The second half of Luke's history of the church, which was commissioned by Theophilus. It covers the actions of the Apostles from Christ's ascension to heaven to Paul's imprisonment in Rome.

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In the time of Jesus, were the Jewish authorities allowed to execute?

In the gospel accounts of the trial of Jesus we learn that the Jewish authorities could not sentence anyone to death: Pilate said, “Take him yourselves and judge him by your own law.” “But we ...
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2answers
221 views

What is the meaning of the phrase “men and brethren” in Acts?

In several places in Acts, Peter, James, and Paul (and perhaps others) address groups of people by saying "men and brethren" – perhaps in the same way that we would use "ladies and gentlemen" or ...
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6answers
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Did Abraham leave Haran before or after his father died?

Genesis 11:31-12-1 appears to indicate that Abram left Haran after his father Terah had died. (The author of the New Testament book of Acts certainly saw it that way.) Terah took his son Abram and ...
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Is Paul's visit to Jerusalem detailed in Galatians 2 the Jerusalem Council?

Paul details a meeting with Peter, James and John in Galatians 2:1-10 (ESV): Then after fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus along with me. I went up because of ...
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1answer
88 views

Blood of God reference to Christ's deity (Act:20:28)

In Acts 20 verses 18-25, Paul addressed the Ephesian elders with a heart felt message. At verse 28 Paul seems to indicate that it was Yahweh's blood, which would specify Christ's shed blood, that ...
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193 views

Did the disciples go out preaching to “Jews only”?

Acts 11:19 says, Now those who were scattered after the persecution that arose over Stephen traveled as far as Phoenicia, Cyprus, and Antioch, preaching the word to no one but the Jews only ...
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153 views

What does πρόγνωσις mean and how would you translate in Acts 2:23

In Acts 2:23 we read: τοῦτον τῇ ὡρισμένῃ βουλῇ καὶ προγνώσει τοῦ θεοῦ ἔκδοτον διὰ χειρὸς ἀνόμων προσπήξαντες ἀνείλατε. προγνώσει seems to be fairly consistently translated as 'foreknowledge' but ...
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Who believes, is baptized, and is saved in Acts 16?

Acts 16 tells two accounts of Philippians being saved under the preaching of Paul. First is a woman named Lydia: One who heard us was a woman named Lydia, from the city of Thyatira, a seller of ...
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1answer
54 views

Acts 2:6: What does τῆς φωνῆς ταύτης refer to?

The Greek text of Acts 2:6 according to both the Textus Receptus and NA28 states, γενομένης δὲ τῆς φωνῆς ταύτης συνῆλθεν τὸ πλῆθος καὶ συνεχύθη ὅτι ἤκουον εἷς ἕκαστος τῇ ἰδίᾳ διαλέκτῳ λαλούντων ...
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What day of the week was the Pentecost in Acts 2?

What day of the week was the day of Pentecost falling on in Acts 2? Was it Saturday or Sunday? Or some other day?
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Acts 1:2 - What does the prepositional phrase διὰ πνεύματος ἁγίου modify?

Acts 1:2: ἄχρι ἡς ἡμέρας ἐντειλάμενος τοῖς ἀποστόλοις διὰ πνεύματος ἁγίου οὓς ἐξελέξατο ἀνελήφθη Does διὰ πνεύματος ἁγίου modify ἐντειλάμενος or ἐξελέξατο? What are the arguments in favor of ...
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2answers
94 views

Was the author of Acts a companion of Paul?

Reading through Acts, there are a number of passages describing the journeys of Paul where the author uses the first-person plural. For instance Acts 16:11-12 reads: From Troas we put out to sea ...
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3answers
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Locations of the graves of the Patriarchs

The Book of Acts at 7:16-17 states that Jacob died and was "carried back to Shechem and laid in the tomb that Abraham had bought for a sum of silver from the sons of Hamor in Shechem." But Genesis ...
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1answer
509 views

The time span between Acts 2:1 and Acts 12:3

Is it possible based on the text, especially on the mentioned observation days, to tell the time span between Acts 2:1 and Acts 12:3: And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all ...
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3answers
862 views

How does Peter fit the events of Acts 2 into the apocalyptic imagery of Joel?

In Act 2, the disciples of Jesus were gathered in the upper room when something extraordinary occurred which caused a stir in Jerusalem. Luke gives Peter a chance to explain in the first extended ...
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1answer
335 views

In Acts 3:1, What is the Significance of the Ninth Hour of Prayer?

