The first book of the Hebrew Bible which covers events from Creation to the start of Israel's sojourn in Egypt.

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What is the meaning of the paseq in Genesis 1.5?

Genesis 1:5: וַיִּקְרָ֨א אֱלֹהִ֤ים ׀ לָאֹור֙ יֹ֔ום וְלַחֹ֖שֶׁךְ קָ֣רָא לָ֑יְלָה וַֽיְהִי־עֶ֥רֶב וַֽיְהִי־בֹ֖קֶר יֹ֥ום אֶחָֽד׃ (WLC) God called [paseq] the light Day, and the darkness he ...
2
votes
0answers
97 views

Was Noah the only blameless person? [duplicate]

Genesis 6:9: ... Noah was a righteous man, the only blameless person living on earth at the time ... (NLT) ... Noah was a righteous man, blameless among the people of his time ... (NIV) ...
7
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3answers
3k views

What does “invoke the name of the LORD” mean in Genesis?

The phrase "call upon the name of the LORD" turns up occasionally in Genesis: Genesis 12:8 (ESV) 8  From there he moved to the hill country on the east of Bethel and pitched his tent, with ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

Why does Paul reference Genesis in 1 Timothy 2:13-14?

1 Tim 2:13-14: For Adam was formed first, then Eve. 14 And Adam was not the one deceived; it was the woman who was deceived and became a sinner. (NIV) I've read that he is saying that history is ...
1
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1answer
203 views

What mark did the Lord put on Cain so no one would kill him?

When Cain was punished for killing Abel, Cain assumed he’d be killed too. The Lord wouldn't allow that, so He put a mark on Cain. Gen 4:13-15 (NABRE) Cain said to the LORD: “My punishment is ...
2
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3answers
269 views

Did English-language translations describe Adam and Eve as eating apples?

Did any English-language translation of the Bible describe Adam and Eve as eating apples? If so, were the translations meaning to say that they ate some sort of fruit (an older meaning of "apple"), or ...
2
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1answer
118 views

Does Genesis 1:14 Talk About Astrology?

I'm intrigued about the fourth day of Creation where the heavenly lights were made "for signs and seasons". Astrology comes to my mind, but as far as I know the Bible condemns Astrology. Genesis ...
10
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2answers
2k views

How many daughters did Lot have, two or four?

When we read the KJV we get the impression that Lot possibly had daughters living with their husbands in Sodom, in addition to two unmarried daughters still living at home: "And Lot went out, and ...
1
vote
1answer
248 views

How Did Noah Know About the Clean and Unclean Animals? [duplicate]

In the account of the Flood, God commanded Noah to bring in seven pairs of "clean" animals and a pair of animals that are "not clean". Here we have a very early distinction of clean and unclean ...
-1
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1answer
67 views

Where does the paragraph end in Genesis 37:2 [closed]

I'm converting this link into html, so when I came across Genesis 37:2, I got stumped because I don't see where there might be a closing </p> tag.
2
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3answers
400 views

Why does the ESV use “surely” in Genesis 2:16 when all others say “freely”?

Someone has brought it to my attention that the ESV deviates from all other English translations in Genesis 2:16 by changing "freely" to "surely." The ESV is heavily endorsed by Calvinist pastors, so ...
6
votes
2answers
840 views

Assessments of the evidence for the “Gap Theory” reading of Genesis 1:1-2?

Ever since the emergence of an understanding of "geological time" in the 18th Century, there has been a perceived tension with the six-day account of creation in Genesis 1 -- at least, if those "days" ...
4
votes
2answers
187 views

“Surely not” vs “not surely” in Genesis 3:4

Davïd recently provided an explanation of the infinitive absolute in Genesis 2:16, noting the recurrence of the construction in 2:17: "you shall surely die" = inf. abs. (môt, "die") and finite ...
8
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2answers
443 views

What kind of desire was given to Eve?

Genesis 3:16 NIV - To the woman he said, "I will make your pains in childbearing very severe; with painful labor you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband, and ...
2
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3answers
193 views

How to reconcile God's promise to Abraham with the current Jewish population?

The current Jewish population in the world is c. 14 million (c. 0.2% of the world's population). In Gn 15:5, God asks Abraham to [l]ook toward heaven, and number the stars, if you he was able to ...
2
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3answers
203 views

What biblical figure was present during the dinosaurs? [closed]

The text of Genesis indicates that Adam appeared on earth after the creation of the entire animal kingdom (Gen 1:24-26). Is there any evidence in the text of Genesis to indicate that some gap of time ...
3
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3answers
339 views

How credible is the theory that Enki and Ninhursag influenced Genesis 2 and 3?

