Questions about John's first letter. It contains both warnings about false teachers and spiritual themes about Jesus Christ.

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19
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11answers
35k views

What is “sin that leads to death” in 1 John 5:16?

1 John 5:16 (NIV) Emphasis Added If you see any brother or sister commit a sin that does not lead to death, you should pray and God will give them life. I refer to those whose sin does not lead ...
14
votes
2answers
427 views

Were 1 John and John’s gospel written by the same person?

I’m interested in internal evidence based on the linguistic/stylistic and (if you like) thematic patterns of the two books. I am less interested for the purpose of this question in whether either was ...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

Why is 1 John 5:7-8, found in the KJV, kept in the NKJV when it is believed to be inauthentic?

1 John 5:7-8 King James Version (KJV) 7 For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one. 8 And there are three that ...
8
votes
2answers
919 views

What is the argument against the authenticity of 1 John 5:7-8 in the KJV?

I was reading through Lee Strobel's The Case for the Real Jesus and came across a passage in the book that indicates the inauthenticity of 1 John 5:7-8 in the King James Version: 1 John 5:7-8 ...
8
votes
1answer
237 views

Was 1 John an unfinished letter?

When I read 1 John, it seems to me that it was written in a hurry, with parenthetical thoughts not fully fleshed. (Specifically, the "sin that leads to death" reference, that I ask about in a ...
8
votes
2answers
133 views

We shall be like him because we shall see him as he is?

1 John 3:2: Ἀγαπητοί νῦν τέκνα θεοῦ ἐσμεν, καὶ οὔπω ἐφανερώθη τί ἐσόμεθα. οἴδαμεν ὅτι ἐὰν φανερωθῇ, ὅμοιοι αὐτῷ ἐσόμεθα, ὅτι ὀψόμεθα αὐτὸν, καθώς ἐστιν. (UBS5) Beloved, we are God's ...
8
votes
3answers
101 views

Who is “his brother” in 1 John 5:16?

In considering who can commit sins that lead to death I wonder who the "brother" is in 1 John 5:16: If anyone sees his brother committing a sin not leading to death, he shall ask, and God will ...
7
votes
4answers
7k views

What is the meaning of “water and blood” in 1 John 5:6?

In 1 John 5:6 John uses water and blood as symbolic short hand, clearly expecting his audience to know the meaning of these two liquids. 6 This is the one who came by water and blood—Jesus Christ. ...
7
votes
3answers
191 views

What is the difference between the 'life' given by wisdom in Proverbs and 'life' given by Jesus in 1 John?

These two passages are rather similar: Proverbs 8:35-36 (ESV) For whoever finds me [wisdom] finds life and obtains favor from the Lord, 36 but he who fails to find me injures himself; all who ...
7
votes
1answer
161 views

Forgiveness, yes or no?

I have been reading 1 John, and, just to quote two verses, he says; 1 John 3:8 Whoever makes a practice of sinning is of the devil, for the devil has been sinning from the beginning. The reason ...
7
votes
3answers
477 views

Who are the “children”, “fathers” and “young men” addressed in 1 John 2?

2 My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. ... 12 I am writing to you, little children, because your sins are forgiven for his name's sake. 13 I am ...
6
votes
2answers
328 views

Who is is “we” of 1 John 1:1?

The letter of 1 John begins in verse 1: That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked at and our hands have touched—this we ...
6
votes
2answers
121 views

What is the meaning of the shift from present to aorist in 1 John 2:12-14?

1 John 2:12-14 (NA28): γράφω ὑμῖν, τεκνία, ὅτι ἀφέωνται ὑμῖν αἱ ἁμαρτίαι διὰ τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ. γράφω ὑμῖν, πατέρες, ὅτι ἐγνώκατε τὸν ἀπ᾿ ἀρχῆς. γράφω ὑμῖν, νεανίσκοι, ὅτι νενικήκατε τὸν πονηρόν. ...
5
votes
2answers
215 views

Why is the only use of the word antichrist (G500) in 1st and 2nd John?

Using Strong's dictionary the only reference to the word antichrist for G500 is in 1st and 2nd John. 1 John 2:18 Little children, it is the last time: and as ye have heard that antichrist shall ...
5
votes
5answers
773 views

To what does “the darkness” refer in 1 John?

Are the uses of "darkness" in the first two chapters of First John all congruent in meaning? What does it mean to "walk in darkness?" For example... 1 John 1:5-7 (NASB) 5 This is the message ...
5
votes
1answer
95 views

Translation of 1 John 3:2

I recently ran across a proposed alternative translation of 1 John 3:2. I provide here the NA28 (with punctuation omitted for the sake of ignoring the editors’ interpretive opinion), the ESV (because ...
5
votes
3answers
169 views

“Convince our conscience” or “reassure our heart” in 1 John 3:19?