Acts 3:1 - Now Peter and John were going up to the temple at the [a]ninth hour, the hour of prayer. I have been digging everywhere I can think of to find some description or outline of what ...
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2answers
87 views

Acts 11:20: Ἕλληνας or Ἑλληνιστάς?

In Acts 11:20, of the words Ἕλληνας and Ἑλληνιστάς, which reading is more probable according to textual criticism? Which reading is more probable according to context? What is the meaning of each ...
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2answers
142 views

Who are the two “Lords” in Acts 2:34?

What does Peter mean by invoking Psalm 110 in his sermon in Acts 2? For David did not ascend into the heavens, but he himself says,      “‘The Lord said to my Lord, ...
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1answer
161 views

“Pangs of death” in Acts 2:24

In Acts 2:24a, Peter explains God’s plan for Jesus: ὃν ὁ θεὸς ἀνέστησεν λύσας τὰς ὠδῖνας τοῦ θανάτου God raised him up, loosing the pangs of death The phrase ὠδῖνες θανάτου seems to be a ...
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What analogy is Joel using to compare God's spirit to?

Joel uses the act of pouring to describe God providing His spirit to all the people of Israel: After that, I will pour out My spirit on all flesh; Your sons and daughters shall prophesy; ...
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1answer
892 views

Was it typical to cast lots like in Acts 1:26?

At the beginning of Acts, the eleven decide that it is appropriate to replace Judas. To do so, they narrow down the list of candidates to two men: Joseph and Matthias. Then they pray, "Show us which ...
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4answers
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How convincing were the proofs of the resurrection in Acts 1:3?

In studying Acts this week in Turkish, I noticed that there is considerable difference in between translations of Acts 1:3. A quick look through English translations shows a similar range of ...
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Is it possible that the “name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit” is “Jesus”? [duplicate]

Matthew 28:19 (KJV) Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Name is singular. Does it mean that Father, Son, Holy ...
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1answer
400 views

The original Greek meaning for 'house' in Acts 2:2

the Holy Spirit filled the whole house where they were sitting What was the original Greek word for 'house'? Could it be referring to the House of the Lord rather than a home dwelling? It seems ...
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1answer
87 views

Acts 16:16: Meaning of πύθωνος (Textus Receptus) and πύθωνα (NA28)

Acts 16:16 according to the Textus Receptus (Estienne, 1550): Ἐγένετο δὲ πορευομένων ἡμῶν εἰς προσευχὴν παιδίσκην τινὰ ἔχουσαν πνεῦμα πύθωνος ἀπαντῆσαι ἡμῖν ἥτις ἐργασίαν πολλὴν παρεῖχεν τοῖς ...
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3answers
151 views

Does Acts 13:33 refer to the “eternal generation” of the Word?

In a comment on another thread in Christianity.SE, one member said, Regarding Acts 13:33 we read it to refer to His eternal generation, it's timeless. The Greek text of Acts 13:33 according to ...
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2answers
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Did 70 or 75 Hebrews go down to Egypt with Jacob?

Acts 7:14 states that "Joseph sent word and invited Jacob his father and all his relatives to come to him, seventy-five persons in all." This seems to contradict Deut. 10:22, Ex. 1:5; and Gen. 46:27 ...
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4answers
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In Acts 2:17 Peter says 'in the last days' but Joel (who he was quoting) had said 'Afterwards'

Was Peter changing it on purpose? Did Joel mean something different to the literal sense of the word? If Peter did change it how can we be sure it is relevant to what was happening?
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2answers
423 views

Did Luke base the story of Paul's conversion on the ancient play, the Bacchae, by Euripides

Acts of the Apostles has three, somewhat different accounts of the conversion of Paul on the road to Damascus - Acts 9:3-8, 22:6-11 and 26:12-19. Not only does Paul never mention this experience, but ...
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1answer
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Did Paul take the Nazarite vow in Cenchreae? If so, why this vow?

In Acts 18:18 the English Standard Version states: At Cenchreae he had cut his hair, for he was under a vow. The cross-references for this point to Numbers 6:2, 18 which describe the Nazarite ...
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2answers
157 views

Peter's response in Acts 2:16-23

Our Sunday school class is working through Acts, and I want to examine what Peter says in Acts 2:16-36 in more depth using Romans 11:11-12 and a dual purpose of Jesus Christ's 3 and a half year ...
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1answer
364 views

Who purchased the field where Judas died? [duplicate]

According to the original text of Acts 1:18, Judas purchased the field (not acquired/obtained). According to Matthew 27, the chief priests bought it. Acts 1:18 Now this man purchased a field with the ...
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1answer
247 views

In Acts 3:20, Is Peter Referring to Christ's Second Coming?

