The second half of Luke's history of the church, which was commissioned by Theophilus. It covers the actions of the Apostles from Christ's ascension to heaven to Paul's imprisonment in Rome.

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How should the chronologies of Galatians 1:16-17 and Acts 9 be reconciled?

I would like to know where in respect to Acts 9 the events of Galatians 1:16-17 most likely occurred. Here are two possibilities: …. And immediately something like scales fell from his eyes, and ...
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2answers
57 views

Was the author of Acts a companion of Paul?

Reading through Acts, there are a number of passages describing the journeys of Paul where the author uses the first-person plural. For instance Acts 16:11-12 reads: From Troas we put out to sea ...
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2answers
44 views

The triad of Peter, James, and John

This is somewhat related to another question I've asked. A common tradition of early Christian literature is that Jesus had a core group of twelve disciples (Mark 3.14-19; Matthew 10.1-4; Luke ...
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1answer
174 views

The time span between Acts 2:1 and Acts 12:3

Is it possible based on the text, especially on the mentioned observation days, to tell the time span between Acts 2:1 and Acts 12:3: And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all ...
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1answer
95 views

The disciples went out preaching to “Jews only”?

Acts 11:19 says, Now those who were scattered after the persecution that arose over Stephen traveled as far as Phoenicia, Cyprus, and Antioch, preaching the word to no one but the Jews only ...
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1answer
84 views

In Acts 3:1, What is the Significance of the Ninth Hour of Prayer?

Acts 3:1 - Now Peter and John were going up to the temple at the [a]ninth hour, the hour of prayer. I have been digging everywhere I can think of to find some description or outline of what ...
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1answer
78 views

“Pangs of death” in Acts 2:24

In Acts 2:24a, Peter explains God’s plan for Jesus: ὃν ὁ θεὸς ἀνέστησεν λύσας τὰς ὠδῖνας τοῦ θανάτου God raised him up, loosing the pangs of death The phrase ὠδῖνες θανάτου seems to be a ...
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2answers
99 views

Who are the two “Lords” in Acts 2:34?

What does Peter mean by invoking Psalm 110 in his sermon in Acts 2? For David did not ascend into the heavens, but he himself says,      “‘The Lord said to my Lord, ...
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1answer
188 views

Why was Jesus standing?

and he said, “Behold, I see the heavens opened up and the Son of Man ~standing~ at the right hand of God.” Acts 7:56 (NASB) All of the time, except for this time, Jesus sits at the right hand ...
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4answers
219 views

How convincing were the proofs of the resurrection in Acts 1:3?

In studying Acts this week in Turkish, I noticed that there is considerable difference in between translations of Acts 1:3. A quick look through English translations shows a similar range of ...
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1answer
95 views

The original Greek meaning for 'house' in Acts 2:2

the Holy Spirit filled the whole house where they were sitting What was the original Greek word for 'house'? Could it be referring to the House of the Lord rather than a home dwelling? It seems ...
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1answer
67 views

Acts 16:16: Meaning of πύθωνος (Textus Receptus) and πύθωνα (NA28)

Acts 16:16 according to the Textus Receptus (Estienne, 1550): Ἐγένετο δὲ πορευομένων ἡμῶν εἰς προσευχὴν παιδίσκην τινὰ ἔχουσαν πνεῦμα πύθωνος ἀπαντῆσαι ἡμῖν ἥτις ἐργασίαν πολλὴν παρεῖχεν τοῖς ...
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3answers
101 views

Does Acts 13:33 refer to the “eternal generation” of the Word?

In a comment on another thread in Christianity.SE, one member said, Regarding Acts 13:33 we read it to refer to His eternal generation, it's timeless. The Greek text of Acts 13:33 according to ...
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1answer
122 views

What does πρόγνωσις mean and how would you translate in Acts 2:23

In Acts 2:23 we read: τοῦτον τῇ ὡρισμένῃ βουλῇ καὶ προγνώσει τοῦ θεοῦ ἔκδοτον διὰ χειρὸς ἀνόμων προσπήξαντες ἀνείλατε. προγνώσει seems to be fairly consistently translated as 'foreknowledge' but ...
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1answer
371 views

Why are the three accounts of Paul's conversion on the road to Damascus different

Paul himself makes no mention of a conversion on the road to Damascus, whereas Acts of the Apostles has not one, but three accounts: At Acts 9:3-8, Paul was blinded by a light and fell down, then ...
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1answer
104 views

What is the meaning of 'divers' in Acts 19:9?

