The first book of the Hebrew Bible which covers events from Creation to the start of Israel's sojourn in Egypt.

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Do we know that the Enuma Elish came before Genesis? [closed]

Can the text of Genesis be dated before Enuma Elish? Are there any evidences for or against I know a common idea is that the Genesis narrative, at the least, takes elements from other Near Eastern ...
4
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1answer
126 views

Why distinguish the genders of asses/donkeys in Gen 12:16?

BHS has Genesis 12:16 as: וּלְאַבְרָ֥ם הֵיטִ֖יב בַּעֲבוּרָ֑הּ וַֽיְהִי־ל֤וֹ צֹאן־וּבָקָר֙ וַחֲמֹרִ֔ים וַעֲבָדִים֙ וּשְׁפָחֹ֔ת וַאֲתֹנֹ֖ת וּגְמַלִּֽים׃ KJV reads: And he entreated Abram well ...
6
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1answer
342 views

What language did Joseph speak in Egypt?

What language did Joseph speak in Egypt? How did he learn it? Was there a common language like Aramaic? In Genesis 39 part of his ability to find favor must have been the ability to communicate ...
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0answers
44 views

Who was 'us' in the Garden of Eden? [duplicate]

When the Lord God banishes Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden, the Lord says, 'The man has now become like one of us, knowing good and evil.' - Genesis 3:22 NIV When God said 'us', who did ...
10
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2answers
267 views

Is Genesis 1 a type of Hebrew Poem?

Is Genesis 1 structured so that there is a general category and then with what will fill it, which would be a type of Hebrew poem of parallel ideas? In this case day one (light), would relate to day ...
10
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4answers
278 views

Genesis 3:16 - “Pain in Childbearing” or “Toil and Childbearing”

I recently came across a translation of Genesis 3:16 that seems to reinterpret the pronouncement on Eve. Carol Meyers* translates the first part of the verse like so: "I will greatly increase your ...
2
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1answer
159 views

Do the meanings of Cain and Abel's names tell us anything about how Cain killed Abel?

There's often speculation on how Cain killed Abel in Genesis 4. I've also been told that Cain's name means "spear" and Abel's name means "vapor" or "breath". Do the meanings of Abel and Cain's ...
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3answers
176 views

What was the tree of life in Genesis 2:9

What specifically is the "Tree of Life" in Genesis 2:7 What specifically is the "Tree of the knowledge of good and evil" Gen. 2:7
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0answers
35 views

Message of the Sodom/Gibeah parallel

The narrative in Genesis with Lot's guests (19:1-11) and the one at the end of Judges with the concubine at Gibeah (Chapter 19) obviously parallel each other, and (as noted by Daat Mikra) even share ...
4
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1answer
81 views

Earliest interpretation of Genesis 6:3 as referring to man's lifespan?

Genesis 6:3 ESV Then the LORD said, “My Spirit shall not abide in man forever, for he is flesh: his days shall be 120 years.” Many people these days seem to understand this passage as referring ...
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1answer
159 views

Why did God appear as a firepot and torch to Abram?

So the Lord said to him, “Bring me a heifer, a goat and a ram, each three years old, along with a dove and a young pigeon.” Abram brought all these to him, cut them in two and arranged the halves ...
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3answers
544 views

How would Adam know what “you shall surely die” meant?

In Genesis 2, God warns Adam not to eat of a certain tree and threatens punishment or consequences if he disobeys: 17but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in ...
10
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1answer
113 views

120 years until the flood, or until Adam's death, or shorter lifespans from now on?

3Then the Lord said, “My Spirit shall not abide in man forever, for he is flesh: his days shall be 120 years.” ESV Some1 have taken the 120 years in Genesis 6:3 to mean the time remaining until the ...
3
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1answer
56 views

How do we know that the 'land' in Gen 15:13 is Egypt?

Genesis 15:13 (KJV) 13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land [that is] not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years; ...
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2answers
95 views

What is meant by “The iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full” in Genesis 15:16?

What is meant by the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full? Genesis 15:14-16 (KJV) 13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land [that is] not ...
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2answers
131 views

Was Joseph, Imhotep of Egypt? Imhotep in hieroglyphs is “He who comes in peace.” [closed]

Some circumstantial evidence points to the possibility of identifying Imhotep and Joseph. The Wikipedia article on Imhotep notes under the section "Imhotep's Dreams" (emphasis added for comparison): ...
4
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1answer
52 views

To Jacob a Son or a Son to Jacob in Genesis 30

My son asked me the following question about wording of the verses describing the births of Jacob's sons to Bilhah and Zilpah, as well as Leah's 5th and 6th sons. In the Hebrew, discussing the birth ...
3
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1answer
66 views

Why do some translations render Genesis 3:8 with “voice of the Lord” and others simply say “the Lord” walked?

