The Hebrew Bible (Biblia Hebraica) refers to the Jewish Tanakh and/or Christian Old Testament texts. Questions about specific texts should only be tagged with the name of the text. This tag is reserved for questions related to a collection of texts within the Hebrew Bible rather than only one ...

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Sandals and Holy Ground

In Exodus 3, Moses is commanded to take off his shoes because he is standing on holy ground, yet before him is appearing an Angel of the LORD, not God himself (in contrast to Exodus 19 an onward where ...
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2answers
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Why isn't there Tetragrammaton use in the in Ex 3:14

I do not know Hebrew. Strongs: 1961 אֶֽהְיֶ֖ה http://biblehub.com/hebrew/1961.htm vs Strongs 3068 יְהֹוָה http://biblehub.com/hebrew/3068.htm I've always been under the impression that the ...
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0answers
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Means of transportation in the case of Jephthah and his daughter [duplicate]

Can we infer from the Bible passage below (or from other sources) that Jephthah was passing the lengths of the territory on his legs or rather there is the possibility for other means of ...
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0answers
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Would the Judeans in Babylonian exile have learnt to write “Cush” to mean Mesopotamia?

When did the cuneiform literature use the term “Cush” to refer to all or part of Mesopotamia, as happens in Genesis, if ever? Why does this matter? In the Pentateuch, “Cush” seems only to refer to ...
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1answer
73 views

Textual criticism of the Hebrew bible and the rule of the ‘lectio difficilior'

I have a basic idea that, in New Testament text criticism, there is a guideline that the more difficult reading is more likely to be correct. (Mentioned in this answer on BH.SE. Even Wikipedia knows ...
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2answers
200 views

Hermeneutically, how do we reconcile Jesus' teaching on loving our enemies and YHWH's telling Israel to destroy their enemies? [closed]

A variation of this question was asked a few days ago, and I can no longer find it. Having spent umpteen hours crafting an answer to the OP's question, I think it only fitting that I post his or her ...
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0answers
62 views

After the levites took their portion of the tithe, what was done with the other 90%?

The old testament is often type and shadow of what is to come. God's word is eternal therefore if a principle is established in the Old testament, there must be a corresponding action in the New ...
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1answer
48 views

Questions concerning Zec. 2:11

Here is the Hebrew text of Zec. 2:11 (2:15 Masoretic): וְנִלְווּ גוֹיִם רַבִּים אֶל יהוה בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא וְהָיוּ לִי לְעָם וְשָׁכַנְתִּי בְתוֹכֵךְ וְיָדַעַתְּ כִּי יהוה צְבָאוֹת שְׁלָחַנִי ...
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2answers
163 views

Is there a way to express monotheism in hebrew language? [closed]

The arab has a way to express monotheism. La ilah la Ilalah In english, it means no god but the god. Or no god but Allah. Here, the word ilah in arabic language and the word god in english means ...
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1answer
189 views

Frequency of each binyan (grammatical conjugation) in the OT?

I'm wondering how frequently each of the binyanim (grammatical conjugations) occur in the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible)? I would be happy with either quantities or percentages. So either of the ...
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1answer
192 views

Who is “not speaking” in Jeremiah 10:5?

In the beginning of Jeremiah 10 there is a discussion of those who cut down trees, and then erect them and decorate them. I assume this was some sort of idolatrous practice. In verse 5 the verse ...
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2answers
96 views

How are the 3 types of OT quotes in the NT distributed?

In the New Testament, there are 3 types of Old Testament quotes: from the Hebrew, from the Septuagint (Greek), and "spontaneous" (ie, not directly from either). My question is, can anyone kindly ...
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2answers
280 views

Why does God seek to kill Moses in Exodus 4:24

Why does God attempt to kill Moses during his journey, in Exodus 4:24, if just three verses earlier he commanded him himself to undertake that journey? I searched and haven't found a clear reason why. ...
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1answer
71 views

Why is Luke 24:44 rendered “ψαλμοῖς” instead of “Αγιογραφία”?

This verse appears to be referring to the Tanakh, which of course contains the Torah ("Teaching", which contains the Law of Moses), Nevi'im ("Prophets") and Ketuvim ("Writings" or "Hagiographa"), but ...
2
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1answer
75 views

What is the meaning of “stars” in Psalm 8:3?

In Psalm 8:3 we can read (NIV): When I consider your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars, which you have set in place, What word "stars" (וְ֝כוֹכָבִ֗ים, wə·ḵō·w·ḵā·ḇîm) ...
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3answers
286 views

What means did the people have to correctly interpret “lifted up” in John 12:32?