How credible is the theory that the Sumerian story of Enki and Ninhursag influenced or inspired Genesis 2 and 3? the literature created by the Sumerians left its deep imprint on the Hebrews, and ...
8
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2answers
283 views

In Genesis 3, does the serpent's curse include a demotion?

In Genesis 1, three broad categories of creatures are brought into being before the creation of man: 24And God said, “Let the earth bring forth living creatures according to their kinds—livestock ...
3
votes
2answers
174 views

Is stewardship of the earth a modern interpretation?

I've heard from a Christian that the Bible talks about God giving stewardship over the earth. That is, not just an entitlement to use the earth, but a responsibility to maintain it wisely. When I ...
11
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2answers
313 views

Different meanings of 'Earth' in Genesis 1

The word הארץ ('the earth') appears a very large number of times in the six-day creation account spanning Genesis 1:1 to 2:1. It seems clear to me that the usages in 1:1 and 2:1 are special - the ...
5
votes
1answer
143 views

Is “stars” the object of “made” or “rule” in Genesis 1:16?

Genesis 1:16 says (according to the Complete Jewish Bible translation) "God made the two great lights — the larger light to rule the day and the smaller light to rule the night — and the stars." My ...
2
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3answers
3k views

Was Adam created as a fully grown man or as a baby?

Scripture is not clear on how exactly Adam was created, however I find it a bit odd that most movies would portray him as a shaved man with long hair in his mid 30s. Where does the assumption that ...
11
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2answers
2k views

What is the oldest existing copy of Genesis?

This answer What are the oldest surviving manuscripts of the scriptures? mentions the Nash Papyrus which doesn't contain Genesis and the Codex Sinaiticus which does (but that's more than just ...
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6answers
2k views

Where did Abel get the idea to sacrifice sheep?

The purpose of this question is to examine whether it is possible to know where Abel's understanding of sacrifice came from based on the text we have. The presupposition is that Abel had access to the ...
3
votes
2answers
156 views

In what language is the oldest available text of Genesis? [duplicate]

In what language is the oldest available text of Genesis 1:26-27, and what are that language's words for what is variously translated as "man" or "humankind"?
2
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1answer
163 views

Could Adam's age have referred only to his time after the fall?

Genesis 5:3-5 says: When Adam had lived 130 years, he had a son in his own likeness, in his own image; and he named him Seth. After Seth was born, Adam lived 800 years and had other sons and ...
3
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6answers
519 views

Why is Tamar “more righteous” than Judah?

At the end of the story of Judah and Tamar in Genesis 38, in verse 26 Judah states Tamar "...is more righteous than I, inasmuch as I did not give her to my son Shelah." In the story, Judah is tricked ...
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1answer
151 views

What shape was Noah's Ark?

Some argue for a box shape while others argue for something that looked more like a ship. And the recent discovery according to 4000-year-old Mesopotamian tablet (consisting of sixty lines in ...
7
votes
3answers
176 views

Hebrew Text Indicative of a Local or Global Flood?

I am trying to look for hints in the text of Genesis regarding Noah's account. There has been plenty of debate on whether the flood described is local or global. The usual line of thought is that the ...
6
votes
9answers
4k views

Were the Nephilim in Genesis 6 aliens?

Could Genesis 6:1-4 be talking about aliens? (ESV): When man began to multiply on the face of the land and daughters were born to them, the sons of God saw that the daughters of man were ...
7
votes
1answer
349 views

In Genesis 20:13, why is elohim with a plural verb translated God rather than gods?

Genesis 20:13 (ESV) And when God caused me to wander… (WLC): ויהי כאשר התעו אתי אלהימ Another question asked about the translation of אלהימ (‘elohim) using the singular God. The answers ...
7
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5answers
3k views

Before the Tower of Babel did all speak Hebrew as the original human language? [closed]

I find it fascinating that rabbinic literature suggests that Hebrew was the original human language. I have seen Christian authors also argue the same. For example, from the Jewish Encyclopedia: ...
3
votes
2answers
140 views

“Under heaven” or “under the heavens” on day three of creation?

The ESV translation uses the terms "Heaven" and "the heavens" in verses 8 and 9 of Genesis 1 in a way I find confusing: 8And God called the expanse Heaven. And there was evening and there was ...
8
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3answers
297 views

Is there any significance to the shift between cardinal and ordinal numbers in Genesis 1?

