Questions about John's first letter. It contains both warnings about false teachers and spiritual themes about Jesus Christ.

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In 1 John 4:2b, what does John mean by ἐν σαρκὶ ἐληλυθότα? “In flesh [and blood]” or “among humans/men”? And why is this such an important issue?

In 1 John 4:2b, what does John mean by ἐν σαρκὶ ἐληλυθότα? "In flesh [and blood]" or "among humans/men"? And why is this such an important issue? 1Jn 4:2 By this you know the Spirit of God: every ...
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2answers
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In 1 John 5:20-21, who does John identify as “him who is true” and “the true God”?

In 1 John 5:20-21, who does John identify as "him who is true" and "the true God"? ESV 1Jn 5:20 And we know that the Son of God has come and has given us understanding, so that we may know him ...
3
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1answer
84 views

Why Is There An Apparent Contradiction Between 1 Corin 11: 28-32 and 1 John 3:9?

1 John 3:9 says: “No one who is born of God will continue to sin, because God’s seed remains in them; they cannot go on sinning, because they have been born of God.” (NIV) The KJV says ‘cannot ...
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0answers
105 views

Is 1 John 3:8-9 saying that it's impossible for Christians to sin? [duplicate]

1 John 3:9 says: "Whoever has been born of God does not sin, for His seed remains in him; and he cannot sin, because he has been born of God." (NKJV) The verse appears to say that it is ...
3
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2answers
51 views

Antichrist, Man of Lawlessness, Beast of Revelation 13

It is generally assumed that the antichrist, the man of lawlessness, and the beast in Revelation 13 all refer to the same end time enemy of God. What is the basis for this assumption? Are there ...
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1answer
107 views

What is John saying in 1 John 4:8?

1 John 4:8 ESV Anyone who does not love does not know God, because God is love. Nestle GNT 1904 ὁ μὴ ἀγαπῶν οὐκ ἔγνω τὸν Θεόν, ὅτι ὁ Θεὸς ἀγάπη ἐστίν. Tischendorf 8th Edition ὁ μὴ ...
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1answer
98 views

What word comprises the subject of the second clause of 1 John 4:8?

1 John 4:8 reads in the NIV, Whoever does not love does not know God, because God is love. However this translation reverses the order of the words of the second clause in the original Greek: ...
4
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1answer
82 views

In 1 John 2:27, what is the meaning of the phrase τὸ χρίσμα?

In 1 John 2:27, it is written, But the anointing which ye have received of him abideth in you, and ye need not that any man teach you: but as the same anointing teacheth you of all things, and is ...
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0answers
51 views

Why Does The Thought Of 1 John Flow The Way It Does?

Following "Tests Of Life" (Robert Law), many have identified that John is following a circular or spiralling line of thought in 1 John by initially stating several key topics and then revisiting them ...
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1answer
100 views

What is the justification for the NASB translators capitalizing “Word” in 1 John 1:1?

In John's gospel introduction, Jesus is presented as the incarnate Word and so capitalizing Word there is fitting. In 1 John 1:1, it seems clear that the 'word' is the message about the Life, and ...
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3answers
398 views

1st John 2:12-14: little children, young men and fathers

I write unto you, little children, because your sins are forgiven you for his name's sake. I write unto you, fathers, because ye have known him that is from the beginning. I write unto you, young ...
4
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2answers
96 views

What is the difference between οὐ δύναται (1 Jn 3.9) and Ἀδύνατον (Heb 6.4)?

What is the difference between οὐ δύναται (1 Jn 3.9) and Ἀδύνατον (Heb 6.4)? 1 John 3.9: Πᾶς ὁ γεγεννημένος ἐκ τοῦ θεοῦ ἁμαρτίαν οὐ ποιεῖ, ὅτι σπέρμα αὐτοῦ ἐν αὐτῷ μένει, καὶ οὐ δύναται ...
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1answer
174 views

What are the arguments for and against Johannine Comma?

