The first book of the Hebrew Bible which covers events from Creation to the start of Israel's sojourn in Egypt.

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What is the difference between “eretz” and “adamah” in Gen 2:6?

These two words are variably translated as ground, earth, land etc. How should we understand the difference between the words in this passage? Genesis 2:6 And a mist was going up from the land ...
8
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2answers
2k views

Is LXX “Enoch pleased God” a reasonable idiomatic translation of Hebrew “Enoch walked with God”?

The Septuagint translates the Hebrew phrase וַיִּתְהַלֵּךְ חֲנֹוךְ אֶת־הָאֱלֹהִים "Enoch walked with God," from Genesis 5:22 as εὐηρέστησεν δὲ ενωχ τῷ θεῷ "Enoch pleased God." I would have ...
4
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4answers
277 views

In Genesis 28:13, is the Lord above or beside Jacob?

In the "Jacob's ladder" passage, some translations say that "the Lord stood above [the stairway]" (ESV, NASB, ISV, others - this seems to be the more common translation), while others say "stood ...
7
votes
1answer
4k views

What does it mean for a man to leave his father and mother?

Genesis 2:24 says that a man should leave his parents after marriage: Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh. Jesus ...
13
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2answers
876 views

Why is the light in day 1 of creation not an 'it'?

Throughout Genesis 1 there are two repeated refrains: ויהי כן 7And God made the expanse and separated the waters that were under the expanse from the waters that were above the expanse. And it ...
13
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4answers
672 views

Why is the observation that “it was good” missing on the second day?

The account of the first six days of creation as found in Genesis 1 is highly stylized, though with variations. For instance, each day ends, "And there was evening, and there was morning—the (n)th ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

Judgement with or without the Law [closed]

According to Rom 5:13, pre-flood humanity was not judged guilty of sin according to the Law because, “for sin indeed was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not counted where there ...
7
votes
1answer
631 views

What are the “generations” in Genesis 2:4?

Genesis 2:4: These are the generations of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens.(ESV) (BHS) אֵ֣לֶּה תֹולְדֹ֧ות ...
0
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2answers
236 views

Noah's burnt offering to God

Genesis 8:20 Then Noah built an altar to the LORD and took some of every clean animal and some of every clean bird and offered burnt offerings on the altar. (ESV) How long afterward Noah landed ...
6
votes
2answers
359 views

What is the meaning of the paseq in Genesis 1.5?

Genesis 1:5: וַיִּקְרָ֨א אֱלֹהִ֤ים ׀ לָאֹור֙ יֹ֔ום וְלַחֹ֖שֶׁךְ קָ֣רָא לָ֑יְלָה וַֽיְהִי־עֶ֥רֶב וַֽיְהִי־בֹ֖קֶר יֹ֥ום אֶחָֽד׃ (WLC) God called [paseq] the light Day, and the darkness he ...
2
votes
0answers
97 views

Was Noah the only blameless person? [duplicate]

Genesis 6:9: ... Noah was a righteous man, the only blameless person living on earth at the time ... (NLT) ... Noah was a righteous man, blameless among the people of his time ... (NIV) ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

What does “invoke the name of the LORD” mean in Genesis?

The phrase "call upon the name of the LORD" turns up occasionally in Genesis: Genesis 12:8 (ESV) 8  From there he moved to the hill country on the east of Bethel and pitched his tent, with ...
2
votes
1answer
183 views

Why does Paul reference Genesis in 1 Timothy 2:13-14?

1 Tim 2:13-14: For Adam was formed first, then Eve. 14 And Adam was not the one deceived; it was the woman who was deceived and became a sinner. (NIV) I've read that he is saying that history is ...
1
vote
1answer
210 views

What mark did the Lord put on Cain so no one would kill him?

When Cain was punished for killing Abel, Cain assumed he’d be killed too. The Lord wouldn't allow that, so He put a mark on Cain. Gen 4:13-15 (NABRE) Cain said to the LORD: “My punishment is ...
2
votes
3answers
275 views

Did English-language translations describe Adam and Eve as eating apples?

Did any English-language translation of the Bible describe Adam and Eve as eating apples? If so, were the translations meaning to say that they ate some sort of fruit (an older meaning of "apple"), or ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

Does Genesis 1:14 Talk About Astrology?

I'm intrigued about the fourth day of Creation where the heavenly lights were made "for signs and seasons". Astrology comes to my mind, but as far as I know the Bible condemns Astrology. Genesis ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

How many daughters did Lot have, two or four?