Genesis 1:5 uses a cardinal number "one" to describe the first day - יֹ֥ום אֶחָֽד - whereas all of the following days are modified by ordinals (WLC): 1:8 - יֹ֥ום שֵׁנִֽי 1:13 - יֹ֥ום שְׁלִישִֽׁי ...
3
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2answers
393 views

Did Abraham lose track of a visitor?

In Gen 18:1-2 the Lord appeared to Abraham, who then looked up and saw 3 visitors. When they began to leave, visitors turned and walked toward Sodom while the Lord remained to talk with Abraham. ...
9
votes
3answers
331 views

How to interpret Genesis 25:1-2?

In Genesis 25:1-2 we see: "Abraham had taken another wife, whose name was Keturah. She bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak and Shuah". But even before that in Genesis 17 it says: ...
9
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3answers
476 views

The two “two camps” in Genesis 32

In Genesis 32:1-2 there is a short and unusual little story between Jacob's previous encounter with Laban and his encounter with Esau. Jacob went on his way, and the angels of God met him. And ...
6
votes
2answers
304 views

What is the name of Joseph's Tribe

In the list of 12 Jewish tribes, which corresponds to Joseph? Out of the 12 tribe names, nothing is similar to the name Joseph. For example, in 1 Chronicles 12:23-39 the divisions in David's forces ...
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1answer
484 views

What did God mean when He said Let us make men in our own image? [duplicate]

What did God mean when He said Let us make men in our image, which can be found in genesis...
5
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1answer
133 views

Is there special meaning to the punishment of being turned into a pillar of salt?

As Lot leaves Sodom the angels warn him (Genesis 19:17): And as they brought them out, one said, "Escape for your life. Do not look back or stop anywhere in the valley. Escape to the hills, lest ...
2
votes
1answer
158 views

Land of Moriah or Mount Moriah?

Genesis 22: 2 talks of the'land of Moriah' and 2 Chronicles 3: 1 of 'Mount Moriah'. Does the original Hebrew use these two different words? Is there any further evidence that it is the same place?
5
votes
1answer
3k views

By what Name did God reveal Himself to Abraham?

God is on several accounts called the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. (Even by Jesus himself and by his apostles he is called their God. e.g. Mk 12:26 /Acts 3:3 I quote from this answer (from ...
5
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2answers
219 views

How do we know the usage of the term Adonai in Genesis 15:2?

In Genesis 15:2, Abram uses the term Adonai when addressing the Lord. It is my understanding that this word is an emphatic of Adon, which means Father. What do we know about the cultural and/or ...
1
vote
1answer
789 views

Grammar-Literal Translation of Genesis 1:3 and 12:3

In Biblical Hebrew there are two simple verb types (Qal and Niphal) which convey no causation. Are the below revisions of the King James Version more accurate to the thoughts expressed by the grammar? ...
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1answer
97 views

Gift or slaughter [closed]

Often we hear that the Bible contains lots of stories without indicating if the actions were good or bad. When Jacob returned home in Gen 33, he sent the crowds ahead of him (Gen 32:13-21). By what ...
6
votes
1answer
68 views

Can “avenge” be substituted for “require” in Genesis 9:5?

Genesis 9:5 begins: "And for your lifeblood I will surely demand an accounting. (NIV) "Surely I will require your lifeblood;" (NASB) "And surely your blood of your lives will I require;" (KJV) ...
4
votes
1answer
161 views

Whom does Rebekah fear to lose? (Gen 27:45)

GEN 27:42-45 NIV When Rebekah was told what her older son Esau had said, she sent for her younger son Jacob and said to him, “Your brother Esau is planning to avenge himself by killing you. ...
7
votes
3answers
924 views

What is the historical basis for viewing Genesis 3:15 as the 'protoevangelium'?

Genesis 3:15 is referred to by Christian theologians as the protoevangelium (first proclamation of the [Christian] gospel). The text reads: Hebrew (MT): וְאֵיבָ֣ה׀ אָשִׁ֗ית בֵּֽינְךָ֙ וּבֵ֣ין ...
3
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2answers
426 views

Is the word for 'helper' used to describe Eve in Genesis 2, also used for God helping Israel?

I heard in a sermon podcast I was listening to, this claim: Now the word used for helper when describing Eve is the same word used to describe God in the way he helps Israel This being in ...
3
votes
1answer
150 views

Why are thighs important?

There is an old question on Christianity.SE which I suggested that it should also be asked here - since we don't migrate OLD questions. In doing so, I noticed that the OP hasn't been really active ...