God's covenants with individuals (e.g. Abraham) and nations (e.g. Israel at Sinai, other nations mentioned in the books of the prophets).

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Why is Moses' reference to God's promise in Exodus 32 effective?

Exodus 32:9-14 (NIV quoted): 9 “I have seen these people,” the LORD said to Moses, “and they are a stiff-necked people. 10 Now leave me alone so that my anger may burn against them and that I may ...
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Which covenant is “New” in Galatians 3?

The Hebrew scriptures point toward a new covenant that God will make (Jeremiah 31:31-34), and the New Testament interprets this as realized in Jesus (Hebrews 8). However, in Galatians 3, it almost ...
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Who are the people of God in Psalm 100?

Psalm 100:3 seems to express a covenant formula, denoting a relationship between God as his particular people. Similar to the formula elsewhere of, "I will be your God, you shall be my people." (e.g. ...
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What does “Scripture” in the NT refer to?

This is in follow-up to this Q & A Paul wrote the following passage in II Timothy 3: 14 But you must continue in the things which you have learned and been assured of, knowing from whom ...
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Were the men in Ezra 10:3 breaking marriage covenents by divorcing their foreign wives?

In other cases, Israel was called to keep their ill-advised covenents such as the one made with the Gibeonites. Why would it be preferred to break marriage covenents in this case? They even make a ...
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What does Mark's account of the upper room reveal about Judas' part in the new covenant?

Mark 14:21 (RSV) reads For the Son of man goes as it was written of him, but woe to that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! It would have been better for that man if he had not been born. ...
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How to reconcile God's promise to Abraham with the current Jewish population?

The current Jewish population in the world is c. 14 million (c. 0.2% of the world's population). In Gn 15:5, God asks Abraham to [l]ook toward heaven, and number the stars, if you he was able to ...