The Apostle Paul's epistle to the Galatians.

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What are “works of the law”?

What is meant by the expression "the works of the law" in the following verses? Romans 3:28 For we consider that a person is justified by faith apart from works of the law Galatians 2:16 who ...
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Paul, apostle to the Gentiles, Peter, to the Jews… But Peter brought the gospel to the Gentiles?

Why does Paul say the following when Acts 10 shows Peter bringing the gospel to the Gentiles? ... the gospel for the uncircumcised had been committed to me, as the gospel for the circumcised ...
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Why did Paul collect and deliver an offering for the Jerusalem church?

Paul's collection for the Jerusalem church occupies significant portions of his letters (1 Cor 16:1–4; 2 Cor 8:1–9:15; Rom 15:14–32). It is so important to Paul he is willing to face hostility ...
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Does Paul believe that God sandbagged the Jews with a law they couldn't keep?

In Galatians 3:10, Paul says: "For all who rely on works of the law are under a curse; for it is written, ‘Cursed be every one who does not abide by all things written in the book of the law, and do ...
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What evidence exists to show that the Galatians could understand Greek?

I have seen before an atheist argument that the Galatians being migrant tribesmen from Gaul could not speak or read Greek, and therefore could not have understood an epistle in Greek, much less a ...
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How is an “accursed” life different from a normal life?

Paul in Galatians 1:8-9 twice warns his readers that those who preach a different gospel are to be accursed ("let him be accursed"). In what way is this life accursed? What does it look like? How is ...
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Women in Galatians

Why did Paul mean in Galatians 3:27-28 when he says that all of the Galatians were one in Christ? Does this contradict what Paul had taught elsewhere about the role of women in the ekklēsia (church)? ...
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Would the Romans have known what Paul meant by “works of the law”?

In Romans 3:20, Paul writes that no one is δικαιωθήσεται by works of the law (ἔργων νόμου). The only other place I know of the phrase in the New Testament is in Galatians. Does this phrase have use ...
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Meaning of στοιχεῖον (stoicheion)

What does Paul mean by the word στοιχεῖον, and in particular the phrase τὰ στοιχεῖα τοῦ κόσμου? Here is a list of occurrences of the word in the New Testament. Feel free to respond concerning the ...
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Where did the idea that the law was administered through angels come from?

The idea that the law was given through angels seems common enough in the first century literature: Galatians 3:19 Why then the law? It was added because of transgressions, until the offspring ...
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What does Paul mean by allegory in Galatians 4:24?

Paul's method of interpretation in Galatians 4:21-31 seems a bit unusual as compared to most modern methods. He says these things may be "interpreted allegorically." What is his method of exegesis? ...
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How to save Paul from the Galatians 3 “seed” vs “seeds” argument blunder?

Galatians 3:16 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ. How does one rescue Paul from the ...
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How can we understand “another gospel” in its historical context?

I frequently hear of approaches used by "other" Christian preachers and groups referred to as competing "gospels", such as the "social gospel" or "prosperity gospel" (or sometimes "health and wealth ...
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In Galatians 1:4 what does “this present evil world” refer to?

Galatians 1:4 - I imagine this means the then current history. Also, does "this present evil world" only refer to the happenings within the region of Galatia?
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What was destroyed in Galatians 2:18?

In Galatians 2:18, Paul writes, "If I rebuild what I destroyed, I prove that I am a lawbreaker." What is he referring to when he mentions rebuilding what was destroyed and how does that answer the ...
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Does Paul reject the idea of celebrating holidays in Galatians?

Paul has some very strong words against the Galatians implying that they are returning to their former state: Formerly, when you did not know God, you were enslaved to those that by nature are not ...
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Which covenant is “New” in Galatians 3?

The Hebrew scriptures point toward a new covenant that God will make (Jeremiah 31:31-34), and the New Testament interprets this as realized in Jesus (Hebrews 8). However, in Galatians 3, it almost ...
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What happens to a Paidagogos (in Gal. 3.24) when the son grows up?

Depending on your translation, the law has been either a guardian, a nursemaid, or a teacher that is supposed to bring us to Christ. That nanny's role is to guide and protect the child, as well as ...
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Did the Jerusalem Council intend to replace the Torah?

When Paul and Barnabas when down to Jerusalem to consult with the apostles about whether Gentiles ought to be compelled to be circumcised, the final word comes from James: Therefore my judgment is ...
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Which apostles did Paul see while he was in Jerusalem after his conversion?

In Galatians 1:16b-19, 22 (ESV), Paul writes that after his conversion in Damascus, ...I did not immediately consult with anyone; nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles before ...
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Galatians 6:10 - true meaning of 'and especially'

This verse is oft quoted to support various ideas in relation to helping others (particularly in charitable situations). So then, as we have opportunity, let us do good to everyone, and especially to ...
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Understanding argument in Galatians 3:19-20

I think I understand the argument in Galatians 3:19a about the purpose of the law. But then in the second half of the verse, Paul begins, "The law was given through angels and entrusted to a mediator. ...
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How should Galatians 5:10 be translated?

Galatians 5:10 seems to have fairly separate meanings in modern translations The NIV says that Paul is "confident in the Lord" that the Galatians will stay away from false teachings. I understand ...
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Galatians 4:13: What was Paul's “infirmity of the flesh”?

Galatians 4:13 A.V. Ye know how through infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel unto you at the first.
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Who or what are the “no gods” in Galatians 4:8?

The Apostle Paul wrote to the Galatians concerning their former lifestyle. In this regard, he mentions the following. Galatians 4:8-9 (NASB) 8 However at that time, when you did not know God, ...
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What does “guardian/tutor” mean in Galatians 3:24

Galatians 3:24 reads in the ESV (and several modern translations) So then, the law was our guardian until Christ came, in order that we might be justified by faith.ESV In the KJV it reads: ...
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How does geography impact the interpretation of Galatians?

There are two major views for the destination of Paul's letter to the Galatians: the Northern and Southern views. I understand that these views impact the possible timing of the letter, but what ...
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The difference between living by and walking by the Spirit

Galatians 5:25 (NASB) says: "If we live by the Spirit, let us also walk by the Spirit." What is the difference between living by the Spirit and walking by the Spirit?
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How Do We Know Paul's Opponents in Galatians Profess to be Followers of Jesus?

I have a question about the nature of the professed faith of Paul's opponents, which is difficult to answer because we are just seeing one side of this debate. So Paul's opponents are trying to get ...
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Does Galatians 6:9 contain a causality that could imply works salvation?

Related to: Does reaping in Galatians 6:9 refer to salvation? Galatians 6:9 (NASB) 9 Let us not lose heart in doing good, for in due time we will reap if we do not grow weary. If the word ...
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Does reaping in Galatians 6:9 refer to salvation?

Related to: Does Galatians 6:9 contain a causality that could imply works salvation? In the immediate context (based on verse 8), reaping in Galatians 6:9 appears to refer to salvation. Galatians ...
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What does Paul mean by “if we preach…contrary to [ourselves]”?

I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting him who called you in the grace of Christ and are turning to a different gospel—not that there is another one, but there are some who trouble ...
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Is Paul's visit to Jerusalem detailed in Galatians 2 the Jerusalem Council?

Paul details a meeting with Peter, James and John in Galatians 2:1-10 (ESV): Then after fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus along with me. I went up because of ...