Studying John 12, I came across these verses which record the words of Jesus when some godfearing greeks wished to see Him: 20 Now among those who went up to worship at the feast were some ...
5
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1answer
190 views

What do bible authors mean by “they remain there till this day…”?

Biblical authors like to proclaim how some monument/stone/altar/name remains intact to-this-day. Cool. Should I take that as till the day the author wrote it down (in which case: meh), or should I ...
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2answers
102 views

Does kôkābîm (כוֹכָבִים) in Book of Daniel refer to any bright objects in the sky?

In Daniel 8:10 we read: : It grew great, even to the host of heaven. And some of the host and some of the stars it threw down to the ground and trampled on them. [English Standard Version] ...
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1answer
131 views

Are the divine name and its contracted form somehow unique or are they truly inter-changeable?

According to Strongs H3050, there are 48 occurrences in the Hebrew Bible where God's name is rendered as יָהּ (Yah). Most of these are found in the Psalms. This suggests it is a poetic form. ...
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1answer
206 views

Psalm 23:6 correct translation

In Psalm 23:6, the וְשַׁבְתִּ֥י (dwell, return), is Qal, Perfect aspect, yet all translate in the future "will dwell" or will return." Is it because the context?
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6answers
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Why did the Mosaic Law prohibit the ancient Israelites from eating pork?

The book of Leviticus1 contains a prohibition against the consumption of pork. What is the reason for this prohibition? “And the swine, though he divide the hoof, and be cloven footed, yet he ...
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1answer
138 views

Have any of the books mentioned in but not included in the Old Testament been preserved?

At various places in the Old Testament, the authors refer to books not included in the Bible. A few examples: And all the acts of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness ...
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2answers
143 views

David and Jonathan - why the secret meeting? [duplicate]

In 1 Samuel 20, David and Jonathan arrange an elaborate plan to allow Jonathan to secretly communicate with David regarding Saul's plans to kill David: 1 Samuel 20:18-23 (NIV) 18  ...
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3answers
298 views

Psalm 110:7 what does “he shall drink of the brook in the way” mean?

Psalm 110:7 "He shall drink of the brook in the way: therefore shall he lift up the head." It seems almost out of place considering the Psalm seems to be talking about God. So what does it mean? ...
2
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2answers
132 views

Leviticus 20:27 - Why is this verse at the end of the chapter?

This verse, "A man or a woman who has a ghost or a familiar spirit shall be put to death; they shall be pelted with stones—their bloodguilt shall be upon them," is the last verse of the chapter. ...
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2answers
699 views

Why does Jacob say “because I saw God face to face”? (Gen 32:30)

After Jacob wrestles with the angel, he names the place Peniel, "because I have seen God face to face." (Gen 32:30). Why does he say that he has seen God face to face? He has only seen an angel, ...
6
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1answer
517 views

Translation of the word Giant

Are there other translations of the word "Giant"? Please note that this question is related to this question. Genesis 6:4 KJV There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, ...
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2answers
202 views

Exo. 34:33 - Did Moshe speak with the Israelites veiled or unveiled?

According to the Hebrew text of Exo. 34:33, וַיְכַל מֹשֶׁה מִדַּבֵּר אִתָּם וַיִּתֵּן עַל פָּנָיו מַסְוֶה did Moshe speak to the Israelites with a veil upon his face or without a veil upon his ...
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5answers
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Was Haman an Agagite?

Esther 3:1 says After these things did king Ahasuerus promote Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes that were with him. Wikipedia ...
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3answers
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Why are “Judah” and “Israel” distinguished in many verses?

Even though Judah is one of the tribes of Israel (Exo. 31:2), why, then, are Judah and Israel often distinguished when they occur in the same verse? For example, in Jer. 30:4 (KJV), it is written, ...
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1answer
238 views

Judges 5:30 - The Hebrew word for womb or damsel translated as “two”. Why?

Judges 5:30 One interpretation says: http://biblehub.com/esv/judges/5.htm ‘Have they not found and divided the spoil?— A womb or two for every man; The word Strong's #7361 ra·ḥă·mā·ṯa·yim means ...
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1answer
130 views

Judges 4:4- Woman, wife or burnt offering by fire?

Judges 4:4 says: Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, was judging Israel at that time. The Hebrew word אִשָּׁ֣ה (Strong's number 802 and 801) can be translated either "woman" - "wife" ...
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1answer
280 views

Could the prophet Haggai be a prophetess?

