The second book of the Hebrew Bible, starting with Israel in Egyptian slavery and ending with the building of the tabernacle in the desert.

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Did Jesus pattern promises to the church of Philadelphia after those in Exodus 6:6-7?

A traditional Jewish Passover meal incorporated four cups, one for each of the promises the LORD made before He brought the nation of Israel out of Egypt: Therefore, tell the Israelites, ‘I am the ...
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79 views

Why is “Mitzrayim” translated “Egypt”?

I stumbled across this book trailer in my Facebook feed. The author says that the Israelites were never slaves in Egypt but Mitzrayim. So according to him Mitzrayim and Egypt are different lands. ...
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33 views

Are “craftsman” and “destroyer” proper nouns in Isaiah 54:16?

"The Destroyer" is used as a proper noun in the book of Revelation (9:11) to name a (or the) destroying angel, but "the destroyer", when appearing in Exodus 12:23 during the Passover narrative, is not ...
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80 views

What did the label “abomination” indicate in Egyptian society?

The word תּוֹעֵבָה (tôʿēbâ, "abomination") is very common in the Hebrew Bible, usually designating breaches of covenant stipulations which are tôʿēbâ in the sight of YHWH. These uses are concentrated ...
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What was the pillar of fire that led the Israelites through the desert? [closed]

I'm just curious, does anyone have any idea as to what the physical nature of the pillar of fire in Exodus 13:21-22 was? I've always imagined it as a vortex of fire (like a tornado but with fire) ...
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44 views

Is “The Lord of the Sabbath” the LORD God?

The Gospel of Jesus Christ records that Jesus states He is Lord of the Sabbath: For the Son of Man is lord of the Sabbath. (Matthew 12:8 ESV) So the Son of Man is lord even of the Sabbath. (...
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THE burning bush: why the definite article?

In the Hebrew, the first time the burning bush appears it has an article. Literally this is translated by "the bush" (as in Young's Literal Translation). However, most common translations translate ...
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135 views

What is the significance of cooking the passover lamb by fire rather than boiling?

What is the significance of cooking the passover lamb by fire rather than boiling? Exodus 12:8-9 They shall eat the flesh that night, roasted on the fire; with unleavened bread and bitter herbs ...
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“Death angel” or “destroyer” or “destruction” in Exodus 12:23?

In Exodus 12, the Israelites were instructed to put blood on their doors, to protect them from the death of the firstborn that the Egyptians would suffer. In most of Exodus 12, it sounds as though ...
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Is Exodus 21:21 about a dead slave or one who survives?

Exodus 21:20-21 provides provisions to avenge the maltreatment of a slave: When a man strikes his slave, male or female, with a rod and the slave dies under his hand, he shall be avenged. But if ...
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71 views

How old is the Passover animal required to be in Exodus 12:5?

According to Exodus 12:5 is the animal required to be less than one year old (but at least 8 days old), at least one year old (mature/adult), or a year old (older than zero, less than two, aka a "...
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82 views

Is there anything in Genesis to suggest why the ancient Israelites were made to be slaves in Egypt?

Is there a reason provided in Genesis for the enslavement of the ancient Israelites for 400 years?: Genesis 15:13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a ...
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87 views

What did Pharaoh mean by “sin” and “righteous”?

After the seventh plague in the Exodus story, Pharaoh responds (9:27): חָטָאתִי הַפָּ֑עַם יְהוָה הַצַּדִּ֔יק וַאֲנִי וְעַמִּ֖י הָרְשָׁעִים This time I have sinned; the LORD is in the right, and ...
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Was the tenth of an ephah in Exodus 29:40 considered a tithe as stated in Malachi 3:10?

Exodus 29:40 With the first lamb offer a tenth of an ephah of the finest flour mixed with a quarter of a hin of oil from pressed olives, and a quarter of a hin of wine as a drink offering.
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Can the Exodus conflict be read as a conflict between God and the god(s) of Egypt?

In the ancient Egyptian religion, the Pharaoh is the son of Ra. Regarding this particular god and others in Egypt, we read the following in the Book of Exodus. Exodus 12:12 (NASB) 12 For I will ...
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339 views

The lexicology of Pharaoh's heart

In the narrative of Exodus 4-14 (spanning from the time of Moses's initial assignment until the crossing of the Red Sea), there are three different verbs used to describe the action against and/or the ...
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Is the Destroyer of Exodus 12:23 the same as that of Revelation 9:11?

In the Old Covenant narrative of the Exodus of the Hebrews from Egypt, Yahweh tells Moses to instruct each Hebrew to paint the blood of the passover lamb on the doorposts so that the destroying angel ...
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161 views

Is there any evidence that 'knei bosem' is cannabis or ganja?

