Koiné (from κοινή, "common") Greek was the form of post-classical Greek spoken and written in Hellenistic and Roman antiquity. It is the language of the Septuagint (LXX), Christian New Testament, and most early Christian theological writings.

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Matthew 1:20 - word order and translation

The text of Matthew 1:20b in the UBS4 reads: τὸ γὰρ ἐν αὐτῇ γεννηθὲν ἐκ πνεύματός ἐστιν ἁγίου. In the ESV, it is rendered: for that which is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. What is ...
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In Phil. 1:23, what is the significance of the second infinitive being anarthrous in the phrase «τὸ ἀναλῦσαι καὶ σὺν Χριστῷ εἶναι»?

In Phil. 1:23, it is written, συνέχομαι γὰρ ἐκ τῶν δύο τὴν ἐπιθυμίαν ἔχων εἰς τὸ ἀναλῦσαι καὶ σὺν Χριστῷ εἶναι πολλῷ μᾶλλον κρεῖσσον TR, 1550 What significance if any is there in the second ...
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How many scenarios is Paul speaking of in Philippians 1:23?

Paul gives us a glimpse into his own thoughts and internal debate as he awaits possible death in jail in Philippians 1:20-23 He initially presents us with two seemingly clear options: Live and ...
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What is the meaning of the word τιτάνων in the LXX of 2 Sam. 5:18?

In 2 Sam. 5:18, the Hebrew text states, וּפְלִשְׁתִּים בָּאוּ וַיִּנָּטְשׁוּ בְּעֵמֶק רְפָאִים which is translated into Greek in the LXX as, καὶ οἱ ἀλλόφυλοι παραγίνονται καὶ συνέπεσαν εἰς ...
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Was the LXX used in Palestine in the First Century?

It is recorded that Jesus read from the Septuagint in the synagogue during His ministry. As an example, Luke 4:16-20 has Jesus reading from an Isaiah scroll in a synagogue, and the text provided ...
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How should “not all” be read in 1 Corinthians 15:51

Consider 1 Corinthians 15:51: (NASB) Behold, I tell you a mystery; we will not all sleep, but we will all be changed, (W & H) ἰδοὺ μυστήριον ὑμῖν λέγω· πάντες οὐ κοιμηθησόμεθα πάντες δὲ ...
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Why do some translations say “translated Dorcas” in Acts 9:36?

Acts 9:36 introduces us to Tabitha who Luke kindly translates for us so we'll understand that this means "Gazelle." However, quite a few English translations transliterate the Greek so we fail to ...
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Addressing someone as “epistates” (Ἐπιστάτα)

In the New Testament the Greek word used for 'Lord' is often 'kurios' or 'Kyrie', a transliteration of Greek Κύριε (Kyrie), vocative case of Κύριος (Kyrios). I understand and believe the ...
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Heb. 12:1 - How should μαρτύρων be understood?

In Heb. 12:1, it is written, Τοιγαροῦν καὶ ἡμεῖς τοσοῦτον ἔχοντες περικείμενον ἡμῖν νέφος μαρτύρων ὄγκον ἀποθέμενοι πάντα καὶ τὴν εὐπερίστατον ἁμαρτίαν δι᾽ ὑπομονῆς τρέχωμεν τὸν προκείμενον ἡμῖν ...
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Did the New Testament Writers Rely on the Hebrew Text?

Related: - Re. The Passover: Why do Christians Assert the Calendar Day Began at Sunset? 1. Question - a Reference Request Are there any textual evidences, (in the New Testament, and contemporary ...
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How were the manuscripts of the Bible written? [closed]

Did they have spaces, punctuation, paragraphs...? I mean the manuscripts that are closer to the original ones, do we know how the prophets wrote it?
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In Luke 23:54 - Was Jesus Entombed Right Before the Sabbath Dawn?

Related: - The meaning of παρασκευή ('day of preparation') - Re. The Passover: Why do Christians Assert the Calendar Day Began at Sunset? - Re. The Crucifixion: Possible to Correlate ...
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Structure of Luke 11:1 has me baffled

My pastor referenced Luke 11:1 in a sermon today about prayer. Being a dutiful Greek student, I had my UBS4 Greek NT with me. Mostly, I can keep up when reading the Greek with the English (ESV) open ...
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Did Chrysostom's Text Say a “Double Sabbath” was One Day? or Two?

Related: - What does sabbaton deuteroproton in Luke 6:1 refer to? - Do Idioms Used in the Crucifixion Narrative Resolve the "3 Day/3 Night" Objections? 1. Question - Clarification of ...
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In Luke 22, How Should Prepare and Eat - be Translated from the Aorist Subjunctive?

Related: - In Luke 22:16: Does the Syntax Indicate if Jesus Was not Going to Eat THAT Passover? 1. Question: In Mark 14 and Luke 22, how should "Prepare" and "Eat" be translated from the Aorist ...
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Translating αγαπε as “the way of love” in 1 Cor 14:1

I am wondering why some translations put "way of love" for αγαπε in 1 Corinthians 14:1. διωκετε την αγαπην ζηλουτε δε τα πνευματικα μαλλον δε ινα προφητευητε which is rendered by Phillips (who I ...
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In Luke 22:16: Does the Syntax Indicate if Jesus Was not Going to Eat THAT Passover?