Perhaps someone can explain why some translations of Genesis 3:8 refer to the "voice of the Lord" walking in the garden, and others simply state "the Lord." KJV “And they heard the voice of the ...
6
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1answer
81 views

Why did Judah's wife “תסף” Shelah?

From Genesis 38 (KJV, with interpolated Hebrew): 2 And Judah saw there a daughter of a certain Canaanite, whose name was Shuah; and he took her, and went in unto her. 3 And she conceived (ותהר), ...
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1answer
130 views

What is the earliest Genesis 1:1

With the current Hebrew version of Genesis 1:1 the number Pi can be found within a gematria calculation. I am curious how far back it goes and if it exists in the earliest versions of Genesis 1:1 or ...
5
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1answer
410 views

According to Genesis, where do the birds fly?

Genesis 1:20 reads: וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֔ים יִשְׁרְצ֣וּ הַמַּ֔יִם שֶׁ֖רֶץ נֶ֣פֶשׁ חַיָּ֑ה וְעֹוף֙ יְעֹופֵ֣ף עַל־הָאָ֔רֶץ עַל־פְּנֵ֖י רְקִ֥יעַ הַשָּׁמָֽיִם׃ (WLC) Which translates as: And God ...
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2answers
181 views

What was the logic behind changing “firmament” to “sky”?

The King James version (as well as many other versions in various languages) states in Genesis 1:8 - And God called the firmament Heaven. The wording in the American Standard version is exactly ...
5
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1answer
92 views

What is the purpose of the phrase “all swarming creatures that swarm on the earth” in Genesis 7:21?

Genesis 7:21 reads: וַיִּגְוַ֞ע כָּל־בָּשָׂ֣ר ׀ הָרֹמֵ֣שׂ עַל־הָאָ֗רֶץ בָּעֹ֤וף וּבַבְּהֵמָה֙ וּבַ֣חַיָּ֔ה וּבְכָל־הַשֶּׁ֖רֶץ הַשֹּׁרֵ֣ץ עַל־הָאָ֑רֶץ וְכֹ֖ל הָאָדָֽם׃ (WLC) The ESV translation ...
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1answer
76 views

What is the meaning of the Hebrew word that is translated in Genesis 7:21 as creeping? Does it also mean “swarming?”

What is the meaning for the original Hebrew word which KJV translates as "creeping?" in Genesis 7:21 The NASB translates it as "swarming." Some say the NASB is more accurate, others favor the KJV. ...
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9answers
836 views

In Genesis 2:24, how do a husband and wife “become one flesh”?

In Gen. 2:24, it is written, 24 Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh. KJV, 1769 כד עַל־כֵּן֙ יַֽעֲזָב־אִ֔ישׁ אֶת־...
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1answer
55 views

What is the modern name of the geographic location where Joseph (of 12 brothers) grew up? [closed]

In Genesis 37 we read that: Jacob lived in the land where his father had stayed, the land of Canaan. This seems a little broad, and perhaps could encompass larges parts of Israel and Syria today....
2
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1answer
80 views

Does Genesis 19:14 mean Lot had some daughters who were already married or not? [duplicate]

Genesis 19:14 reads differently in different versions of the Bible. Some versions speak of Lot's sons-in-law as if they are pledged to the virgin daughters living with him (v. 8), while other ...
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1answer
223 views

What is the meaning of “He is to thee a covering of the eyes”(Gen. 20:16)?

Gen. 20:16 records Abimelech's speech to Sarah, "And to Sarah he said, Behold, I have given your brother a thousand pieces of silver: behold, he is to you a covering of the eyes, to all that ...
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1answer
61 views

But flesh with its breath its blood shall not be eaten

Gen 9:4 אך בשר בנפשו דמו לא תאכלו In English, But flesh in its breath its blood shall not be eaten What does the verse grammatically mean? Let me propose some options, which need not ...
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0answers
18 views

What is the meaning of Genesis 4:15? [duplicate]

In Genesis 4:15 it says: Then the LORD said to him, "Not so! If anyone kills Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold." And the LORD put a mark on Cain, lest any who found him should attack ...
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5answers
2k views

Is the translation “rib” for the Hebrew צֵלָע (*tsela*) in Genesis 2:22 justified?

Why is it that Biblical translators choose to translate the Hebrew word צֵלָע (tsela) as "rib" when referring to the formation of Eve from Adam in Genesis 2:22? Never is this word translated as rib ...
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3answers
188 views

Genesis 2:10 - Why are the verbs and the participle translated into English past tense?

The Hebrew text of Gen. 2:10 states, וְנָהָר יֹצֵא מֵעֵדֶן לְהַשְׁקוֹת אֶת הַגָּן וּמִשָּׁם יִפָּרֵד וְהָיָה לְאַרְבָּעָה רָאשִׁים Several words capture my attention: יֹצֵא which is conjugated ...
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4answers
268 views

Is this a contradiction in the first sentence of Genesis 1?

