The second book of the Hebrew Bible, starting with Israel in Egyptian slavery and ending with the building of the tabernacle in the desert.

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Are “craftsman” and “destroyer” proper nouns in Isaiah 54:16?

"The Destroyer" is used as a proper noun in the book of Revelation (9:11) to name a (or the) destroying angel, but "the destroyer", when appearing in Exodus 12:23, is not capitalized in any of the ...
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What did the 70 elders see, if man can't see God and live?

Exodus 24:10 says, of the 70 elders who went up on the mountain with Moshe: וַיִּרְאוּ, אֵת אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל and they saw the God of Israel Meanwhile, Exodus 33:20 says, when Moshe asks ...
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In Exodus 34:33, did Moses speak with the Israelites veiled or unveiled?

The Hebrew text of Exo. 34:33 states, לג וַיְכַל מֹשֶׁה מִדַּבֵּר אִתָּם וַיִּתֵּן עַל פָּנָיו מַסְוֶה One website sites, So, did Moses speak to the Israelites with a veil upon his face or ...
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In Exodus 21:24, does “Eye for eye…hand for hand…foot for foot” still apply if the perpetrator was one-eyed, -handed, or -footed?

In Exodus 21:24, it is written, 24 Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, KJV, 1769 כד עַיִן תַּחַת עַיִן שֵׁן תַּחַת שֵׁן יָד תַּחַת יָד רֶגֶל תַּחַת רָגֶל Does the ...
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In Hebrews 11:27, to whom does «τὸν…ἀόρατον» refer, and what is the meaning of «ἐκαρτέρησεν»?

The Greek text of Heb. 11:27 according to the Textus Receptus states, ΚΖʹ Πίστει κατέλιπεν Αἴγυπτον μὴ φοβηθεὶς τὸν θυμὸν τοῦ βασιλέως τὸν γὰρ ἀόρατον ὡς ὁρῶν ἐκαρτέρησεν TR, 1550 which the King ...
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How does one interpret the phrase “in the water under the earth” in Exodus 20:4?

In Exodus 20:4 there is a phrase בַּמַּיִם מִתַּחַת לָאָרֶץ that is often translated as "in the water under the earth". What location is this a reference to?
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What did Moses do at Horeb in the first place?

I was reading Exodus 3:1: Now Moses was shepherding the flock of his father-in-law Jethro, the priest of Midian, and he led the flock to the far side of the desert and came to the mountain of ...
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“Those who hate me” in Exodus 20:5

Exodus 20:5b (WLC | ESV) : כִּ֣י אָֽנֹכִ֞י יְהוָ֤ה אֱלֹהֶ֙יךָ֙ אֵ֣ל קַנָּ֔א פֹּ֠קֵד עֲוֺ֨ן אָבֹ֧ת עַל־בָּנִ֛ים עַל־שִׁלֵּשִׁ֥ים וְעַל־רִבֵּעִ֖ים לְשֹׂנְאָֽ֑י for I the LORD your God am a ...
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74 views

What did the label “abomination” indicate in Egyptian society?

The word תּוֹעֵבָה (tôʿēbâ, "abomination") is very common in the Hebrew Bible, usually designating breaches of covenant stipulations which are tôʿēbâ in the sight of YHWH. These uses are concentrated ...
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What was the pillar of fire that led the Israelites through the desert? [closed]

I'm just curious, does anyone have any idea as to what the physical nature of the pillar of fire in Exodus 13:21-22 was? I've always imagined it as a vortex of fire (like a tornado but with fire) ...
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Is “The Lord of the Sabbath” the LORD God?

The Gospel of Jesus Christ records that Jesus states He is Lord of the Sabbath: For the Son of Man is lord of the Sabbath. (Matthew 12:8 ESV) So the Son of Man is lord even of the Sabbath. (...
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Did Pharaoh drown with his army? Exodus 14

It is often assumed that the Pharaoh of the Exodus was drowned with his army. This has affected attempts to identify the specific Pharaoh of the Exodus. However, is such a claim true? I see a few ...
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Does the Hebrew word “olam“ mean “forever” in Leviticus 23:41?

Several passages refer to keeping a feast as a statute forever. For instance, Exodus 12:14 reads: “This day shall be for you a memorial day, and you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord; ...
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What is the significance of cooking the passover lamb by fire rather than boiling?

What is the significance of cooking the passover lamb by fire rather than boiling? Exodus 12:8-9 They shall eat the flesh that night, roasted on the fire; with unleavened bread and bitter herbs ...
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How would stoning of an adulterer actually be carried out under the Law of Moses?