Related: - Is there any significance to using φάγω vs ἐσθίω? - In Luke 22, How Should Prepare and Eat - be Translated from the Aorist Subjunctive? - Was the Last Supper Actually a Passover Feast? ...
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In the Gospels, Can “Day of:” the Passover - be Interpreted Idiomatically?

Related: - The Correct Research Methodology To Substantiate If an Expression is an Idiom? - Was the Last Supper Actually a Passover Feast? - The meaning of παρασκευή ('day of preparation') - ...
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'In all the world' - are Matthew 24:14 & Colossians 1:6 talking about the same scope?

"This good news of the kingdom will be proclaimed in all the world as a testimony to all nations. And then the end will come." - Matthew 24:14 (HCSB) καὶ κηρυχθήσεται τοῦτο τὸ εὐαγγέλιον τῆς ...
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Codex 1r available with historic remarks?

Does anyone know, if Codex 1r (used by Erasmus) is available for online reading? How about history of the manuscript, what do we know about it? I'm especially interested of the Revelation part of it ...
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Does Pilate's language suggest a timing for the customary release?

Does the language used in the three verses referencing the release of a prisoner at the feast suggest anything about the timing of such a release? In Matthew and Mark it is the Feast and in John it ...
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Sabbath, Sabbaths or week? Matthew 28:1

Reading in Matthew 28:1 (ESV): Now after the Sabbath, toward the dawn of the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to see the tomb. ὀψὲ δὲ σαββάτων τῇ ἐπιφωσκούσῃ εἰς ...
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Matthew 17:20: Unbelief or Little Faith?

"So Jesus said to them, “Because of your unbelief; for assuredly, I say to you, if you have faith as a mustard seed, you will say to this mountain, ‘Move from here to there,’ and it will move; and ...
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Ephesians 6:6-7 - Does ἐκ ψυχῆς modify «ποιοῦντες τὸ θέλημα τοῦ θεοῦ» or «μετ᾽ εὐνοίας δουλεύοντες τῷ κυρίῳ»?

The Greek text of Eph. 6:6-7 according to the Textus Receptus is as follows: Ϛʹ μὴ κατ᾽ ὀφθαλμοδουλείαν ὡς ἀνθρωπάρεσκοι ἀλλ᾽ ὡς δοῦλοι τοῦ Χριστοῦ ποιοῦντες τὸ θέλημα τοῦ θεοῦ ἐκ ψυχῆς Ζʹ μετ᾽ ...
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Where does “by the mercy shown to you” belong in Romans 11:31?

The translation of Romans 11:31 has me baffled. Starting with v. 30:1 ὥσπερ γὰρ ὑμεῖς ποτε ἠπειθήσατε τῷ θεῷ Just as you were then disobedient to God νῦν δὲ ἠλεήθητε τῇ τούτων ἀπειθείᾳ ...
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Is John 12:41 talking about Jesus' glory or YHWH's?

Does John 12:41 say that Isaiah saw YHWH's glory or Jesus' glory? Which option is more supported by the underlying Greek text and the context of the passage? "Isaiah said these things because he ...
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In Acts 22:16 - Which Verb is “Washed Away” Derived From?

Note: Broken off from another question / answer. 1. Text: Acts 22:16 - And now what is your resolution? Take a stance-be baptized, calling on the name of the Lord - be released from under your ...
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Acts 22:16 - Is “washing away your sins” linked to baptism or calling on the Lord?

In Acts 22, Paul is recounting his conversion, and uses the phrase Having arisen, be baptised and wash away your sins, calling on His name. ἀναστὰς βάπτισαι καὶ ἀπόλουσαι τὰς ἁμαρτίας σου, ...
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Is the meaning of τί represent the translation “what” or “who” concerning Mark 4:24?

Many translations translate τί as "what" in Mark 4:24. However the Strong's concordance says that it may represent "who, which, what, why". Wiktionary also indicates this.. So is it "who you hear" ...
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The correct translation of Isaiah 24:23

In Isaiah 24:23 we have וְחָֽפְרָה הַלְּבָנָה וּבוֹשָׁ֖ה הַֽחַמָּ֑ה The moon shall blush and the sun ashamed where levanah = moon and chammah = sun. But the Septuagint gives καὶ τακήσεται ...
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What does the Greek word μαλακιαν mean in Isaiah 53:3(L xx)?

Isaiah 53:3 (L xx) ἀλλὰ τὸ εἶδος αὐτοῦ ἄτιμον ἐκλεῖπον παρὰ πάντας ἀνθρώπους ἄνθρωπος ἐν πληγῇ ὢν καὶ εἰδὼς φέρειν μαλακίαν ὅτι ἀπέστραπται τὸ πρόσωπον αὐτοῦ ἠτιμάσθη καὶ οὐκ ἐλογίσθη ...
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What is the meaning of the Greek word sometimes translated “quiet” in 1 Peter 3:4?

