The Apostle Paul's epistle to the Galatians.

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In Galatians 5:5, why does Paul speak of “the hope of righteousness”?

In Galatians 5:5, why does Paul speak of "the hope of righteousness"? Gal 5:5 For through the Spirit, by faith, we ourselves eagerly wait for the hope of righteousness. He usually speaks in ...
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Meaning of ἐκ and ἐν in Galatians 3:11-12

Galatians 3:11-12 reads: 11 Now it is evident that no one is justified before God by the law, for “The righteous shall live by faith.” 12 But the law is not of faith, rather “The one who does ...
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In Galatians 4:7-11, is Paul concerned that the saints would forfeit their salvation?

For the second time in this letter Paul expresses concern that his labor in Galatia might be a total loss. He addresses the Galatians as brothers but seems freaked out about them observing "days, ...
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Understanding argument in Galatians 3:19-20

I think I understand the argument in Galatians 3:19a about the purpose of the law. But then in the second half of the verse, Paul begins, "The law was given through angels and entrusted to a mediator. ...
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What role did James have in Paul's conflict with Peter?

In Galatians 2, Paul records a conflict he had with Peter. In doing so, he mentions that "certain men came from James" and that after their arrival, Peter separated himself from eating with the ...
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In Galatians 2:2, what was Paul afraid of?

After receiving a divine charge and 14 years of faithful labor Paul returns to Jerusalem concerned that it was all for nothing. Why was he concerned about that and what did he fear that the Jerusalem ...
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In Genesis 17:24 and Acts 16:3, did Abraham and/or Timothy come under the curse of the Torah?

Paul argues in Galatians that circumcision obligates one to keep the whole of Torah: Gal 5:1 For freedom Christ has set us free; stand firm therefore, and do not submit again to a yoke of ...
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What does Paul mean by allegory in Galatians 4:24?

Paul's method of interpretation in Galatians 4:21-31 seems a bit unusual as compared to most modern methods. He says these things may be "interpreted allegorically." What is his method of exegesis? ...
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Galatians 6:10 - true meaning of 'and especially'

This verse is oft quoted to support various ideas in relation to helping others (particularly in charitable situations). So then, as we have opportunity, let us do good to everyone, and especially to ...
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How to save Paul from the Galatians 3 “seed” vs “seeds” argument blunder?

Galatians 3:16 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ. How does one rescue Paul from the obvious ...
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Commas amid the fruit of the Spirit

Galatians 5:19-21 includes a list of the works of the flesh: sexual immorality, impurity, sensuality... There are 14 of them, and in both Greek and English they are separated by commas.* In vv. 22-...
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Galatians 3:22 - Did the law imprison us under sin or imprison the things which were already under sin?

I have a question on the translation of Galatians 3:22. Most English translations give something like the NIV gives: But Scripture has locked up everything under the control of sin, so that what ...
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Does Paul reject the idea of celebrating holidays in Galatians?

Paul has some very strong words against the Galatians implying that they are returning to their former state: Formerly, when you did not know God, you were enslaved to those that by nature are not ...
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Can “many days” represent a period as long as three years in Acts 9:23?

In Acts 9:1-22, we see Paul's conversion and his subsequent ministry in Damascus. In Acts 9:23, the ESV says, When many days had passed, the Jews plotted to kill him. After this, Paul escaped ...
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What evidence supports the theory that the author of 1 Peter was familiar with Galatians?

In another forum, a question was raised about 1 Peter which implied that the author of 1 Peter was familiar with Paul's Epistle to the Galatians. What textual evidence (within 1 Peter) supports the ...
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What law are you under if you dont live by the spirit

In Galatians 5:18 it talk about if you are of the spirit then you are not under the law. What law do they mean?
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Why did Paul collect and deliver an offering for the Jerusalem church?

Paul's collection for the Jerusalem church occupies significant portions of his letters (1 Cor 16:1–4; 2 Cor 8:1–9:15; Rom 15:14–32). It is so important to Paul he is willing to face hostility (...
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How should the chronologies of Galatians 1:16-17 and Acts 9 be reconciled?

