The second book of the Hebrew Bible, starting with Israel in Egyptian slavery and ending with the building of the tabernacle in the desert.

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What did Moses do at Horeb in the first place?

I was reading Exodus 3:1: Now Moses was shepherding the flock of his father-in-law Jethro, the priest of Midian, and he led the flock to the far side of the desert and came to the mountain of ...
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77 views

Why is “Mitzrayim” translated “Egypt”?

I stumbled across this book trailer in my Facebook feed. The author says that the Israelites were never slaves in Egypt but Mitzrayim. So according to him Mitzrayim and Egypt are different lands. ...
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106 views

“Those who hate me” in Exodus 20:5

Exodus 20:5b (WLC | ESV) : כִּ֣י אָֽנֹכִ֞י יְהוָ֤ה אֱלֹהֶ֙יךָ֙ אֵ֣ל קַנָּ֔א פֹּ֠קֵד עֲוֺ֨ן אָבֹ֧ת עַל־בָּנִ֛ים עַל־שִׁלֵּשִׁ֥ים וְעַל־רִבֵּעִ֖ים לְשֹׂנְאָֽ֑י for I the LORD your God am a ...
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29 views

Did Jesus pattern promises to the church of Philadelphia after those in Exodus 6:6-7?

A traditional Jewish Passover meal incorporated four cups, one for each of the promises the LORD made before He brought the nation of Israel out of Egypt: Therefore, tell the Israelites, ‘I am the ...
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372 views

Why isn't the Tetragrammaton used in Exodus 3:14?

I do not know Hebrew, but I've always been under the impression that the Tetragrammaton is a literal "I AM". Strongs: 1961 אֶֽהְיֶ֖ה http://biblehub.com/hebrew/1961.htm vs Strongs 3068 יְהֹוָה http://...
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6answers
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How long were the Children of Israel enslaved in Egypt, according to the Bible?

In Genesis 15:13 God told Abram that his descendants would be slaves in a foreign land for 400 years. This number is also mentioned in Acts 7:6. Exodus 12:41 says that the Israelites were in Egypt ...
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960 views

Was Israel to be without heating or an ability to cook food on sabbath? (Exodus 35:2-3)

Ex. 35:2-3   “For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day you shall have a holy day, ba sabbath of complete rest to the LORD; whoever does any work on it shall be put to death. “You shall ...
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1answer
32 views

Are “craftsman” and “destroyer” proper nouns in Isaiah 54:16?

"The Destroyer" is used as a proper noun in the book of Revelation (9:11) to name a (or the) destroying angel, but "the destroyer", when appearing in Exodus 12:23 during the Passover narrative, is not ...
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Does the Hebrew word “olam“ mean “forever” in Leviticus 23:41?

Several passages refer to keeping a feast as a statute forever. For instance, Exodus 12:14 reads: “This day shall be for you a memorial day, and you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord; ...
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5answers
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Why does Adonai instruct us to not prepare a goat in its mother's milk?

In the Pentateuch there are at least three repetitions of the following prohibition: Exodus 23:19b (ESV) You shall not boil a young goat in its mother's milk. Exodus 34:26b (ESV) You ...
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3answers
4k views

What did the 70 elders see, if man can't see God and live?

Exodus 24:10 says, of the 70 elders who went up on the mountain with Moshe: וַיִּרְאוּ, אֵת אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל and they saw the God of Israel Meanwhile, Exodus 33:20 says, when Moshe asks ...
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280 views

In Exodus 34:33, did Moses speak with the Israelites veiled or unveiled?

The Hebrew text of Exo. 34:33 states, לג וַיְכַל מֹשֶׁה מִדַּבֵּר אִתָּם וַיִּתֵּן עַל פָּנָיו מַסְוֶה One website sites, So, did Moses speak to the Israelites with a veil upon his face or ...
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2answers
125 views

In Exodus 21:24, does “Eye for eye…hand for hand…foot for foot” still apply if the perpetrator was one-eyed, -handed, or -footed?

In Exodus 21:24, it is written, 24 Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, KJV, 1769 כד עַיִן תַּחַת עַיִן שֵׁן תַּחַת שֵׁן יָד תַּחַת יָד רֶגֶל תַּחַת רָגֶל Does the ...
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0answers
40 views

In Hebrews 11:27, to whom does «τὸν…ἀόρατον» refer, and what is the meaning of «ἐκαρτέρησεν»?

The Greek text of Heb. 11:27 according to the Textus Receptus states, ΚΖʹ Πίστει κατέλιπεν Αἴγυπτον μὴ φοβηθεὶς τὸν θυμὸν τοῦ βασιλέως τὸν γὰρ ἀόρατον ὡς ὁρῶν ἐκαρτέρησεν TR, 1550 which the King ...
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382 views

How does one interpret the phrase “in the water under the earth” in Exodus 20:4?