When we read the KJV we get the impression that Lot possibly had daughters living with their husbands in Sodom, in addition to two unmarried daughters still living at home: "And Lot went out, and ...
1
vote
1answer
281 views

How Did Noah Know About the Clean and Unclean Animals? [duplicate]

In the account of the Flood, God commanded Noah to bring in seven pairs of "clean" animals and a pair of animals that are "not clean". Here we have a very early distinction of clean and unclean ...
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1answer
67 views

Where does the paragraph end in Genesis 37:2 [closed]

I'm converting this link into html, so when I came across Genesis 37:2, I got stumped because I don't see where there might be a closing </p> tag.
2
votes
3answers
416 views

Why does the ESV use “surely” in Genesis 2:16 when all others say “freely”?

Someone has brought it to my attention that the ESV deviates from all other English translations in Genesis 2:16 by changing "freely" to "surely." The ESV is heavily endorsed by Calvinist pastors, so ...
6
votes
2answers
881 views

Assessments of the evidence for the “Gap Theory” reading of Genesis 1:1-2?

Ever since the emergence of an understanding of "geological time" in the 18th Century, there has been a perceived tension with the six-day account of creation in Genesis 1 -- at least, if those "days" ...
4
votes
2answers
189 views

“Surely not” vs “not surely” in Genesis 3:4

Davïd recently provided an explanation of the infinitive absolute in Genesis 2:16, noting the recurrence of the construction in 2:17: "you shall surely die" = inf. abs. (môt, "die") and finite ...
8
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2answers
464 views

What kind of desire was given to Eve?

Genesis 3:16 NIV - To the woman he said, "I will make your pains in childbearing very severe; with painful labor you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband, and ...
2
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3answers
200 views

How to reconcile God's promise to Abraham with the current Jewish population?

The current Jewish population in the world is c. 14 million (c. 0.2% of the world's population). In Gn 15:5, God asks Abraham to [l]ook toward heaven, and number the stars, if you he was able to ...
2
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3answers
207 views

What biblical figure was present during the dinosaurs? [closed]

The text of Genesis indicates that Adam appeared on earth after the creation of the entire animal kingdom (Gen 1:24-26). Is there any evidence in the text of Genesis to indicate that some gap of time ...
4
votes
3answers
353 views

How credible is the theory that Enki and Ninhursag influenced Genesis 2 and 3?

How credible is the theory that the Sumerian story of Enki and Ninhursag influenced or inspired Genesis 2 and 3? the literature created by the Sumerians left its deep imprint on the Hebrews, and ...
8
votes
2answers
304 views

In Genesis 3, does the serpent's curse include a demotion?

In Genesis 1, three broad categories of creatures are brought into being before the creation of man: 24And God said, “Let the earth bring forth living creatures according to their kinds—livestock ...
3
votes
2answers
176 views

Is stewardship of the earth a modern interpretation?

I've heard from a Christian that the Bible talks about God giving stewardship over the earth. That is, not just an entitlement to use the earth, but a responsibility to maintain it wisely. When I ...
11
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2answers
332 views

Different meanings of 'Earth' in Genesis 1

The word הארץ ('the earth') appears a very large number of times in the six-day creation account spanning Genesis 1:1 to 2:1. It seems clear to me that the usages in 1:1 and 2:1 are special - the ...
5
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1answer
149 views

Is “stars” the object of “made” or “rule” in Genesis 1:16?

Genesis 1:16 says (according to the Complete Jewish Bible translation) "God made the two great lights — the larger light to rule the day and the smaller light to rule the night — and the stars." My ...
2
votes
3answers
3k views

Was Adam created as a fully grown man or as a baby?

Scripture is not clear on how exactly Adam was created, however I find it a bit odd that most movies would portray him as a shaved man with long hair in his mid 30s. Where does the assumption that ...
11
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2answers
2k views

What is the oldest existing copy of Genesis?

This answer What are the oldest surviving manuscripts of the scriptures? mentions the Nash Papyrus which doesn't contain Genesis and the Codex Sinaiticus which does (but that's more than just ...
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6answers
2k views

Where did Abel get the idea to sacrifice sheep?

The purpose of this question is to examine whether it is possible to know where Abel's understanding of sacrifice came from based on the text we have. The presupposition is that Abel had access to the ...
3
votes
2answers
163 views

In what language is the oldest available text of Genesis? [duplicate]

In what language is the oldest available text of Genesis 1:26-27, and what are that language's words for what is variously translated as "man" or "humankind"?
2
votes
1answer
173 views

Could Adam's age have referred only to his time after the fall?