How would stoning of an adulterer actually be carried out under the Law of Moses? In John Chapter 8 there is the familiar story of how Jesus prevented a stoning of a woman who had committed adultery. ...
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71 views

How old is the Passover animal required to be in Exodus 12:5?

According to Exodus 12:5 is the animal required to be less than one year old (but at least 8 days old), at least one year old (mature/adult), or a year old (older than zero, less than two, aka a "...
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THE burning bush: why the definite article?

In the Hebrew, the first time the burning bush appears it has an article. Literally this is translated by "the bush" (as in Young's Literal Translation). However, most common translations translate ...
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How long were the Children of Israel enslaved in Egypt, according to the Bible?

In Genesis 15:13 God told Abram that his descendants would be slaves in a foreign land for 400 years. This number is also mentioned in Acts 7:6. Exodus 12:41 says that the Israelites were in Egypt ...
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Is “kill” a valid translation for Exodus 20:13 (Thou shalt not kill)?

Exodus 20:13 (KJV) Thou shalt not kill. Many political statements have been made about this verse. This translation has been used by many to support their pacifist desires. However, it seems ...
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Does Moses Speak Broken Hebrew?

When translating Exodus, I became intimately familiar with every sentence (it is really a tremendous form of close reading), and I noticed something amazing. The cases where Moses speaks Hebrew, he ...
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60 views

“Death angel” or “destroyer” or “destruction” in Exodus 12:23?

In Exodus 12, the Israelites were instructed to put blood on their doors, to protect them from the death of the firstborn that the Egyptians would suffer. In most of Exodus 12, it sounds as though ...
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Is Exodus 21:21 about a dead slave or one who survives?

Exodus 21:20-21 provides provisions to avenge the maltreatment of a slave: When a man strikes his slave, male or female, with a rod and the slave dies under his hand, he shall be avenged. But if ...
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1answer
81 views

Is there anything in Genesis to suggest why the ancient Israelites were made to be slaves in Egypt?

Is there a reason provided in Genesis for the enslavement of the ancient Israelites for 400 years?: Genesis 15:13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a ...
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336 views

The lexicology of Pharaoh's heart

In the narrative of Exodus 4-14 (spanning from the time of Moses's initial assignment until the crossing of the Red Sea), there are three different verbs used to describe the action against and/or the ...
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What did Pharaoh mean by “sin” and “righteous”?

After the seventh plague in the Exodus story, Pharaoh responds (9:27): חָטָאתִי הַפָּ֑עַם יְהוָה הַצַּדִּ֔יק וַאֲנִי וְעַמִּ֖י הָרְשָׁעִים This time I have sinned; the LORD is in the right, and ...
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How best to understand the relationship between Exodus 20:3 and 20:4? [closed]

Exodus 20:3 Hebrew OT: (Consonants Only) לא יהיה־לך אלהים אחרים על־פני לא - "not" יהיה - "he will manifest" : manifest (היה) . he will (י) לך - "to your" : your (ך) . to (to) אלהים - "motions": ...
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Was the tenth of an ephah in Exodus 29:40 considered a tithe as stated in Malachi 3:10?

Exodus 29:40 With the first lamb offer a tenth of an ephah of the finest flour mixed with a quarter of a hin of oil from pressed olives, and a quarter of a hin of wine as a drink offering.
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Why isn't the Tetragrammaton used in Exodus 3:14?

I do not know Hebrew, but I've always been under the impression that the Tetragrammaton is a literal "I AM". Strongs: 1961 אֶֽהְיֶ֖ה http://biblehub.com/hebrew/1961.htm vs Strongs 3068 יְהֹוָה http://...
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699 views

Where is the Wilderness of Sin and what is its significance

In Exodus 16:1, the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin, and in Exodus 17:1 the children of Israel journeyed from the wilderness of Sin. We are told this is between Elim and Sinai and ...
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124 views

Can the Exodus conflict be read as a conflict between God and the god(s) of Egypt?

In the ancient Egyptian religion, the Pharaoh is the son of Ra. Regarding this particular god and others in Egypt, we read the following in the Book of Exodus. Exodus 12:12 (NASB) 12 For I will ...
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324 views

Why is the law about cooking a goat in mother's milk listed with instructions about feasts?

As this question notes, the law concerning cooking a young goat in its mother's milk appears three times in Torah: Exodus: 23:19, Exodus 34:26, and Deuteronomy 14:21. It's placement in Deuteronomy ...
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849 views

Was Israel to be without heating or an ability to cook food on sabbath? (Exodus 35:2-3)

Ex. 35:2-3   “For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day you shall have a holy day, ba sabbath of complete rest to the LORD; whoever does any work on it shall be put to death. “You shall ...
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Is the Destroyer of Exodus 12:23 the same as that of Revelation 9:11?

