The Apostle Paul's epistle to the Galatians.

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Can “many days” represent a period as long as three years in Acts 9:23?

In Acts 9:1-22, we see Paul's conversion and his subsequent ministry in Damascus. In Acts 9:23, the ESV says, When many days had passed, the Jews plotted to kill him. After this, Paul escaped ...
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67 views

How does the translation of γενόμενον as “made (of)” imply a previous state of existence?

The Pulpit Commentary* says that the word γενόμενον (KJV: made) in the phrase γενόμενον ἐκ γυναικός (made of a woman) in Galatians 4:4 implies a previous state of existence, whereas "born" (so NASB, ...
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41 views

When did Saul/Paul first go to Jerusalem

Asking because I am now reading Michael Grant's "Saint Paul" (1976). He lends credence to some argument p.14.5 that Luke's mention of Paul being at the stoning of Stephen as only a literary device ...
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98 views

What is the ontological constitution of a believer according to Galatians 2:20?

I am interested in understanding the components or makeup of the whole person -- their "ontology" -- when a nonbeliever becomes a believer. Paul writes in Galatians 2:20 - NIV I have been ...
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1answer
87 views

Gal 5:18 vs John 3:16

Galations 5:18-21 states But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the law. Now the works of the flesh are obvious: sexual immorality, impurity, depravity, idolatry, sorcery, ...
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1answer
71 views

Which word is being modified in Galatians 1:19?

In Galatians 1:19: New International Version: I saw none of the other apostles--only James, the Lord's brother. English Standard Version: But I saw none of the other apostles except ...
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2answers
183 views

Galatians 2:16: is it really “not by works but by faith”?

The NASB renders Galatians 2:16 as follows: nevertheless knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the Law but through faith in Christ Jesus . . . The way this is rendered, it sounds ...
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3answers
74 views

“… crucified the flesh…” Gal. 5:24

"Those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires." Does this necessarily imply that the "flesh" is dead, or could it mean the "flesh" is on the cross, and ...
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262 views

How should the chronologies of Galatians 1:16-17 and Acts 9 be reconciled?

I would like to know where in respect to Acts 9 the events of Galatians 1:16-17 most likely occurred. Here are two possibilities: …. And immediately something like scales fell from his eyes, and ...
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1answer
420 views

Paul rebukes Peter in Galatians: short and sweet or speech?

The ESV has Paul's rebuke to Peter consist of just verse 2:14 and verses 15-21 are directed back at the Galatians. This is indicated with a section heading and the lack of quotation marks starting ...
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64 views

Commas amid the fruit of the Spirit

Galatians 5:19-21 includes a list of the works of the flesh: sexual immorality, impurity, sensuality... There are 14 of them, and in both Greek and English they are separated by commas.* In vv. ...
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Who called the Galatians?

Who is "him who called you" referred to by Paul in Galatians 1:6? 6I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting him who called you in the grace of Christ and are turning to a different ...
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38 views

Is NLT rendering of εἰ μὴ in Gal. 1:19 correct? [duplicate]

In the NLT we see a very explicit rendering of εἰ μὴ as an exception: NLT Gal. 1:19 The only other apostle I met at that time was James, the Lord’s brother. Is this the correct? Does εἰ μὴ in Gal. ...
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1answer
124 views

What role did James have in Paul's conflict with Peter?

In Galatians 2, Paul records a conflict he had with Peter. In doing so, he mentions that "certain men came from James" and that after their arrival, Peter separated himself from eating with the ...
5
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1answer
269 views

Where is the 'Arabia' that Paul went to?

In Galatians 1:17 it says: 17nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles before me, but I went away into Arabia, and returned again to Damascus. ESV Paul mentions a three-year trip ...
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1answer
187 views

Does Paul mis-quote Genesis about 'offspring'? [duplicate]

In Galatians 3, Paul tells us that the promises to Abraham include a reference to 'offspring' (singular) rather than 'offsprings' (plural) or descendants. 16Now the promises were made to Abraham ...
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2answers
219 views

In Gal. 3:10 Is Paul trying to teach following the laws is putting a curse on you?