Acts 3:19-22 NIV Repent, then, and turn to God, so that your sins may be wiped out, that times of refreshing may come from the Lord, and that he may send the Messiah, who has been appointed ...
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What did the Philippian jailer mean by “saved”?

In Acts 16:30, after the earthquake and the loosing of the chains of Paul and Silas, the Philippian jailer asks them (NA28): κύριοι, τί με δεῖ ποιεῖν ἵνα σωθῶ; Sirs, what must I do to be saved? ...
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3answers
148 views

Does “Hebrew” refer to the language or the language family?

The book of Acts mentions the Hebrew language a number of times: And when he had given him permission, Paul, standing on the steps, motioned with his hand to the people. And when there was a great ...
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1answer
87 views

Who were the “all” distributed to in Acts 2?

Acts 2:44-45: And all those who had believed were together and had all things in common; and they began selling their property and possessions and were sharing them with all, as anyone might have ...
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4answers
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Was Barnabas ever reconciled to Paul?

First the timeline of events of Paul and Barnabas' falling out: Acts 12:25: When Barnabas and Saul had finished their mission, they returned from Jerusalem, taking with them John, also called ...
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3answers
237 views

Acts 20:28 variants, what are the six variants?

I have been doing a lot of reading of books from the 1700s and 1800s on google books, and I came across a claim that there are 6 different variants in Acts 20:28. (Sorry, don't remember exactly where ...
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1answer
242 views

Did Paul think in Hebrew?

I recently posted a question here regarding a passage in Romans citing a verse in Habakkuk. My understanding is that in this and (all?) other references to Hebrew scripture Paul cites the LXX ...
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1answer
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How can Paul (Saul), be considered a “young man” when Stephen was stoned?

Acts 7:58: Then they dragged him [Stephen] out of the city and began to stone him, and the witnesses placed their garments at the feet of a young man named Saul. However, Paul was likely born ...
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How did Paul “see that someone had faith” in Acts 14?

How did Paul see that the crippled man had faith to make him well? What does this mean? Acts 14:8-10 ESV Now at Lystra there was a man sitting who could not use his feet. He was crippled from ...
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2answers
394 views

What are the stocks mentioned in Acts 16:24?

In Acts 16:24, it states: Receiving such orders, he threw them in the inner cell and fastened their feet in the stocks. (NET) Having received these orders, he put them into the inner cell and ...
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2answers
523 views

How can this contradiction in Acts be explained?

These two chapters of Acts tell the story of Paul's meeting with Jesus on the road to Damascus but appear to be inconsistent: And the men which journeyed with him stood speechless, hearing a ...
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1answer
116 views

Why was Barnabas singled out for mention in Acts 4?

Acts 4:32-37: All the believers were one in heart and mind. No one claimed that any of their possessions was their own, but they shared everything they had. With great power the apostles continued ...
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4answers
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Why does Paul get annoyed with the slave girl in Acts 16?

The story in Acts 16 of the demon-possessed slave girl is a curious story to me for many reasons. If it's better to break up my questions into several, I can do so; but for now I'd like to keep them ...
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4answers
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Are there two different types of “tongues” spoken about in the NT?

My question comes directly from 1 Cor 14: 2, 4: 2 For one who speaks in a tongue does not speak to men but to God; for no one understands, but in his spirit he speaks mysteries.....4 One who ...
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Are the speeches in the gospels and Acts meant to be taken as literal renditions of the original speech, or general gists of the speaker's message?

Acts 13:16-19 Then Paul stood up, and motioning with his hand said, “Men of Israel, and you who fear God, listen: The God of this people Israel chose our fathers, and exalted the people when they ...
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Does the Greek verb ὑπακούω generally imply faith?

I noticed the Greek verb ὑπακοῦσαι (hypakousai), a conjugation of the root verb ὑπακούω (hypakouō), is translated as "[to] answer" in Acts 12:13: Peter knocked at the outer entrance, and a servant ...
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Paul's knowledge of Jannes and Jambres the magicians of Egypt

Per Paul in: 2 Timothy 3:8 ESV Just as Jannes and Jambres opposed Moses, so these men also oppose the truth, men corrupted in mind and disqualified regarding the faith. Which is cross ...
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Does Luke show Agabus as errant in his prophecy in Acts 21?

I recently came across a view of Acts 21:11 that says Agabus made a prophecy that was mostly right, but wrong in a number of ways as well - namely that Paul was not bound by the Jewish leaders, nor ...