The second half of Luke's history of the church, which was commissioned by Theophilus. It covers the actions of the Apostles from Christ's ascension to heaven to Paul's imprisonment in Rome.

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What is the author's purpose in writing Acts?

Both Luke and Acts are addressed to Theophilus, whether understood as a real person or a literary device. In Luke, the purpose of the book is laid out in the introduction: With this in mind, since ...
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10answers
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Why did Paul collect and deliver an offering for the Jerusalem church?

Paul's collection for the Jerusalem church occupies significant portions of his letters (1 Cor 16:1–4; 2 Cor 8:1–9:15; Rom 15:14–32). It is so important to Paul he is willing to face hostility ...
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Jesus and the adulterous woman: was stoning a practical possiblity?

In John 8:5, the Pharisees ask Jesus: In the Law Moses commanded us to stone such women. Now what do you say? (NIV) Was stoning a woman for adultery often/sometimes done during Jesus' days, or ...
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3answers
264 views

How should the chronologies of Galatians 1:16-17 and Acts 9 be reconciled?

I would like to know where in respect to Acts 9 the events of Galatians 1:16-17 most likely occurred. Here are two possibilities: …. And immediately something like scales fell from his eyes, and ...
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4answers
248 views

Translation of Acts 13:48

Reading Acts 13:48, the greek text reads: ἀκούοντα δὲ τὰ ἔθνη ἔχαιρον καὶ ἐδόξαζον τὸν λόγον τοῦ Κυρίου καὶ ἐπίστευσαν ὅσοι ἦσαν τεταγμένοι εἰς ζωὴν αἰώνιον With implicit commas (according to ...
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1answer
41 views

Can “many days” represent a period as long as three years in Acts 9:23?

In Acts 9:1-22, we see Paul's conversion and his subsequent ministry in Damascus. In Acts 9:23, the ESV says, When many days had passed, the Jews plotted to kill him. After this, Paul escaped ...
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1answer
36 views

Define “being” in regards to Acts 17:28

Acts 17:22-28, NRSV: Then Paul stood in front of the Areopagus and said, "Athenians, I see how extremely religious you are in every way. For as I went through the city and looked carefully at the ...
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What is the validity of the charges in Acts 17:6-7?

In Acts 17:6-7, Jason and some of the other believers, dragged before Roman officials, are charged with turning the world upside down and "defying Caesar's decrees, saying there is another king, one ...
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310 views

Why is Paul called a 'babbler' in Acts 17?

In Acts 17 we read: 16 While Paul was waiting for them in Athens, he was greatly distressed to see that the city was full of idols. 17 So he reasoned in the synagogue with both Jews and ...
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41 views

When did Saul/Paul first go to Jerusalem

Asking because I am now reading Michael Grant's "Saint Paul" (1976). He lends credence to some argument p.14.5 that Luke's mention of Paul being at the stoning of Stephen as only a literary device ...
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232 views

What does “Christian” mean (Acts 11:26)?

The word "Christian" is first used in Acts 11:26. and when he found him, he brought him to Antioch. So for a whole year Barnabas and Saul met with the church and taught a significant number of ...
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Who were the Hellenistic and Hebraic Jews of Acts 6:1?

In Acts, it talks about a division in Judaism that I had not heard of before: Acts 6:1 (NIV) In those days when the number of disciples was increasing, the Hellenistic Jews among them complained ...
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1answer
110 views

What is the “baptism of John” described in Acts 18:25?

Acts 18:25 This man was instructed in the way of the Lord; and being fervent in the spirit, he spake and taught diligently the things of the Lord, knowing only the baptism of John. 26 And he began ...
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1answer
48 views

Who is 'they' in Acts 13:28,29?

Acts 13:28 (KJV) 28 And though they found no cause of death [in him], yet desired they Pilate that he should be slain. Acts 13:29 (KJV) 29 And when they had fulfilled all that was written of ...
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2answers
215 views

What was the “yoke” that neither the disciples nor their fathers could bear?

Acts 15:10 Now therefore, why do you test God by putting a yoke on the neck of the disciples which neither our fathers nor we were able to bear? 11 But we believe that through the grace of the Lord ...
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1answer
2k views

What does “break bread” mean in Acts 20:7 and 11?

These are the verses: 7 On the first day of the week we came together to break bread. Paul spoke to the people and, because he intended to leave the next day, kept on talking until midnight. 8 ...
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2answers
110 views

What does the Greek word ὁμοιοπαθής mean in Acts 14:15?