Gal. 3:10 For all who rely on the works of the law are under a curse; for it is written, cursed be everyone who does not abide by things written in the book of the law and do them. Paul appears ...
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1answer
65 views

Galatians 4:6 — Why do King James and NKJV say “your hearts” and other translations say “our hearts”

The NIV for example reads, And because you are sons, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, "Abba! Father!" The NKJV reads, And because you are sons, God has sent ...
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79 views

Is the fruit referred to in John 15:5 the same as the fruit of the Spirit?

I am the vine, you are the branches. He who abides in Me, and I in him, bears much fruit; for without Me you can do nothing. (John 15:5) What is the fruit mentioned here? Is it the same as we ...
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3answers
844 views

Did the baby “leap” in Elizabeth's womb when Mary greeted Elizabeth because of “the fruit of the Spirit.”

In Luke chapter 1 (niv) we read about the foretold birth of Jesus,and the foretold birth of Elizabeth's son John. When Mary went to visit her relative Elizabeth, and greeted her, it is written that ...
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Why does Paul skip his usual blessing in Galatians, Titus, and 1 Timothy?

If we compare those three letters with those of Rom 1:8–10; 1 Cor 1:4–6; 2 Cor 1:3–7; Eph 1:1–10; Phil 1:4–6; Col 1:3–4; 1 Thess 1:2–3; 2 Thess 1:3–4; 2 Tim 1:3–4, we find that it doesn't begin with a ...
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354 views

What view of drug use today would be deemed as sorcery/pharmakiea and fleshly by Paul in Galatians 5:20, when he lists the word? [closed]

In Galatians 5:20, among the deeds of the flesh, Paul lists "pharmakeia," which, as i understand, is commonly translated as sorcery or witchcraft, referring to the use or administering of drugs or ...
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Galatians 1:2 - Who are the brethren who were with Paul?

Galatians 1:1-2 says (KJV): 1 Paul, an apostle, (not of men, neither by man, but by Jesus Christ, and God the Father, who raised him from the dead;) and all the brethren which are with me, unto ...
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320 views

Galatians 3:22 - Did the law imprison us under sin or imprison the things which were already under sin?

I have a question on the translation of Galatians 3:22. Most English translations give something like the NIV gives: But Scripture has locked up everything under the control of sin, so that what ...
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3answers
199 views

What are “works of the law”?

What is meant by the expression "the works of the law" in the following verses? Romans 3:28 For we consider that a person is justified by faith apart from works of the law Galatians 2:16 who ...
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1answer
203 views

The usage of the word “curse” in Gal 3:13

Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us—for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who is hanged on a tree” (Gal 3:13 ESV) This verse has always intrigued me, ...
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354 views

Does Paul believe that God sandbagged the Jews with a law they couldn't keep?

In Galatians 3:10, Paul says: "For all who rely on works of the law are under a curse; for it is written, ‘Cursed be every one who does not abide by all things written in the book of the law, and do ...
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1answer
175 views

What evidence exists to show that the Galatians could understand Greek?

I have seen before an atheist argument that the Galatians being migrant tribesmen from Gaul could not speak or read Greek, and therefore could not have understood an epistle in Greek, much less a ...
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122 views

Women in Galatians

Why did Paul mean in Galatians 3:27-28 when he says that all of the Galatians were one in Christ? Does this contradict what Paul had taught elsewhere about the role of women in the ekklēsia (church)? ...
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How is an “accursed” life different from a normal life?

Paul in Galatians 1:8-9 twice warns his readers that those who preach a different gospel are to be accursed ("let him be accursed"). In what way is this life accursed? What does it look like? How is ...
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1answer
146 views

Would the Romans have known what Paul meant by “works of the law”?

In Romans 3:20, Paul writes that no one is δικαιωθήσεται by works of the law (ἔργων νόμου). The only other place I know of the phrase in the New Testament is in Galatians. Does this phrase have use ...
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How to save Paul from the Galatians 3 “seed” vs “seeds” argument blunder?

Galatians 3:16 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ. How does one rescue Paul from the ...
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1answer
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In Galatians 1:4 what does “this present evil world” refer to?