Genesis 5:3-5 says: When Adam had lived 130 years, he had a son in his own likeness, in his own image; and he named him Seth. After Seth was born, Adam lived 800 years and had other sons and ...
3
votes
6answers
554 views

Why is Tamar “more righteous” than Judah?

At the end of the story of Judah and Tamar in Genesis 38, in verse 26 Judah states Tamar "...is more righteous than I, inasmuch as I did not give her to my son Shelah." In the story, Judah is tricked ...
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votes
1answer
168 views

What shape was Noah's Ark?

Some argue for a box shape while others argue for something that looked more like a ship. And the recent discovery according to 4000-year-old Mesopotamian tablet (consisting of sixty lines in ...
7
votes
3answers
180 views

Hebrew Text Indicative of a Local or Global Flood?

I am trying to look for hints in the text of Genesis regarding Noah's account. There has been plenty of debate on whether the flood described is local or global. The usual line of thought is that the ...
6
votes
9answers
4k views

Were the Nephilim in Genesis 6 aliens?

Could Genesis 6:1-4 be talking about aliens? (ESV): When man began to multiply on the face of the land and daughters were born to them, the sons of God saw that the daughters of man were ...
7
votes
1answer
362 views

In Genesis 20:13, why is elohim with a plural verb translated God rather than gods?

Genesis 20:13 (ESV) And when God caused me to wander… (WLC): ויהי כאשר התעו אתי אלהימ Another question asked about the translation of אלהימ (‘elohim) using the singular God. The answers ...
7
votes
5answers
3k views

Before the Tower of Babel did all speak Hebrew as the original human language? [closed]

I find it fascinating that rabbinic literature suggests that Hebrew was the original human language. I have seen Christian authors also argue the same. For example, from the Jewish Encyclopedia: ...
3
votes
2answers
141 views

“Under heaven” or “under the heavens” on day three of creation?

The ESV translation uses the terms "Heaven" and "the heavens" in verses 8 and 9 of Genesis 1 in a way I find confusing: 8And God called the expanse Heaven. And there was evening and there was ...
8
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3answers
306 views

Is there any significance to the shift between cardinal and ordinal numbers in Genesis 1?

Genesis 1:5 uses a cardinal number "one" to describe the first day - יֹ֥ום אֶחָֽד - whereas all of the following days are modified by ordinals (WLC): 1:8 - יֹ֥ום שֵׁנִֽי 1:13 - יֹ֥ום שְׁלִישִֽׁי ...
3
votes
2answers
399 views

Did Abraham lose track of a visitor?

In Gen 18:1-2 the Lord appeared to Abraham, who then looked up and saw 3 visitors. When they began to leave, visitors turned and walked toward Sodom while the Lord remained to talk with Abraham. ...
9
votes
3answers
338 views

How to interpret Genesis 25:1-2?

In Genesis 25:1-2 we see: "Abraham had taken another wife, whose name was Keturah. She bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak and Shuah". But even before that in Genesis 17 it says: ...
9
votes
3answers
511 views

The two “two camps” in Genesis 32

In Genesis 32:1-2 there is a short and unusual little story between Jacob's previous encounter with Laban and his encounter with Esau. Jacob went on his way, and the angels of God met him. And ...
6
votes
2answers
318 views

What is the name of Joseph's Tribe

In the list of 12 Jewish tribes, which corresponds to Joseph? Out of the 12 tribe names, nothing is similar to the name Joseph. For example, in 1 Chronicles 12:23-39 the divisions in David's forces ...
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1answer
500 views

What did God mean when He said Let us make men in our own image? [duplicate]

What did God mean when He said Let us make men in our image, which can be found in genesis...
5
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1answer
135 views

Is there special meaning to the punishment of being turned into a pillar of salt?

As Lot leaves Sodom the angels warn him (Genesis 19:17): And as they brought them out, one said, "Escape for your life. Do not look back or stop anywhere in the valley. Escape to the hills, lest ...
2
votes
1answer
162 views

Land of Moriah or Mount Moriah?

Genesis 22: 2 talks of the'land of Moriah' and 2 Chronicles 3: 1 of 'Mount Moriah'. Does the original Hebrew use these two different words? Is there any further evidence that it is the same place?