Ezra 5:1 says: Now the prophets, Haggai and Zechariah the son of Iddo, prophesied to the Jews who were in Judah and Jerusalem, in the name of the God of Israel who was over them. Upon further ...
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1answer
88 views

Numbers 12:2 Translation issue

One translation of Numbers 12:2 says: And they said, “Has the Lord indeed spoken only through Moses? Has he not spoken through us also?” And the Lord heard it. In the interlinear Bible I see the ...
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Elohim - Female Image of God [duplicate]

There is a group that teaches that according to Genesis 1:26, God has two images, one male and one female: 26 Then God said, “Let us make mankind in our image, in our likeness, so that they may ...
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1answer
102 views

Who or what is the author speaking about when he wrote 'walls' in Isaiah 49:16?

Isaiah 49:16, New American Standard Bible (NASB): 16 “Behold, I have inscribed you on the palms of My hands; Your walls are continually before Me."
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1answer
66 views

What is the significance of “naming” descendants after someone else, e.g. Tamar in 2 Samuel 14?

Is there any significance that David's son Absalom names his only daughter "Tamar" after Absalom's sister named "Tamar"? Also, what is the significance of the name "Tamar" meaning "Palm Tree" as it ...
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3answers
667 views

What is “the Lord's Day” in Revelation 1:10?

The phrase, the Lord's day, found in Revelation chapter one, occurs only once in the New Testament. What grounds do we have to determine what day John was speaking about (the day his readers would ...
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2answers
501 views

Judges 17:7 - How could the young man be both “a Levite” and “of the family of Judah”?

Hebrew Text: וַיְהִי־נַעַר מִבֵּית לֶחֶם יְהוּדָה מִמִּשְׁפַּחַת יְהוּדָה וְהוּא לֵוִי וְהוּא גָר־שָׁם English Translation: And there was a young man of Beit-Lechem of Yehuda, of the family ...
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2answers
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What is Yahweh's gender? [closed]

Yahweh is often called "He" in english bibles. Is it so in Hebrew original? if yes, is there any other evidence of his masculitiny besides the pronoun? if no, why isn't Yahweh called "It"?
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3answers
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Are the Hebrew Scriptures in general to be understood as continuous discourses or fragmental remains of much larger collections? [closed]

I often encounter the idea that the Hebrew Scriptures, or at least many of them, are summaries or fragments of larger works. However, considering the value and tight control that the Jews seem to have ...
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2answers
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What is meant by “as numerous as the stars of the sky”?

The Bible in a few places references the stars as a large number. Genesis 22:17, Deut 1:10, Deut 28:62 all make statements referring to the Nation of Israel being as "numerous as the stars of the ...
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4answers
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Why does the Septuagint contain non-Tanakh books?

The deuterocanonical books, treated as part of the Bible by the Orthodox and Catholic churches, are accepted because they appear in the Septuagint. However, they are excluded from the Jewish Bible, ...
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3answers
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Where does the Tanakh differ from the Christian Old Testament?

Relating to this question: Is the Jewish Tanakh same as the 'Old Testament' which Christians use? Do they contain the same books and is the textual content same? If not where do they differ?
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Were there 600,000 Israelites, or 600 “soldiers”? [duplicate]

This question is a follow-up from this answer where a user on Christianity.SE claimed that the Hebrew words for "thousand" and "soldier" were mixed up in the transcription and translation of the ...
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Was Abiathar the son of Ahimelech or was Ahimelech the son of Abiathar? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Was Abiathar the son of Ahimelech or was Ahimelech the son of Abiathar? According to the following three verses, Abiathar was the son of Ahimelech: 1 Samuel 22:20. 1 ...
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1answer
521 views

How often does the Bible use “God of Jacob” versus “God of Israel”? [closed]

The Bible uses both "God of ...Jacob" and "God of Israel". How often does it say each version? Is there a place I can look up the actual references?
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2answers
534 views

Why are the Dead Sea Scrolls (DSS) significant?

Is there anything that the Dead Sea Scrolls made clearer regarding the texts of the Old Testament? Did their discovery change the way we view the development of the Tanakh?
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How many people were killed by violence in the old testament? [closed]

Reading the Old Testament, there a many instances where tens of thousands of people are killed at a time in battles, worshiping other Gods, etc. How many people in total were killed in the Old ...
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4answers
5k views

What does the Old Testament phrase 'cut off from their people' mean?

What does the Old Testament phrase 'cut off from their people' mean? I have often read it, but am having difficulty imaganing how it may have actually been practiced? If it was determined that so and ...