Acts 19:9 (KJV) But when divers were hardened, and believed not, but spake evil of that way before the multitude, he departed from them, and separated the disciples, disputing daily in the school ...
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4answers
343 views

In Acts 2:17 Peter says 'in the last days' but Joel (who he was quoting) had said 'Afterwards'

Was Peter changing it on purpose? Did Joel mean something different to the literal sense of the word? If Peter did change it how can we be sure it is relevant to what was happening?
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2answers
171 views

Did Luke base the story of Paul's conversion on the ancient play, the Bacchae, by Euripides

Acts of the Apostles has three, somewhat different accounts of the conversion of Paul on the road to Damascus - Acts 9:3-8, 22:6-11 and 26:12-19. Not only does Paul never mention this experience, but ...
5
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1answer
79 views

What is the validity of the charges in Acts 17:6-7?

In Acts 17:6-7, Jason and some of the other believers, dragged before Roman officials, are charged with turning the world upside down and "defying Caesar's decrees, saying there is another king, one ...
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1answer
483 views

Did Paul take the Nazarite vow in Cenchreae? If so, why this vow?

In Acts 18:18 the English Standard Version states: At Cenchreae he had cut his hair, for he was under a vow. The cross-references for this point to Numbers 6:2, 18 which describe the Nazarite ...
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2answers
71 views

Acts 11:20: Ἕλληνας or Ἑλληνιστάς?

In Acts 11:20, of the words Ἕλληνας and Ἑλληνιστάς, which reading is more probable according to textual criticism? Which reading is more probable according to context? What is the meaning of each ...
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1answer
42 views

Acts 2:6: What does τῆς φωνῆς ταύτης refer to?

The Greek text of Acts 2:6 according to both the Textus Receptus and NA28 states, γενομένης δὲ τῆς φωνῆς ταύτης συνῆλθεν τὸ πλῆθος καὶ συνεχύθη ὅτι ἤκουον εἷς ἕκαστος τῇ ἰδίᾳ διαλέκτῳ λαλούντων ...
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119 views

Acts 1:2 - What does the prepositional phrase διὰ πνεύματος ἁγίου modify?

Acts 1:2: ἄχρι ἡς ἡμέρας ἐντειλάμενος τοῖς ἀποστόλοις διὰ πνεύματος ἁγίου οὓς ἐξελέξατο ἀνελήφθη Does διὰ πνεύματος ἁγίου modify ἐντειλάμενος or ἐξελέξατο? What are the arguments in favor of ...
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2answers
109 views

Peter's response in Acts 2:16-23

Our Sunday school class is working through Acts, and I want to examine what Peter says in Acts 2:16-36 in more depth using Romans 11:11-12 and a dual purpose of Jesus Christ's 3 and a half year ...
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1answer
119 views

In Acts 3:20, Is Peter Referring to Christ's Second Coming?

Acts 3:19-22 NIV Repent, then, and turn to God, so that your sins may be wiped out, that times of refreshing may come from the Lord, and that he may send the Messiah, who has been appointed ...
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4answers
227 views

What did the Philippian jailer mean by “saved”?

In Acts 16:30, after the earthquake and the loosing of the chains of Paul and Silas, the Philippian jailer asks them (NA28): κύριοι, τί με δεῖ ποιεῖν ἵνα σωθῶ; Sirs, what must I do to be saved? ...
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3answers
197 views

Acts 20:28 variants, what are the six variants?

I have been doing a lot of reading of books from the 1700s and 1800s on google books, and I came across a claim that there are 6 different variants in Acts 20:28. (Sorry, don't remember exactly where ...
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1answer
79 views

Who were the “all” distributed to in Acts 2?

Acts 2:44-45: And all those who had believed were together and had all things in common; and they began selling their property and possessions and were sharing them with all, as anyone might have ...
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1answer
233 views

Why did Barnabas bring Paul to Antioch?

Paul had fled Jerusalem and gone to Tarsus (Acts 9:28-30). Later (Acts 11:22-26): News of this [Jews and Gentiles following Jesus in Antioch] reached the church in Jerusalem, and they sent ...
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1answer
852 views

How can Paul (Saul), be considered a “young man” when Stephen was stoned?

Acts 7:58: Then they dragged him [Stephen] out of the city and began to stone him, and the witnesses placed their garments at the feet of a young man named Saul. However, Paul was likely born ...
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1answer
80 views

How did Paul “see that someone had faith” in Acts 14?

How did Paul see that the crippled man had faith to make him well? What does this mean? Acts 14:8-10 ESV Now at Lystra there was a man sitting who could not use his feet. He was crippled from ...
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5answers
206 views

Is it possible that the “name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit” is “Jesus”?

