Take the 2-minute tour ×
Biblical Hermeneutics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for professors, theologians, and those interested in exegetical analysis of biblical texts. It's 100% free, no registration required.

In this verse:

11“Whoever touches a human corpse will be unclean for seven days. 12They must purify themselves with the water on the third day and on the seventh day; then they will be clean. But if they do not purify themselves on the third and seventh days, they will not be clean. 13If they fail to purify themselves after touching a human corpse, they defile the Lord’s tabernacle. They must be cut off from Israel. Because the water of cleansing has not been sprinkled on them, they are unclean; their uncleanness remains on them.

What does Third Day and Seventh Day mean? Tuesday and Saturday or the Third and Seventh day AFTER they touch the corpse? Thanks!

share|improve this question

1 Answer 1

up vote 7 down vote accepted

It is the 3rd and 7th day after touching the dead corpse

That seems somewhat implied from the context of the verses you quote. I honestly would not have ever thought to consider Tuesday/Saturday, but in thinking about your question, I could see how someone might question it (though days of the week are not really mentioned in context).

However, the following verses make it clear it is from touching the corpse.

I believe you are using the NIV in your question, so here is that version both with your original verses and some of the following verses, Num 19:11-19 in total (emphasis added), with commentary between:

11 “Whoever touches a human corpse will be unclean for seven days. 12 They must purify themselves with the water on the third day and on the seventh day; then they will be clean. But if they do not purify themselves on the third and seventh days, they will not be clean. 13 If they fail to purify themselves after touching a human corpse, they defile the LORD’s tabernacle. They must be cut off from Israel. Because the water of cleansing has not been sprinkled on them, they are unclean; their uncleanness remains on them.

So vv.11-13 declare three critical things to answering the question: (1) they will be unclean for a total of 7 days; (2) they are considered clean once purification has occurred on the 3rd/7th day; (3) this purification involves a sprinkling on them.

14 “This is the law that applies when a person dies in a tent: Anyone who enters the tent and anyone who is in it will be unclean for seven days, 15 and every open container without a lid fastened on it will be unclean. 16 “Anyone out in the open who touches someone who has been killed with a sword or someone who has died a natural death, or anyone who touches a human bone or a grave, will be unclean for seven days.

vv.14-16 define further what essentially qualifies as "touching" a dead person (which can include just entering the tent where they died).

17 “For the unclean person, put some ashes from the burned purification offering into a jar and pour fresh water over them. 18 Then a man who is ceremonially clean is to take some hyssop, dip it in the water and sprinkle the tent and all the furnishings and the people who were there. He must also sprinkle anyone who has touched a human bone or a grave or anyone who has been killed or anyone who has died a natural death. 19 The man who is clean is to sprinkle those who are unclean on the third and seventh days, and on the seventh day he is to purify them. Those who are being cleansed must wash their clothes and bathe with water, and that evening they will be clean.

vv.17-19 give the final conclusion that definitively answers the question. This process of purifying is being done by one who is still clean (so it is not the individual themselves doing it) as a sprinkling. The clean person does this to the unclean on the 3rd/7th days, but note the last statement of v.19--the individual being cleansed must wash and bath that final day, and "that evening they will be clean." Now coupled with v.11 stating that uncleanness would last 7 days, then the 7th day cleansing has to be in relation to the time from touching the dead, because after the 7th day washing and this bathing, the person is considered clean.

If it meant Tue/Sat, then one touching the corpse on Friday would cleanse Saturday and Tuesday, and be clean, but will not have been unclean for 7 days (not matching v.11). So the count must be from the time of touching the corpse.

Of "third day" (etc.)

To answer your further question in your comment: No, the Hebrew is the same, just like the English is the same—"third day" of the week, "third day" since I touched a dead corpse, etc.

The Hebrew word "third" is שְׁלִישִׁי (shelîshî) the ordinal form of three, and "day" is יוֹם (yôm). Which third day counted from what reference is based on context, just like English. So the same words are found in Gen 1:13 of the third day of creation week, Gen 22:4 of the third day of Abraham's travels, 2 Kg 20:8 of the third day from the time of prophesying Hezekiah's healing, etc.

share|improve this answer
    
Your answer makes a lot of sense. Another question, don't know if you could answer is. Is the hebrew word for "Third Day" as "third day of the week" different than the one for "third day after touching"? –  User May 17 at 2:14
    
@User: I added further explanation for your question in your comment. –  ScottS May 17 at 2:42

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.