Questions related to the four canonical gospels-Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. Questions may refer to narratives unique to a gospel or shared between gospels.

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13
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4answers
21k views

Translation of “Hosanna” (ὡσαννά)

What does "Hosanna" (ὡσαννά) mean (as it appears in the Gospels)? What is its etymology/derivation from Hebrew/Aramaic?
11
votes
4answers
9k views

What is the difference in the Kingdom of Heaven and the Kingdom of God?

Some assert the Kingdom of Heaven and the Kingdom of God refer to the same thing while others say they are different. Which is accurate? For example: Luke 17:21 uses Kingdom of God while Matthew ...
10
votes
2answers
811 views

How Is the Date of Composition of the Gospels Estimated?

So considering that the oldest copies of the gospels are dated to around 400 AD (I'm thinking of the Codex Sinaiticus), how do scholars go about estimating the date of composition of the gospels? I ...
9
votes
4answers
826 views

Did Jesus have the legal authority to cleanse the temple?

The narrative of Jesus' cleansing of the temple is present in all four gospels: Mark 11:15-17, Matthew 21:12-13, Luke 19:45-46, John 2:13-17. When He cleanses the temple, there does not seem to be any ...
9
votes
2answers
812 views

Can John's Passion chronology be reconciled with that of the Synoptics?

Background: Over the centuries, many readers of the four Gospels have seen significant discrepancies between John and the Synoptics, particularly with regards to chronology. This has led many to ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

What was the purpose of giving Jesus vinegar to drink?

What was the purpose of giving Jesus vinegar to drink ? (Mark 15:23, Matthew 27:34) Some think it was a way to mock Jesus, but others argue that the "vinegar" (with gall) was the diluted wine drunk ...
7
votes
3answers
942 views

Explanation of Chronological Disparities between St. John and the Synoptic Gospels Concerning Jesus' Passion

Significant chronological disparities exist between St. John's telling of the life and death of Jesus and those of the synoptic gospels. For instance, St. John discusses a lot of Jesus' ministry, ...
7
votes
3answers
7k views

Why does Jesus heal the blind man twice?

The Jesus of the Gospels has the power to heal. So why does Mark record the partial healing of the blind man in Mark 8? 22 They came to Bethsaida, and some people brought a blind man and begged ...
7
votes
3answers
432 views

In what way was Jesus' prayer heard (Hebrews 5:7)?

Hebrews 5:7 (ESV): During the days of Jesus’ life on earth, he offered up prayers and petitions with fervent cries and tears to the one who could save him from death, and he was heard because of ...
6
votes
6answers
4k views

Was Jesus anointed once or twice on the feet with perfume?

Disclaimer: I've already asked this question on Christianity SE and got a great answer. I'm asking it here to get an expert response (and because it is one of my favourite stories). If the community ...
6
votes
2answers
169 views

What is meant by “inherit the earth”?

What is meant by "[X] shall inherit the earth"? This phrase is found countless times in the scripture (cf. Psalm 37:11, Matthew 5:5), but should this be interpreted as a physical possession of land? ...
6
votes
2answers
290 views

Is oral history like the telephone game?

Bart Ehrman argues that the gospel texts are not historically reliable beginning with this analogy: It is [oral circulation] that causes special problems for historians who want to know what ...
6
votes
2answers
168 views

What would Jesus' qualifications have been for a “worthy” person for the disciples to stay within the Matthew 10 narrative?

When Jesus sends the twelve out in Matthew 10, he gives them instructions for what to do when they enter a city that include finding "worthy" citizens there. Matthew 10:11-13 (NASB) 11  And ...
6
votes
1answer
586 views

How did the gospels get their names?

Unlike the epistles, which have the author's name at the beginning, the gospels do not say who wrote them. How did the names Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John get attached to them, and how certain can we ...
6
votes
5answers
6k views

What does 'Salt of the Earth' mean?

"You are the salt of the earth. But what good is salt if it has lost its flavor? Can you make it salty again? It will be thrown out and trampled underfoot as worthless." - Matthew 5:13 (NLT) ...
5
votes
2answers
520 views

Was John the Baptist confused or mistaken about the nature of Jesus' ministry?

John preached a message of imminent judgment: Luke 3:7-9 John said to the crowds that came out to be baptized by him, "You brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? Bear ...
5
votes
1answer
644 views

Why does John note the name of the servant whose ear was cut off?

Unlike the synoptics, John notes the name of the man whose ear was cut off during Jesus' arrest. John 18:10 - Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it and struck the high priest’s servant, ...
5
votes
1answer
619 views

Does Jesus's change in attitude about drinking wine on the cross relate to his statement ‘It is finished’?