I am looking for the correct Greek word and definition for the word used in 1 Peter 3:4 about the woman having a gentle and quiet spirit. [L]et your adorning be the hidden person of the heart ...
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Meaning of “ἄρτιος”(artios) in II Tim 3:17

II Tim 3:17 says, "ἵνα ἄρτιος ᾖ ὁ τοῦ θεοῦ ἄνθρωπος πρὸς πᾶν ἔργον ἀγαθὸν ἐξηρτισμένος".(TR Stephanus-1550) "That complete might be the of God man towards every work good, having been fully ...
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Hebrews 12:2 - Any Other Translations For “Enduring” the Cross?

Question In Hebrews 12:2, are there any alternate translation choices for endured, (ὑπομένω) -- that connote "Firmly Resolved to Face", as in the sense of bearing down to face a profound challenge -- ...
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Septuagintal Greek in the Lukan Infancy Narratives

I've been reading a number of literary/narrative studies on Luke lately and nearly all mention that after the introduction, Luke adopts a style of Greek reminiscent of the Septuagint in his telling of ...
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What is the meaning of εἰς τὸ ἐκείνου θέλημα in 2 Tim 2:26 - the will of the devil, or the will of God?

Does the following phrase εἰς τὸ ἐκείνου θέλημα refer to the will of God or the will of the devil? 2 Tim 2:26 (NA28) καὶ ἀνανήψωσιν ἐκ τῆς τοῦ διαβόλου παγίδος, ἐζωγρημένοι ὑπʼ αὐτοῦ εἰς τὸ ...
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Why is “christou” translated “God” in KJV Romans 10:17?

I was actually looking up the verse for another question I might ask about rhema (actually rēmatos) "hearing, and hearing by..." but I noticed that though I had memory of it saying "the word of God", ...
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Define “being” in regards to Acts 17:28

Acts 17:22-28, NRSV: Then Paul stood in front of the Areopagus and said, "Athenians, I see how extremely religious you are in every way. For as I went through the city and looked carefully at the ...
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Can “many days” represent a period as long as three years in Acts 9:23?

In Acts 9:1-22, we see Paul's conversion and his subsequent ministry in Damascus. In Acts 9:23, the ESV says, When many days had passed, the Jews plotted to kill him. After this, Paul escaped ...
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What does it mean to “assembling of ourselves together” in Hebrews 10:25?

In Hebrews 10:25 we read Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another: and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching. (KJV) The ...
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Interpreting “psyche” as “soul”

In the New Testament the Greek term "psyche" often, if not always, gets translated as "soul." Would the original author using that term have meant "psyche" like we mean it today? Or, more precisely, ...
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In 1 Corinthians 2, who do the “we” passages refer to?

My bible study teacher claims all the "we" passages in 1 Corinthians 2 refer to the apostles specifically, not to believers in general. The natural man is not a man without the Spirit, but a man ...
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How does the translation of γενόμενον as “made (of)” imply a previous state of existence?

The Pulpit Commentary* says that the word γενόμενον (KJV: made) in the phrase γενόμενον ἐκ γυναικός (made of a woman) in Galatians 4:4 implies a previous state of existence, whereas "born" (so NASB, ...
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“I am the Christ” vs. “I am he” in the Synoptics (Matt 24:5 // Mark 13:6 // Luke 21:8)

In a prior Q&A, we discussed the Semitic background of Jesus' statements recorded in the Gospels as ἐγώ εἰμι (= I am [he]). My understanding based on the answer there and a follow-up Q&A was ...
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What word comprises the subject of the second clause of 1 John 4:8?

1 John 4:8 reads in the NIV, Whoever does not love does not know God, because God is love. However this translation reverses the order of the words of the second clause in the original Greek: ...
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What does it mean “to quench” in 1 Thessalonians 5:19?

In 1 Thessalonians 5:19 we read: Quench not the Spirit. (KJV) According to Strong's, "Quench" is the word 4570 σβέννυμι, which means "I extinguish, quench, I suppress, thwart." The dictionary ...
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What scripture is the author of 1 Tim 5:18 referencing?

1 Timothy 5:17-18 states Elders who provide effective leadership must be counted worthy of double honor, especially those who work hard in speaking and teaching. For the scripture says, ...
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Son of a snake or illegitimate son of a snake?

In a lecture before the Biblical Archeology Society and on page 123 of Social-science Commentary on the Gospel of John Dr. Richard L. Rohrbaugh (and Dr. Bruce J. Malina) make the claim that verses ...
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In 1 Cor. 10:27, is the apostle Paul alluding to Exo. 34:15 concerning an idolatrous feast to a heathen god?

In 1 Cor. 10:27, it is written, 27 If any of them that believe not bid you to a feast, and ye be disposed to go; whatsoever is set before you, eat, asking no question for conscience sake. (KJV, ...
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In 1 John 2:27, what is the meaning of the phrase τὸ χρίσμα?

In 1 John 2:27, it is written, But the anointing which ye have received of him abideth in you, and ye need not that any man teach you: but as the same anointing teacheth you of all things, and is ...