Matthew 28:19 (KJV) Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Name is singular. Does it mean that Father, Son, Holy ...
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2answers
190 views

What are the stocks mentioned in Acts 16:24?

In Acts 16:24, it states: Receiving such orders, he threw them in the inner cell and fastened their feet in the stocks. (NET) Having received these orders, he put them into the inner cell and ...
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3answers
122 views

Does “Hebrew” refer to the language or the language family?

The book of Acts mentions the Hebrew language a number of times: And when he had given him permission, Paul, standing on the steps, motioned with his hand to the people. And when there was a great ...
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1answer
71 views

Why was Barnabas singled out for mention in Acts 4?

Acts 4:32-37: All the believers were one in heart and mind. No one claimed that any of their possessions was their own, but they shared everything they had. With great power the apostles continued ...
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2answers
369 views

How can this contradiction in Acts be explained?

These two chapters of Acts tell the story of Paul's meeting with Jesus on the road to Damascus but appear to be inconsistent: And the men which journeyed with him stood speechless, hearing a ...
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4answers
3k views

What does “The LORD said to my Lord” mean in Psalm 110?

This phrase has perplexed me a little bit. It's a psalm that was quoted by both Jesus (Matt 22:44, Mark 12:36, Luke 20:42) and Peter (Acts 2:34). Psalm 110:1 ESV The LORD says to my Lord: “Sit at ...
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4answers
4k views

Was Barnabas ever reconciled to Paul?

First the timeline of events of Paul and Barnabas' falling out: Acts 12:25: When Barnabas and Saul had finished their mission, they returned from Jerusalem, taking with them John, also called ...
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1answer
385 views

Does Luke show Agabus as errant in his prophecy in Acts 21?

I recently came across a view of Acts 21:11 that says Agabus made a prophecy that was mostly right, but wrong in a number of ways as well - namely that Paul was not bound by the Jewish leaders, nor ...
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1answer
87 views

What kind of reception did Jubilees have in first century Judaism?

Was the Book of Jubilees well known during the period of and before the early church? In Stephen's speech in Acts, he makes a reference to the mediation of law through angels that while absent from ...
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1answer
194 views

Did Paul think in Hebrew?

I recently posted a question here regarding a passage in Romans citing a verse in Habakkuk. My understanding is that in this and (all?) other references to Hebrew scripture Paul cites the LXX ...
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2answers
572 views

Why would Saul ask Jesus “who art thou, Lord?” Act 9:4, 5

Why would Saul ask Jesus "Who art thou, Lord?" Did he not know Him as the Lord before his conversion? Also, why did he persecute the church before he was converted?
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2answers
274 views

How do you reconcile I Tim 2 saying that a woman is not to teach a man and the account of Priscilla and Aquila teaching Apollos who was a man?

How do you reconcile 1 Tim 2 which says that a woman is not to teach a man and Acts 18:24-28 which is account of Priscilla and Aquila teaching a man, Apollos?
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4answers
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Are there two different types of “tongues” spoken about in the NT?

My question comes directly from 1 Cor 14: 2, 4: 2 For one who speaks in a tongue does not speak to men but to God; for no one understands, but in his spirit he speaks mysteries.....4 One who ...
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1answer
96 views

What means “to lot” in the New Testament's context? [duplicate]

When I read about the Judas substitute in early church I become very curious about "to give lot" to choose the new apostle. And they put forward two, Joseph called Barsabbas, who was surnamed ...
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3answers
1k views

What do we know about Paul's family?

Related to What do we know about Paul's sister? I want to know more information about Paul's family. According to Acts 23:6 Paul's father was a pharisee: But when Paul perceived that the one ...
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1answer
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Which apostles did Paul see while he was in Jerusalem after his conversion?

In Galatians 1:16b-19, 22 (ESV), Paul writes that after his conversion in Damascus, ...I did not immediately consult with anyone; nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles before ...
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2answers
320 views

The accuracy of Stephen's claims about persecution of the prophets

Stephen, the first martyr, asks a question in Acts 7:51-52 (ESV): "You stiff-necked people, uncircumcised in heart and ears, you always resist the Holy Spirit. As your fathers did, so do you. ...
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2answers
186 views

What is the literary funciton of Acts 1:15-26?

The Book of Acts opens with Jesus' ascension and the promise of the Spirit. The disciples go to Jerusalem where their Lord had directed them to wait, and then on the day of Pentecost, the Spirit comes ...
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1answer
185 views

How was the Holy Spirit being seen (perceived) in Acts 8?

We see that Simon in Samaria believed from Phillip's preaching and was baptized: Simon himself believed and was baptized (Acts 8:3) When the apostles Peter and John arrived to Samaria, Simon ...