I would like to know where in respect to Acts 9 the events of Galatians 1:16-17 most likely occurred. Here are two possibilities: …. And immediately something like scales fell from his eyes, and ...
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How does the translation of γενόμενον as “made (of)” imply a previous state of existence?

The Pulpit Commentary* says that the word γενόμενον (KJV: made) in the phrase γενόμενον ἐκ γυναικός (made of a woman) in Galatians 4:4 implies a previous state of existence, whereas "born" (so NASB, ...
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When did Saul/Paul first go to Jerusalem

Asking because I am now reading Michael Grant's "Saint Paul" (1976). He lends credence to some argument p.14.5 that Luke's mention of Paul being at the stoning of Stephen as only a literary device ...
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What is the ontological constitution of a believer according to Galatians 2:20?

I am interested in understanding the components or makeup of the whole person -- their "ontology" -- when a nonbeliever becomes a believer. Paul writes in Galatians 2:20 - NIV I have been ...
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Galatians 2:16: is it really “not by works but by faith”?

The NASB renders Galatians 2:16 as follows: nevertheless knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the Law but through faith in Christ Jesus . . . The way this is rendered, it sounds ...
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Gal 5:18 vs John 3:16

Galations 5:18-21 states But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the law. Now the works of the flesh are obvious: sexual immorality, impurity, depravity, idolatry, sorcery, hostilities,...
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Which word is being modified in Galatians 1:19?

In Galatians 1:19: New International Version: I saw none of the other apostles--only James, the Lord's brother. English Standard Version: But I saw none of the other apostles except ...
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How Do We Know Paul's Opponents in Galatians Profess to be Followers of Jesus?

I have a question about the nature of the professed faith of Paul's opponents, which is difficult to answer because we are just seeing one side of this debate. So Paul's opponents are trying to get ...
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Which covenant is “New” in Galatians 3?

The Hebrew scriptures point toward a new covenant that God will make (Jeremiah 31:31-34), and the New Testament interprets this as realized in Jesus (Hebrews 8). However, in Galatians 3, it almost ...
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How is an “accursed” life different from a normal life?

Paul in Galatians 1:8-9 twice warns his readers that those who preach a different gospel are to be accursed ("let him be accursed"). In what way is this life accursed? What does it look like? How is ...
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How can we understand “another gospel” in its historical context?

I frequently hear of approaches used by "other" Christian preachers and groups referred to as competing "gospels", such as the "social gospel" or "prosperity gospel" (or sometimes "health and wealth ...
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What does “guardian/tutor” mean in Galatians 3:24

Galatians 3:24 reads in the ESV (and several modern translations) So then, the law was our guardian until Christ came, in order that we might be justified by faith.ESV In the KJV it reads: ...
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What are “works of the law”?

What is meant by the expression "the works of the law" in the following verses? Romans 3:28 For we consider that a person is justified by faith apart from works of the law Galatians 2:16 who ...
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The difference between living by and walking by the Spirit

Galatians 5:25 (NASB) says: "If we live by the Spirit, let us also walk by the Spirit." What is the difference between living by the Spirit and walking by the Spirit?
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Is Paul's visit to Jerusalem detailed in Galatians 2 the Jerusalem Council?

Paul details a meeting with Peter, James and John in Galatians 2:1-10 (ESV): Then after fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus along with me. I went up because of ...
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What was destroyed in Galatians 2:18?

In Galatians 2:18, Paul writes, "If I rebuild what I destroyed, I prove that I am a lawbreaker." What is he referring to when he mentions rebuilding what was destroyed and how does that answer the ...
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“… crucified the flesh…” Gal. 5:24

"Those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires." Does this necessarily imply that the "flesh" is dead, or could it mean the "flesh" is on the cross, and ...
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Paul rebukes Peter in Galatians: short and sweet or speech?

The ESV has Paul's rebuke to Peter consist of just verse 2:14 and verses 15-21 are directed back at the Galatians. This is indicated with a section heading and the lack of quotation marks starting ...
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Does Paul believe that God sandbagged the Jews with a law they couldn't keep?

