and in some cases a bit contradictory to each other. Paul emphasizes the certainty of salvation ...
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After He had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever (Hebrews 10:12)

Hebrews 10:11-12 (KJV) 11 And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins: 12 But this man, after he had offered one ...
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What is the difference between hope and faith?

Since the words "faith" and "hope" are used side-by-side and in ways that faith (πίστις) is built on hope (ἐλπίς), they shouldn't have the same meaning. 1 Corinthians 13:13 And now these three ...
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What is the promise in Hebrews 11:13?

All these people were still living by faith when they died. They did not receive the things promised; they only saw them and welcomed them from a distance, admitting that they were foreigners ...
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What is the difference between “soul” and “spirit”?

Hebrews 4:12 seems to distinguish between "soul" and "spirit" (or ψυχή and πνεῦμα, respectively) in some manner similar to the difference between "joint" and "marrow." For the word of God is ...
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Is Jesus the λόγος in Hebrews 4:12?

For the word of God is alive and active. Sharper than any double-edged sword, it penetrates even to dividing soul and spirit, joints and marrow; it judges the thoughts and attitudes of the heart ( ...
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Heb. 2:16 — Is the translation of the KJV accurate?

The King James Version (1611) seems to take some liberty in its translation of Heb. 2:16: Notice how the font of "the nature of" (as well as "him") is different from the rest of the verse, ...
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Heb. 1:2: What is the significance of υἱῷ being anarthrous?

Greek text of Heb. 1:2 according to Textus Receptus (Estienne, 1550): ἐπ᾽ ἐσχάτων τῶν ἡμερῶν τούτων ἐλάλησεν ἡμῖν ἐν υἱῷ ὃν ἔθηκεν κληρονόμον πάντων δι᾽ οὗ καὶ τοὺς αἰῶνας ἐποίησεν What is the ...
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Why doesn't Hebrews mention the temple (naos) anywhere?

The Epistle to the Hebrews spends a lot of time interpreting various aspects of Israel's worship at the tabernacle or temple. All kinds of furniture and practices are mentioned that would have been ...
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281 views

What is the meaning of the genitive absolute in Hebrews 4:3?

Hebrews 4:3 in Greek: εἰσερχόμεθα γὰρ εἰς τὴν κατάπαυσιν οἱ πιστεύσαντες, καθὼς εἴρηκεν, Ὡς ὤμοσα ἐν τῇ ὀργῇ μου, εἰ εἰσελεύσονται εἰς τὴν κατάπαυσίν μου. καίτοι τῶν ἔργων ἀπὸ καταβολῆς ...
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In Heb 6:4, What does it mean to “again crucify to themselves the Son of God and put Him to open shame”

Heb 6:4-8 Whole Passage: 4 For in the case of those who have once been enlightened and have tasted of the heavenly gift and have been made partakers of the Holy Spirit, 5 and have tasted the ...
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In Heb 6:4-6, what have those once enlightened “fallen away” from?

Heb 6:4 For in the case of those who have once been enlightened and have tasted of the heavenly gift and have been made partakers of the Holy Spirit, 5 and have tasted the good word of God and ...
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What does the Greek word αἰῶνας refer to in Heb. 1:2?

In Heb. 1:1-2, the Greek text according to the Stephanus 1550 Textus Receptus states, 1 Πολυμερῶς καὶ πολυτρόπως πάλαι ὁ θεὸς λαλήσας τοῖς πατράσιν ἐν τοῖς προφήταις 2 ἐπ᾽ ἐσχάτων τῶν ἡμερῶν ...
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What basis do we have for defining Sabbatismos in Hebrews 4:9?

The word, Sabbatismos occurs in the Greek NT only once. Strongest Strong's defines it as Sabbath rest; Sabbath observance. Thayer's/Strong's defines it as a Sabbath keeping. Various English ...
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86 views

Does Hebrews 13:24 establish the provenance of the Epistle to the Hebrews?

In Hebrews 13:24, the author writes: Greet all your leaders and all the Lord’s people. Those from Italy send you their greetings. (NIV) Should this be read as indicating that the letter was ...
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Where does the extra information about Melchizedek come from in Hebrews 7?

The Genesis account of Abraham's encounter with Melchizedek leaves us with powerful few details about his life, yet later on the author of Hebrews clearly uses his priestly work as a type of Christ, ...
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What does Hebrews 9:4 mean by saying the Holy of Holies 'had' an altar of incense?

The altar of incense was outside the Holy of Holies but in some sense Hebrews seems to group it along with those things inside the Holy of Holies. What does this grouping mean? Why is the altar of ...