Galatians 1:4 - I imagine this means the then current history. Also, does "this present evil world" only refer to the happenings within the region of Galatia?
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Which apostles did Paul see while he was in Jerusalem after his conversion?

In Galatians 1:16b-19, 22 (ESV), Paul writes that after his conversion in Damascus, ...I did not immediately consult with anyone; nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles before ...
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901 views

Galatians 6:10 - true meaning of 'and especially'

This verse is oft quoted to support various ideas in relation to helping others (particularly in charitable situations). So then, as we have opportunity, let us do good to everyone, and especially to ...
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Paul, apostle to the Gentiles, Peter, to the Jews… But Peter brought the gospel to the Gentiles?

Why does Paul say the following when Acts 10 shows Peter bringing the gospel to the Gentiles? ... the gospel for the uncircumcised had been committed to me, as the gospel for the circumcised ...
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1answer
187 views

Who or what are the “no gods” in Galatians 4:8?

The Apostle Paul wrote to the Galatians concerning their former lifestyle. In this regard, he mentions the following. Galatians 4:8-9 (NASB) 8 However at that time, when you did not know God, ...
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10answers
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Why did Paul collect and deliver an offering for the Jerusalem church?

Paul's collection for the Jerusalem church occupies significant portions of his letters (1 Cor 16:1–4; 2 Cor 8:1–9:15; Rom 15:14–32). It is so important to Paul he is willing to face hostility ...
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Where did the idea that the law was administered through angels come from?

The idea that the law was given through angels seems common enough in the first century literature: Galatians 3:19 Why then the law? It was added because of transgressions, until the offspring ...
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1answer
275 views

Galatians 4:13: What was Paul's “infirmity of the flesh”?

Galatians 4:13 A.V. Ye know how through infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel unto you at the first.
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1answer
550 views

How does geography impact the interpretation of Galatians?

There are two major views for the destination of Paul's letter to the Galatians: the Northern and Southern views. I understand that these views impact the possible timing of the letter, but what ...
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175 views

Did the Jerusalem Council intend to replace the Torah?

When Paul and Barnabas when down to Jerusalem to consult with the apostles about whether Gentiles ought to be compelled to be circumcised, the final word comes from James: Therefore my judgment is ...
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What does Paul mean by allegory in Galatians 4:24?

Paul's method of interpretation in Galatians 4:21-31 seems a bit unusual as compared to most modern methods. He says these things may be "interpreted allegorically." What is his method of exegesis? ...
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3answers
659 views

Which covenant is “New” in Galatians 3?

The Hebrew scriptures point toward a new covenant that God will make (Jeremiah 31:31-34), and the New Testament interprets this as realized in Jesus (Hebrews 8). However, in Galatians 3, it almost ...
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816 views

How can we understand “another gospel” in its historical context?

I frequently hear of approaches used by "other" Christian preachers and groups referred to as competing "gospels", such as the "social gospel" or "prosperity gospel" (or sometimes "health and wealth ...
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246 views

Does Galatians 6:9 contain a causality that could imply works salvation?

Related to: Does reaping in Galatians 6:9 refer to salvation? Galatians 6:9 (NASB) 9 Let us not lose heart in doing good, for in due time we will reap if we do not grow weary. If the word ...
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220 views

Does reaping in Galatians 6:9 refer to salvation?

Related to: Does Galatians 6:9 contain a causality that could imply works salvation? In the immediate context (based on verse 8), reaping in Galatians 6:9 appears to refer to salvation. Galatians ...
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614 views

How Do We Know Paul's Opponents in Galatians Profess to be Followers of Jesus?

I have a question about the nature of the professed faith of Paul's opponents, which is difficult to answer because we are just seeing one side of this debate. So Paul's opponents are trying to get ...
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How should Galatians 5:10 be translated?

Galatians 5:10 seems to have fairly separate meanings in modern translations The NIV says that Paul is "confident in the Lord" that the Galatians will stay away from false teachings. I understand ...
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Meaning of στοιχεῖον (stoicheion)

What does Paul mean by the word στοιχεῖον, and in particular the phrase τὰ στοιχεῖα τοῦ κόσμου? Here is a list of occurrences of the word in the New Testament. Feel free to respond concerning the ...