In Exodus 20:4 there is a phrase בַּמַּיִם מִתַּחַת לָאָרֶץ that is often translated as "in the water under the earth". What location is this a reference to?
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2answers
80 views

What did the label “abomination” indicate in Egyptian society?

The word תּוֹעֵבָה (tôʿēbâ, "abomination") is very common in the Hebrew Bible, usually designating breaches of covenant stipulations which are tôʿēbâ in the sight of YHWH. These uses are concentrated ...
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66 views

What was the pillar of fire that led the Israelites through the desert? [closed]

I'm just curious, does anyone have any idea as to what the physical nature of the pillar of fire in Exodus 13:21-22 was? I've always imagined it as a vortex of fire (like a tornado but with fire) ...
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43 views

Is “The Lord of the Sabbath” the LORD God?

The Gospel of Jesus Christ records that Jesus states He is Lord of the Sabbath: For the Son of Man is lord of the Sabbath. (Matthew 12:8 ESV) So the Son of Man is lord even of the Sabbath. (...
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3answers
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Did Pharaoh drown with his army? Exodus 14

It is often assumed that the Pharaoh of the Exodus was drowned with his army. This has affected attempts to identify the specific Pharaoh of the Exodus. However, is such a claim true? I see a few ...
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4answers
127 views

What is the significance of cooking the passover lamb by fire rather than boiling?

What is the significance of cooking the passover lamb by fire rather than boiling? Exodus 12:8-9 They shall eat the flesh that night, roasted on the fire; with unleavened bread and bitter herbs ...
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How would stoning of an adulterer actually be carried out under the Law of Moses?

How would stoning of an adulterer actually be carried out under the Law of Moses? In John Chapter 8 there is the familiar story of how Jesus prevented a stoning of a woman who had committed adultery. ...
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1answer
71 views

How old is the Passover animal required to be in Exodus 12:5?

According to Exodus 12:5 is the animal required to be less than one year old (but at least 8 days old), at least one year old (mature/adult), or a year old (older than zero, less than two, aka a "...
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73 views

THE burning bush: why the definite article?

In the Hebrew, the first time the burning bush appears it has an article. Literally this is translated by "the bush" (as in Young's Literal Translation). However, most common translations translate ...
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3answers
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Is “kill” a valid translation for Exodus 20:13 (Thou shalt not kill)?

Exodus 20:13 (KJV) Thou shalt not kill. Many political statements have been made about this verse. This translation has been used by many to support their pacifist desires. However, it seems ...
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Does Moses Speak Broken Hebrew?

When translating Exodus, I became intimately familiar with every sentence (it is really a tremendous form of close reading), and I noticed something amazing. The cases where Moses speaks Hebrew, he ...
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1answer
66 views

“Death angel” or “destroyer” or “destruction” in Exodus 12:23?

In Exodus 12, the Israelites were instructed to put blood on their doors, to protect them from the death of the firstborn that the Egyptians would suffer. In most of Exodus 12, it sounds as though ...
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65 views

Is Exodus 21:21 about a dead slave or one who survives?

Exodus 21:20-21 provides provisions to avenge the maltreatment of a slave: When a man strikes his slave, male or female, with a rod and the slave dies under his hand, he shall be avenged. But if ...
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1answer
82 views

Is there anything in Genesis to suggest why the ancient Israelites were made to be slaves in Egypt?

Is there a reason provided in Genesis for the enslavement of the ancient Israelites for 400 years?: Genesis 15:13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a ...
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339 views

The lexicology of Pharaoh's heart

In the narrative of Exodus 4-14 (spanning from the time of Moses's initial assignment until the crossing of the Red Sea), there are three different verbs used to describe the action against and/or the ...
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What did Pharaoh mean by “sin” and “righteous”?

After the seventh plague in the Exodus story, Pharaoh responds (9:27): חָטָאתִי הַפָּ֑עַם יְהוָה הַצַּדִּ֔יק וַאֲנִי וְעַמִּ֖י הָרְשָׁעִים This time I have sinned; the LORD is in the right, and ...
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How best to understand the relationship between Exodus 20:3 and 20:4? [closed]

Exodus 20:3 Hebrew OT: (Consonants Only) לא יהיה־לך אלהים אחרים על־פני לא - "not" יהיה - "he will manifest" : manifest (היה) . he will (י) לך - "to your" : your (ך) . to (to) אלהים - "motions": ...
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50 views

Was the tenth of an ephah in Exodus 29:40 considered a tithe as stated in Malachi 3:10?