In Galatians 3:10, Paul says: "For all who rely on works of the law are under a curse; for it is written, ‘Cursed be every one who does not abide by all things written in the book of the law, and do ...
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Who called the Galatians?

Who is "him who called you" referred to by Paul in Galatians 1:6? 6I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting him who called you in the grace of Christ and are turning to a different ...
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Is NLT rendering of εἰ μὴ in Gal. 1:19 correct? [duplicate]

In the NLT we see a very explicit rendering of εἰ μὴ as an exception: NLT Gal. 1:19 The only other apostle I met at that time was James, the Lord’s brother. Is this the correct? Does εἰ μὴ in Gal. ...
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Where is the 'Arabia' that Paul went to?

In Galatians 1:17 it says: 17nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles before me, but I went away into Arabia, and returned again to Damascus. ESV Paul mentions a three-year trip ...
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Did the baby “leap” in Elizabeth's womb when Mary greeted Elizabeth because of “the fruit of the Spirit.”

In Luke chapter 1 (niv) we read about the foretold birth of Jesus,and the foretold birth of Elizabeth's son John. When Mary went to visit her relative Elizabeth, and greeted her, it is written that ...
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Does Paul mis-quote Genesis about 'offspring'? [duplicate]

In Galatians 3, Paul tells us that the promises to Abraham include a reference to 'offspring' (singular) rather than 'offsprings' (plural) or descendants. 16Now the promises were made to Abraham ...
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In Gal. 3:10 Is Paul trying to teach following the laws is putting a curse on you?

Gal. 3:10 For all who rely on the works of the law are under a curse; for it is written, cursed be everyone who does not abide by things written in the book of the law and do them. Paul appears to ...
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Would the Romans have known what Paul meant by “works of the law”?

In Romans 3:20, Paul writes that no one is δικαιωθήσεται by works of the law (ἔργων νόμου). The only other place I know of the phrase in the New Testament is in Galatians. Does this phrase have use ...
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Galatians 4:6 — Why do King James and NKJV say “your hearts” and other translations say “our hearts”

The NIV for example reads, And because you are sons, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, "Abba! Father!" The NKJV reads, And because you are sons, God has sent ...
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Is the fruit referred to in John 15:5 the same as the fruit of the Spirit?

I am the vine, you are the branches. He who abides in Me, and I in him, bears much fruit; for without Me you can do nothing. (John 15:5) What is the fruit mentioned here? Is it the same as we read ...
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Paul, apostle to the Gentiles, Peter, to the Jews… But Peter brought the gospel to the Gentiles?

Why does Paul say the following when Acts 10 shows Peter bringing the gospel to the Gentiles? ... the gospel for the uncircumcised had been committed to me, as the gospel for the circumcised ...
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What happens to a Paidagogos (in Gal. 3.24) when the son grows up?

Depending on your translation, the law has been either a guardian, a nursemaid, or a teacher that is supposed to bring us to Christ. That nanny's role is to guide and protect the child, as well as ...
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Why does Paul skip his usual blessing in Galatians, Titus, and 1 Timothy?

If we compare those three letters with those of Rom 1:8–10; 1 Cor 1:4–6; 2 Cor 1:3–7; Eph 1:1–10; Phil 1:4–6; Col 1:3–4; 1 Thess 1:2–3; 2 Thess 1:3–4; 2 Tim 1:3–4, we find that it doesn't begin with a ...
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What view of drug use today would be deemed as sorcery/pharmakiea and fleshly by Paul in Galatians 5:20, when he lists the word? [closed]

In Galatians 5:20, among the deeds of the flesh, Paul lists "pharmakeia," which, as i understand, is commonly translated as sorcery or witchcraft, referring to the use or administering of drugs or ...
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Meaning of στοιχεῖον (stoicheion)

What does Paul mean by the word στοιχεῖον, and in particular the phrase τὰ στοιχεῖα τοῦ κόσμου? Here is a list of occurrences of the word in the New Testament. Feel free to respond concerning the ...