There have been many debates regarding the reliability of the Johannine Comma, a verse in 1 John which many textual critics do not think is authentic. Assuming the verse itself is authentic, what are ...
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1answer
69 views

Was 1 John a combination of Letters/Lessons?

Many times throughout 1 John the author starts a paragraph with something like "Dear friends, ..." or "Dear children, ..." After thinking about it I'm wondering if this is a combination of short ...
5
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2answers
239 views

Why is the only use of the word antichrist (G500) in 1st and 2nd John?

Using Strong's dictionary the only reference to the word antichrist for G500 is in 1st and 2nd John. 1 John 2:18 Little children, it is the last time: and as ye have heard that antichrist shall ...
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1answer
131 views

What are the interpretive options in 1 John 5:2?

Love for God is determined by love for one another: Throughout 1 John the author repeatedly says that love for God's people is the proof that a person truly loves God. If you truly love God you will ...
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2answers
241 views

We shall be like him because we shall see him as he is?

1 John 3:2: Ἀγαπητοί νῦν τέκνα θεοῦ ἐσμεν, καὶ οὔπω ἐφανερώθη τί ἐσόμεθα. οἴδαμεν ὅτι ἐὰν φανερωθῇ, ὅμοιοι αὐτῷ ἐσόμεθα, ὅτι ὀψόμεθα αὐτὸν, καθώς ἐστιν. (UBS5) Beloved, we are God's ...
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1answer
113 views

Translation of 1 John 3:2

I recently ran across a proposed alternative translation of 1 John 3:2. I provide here the NA28 (with punctuation omitted for the sake of ignoring the editors’ interpretive opinion), the ESV (because ...
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3answers
258 views

“Convince our conscience” or “reassure our heart” in 1 John 3:19?

1 John 3:19: And by this we will know that we are of the truth and will convince our conscience in his presence, (NET) By this we shall know that we are of the truth and reassure our heart ...
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4answers
1k views

How should we understand “he cannot sin” in 1 John 3:9?

1 John 3:9 (NASB): No one who is born of God practices sin, because His seed abides in him; and he cannot sin, because he is born of God. I am particularly intrigued by the 2nd half of the ...
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2answers
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Were 1 John and John’s gospel written by the same person?

I’m interested in internal evidence based on the linguistic/stylistic and (if you like) thematic patterns of the two books. I am less interested for the purpose of this question in whether either was ...
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2answers
159 views

What is the meaning of the shift from present to aorist in 1 John 2:12-14?

1 John 2:12-14 (NA28): γράφω ὑμῖν, τεκνία, ὅτι ἀφέωνται ὑμῖν αἱ ἁμαρτίαι διὰ τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ. γράφω ὑμῖν, πατέρες, ὅτι ἐγνώκατε τὸν ἀπ᾿ ἀρχῆς. γράφω ὑμῖν, νεανίσκοι, ὅτι νενικήκατε τὸν πονηρόν. ...
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5answers
188 views

Who is “his brother” in 1 John 5:16?

In considering who can commit sins that lead to death I wonder who the "brother" is in 1 John 5:16: If anyone sees his brother committing a sin not leading to death, he shall ask, and God will ...
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1answer
169 views

Forgiveness, yes or no?

I have been reading 1 John, and, just to quote two verses, he says; 1 John 3:8 Whoever makes a practice of sinning is of the devil, for the devil has been sinning from the beginning. The reason ...
6
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2answers
423 views

In 1 John 3:6, is “keeps on sinning” a good translation of ἁμαρτάνει?

1 John 3:6 reads: πᾶς ὁ ἐν αὐτῷ μένων οὐχ ἁμαρτάνει· πᾶς ὁ ἁμαρτάνων οὐχ ἑώρακεν αὐτὸν οὐδὲ ἔγνωκεν αὐτόν The KJV translates it the way the elementary Greek student would (if he lived in 1611),...
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1answer
224 views

What does it mean when it says,“There is a sin unto death” [duplicate]

1 John 5:16 says " If any man see his brother sin a sin which is not unto death, he shall ask, and he shall give him life for them that sin not unto death. There is a sin unto death: I do not ...
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5answers
2k views

To what does “the darkness” refer in 1 John?