1 John 3:19: And by this we will know that we are of the truth and will convince our conscience in his presence, (NET) By this we shall know that we are of the truth and reassure our heart ...
5
votes
2answers
288 views

In 1 John 3:6, is “keeps on sinning” a good translation of ἁμαρτάνει?

1 John 3:6 reads: πᾶς ὁ ἐν αὐτῷ μένων οὐχ ἁμαρτάνει· πᾶς ὁ ἁμαρτάνων οὐχ ἑώρακεν αὐτὸν οὐδὲ ἔγνωκεν αὐτόν The KJV translates it the way the elementary Greek student would (if he lived in ...
4
votes
2answers
902 views

What does “lawlessness” refer to in 1 John 3:4?

In 1 John 3:4 (ESV), we read: Everyone who makes a practice of sinning also practices lawlessness; sin is lawlessness. My understanding is that in the LXX, the Greek word ἀνομία usually refers ...
4
votes
2answers
81 views

What is the difference between οὐ δύναται (1 Jn 3.9) and Ἀδύνατον (Heb 6.4)?

What is the difference between οὐ δύναται (1 Jn 3.9) and Ἀδύνατον (Heb 6.4)? 1 John 3.9: Πᾶς ὁ γεγεννημένος ἐκ τοῦ θεοῦ ἁμαρτίαν οὐ ποιεῖ, ὅτι σπέρμα αὐτοῦ ἐν αὐτῷ μένει, καὶ οὐ δύναται ...
4
votes
4answers
602 views

How should we understand “he cannot sin” in 1 John 3:9?

1 John 3:9 (NASB): No one who is born of God practices sin, because His seed abides in him; and he cannot sin, because he is born of God. I am particularly intrigued by the 2nd half of the ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

What are the possible interpretations of 1 John 2:19?

What are the possible interpretations and implications of 1 John 2:19, specifically as it relates to the doctrine of eternal security? ? 1 John 2:19 (NASB) 19 They went out from us, but they ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Who are the deceivers 1 John is written against, mentioned in 2:26?

John, who seems to be particularly good at explicitly stating his purpose of writing, makes it clear in his first epistle that he is writing against some group of false teachers (2:26): I write ...
3
votes
2answers
180 views

Translation questions “right, may, might” as listed below

John 1:12 "to all who received Him, to those who believed in His name, He gave the right to become children of God." John 20:31 "but these (signs) are written so that you may believe that Jesus is ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the referent for “brother” in 1 John 4:20-21?

1 John 4:20-21 20 If a man say, I love God, and hateth his brother, he is a liar: for he that loveth not his brother whom he hath seen, how can he love God whom he hath not seen? 21 And this ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

What are the arguments for and against Johannine Comma?

There have been many debates regarding the reliability of the Johannine Comma, a verse in 1 John which many textual critics do not think is authentic. Assuming the verse itself is authentic, what are ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Was 1 John a combination of Letters/Lessons?

Many times throughout 1 John the author starts a paragraph with something like "Dear friends, ..." or "Dear children, ..." After thinking about it I'm wondering if this is a combination of short ...
2
votes
1answer
565 views

Perfect love in 1 John

A few days ago I heard someone mentioning fear, and he said, "Yes, I know perfect love casts out all fear, but who of you has perfect love?" But I thought to myself, "In the context of first John, I ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

What are the interpretive options in 1 John 5:2?

Love for God is determined by love for one another: Throughout 1 John the author repeatedly says that love for God's people is the proof that a person truly loves God. If you truly love God you will ...
1
vote
1answer
140 views

What does it mean when it says,“There is a sin unto death” [duplicate]

1 John 5:16 says " If any man see his brother sin a sin which is not unto death, he shall ask, and he shall give him life for them that sin not unto death. There is a sin unto death: I do not ...
1
vote
2answers
893 views

What does the word 'idols' mean in 1 John 5:21 and what exactly is idolatry?

'Little children, guard yourselves from idols' (1 John 5:21). What was John's meaning? Did he mean, "Be careful not to end up in the local pagan temple" or does he intend to convey another type ...
1
vote
2answers
126 views

1st John 2:12-14: little children, young men and fathers

I write unto you, little children, because your sins are forgiven you for his name's sake. I write unto you, fathers, because ye have known him that is from the beginning. I write unto you, ...