Some sites claim that kaneh bosem from Exodus 30:23 is ganja. I've seen this verse translated variously as: fragrant calamus aromatic cane (from cane balsm) sweet calamus fragrant reeds However, ...
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What is the difference between “the law” and “the commandment” given by God to Moses? (Exodus 24:12)

Exodus 24:12: The LORD said to Moses, "Come up to me on the mountain and wait there, that I may give you the tablets of stone, with the law and the commandment, which I have written for their ...
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In 1 Cor. 10:27, is the apostle Paul alluding to Exo. 34:15 concerning an idolatrous feast to a heathen god?

In 1 Cor. 10:27, it is written, 27 If any of them that believe not bid you to a feast, and ye be disposed to go; whatsoever is set before you, eat, asking no question for conscience sake. (KJV, ...
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“Those who hate me” in Exodus 20:5

Exodus 20:5b (WLC | ESV) : כִּ֣י אָֽנֹכִ֞י יְהוָ֤ה אֱלֹהֶ֙יךָ֙ אֵ֣ל קַנָּ֔א פֹּ֠קֵד עֲוֺ֨ן אָבֹ֧ת עַל־בָּנִ֛ים עַל־שִׁלֵּשִׁ֥ים וְעַל־רִבֵּעִ֖ים לְשֹׂנְאָֽ֑י for I the LORD your God am a ...
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Did Ezekiel intend to contradict Exodus 20?

From the Decalogue, Exodus 20:5 (ESV): You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the LORD your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and ...
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How do we know that the 'land' in Gen 15:13 is Egypt?

Genesis 15:13 (KJV) 13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land [that is] not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years; ...
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149 views

Why does Exodus 3 refer to “the angel of the LORD”?

Exodus 3:2 (ESV): And the angel of the LORD (malʾak yhwh) appeared to [Moses] in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush. It seems pretty clear from what follows that the individual in the ...
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277 views

Does the definite article 'the', occur in front of the name of God in the Hebrew language?

Or is the an interpolation from the English translators of the bible? I'm no Hebrew expert but I'm curious to know how the name was written and read in Hebrew. Was it the YAHWEH or just YAHWEH? ...
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113 views

Why is the genealogy of Moses placed in the middle of his life story?

The placement of the genealogy of Moses and Aaron, beginning at Exodus 6:14, appears to be a bit odd at first glance. One might expect it to be placed at Moses' birth or maybe his death, but instead ...
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780 views

What does it means to have “uncircumcised lips”?

Twice in Exodus Moses declares that he has "uncircumcised lips." But Moses said to the LORD, “Behold, the people of Israel have not listened to me. How then shall Pharaoh listen to me, for I am of ...
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10 Commandments: Ketubah or Suzerain

In Exodus 20, we are given the 10 commandments. Some have compared this gift of the 10 commandments to a Ketubah - a Jewish marriage contract, while others have compared this to a Suzerain Covenant ...
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191 views

Who was Moses Father-in-law?

In re-reading through Exodus I came across 2 people that are called Moses' father-in-law Exodus 2:18-21 states it is Reuel: 2:18 So when they came home to their father Reuel... 2:21 Moses agreed ...
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Where is the Wilderness of Sin and what is its significance

In Exodus 16:1, the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin, and in Exodus 17:1 the children of Israel journeyed from the wilderness of Sin. We are told this is between Elim and Sinai and ...
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What's behind the difference between the Greek and Hebrew of Exodus 21?

In Exodus 21:22-25, the consequences for hitting a pregnant woman are discussed. But the Masoretic Text and the Septuagint seem to differ. The MT refers to harm to the child, while the LXX refers to ...
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In Exodus 21:24, does “Eye for eye…hand for hand…foot for foot” still apply if the perpetrator was one-eyed, -handed, or -footed?

In Exodus 21:24, it is written, 24 Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, KJV, 1769 כד עַיִן תַּחַת עַיִן שֵׁן תַּחַת שֵׁן יָד תַּחַת יָד רֶגֶל תַּחַת רָגֶל Does the ...
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In Hebrews 11:27, to whom does «τὸν…ἀόρατον» refer, and what is the meaning of «ἐκαρτέρησεν»?

The Greek text of Heb. 11:27 according to the Textus Receptus states, ΚΖʹ Πίστει κατέλιπεν Αἴγυπτον μὴ φοβηθεὶς τὸν θυμὸν τοῦ βασιλέως τὸν γὰρ ἀόρατον ὡς ὁρῶν ἐκαρτέρησεν TR, 1550 which the King ...
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Exodus 16:34 - Does it state that there were more than just the two tablets of testimony in the Ark of the Covenant?