The Greek word ὁμοιοπαθής is a compound word. It came from two words: ὅμοιος (like/similar)and πάσχω (feelings/strong emotion). Why, then, the NASB translate it as 'of same nature' and why, then, the ...
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1answer
90 views

Do Acts 10 and 11 invalidate the prohibition against consuming blood? [closed]

In relation to my previous question, What is the significance of Acts 10:13, 11:7 "make sacrificial slaughter". o δε πετρος ειπεν μηδαμως κυριε οτι ουδεποτε εφαγον παν κοινον η ακαθαρτον ...
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1answer
197 views

What is the significance of the “upper room” in Acts 1:13?

Acts 1:13 (in the KJV) mentions an "upper room": And when they were come in, they went up into an upper room, where abode both Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew, Philip, and Thomas, ...
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2answers
139 views

How to reconcile Luke 2:11 and Acts 2:36?

For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. Luke 2:11 (ESV) Let all the house of Israel therefore know for certain that God has made him both ...
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336 views

Did Luke intend the account of Ananias and Sapphira to be reminiscent of Achan?

I was thinking tonight about how the essential form of the story of Ananias and Sapphira in Acts 5 parallels the story of Achan in Joshua 7. Both stories feature people lying to the people of God in ...
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1answer
60 views

What is the significance of Acts 10:13, 11:7 “make sacrificial slaughter”

The verses say, και εγενετο φωνη προς αυτον αναστας πετρε θυσον και φαγε and became a sound/voice to him arise Peter make-sacrificial-slaughter and eat
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Why was Jesus standing?

and he said, “Behold, I see the heavens opened up and the Son of Man ~standing~ at the right hand of God.” Acts 7:56 (NASB) All of the time, except for this time, Jesus sits at the right hand ...
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To which scriptures of “the prophets” does Acts 10:43 refer?

Acts 10:43: "To him all the prophets bear witness that everyone who believes in him receives forgiveness of sins through his name." (ESV) Here Peter, as recorded by Luke, indicates that “all the ...
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535 views

Was Jesus unaware of Joel 2:32?

Matthew records Jesus saying: Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but the one who does the will of my Father who is in heaven. On that day many will say to ...
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3answers
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Who were the Pharisees?

Many times in the New Testament, Jesus, John the Baptist, and the Apostles interact with Jewish men called the Pharisees. At other times, the Sadducees are prominent. Several Pharisees are named in ...
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1answer
161 views

Did King Herod die with worms coming out of his flesh?

Acts 12:21-23 says Herod Agrippa was struck down by an angel and eaten of worms: Acts 12:21-23: And upon a set day Herod, arrayed in royal apparel, sat upon his throne, and made an oration unto ...
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1answer
53 views

Does Peter's response indicate that Cornelius worshiped Him as deity in Acts 10:25-26?

24 On the following day he entered Caesarea. Now Cornelius was waiting for them and had called together his relatives and close friends. 25 When Peter entered, Cornelius met him, and fell ...
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4answers
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What does “The LORD said to my Lord” mean in Psalm 110?

This phrase has perplexed me a little bit. It's a psalm that was quoted by both Jesus (Matt 22:44, Mark 12:36, Luke 20:42) and Peter (Acts 2:34). Psalm 110:1 ESV The LORD says to my Lord: “Sit at ...
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In the time of Jesus, were the Jewish authorities allowed to execute?

In the gospel accounts of the trial of Jesus we learn that the Jewish authorities could not sentence anyone to death: Pilate said, “Take him yourselves and judge him by your own law.” “But we ...
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2answers
171 views

What is the meaning of the phrase “men and brethren” in Acts?

In several places in Acts, Peter, James, and Paul (and perhaps others) address groups of people by saying "men and brethren" – perhaps in the same way that we would use "ladies and gentlemen" or ...
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6answers
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Did Abraham leave Haran before or after his father died?

Genesis 11:31-12-1 appears to indicate that Abram left Haran after his father Terah had died. (The author of the New Testament book of Acts certainly saw it that way.) Terah took his son Abram and ...
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Is Paul's visit to Jerusalem detailed in Galatians 2 the Jerusalem Council?

Paul details a meeting with Peter, James and John in Galatians 2:1-10 (ESV): Then after fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus along with me. I went up because of ...
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1answer
79 views

Blood of God reference to Christ's deity (Act:20:28)

In Acts 20 verses 18-25, Paul addressed the Ephesian elders with a heart felt message. At verse 28 Paul seems to indicate that it was Yahweh's blood, which would specify Christ's shed blood, that ...
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3answers
173 views

Did the disciples go out preaching to “Jews only”?