Does Jesus's change in attitude about drinking wine on the cross relate to his statement ‘It is finished’? According to some historians, it was a merciful Jewish practice to give to those led to ...
4
votes
2answers
183 views

How many times did Peter really deny Christ?

All four gospels record Peter denying Jesus 3 times, but it seems they record different events. Either they can all be reconciled to three, or there were more than three denials. Looking at the ...
4
votes
1answer
623 views

Reconciling the accounts of the calling of Simon Peter

How do you reconcile the two accounts of Jesus calling Peter? (Matt 4:18-19 and John 1:35-42) In the Matthew passage, Peter and Andrew are together fishing. In the John passage, Andrew was with John ...
4
votes
2answers
324 views

Why in John's account does Jesus reply to Pilate's inquiry with a question?

The initial exchange between Pilate and Jesus in Mark 15:2 is quite terse: And Pilate asked him, “Are you the King of the Jews?” And he answered him, “You have said so.” Matthew 27:11 and Luke ...
4
votes
1answer
191 views

Is Matthew 13:18-23 specific to Matthew's congregation?

Is there any textual evidence to suggest that the explanations to Jesus' parables such as the explanation given to the disciples regarding the Parable of the Sower in Matthew 13:18-23 were not Jesus' ...
3
votes
2answers
65 views

Could the usage of the word “fish” be considered evidence for a later and more figurative writing of the gospels?

Per certain church teachings, the early church used the Icthus symbol as a recognization tool for other believers. The gospels as written also feature a large amount of fish imagery. Does this ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

Regarding Jesus' arrest, why might the gospels differ so much?

With the story of Jesus being arrested after the last supper, the four gospels differ quite a bit. Matthew 26:47-57 and Mark 14:43-53 simply have Judas arriving with a crowd having swords and clubs, ...
3
votes
4answers
493 views

What is the connection between manna and living on the Word of God?

In Deuteronomy 8, Moses gives the theology of manna: And he humbled you and let you hunger and fed you with manna, which you did not know, nor did your fathers know, that he might make you know ...
2
votes
5answers
2k views

What does “My Lord and my God” Mean?

John 20:28: Thomas said to him, “My Lord and my God!” Why both words? Doesn't God imply "Lord" as well? I'm assuming this has something to do with the exact original text? By the way if this ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Did Jesus preach in synagogues in Judea?

There is very little evidence of synagogues in Judea during the time of Jesus. In 'Ancient Synagogues' edited by Dan Urman, PVM Flesher says in an article: 'The archaeological evidence thus provides ...
2
votes
2answers
112 views

Time in first century Judaism

Per this question, there was a comment suggesting that the 6th hour may actually be the 3rd hour - or even the noon hour. Being unfamiliar with this, how is the 6th hour possibly the same as the ...
1
vote
1answer
134 views

In what sense did Judas betray Jesus?

Mark 14:11: And when they heard [it], they were glad, and promised to give him money. And he sought how he might conveniently betray him and all other verses mentioning Judas betraying Jesus. ...
1
vote
2answers
122 views

Why Luke's gospel was originally anonymous?

According to an answer here What are the evidences that Luke is written after/before the fall of Jerusalem? Luke's gospel was originally anonymous and latter assigned to Luke, a fellow travelers of ...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

Are there any Biblical scholars/textual critics who think the Gospels originally are in Greek?

Are there any Biblical Scholars/Textual critics who believe that the 4 Gospels were originally written in Greek? I'm talking about the originals, the first ever copies not the manuscripts that we ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Is “Gospel”, or “Good News of Military Victory” what “Evangelion” means in Greek? [closed]

How is good news of military victory for the Romans a message that would have emanated from the Jews?
0
votes
2answers
145 views

What is the significance of '7 generations' in Luke’s account of Jesus's genealogy?

Others have asked the significance of '14 generations' in Matthew's account, so it is relevant to a fuller understanding of the development of the gospels to note that Luke uses a different genealogy ...
-1
votes
4answers
487 views

At what time did Jesus rise from the tomb?

I basically want to know if anyone has any concrete knowledge of Jesus being in the tomb any time beyond the end of the Sabbath day. I am not looking for any assumptions. Assumptions as in the case of ...
-1
votes
0answers
16 views

Could Oinos on John 2 mean non alcoholic grape juice? [duplicate]

There is a pro and contra on this The pro alcohol christian says: http://www.letgodbetrue.com/bible/heresies/did-jesus-make-wine.php support that it's alcoholic. ...
-3
votes
1answer
64 views

Did Jesus help drunk people to get even more drunk? [duplicate]

In cana wedding, Jesus produces 400 liters of "Oinos". Christians have been interpreting and translating this to mean wine. It can also mean beer. Some christians interpret this to mean "Grape juice". ...