In Exo. 16:34, it is written, Aaron did just as the LORD had commanded Moses. He eventually placed it in the Ark of the Covenant—in front of the stone tablets inscribed with the terms of the ...
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“A mighty hand” in Exodus 3:19

Exodus 3:19 reads: וַאֲנִ֣י יָדַ֔עְתִּי כִּ֠י לֹֽא־יִתֵּ֥ן אֶתְכֶ֛ם מֶ֥לֶךְ מִצְרַ֖יִם לַהֲלֹ֑ךְ וְלֹ֖א בְּיָ֥ד חֲזָקָֽה׃ (WLC) But I know that the king of Egypt will not let you go unless ...
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How should one read “Ark of the Covenant” in Exodus 25:22?

"There I will meet with you; and from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubim which are upon the ark of the testimony, I will speak to you about all that I will give you in commandment for ...
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Sandals and Holy Ground

In Exodus 3, Moses is commanded to take off his shoes because he is standing on holy ground, yet before him is appearing an Angel of the LORD, not God himself (in contrast to Exodus 19 an onward where ...
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Why isn't the Tetragrammaton used in Exodus 3:14?

I do not know Hebrew, but I've always been under the impression that the Tetragrammaton is a literal "I AM". Strongs: 1961 אֶֽהְיֶ֖ה http://biblehub.com/hebrew/1961.htm vs Strongs 3068 יְהֹוָה http://...
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Morality of God's commandment to kill rebels

What turns me down about God are 2 stories that I have readed on my bible. God hardening pharaoh's heart and punishing him because of it, and Levites killing his relatives Today I will talk about ...
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Did Pharaoh drown with his army? Exodus 14

It is often assumed that the Pharaoh of the Exodus was drowned with his army. This has affected attempts to identify the specific Pharaoh of the Exodus. However, is such a claim true? I see a few ...
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56 views

At the time of Moses, who were to obey the ten commandments (Exodus 20:1-17), Israel or the whole of humanity?

We sometimes talk to people outside any faith community as if they are supposed to know the ten commandments and follow them. Who were the commandments originally intended for?
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Where is Moses when the ten commandments are given?

Reading from Exodus 19-20: Ex 19:24 Then the LORD said to him, “Go down and come up again, you and Aaron with you; but do not let the priests and the people break through to come up to the LORD, ...
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138 views

What was written on the stone tablets?

The wikipedia page, and most other depictions of the tablets are that they are of the ten commandments. When I read Exodus, it seems at least to me a little less clear as to what exactly was written, ...
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147 views

Are Exodus 24:9-11 and Exodus 24:12-14 two separate trips, or two stages in one trip?

I'm having trouble understanding the sequence of events here. first we see this: Ex. 24:9-11   Then Moses went up with Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel, and they saw ...
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980 views

Was Israel to be without heating or an ability to cook food on sabbath? (Exodus 35:2-3)

Ex. 35:2-3   “For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day you shall have a holy day, ba sabbath of complete rest to the LORD; whoever does any work on it shall be put to death. “You shall ...
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Does the Hebrew word “olam“ mean “forever” in Leviticus 23:41?

Several passages refer to keeping a feast as a statute forever. For instance, Exodus 12:14 reads: “This day shall be for you a memorial day, and you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord; ...
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55 views

Exo. 29:1 - Difference between לֶחֶם מַצּוֹת, חַלֹּת מַצֹּת, and רְקִיקֵי מַצּוֹת?

In Exo. 29:2, the Hebrew text states, וְלֶחֶם מַצּוֹת וְחַלֹּת מַצֹּת בְּלוּלֹת בַּשֶּׁמֶן וּרְקִיקֵי מַצּוֹת מְשֻׁחִים בַּשָּׁמֶן סֹלֶת חִטִּים תַּעֲשֶׂה אֹתָם What is the difference between ...
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228 views

Is the estimate of 2 million people exiting Egypt possible? [closed]

Exodus 12:37 says that 600,000 men were led out of Egypt by Moses, leading to estimates that at least two million Israelite men, women and children were involved in the Exodus from Egypt. Is this ...
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691 views

What type of plant was the bush of Exodus 3:2?

What type of plant was the bush of Exodus 3:2? And the angel of the Lord appeared to him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush. He looked, and behold, the bush was burning, yet it was not ...
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668 views

Does God stand beside the angel in the burning bush?

I am reading in the book of Exodus chapter 3 (KJV) about the angel of the Lord appearing to Moses in the burning bush.It is written, Exodus 3:2 And the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a ...