Exodus 29:40 With the first lamb offer a tenth of an ephah of the finest flour mixed with a quarter of a hin of oil from pressed olives, and a quarter of a hin of wine as a drink offering.
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782 views

Where is the Wilderness of Sin and what is its significance

In Exodus 16:1, the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin, and in Exodus 17:1 the children of Israel journeyed from the wilderness of Sin. We are told this is between Elim and Sinai and ...
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2answers
131 views

Can the Exodus conflict be read as a conflict between God and the god(s) of Egypt?

In the ancient Egyptian religion, the Pharaoh is the son of Ra. Regarding this particular god and others in Egypt, we read the following in the Book of Exodus. Exodus 12:12 (NASB) 12 For I will ...
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324 views

Why is the law about cooking a goat in mother's milk listed with instructions about feasts?

As this question notes, the law concerning cooking a young goat in its mother's milk appears three times in Torah: Exodus: 23:19, Exodus 34:26, and Deuteronomy 14:21. It's placement in Deuteronomy ...
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93 views

Is the Destroyer of Exodus 12:23 the same as that of Revelation 9:11?

In the Old Covenant narrative of the Exodus of the Hebrews from Egypt, Yahweh tells Moses to instruct each Hebrew to paint the blood of the passover lamb on the doorposts so that the destroying angel ...
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2answers
161 views

Is there any evidence that 'knei bosem' is cannabis or ganja?

Some sites claim that kaneh bosem from Exodus 30:23 is ganja. I've seen this verse translated variously as: fragrant calamus aromatic cane (from cane balsm) sweet calamus fragrant reeds However, ...
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1answer
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What is the difference between “the law” and “the commandment” given by God to Moses? (Exodus 24:12)

Exodus 24:12: The LORD said to Moses, "Come up to me on the mountain and wait there, that I may give you the tablets of stone, with the law and the commandment, which I have written for their ...
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1answer
55 views

In 1 Cor. 10:27, is the apostle Paul alluding to Exo. 34:15 concerning an idolatrous feast to a heathen god?

In 1 Cor. 10:27, it is written, 27 If any of them that believe not bid you to a feast, and ye be disposed to go; whatsoever is set before you, eat, asking no question for conscience sake. (KJV, ...
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1answer
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How do we know that the 'land' in Gen 15:13 is Egypt?

Genesis 15:13 (KJV) 13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land [that is] not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years; ...
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What is the significance of Moses being called a “bridegroom of blood?”

In Exodus 4:24–26 the story is recounted of Moses' failure or delay in circumcising his son, and Zipporah stepping in herself to perform the right, saving Moses' life. I am aware some theologians ...
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2answers
109 views

Did Ezekiel intend to contradict Exodus 20?

From the Decalogue, Exodus 20:5 (ESV): You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the LORD your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and ...
6
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1answer
149 views

Why does Exodus 3 refer to “the angel of the LORD”?

Exodus 3:2 (ESV): And the angel of the LORD (malʾak yhwh) appeared to [Moses] in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush. It seems pretty clear from what follows that the individual in the ...
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1answer
276 views

Does the definite article 'the', occur in front of the name of God in the Hebrew language?

Or is the an interpolation from the English translators of the bible? I'm no Hebrew expert but I'm curious to know how the name was written and read in Hebrew. Was it the YAHWEH or just YAHWEH? ...
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2answers
113 views

Why is the genealogy of Moses placed in the middle of his life story?

The placement of the genealogy of Moses and Aaron, beginning at Exodus 6:14, appears to be a bit odd at first glance. One might expect it to be placed at Moses' birth or maybe his death, but instead ...
18
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1answer
670 views

What did Jesus likely say in John 8:58?

In John 8:58, the author quotes Jesus: . ..πρὶν Ἀβραὰμ γενέσθαι ἐγὼ εἰμί (NA28) ...before Abraham was, I am (ESV) Many have understood this as a claim to divinity, and some translations render ...
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762 views

What does it means to have “uncircumcised lips”?

Twice in Exodus Moses declares that he has "uncircumcised lips." But Moses said to the LORD, “Behold, the people of Israel have not listened to me. How then shall Pharaoh listen to me, for I am of ...
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2answers
187 views

Who was Moses Father-in-law?

In re-reading through Exodus I came across 2 people that are called Moses' father-in-law Exodus 2:18-21 states it is Reuel: 2:18 So when they came home to their father Reuel... 2:21 Moses agreed ...
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3answers
558 views

According to the original Hebrew, how did Moses's Red sea crossing look?

I heard a different viewpoint on the depiction of the whole red sea crossing than I am used to, and now I am wondering what the correct interpretation is. Instead of the sea splitting open and ...
3
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0answers
59 views

10 Commandments: Ketubah or Suzerain

In Exodus 20, we are given the 10 commandments. Some have compared this gift of the 10 commandments to a Ketubah - a Jewish marriage contract, while others have compared this to a Suzerain Covenant ...