Acts 11:19 says, Now those who were scattered after the persecution that arose over Stephen traveled as far as Phoenicia, Cyprus, and Antioch, preaching the word to no one but the Jews only ...
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1answer
146 views

What does πρόγνωσις mean and how would you translate in Acts 2:23

In Acts 2:23 we read: τοῦτον τῇ ὡρισμένῃ βουλῇ καὶ προγνώσει τοῦ θεοῦ ἔκδοτον διὰ χειρὸς ἀνόμων προσπήξαντες ἀνείλατε. προγνώσει seems to be fairly consistently translated as 'foreknowledge' but ...
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394 views

Who believes, is baptized, and is saved in Acts 16?

Acts 16 tells two accounts of Philippians being saved under the preaching of Paul. First is a woman named Lydia: One who heard us was a woman named Lydia, from the city of Thyatira, a seller of ...
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1answer
51 views

Acts 2:6: What does τῆς φωνῆς ταύτης refer to?

The Greek text of Acts 2:6 according to both the Textus Receptus and NA28 states, γενομένης δὲ τῆς φωνῆς ταύτης συνῆλθεν τὸ πλῆθος καὶ συνεχύθη ὅτι ἤκουον εἷς ἕκαστος τῇ ἰδίᾳ διαλέκτῳ λαλούντων ...
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4answers
2k views

What day of the week was the Pentecost in Acts 2?

What day of the week was the day of Pentecost falling on in Acts 2? Was it Saturday or Sunday? Or some other day?
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2answers
132 views

Acts 1:2 - What does the prepositional phrase διὰ πνεύματος ἁγίου modify?

Acts 1:2: ἄχρι ἡς ἡμέρας ἐντειλάμενος τοῖς ἀποστόλοις διὰ πνεύματος ἁγίου οὓς ἐξελέξατο ἀνελήφθη Does διὰ πνεύματος ἁγίου modify ἐντειλάμενος or ἐξελέξατο? What are the arguments in favor of ...
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Was the author of Acts a companion of Paul?

Reading through Acts, there are a number of passages describing the journeys of Paul where the author uses the first-person plural. For instance Acts 16:11-12 reads: From Troas we put out to sea ...
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2answers
115 views

The triad of Peter, James, and John

This is somewhat related to another question I've asked. A common tradition of early Christian literature is that Jesus had a core group of twelve disciples (Mark 3.14-19; Matthew 10.1-4; Luke ...
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Locations of the graves of the Patriarchs

The Book of Acts at 7:16-17 states that Jacob died and was "carried back to Shechem and laid in the tomb that Abraham had bought for a sum of silver from the sons of Hamor in Shechem." But Genesis ...
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1answer
380 views

The time span between Acts 2:1 and Acts 12:3

Is it possible based on the text, especially on the mentioned observation days, to tell the time span between Acts 2:1 and Acts 12:3: And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all ...
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1answer
503 views

Why did Barnabas bring Paul to Antioch?

Paul had fled Jerusalem and gone to Tarsus (Acts 9:28-30). Later (Acts 11:22-26): News of this [Jews and Gentiles following Jesus in Antioch] reached the church in Jerusalem, and they sent ...
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3answers
790 views

How does Peter fit the events of Acts 2 into the apocalyptic imagery of Joel?

In Act 2, the disciples of Jesus were gathered in the upper room when something extraordinary occurred which caused a stir in Jerusalem. Luke gives Peter a chance to explain in the first extended ...
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1answer
227 views

In Acts 3:1, What is the Significance of the Ninth Hour of Prayer?

Acts 3:1 - Now Peter and John were going up to the temple at the [a]ninth hour, the hour of prayer. I have been digging everywhere I can think of to find some description or outline of what ...
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2answers
78 views

Acts 11:20: Ἕλληνας or Ἑλληνιστάς?

In Acts 11:20, of the words Ἕλληνας and Ἑλληνιστάς, which reading is more probable according to textual criticism? Which reading is more probable according to context? What is the meaning of each ...
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2answers
126 views

Who are the two “Lords” in Acts 2:34?

What does Peter mean by invoking Psalm 110 in his sermon in Acts 2? For David did not ascend into the heavens, but he himself says,      “‘The Lord said to my Lord, ...
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126 views

“Pangs of death” in Acts 2:24

In Acts 2:24a, Peter explains God’s plan for Jesus: ὃν ὁ θεὸς ἀνέστησεν λύσας τὰς ὠδῖνας τοῦ θανάτου God raised him up, loosing the pangs of death The phrase ὠδῖνες θανάτου seems to be a ...