Are the uses of "darkness" in the first two chapters of First John all congruent in meaning? What does it mean to "walk in darkness?" For example... 1 John 1:5-7 (NASB) 5 This is the message ...
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2answers
2k views

What does the word 'idols' mean in 1 John 5:21 and what exactly is idolatry?

'Little children, guard yourselves from idols' (1 John 5:21). What was John's meaning? Did he mean, "Be careful not to end up in the local pagan temple" or does he intend to convey another type of ...
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1answer
3k views

Who are the deceivers 1 John is written against, mentioned in 2:26?

John, who seems to be particularly good at explicitly stating his purpose of writing, makes it clear in his first epistle that he is writing against some group of false teachers (2:26): I write ...
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2answers
210 views

Translation questions “right, may, might” as listed below

John 1:12 "to all who received Him, to those who believed in His name, He gave the right to become children of God." John 20:31 "but these (signs) are written so that you may believe that Jesus is ...
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1answer
323 views

Was 1 John an unfinished letter?

When I read 1 John, it seems to me that it was written in a hurry, with parenthetical thoughts not fully fleshed. (Specifically, the "sin that leads to death" reference, that I ask about in a ...
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4answers
13k views

What is the meaning of “water and blood” in 1 John 5:6?

In 1 John 5:6 John uses water and blood as symbolic short hand, clearly expecting his audience to know the meaning of these two liquids. 6 This is the one who came by water and blood—Jesus Christ. ...
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2answers
530 views

Who is is “we” of 1 John 1:1?

The letter of 1 John begins in verse 1: That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked at and our hands have touched—this we ...
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2answers
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What is the argument against the authenticity of 1 John 5:7-8 in the KJV?

I was reading through Lee Strobel's The Case for the Real Jesus and came across a passage in the book that indicates the inauthenticity of 1 John 5:7-8 in the King James Version: 1 John 5:7-8 (KJV)...
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3answers
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What is the referent for “brother” in 1 John 4:20-21?

1 John 4:20-21 20 If a man say, I love God, and hateth his brother, he is a liar: for he that loveth not his brother whom he hath seen, how can he love God whom he hath not seen? 21 And this ...
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1answer
728 views

Perfect love in 1 John

A few days ago I heard someone mentioning fear, and he said, "Yes, I know perfect love casts out all fear, but who of you has perfect love?" But I thought to myself, "In the context of first John, I ...
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3answers
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What are the possible interpretations of 1 John 2:19?

What are the possible interpretations and implications of 1 John 2:19, specifically as it relates to the doctrine of eternal security? ? 1 John 2:19 (NASB) 19 They went out from us, but they ...
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4answers
696 views

Who are the “children”, “fathers” and “young men” addressed in 1 John 2?

2 My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. ... 12 I am writing to you, little children, because your sins are forgiven for his name's sake. 13 I am ...
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2answers
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What does “lawlessness” refer to in 1 John 3:4?

In 1 John 3:4 (ESV), we read: Everyone who makes a practice of sinning also practices lawlessness; sin is lawlessness. My understanding is that in the LXX, the Greek word ἀνομία usually refers ...
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13answers
46k views

What is “sin that leads to death” in 1 John 5:16?

1 John 5:16 (NIV) Emphasis Added If you see any brother or sister commit a sin that does not lead to death, you should pray and God will give them life. I refer to those whose sin does not lead to ...
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3answers
203 views

What is the difference between the 'life' given by wisdom in Proverbs and 'life' given by Jesus in 1 John?

These two passages are rather similar: Proverbs 8:35-36 (ESV) For whoever finds me [wisdom] finds life and obtains favor from the Lord, 36 but he who fails to find me injures himself; all who ...
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1answer
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Why is 1 John 5:7-8, found in the KJV, kept in the NKJV when it is believed to be inauthentic?

1 John 5:7-8 King James Version (KJV) 7 For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one. 8 And there are three that ...