In Gen. 1:1-2, it states, In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved ...
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3answers
349 views

According to Genesis 3:22, God knows evil. What does that mean?

Genesis 3:22: And the LORD God said, "The man has now become like one of us, knowing good and evil. He must not be allowed to reach out his hand and take also from the tree of life and eat, and ...
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0answers
15 views

Further information about Er [duplicate]

Genesis 38:7 (NIV edition of the Bible) states the following: But Er, Judah’s firstborn, was wicked in the Lord’s sight; so the Lord put him to death. I would like to know a bit more about Er's ...
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2answers
222 views

What is the meaning of Zoar (Genesis 19:22)?

In Genesis 19:22 Lot decides to go to a little village after leaving Sodoma. The text of the NIV version is: But flee there quickly, because I cannot do anything until you reach it." (That is why ...
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2answers
143 views

What is the meaning of Abraham's name?

Genesis 17:5 (NIV) states: No longer will you be called Abram; your name will be Abraham, for I have made you a father of many nations. The edition of the Bible that I'm reading has a footnote ...
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1answer
107 views

What does Genesis 1:2 Mean? [duplicate]

In some translations, Genesis 1:2 says ..."and the earth was waste and void" . However some translations add a footnote stating "but the earth became waste and void". if the second translation is ...
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1answer
208 views

17th day of the 2nd month in Noah's 600th year - meaning of the numbers

I have read Making Sense of the Numbers of Genesis by Carol A. Hill as a brief overview of the symbolism of different numbers that appear in Genesis. But, I cannot start to make sense of the following ...
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1answer
136 views

Why does Gen 35:26 state that the sons of Jakob were born in Paddam-Aram?

The end of Gen 35:26 reads ... These are the sons of Jacob who were born to him in Paddan-aram. Among these sons is Benjamin (V.24), who was not born in Paddam-aram, but on the way to Ephrath (...
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1answer
114 views

What textual clues are there that the original readers of Genesis would have understood 11:27–50:26 in a different way than Genesis 2:4–11:26?

One fairly common argument on how to interpret Genesis says that there is a change in theme (or perhaps even genre) near the end of Genesis 11, basically that things shift from the (pre-)history of ...
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1answer
165 views

What is the significance of the insertion of the 5th letter of the Hebrew alphabet into the names of Abraham and Sarah?

In Genesis 17 (verses 5 and 15) God gives Abram and Sarai new names. v. 5: No longer shall your name be called Abram, but your name shall be Abraham, for I have made you the father of a multitude ...
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2answers
161 views

Reuben lay with Bilhah. Did Naphtali too?

Genesis 35:22 states that Reuben lay with Bilhah: It came about while Israel was dwelling in that land, that Reuben went and lay with Bilhah his father’s concubine, and Israel heard of it. (NASB) ...
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1answer
56 views

Would the Judeans in Babylonian exile have learnt to write “Cush” to mean Mesopotamia?

When did the cuneiform literature use the term “Cush” to refer to all or part of Mesopotamia, as happens in Genesis, if ever? Why does this matter? In the Pentateuch, “Cush” seems only to refer to ...
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1answer
1k views

What are the Hebrew words for Man and Woman? [closed]

I was reading through Genesis where it notes: "she shall be called 'woman' for she was taken out of 'man'" - Genesis 2:23 (NIV) I found out that man is 'Adam' in Hebrew and now I'm wondering ...
3
votes
3answers
308 views

How Could Abraham receive Canaan as “an everlasting possession”, as promised in Genesis 17:8?

"The whole land of Canaan, where you now reside as a foreigner, I will give as an everlasting possession to you and your descendants after you; and I will be their God" (Genesis 17:8, NIV) In the ...
2
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1answer
151 views

Why was Abel a “keeper of flocks”? [closed]

Genesis 4:2 says that Abel was a "keeper of flocks" while Cain was a "tiller of the ground". This is only a few verses after Genesis 3:23 where God sent man out "to cultivate the ground from which he ...
13
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1answer
298 views

Does Genesis 1:2 refer to the Spirit or a wind?

Genesis 1:2 reads (KJV): And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. Other translations (ESV, NIV, NASB, JPS 1917) also indicate that the subject of this sentence is the “Spirit of ...
3
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1answer
165 views

Genesis 37: Any difference between “Ishmeelites” and “Midianites”?

Is there any difference in meaning between "Ishmeelites" and "Midianites"? In the following passage these two words seem to be used interchangeably: And they sat down to eat bread: and they lifted ...
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1answer
136 views

Is there an allusion to Genesis 3:7 in Luke 24:31?

As I was thinking about the Lord's supper, and possible connections between "taking" and "eating" in Matthew 26:26 and Genesis 3:6, another possible connection occured to me. Towards the end of Luke, ...