In the Old Covenant narrative of the Exodus of the Hebrews from Egypt, Yahweh tells Moses to instruct each Hebrew to paint the blood of the passover lamb on the doorposts so that the destroying angel ...
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2answers
160 views

Is there any evidence that 'knei bosem' is cannabis or ganja?

Some sites claim that kaneh bosem from Exodus 30:23 is ganja. I've seen this verse translated variously as: fragrant calamus aromatic cane (from cane balsm) sweet calamus fragrant reeds However, ...
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What is the difference between “the law” and “the commandment” given by God to Moses? (Exodus 24:12)

Exodus 24:12: The LORD said to Moses, "Come up to me on the mountain and wait there, that I may give you the tablets of stone, with the law and the commandment, which I have written for their ...
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In 1 Cor. 10:27, is the apostle Paul alluding to Exo. 34:15 concerning an idolatrous feast to a heathen god?

In 1 Cor. 10:27, it is written, 27 If any of them that believe not bid you to a feast, and ye be disposed to go; whatsoever is set before you, eat, asking no question for conscience sake. (KJV, ...
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How do we know that the 'land' in Gen 15:13 is Egypt?

Genesis 15:13 (KJV) 13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land [that is] not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years; ...
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What is the significance of Moses being called a “bridegroom of blood?”

In Exodus 4:24–26 the story is recounted of Moses' failure or delay in circumcising his son, and Zipporah stepping in herself to perform the right, saving Moses' life. I am aware some theologians ...
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105 views

Did Ezekiel intend to contradict Exodus 20?

From the Decalogue, Exodus 20:5 (ESV): You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the LORD your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and ...
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Why does Exodus 3 refer to “the angel of the LORD”?

Exodus 3:2 (ESV): And the angel of the LORD (malʾak yhwh) appeared to [Moses] in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush. It seems pretty clear from what follows that the individual in the ...
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273 views

Does the definite article 'the', occur in front of the name of God in the Hebrew language?

Or is the an interpolation from the English translators of the bible? I'm no Hebrew expert but I'm curious to know how the name was written and read in Hebrew. Was it the YAHWEH or just YAHWEH? ...
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110 views

Why is the genealogy of Moses placed in the middle of his life story?

The placement of the genealogy of Moses and Aaron, beginning at Exodus 6:14, appears to be a bit odd at first glance. One might expect it to be placed at Moses' birth or maybe his death, but instead ...
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What did Jesus likely say in John 8:58?

In John 8:58, the author quotes Jesus: . ..πρὶν Ἀβραὰμ γενέσθαι ἐγὼ εἰμί (NA28) ...before Abraham was, I am (ESV) Many have understood this as a claim to divinity, and some translations render ...
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633 views

What does it means to have “uncircumcised lips”?

Twice in Exodus Moses declares that he has "uncircumcised lips." But Moses said to the LORD, “Behold, the people of Israel have not listened to me. How then shall Pharaoh listen to me, for I am of ...
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2answers
179 views

Who was Moses Father-in-law?

In re-reading through Exodus I came across 2 people that are called Moses' father-in-law Exodus 2:18-21 states it is Reuel: 2:18 So when they came home to their father Reuel... 2:21 Moses agreed ...
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547 views

According to the original Hebrew, how did Moses's Red sea crossing look?

I heard a different viewpoint on the depiction of the whole red sea crossing than I am used to, and now I am wondering what the correct interpretation is. Instead of the sea splitting open and ...
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10 Commandments: Ketubah or Suzerain

In Exodus 20, we are given the 10 commandments. Some have compared this gift of the 10 commandments to a Ketubah - a Jewish marriage contract, while others have compared this to a Suzerain Covenant ...
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The Ten Commandments were based on the Code of Hammurabi?

A topic that was discussed among peers was that the Ten Commandments of Christian and Jewish faith were based off the Code of Hammurabi. I looked into the Wikipedia article and was informed that ...
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195 views

The Pharaoh of the Exodus

Is there any textual evidence in Hebrew Bible or Christian New Testament that would identify the Pharaoh involved with Moses and the Exodus? Is there any textual evidence that would also correspond ...
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845 views

Exo. 32:20: Why did Moses make the Israelites drink the ground calf & water mixture?

In Exo. 32:20, it is written, And he took the calf which they had made, and burnt it in the fire, and ground it to powder, and strawed it upon the water, and made the children of Israel drink of ...