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John 19:2 (HCSB)
The soldiers also twisted together a crown of thorns, put it on His head, and threw a purple robe around Him.

The Passion of the Christ Image from The Passion of the Christ.

What was the actual thorn plant that was used in Christ's crown of thorns?

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The thorn plant that was used to make the "crown of thorns" which was placed upon the head of Jesus, is believed to be a plant called Euphorbia milii.

I actually have a cutting of this plant which is in a pot (and growing). It is about 50mm in height, has yellow flowers and the thorns are already appearing up the whole stem, and measure about 5mm. They are also very pointed and sharp.The plant is a climbing variety and will grow to a height of 1.8 metre. At this height,one can assume that the thorns must be at least 30mm long and "very sharp."

Below is information I retrieved from

Euphorbia milii, commonly known as Crown of Thorns, is a member of the Euphorbia, or Spurge family, which includes the poinsettia and castor bean plants. Grown as a garden plant in warmer climates, in our area it is strictly a houseplant.

What we think of as flowers on Crown of Thorns plants actually are bracts, brightly colored modified leaves found beneath the small, inconspicuous flowers. Most of these succulents have red bracts, but many varieties can be found in all the warm colors, including pink, coral and yellow.

The word “Spurge” comes from purge or expurgate, which refers to the fact that it is poisonous if the sticky white sap, or latex, is taken internally in large amounts. Since some people are susceptible to this latex and may develop a rash similar to that caused by poison ivy, it’s advisable to wear disposable gloves when handling the plant.

The sap, as well as its sharp thorns, protects the Crown of Thorns from animals that otherwise would devour the plant entirely. The plant’s name alludes to the legend that at His crucifixion, a wreath or crown made from stems of this plant was placed on the head of Christ. As they are pliable, the stems conceivably could be intertwined and shaped into a circle.

Native to Madagascar, Euphorbia milii (formerly named Euphorbia splendens) was brought to the Middle East before the time of Christ, so it is quite possible the legend could be true. (bold added)

Here is a picture of the plant.

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It was definitely not euphorbia milli.euphorbia milli is an ornamental plant producing flowers of different colours and a small plant. The actual plant used was a small bush with tiny leaves and thorns. I have seen this small tree in jerusalem – user11319 Nov 28 '15 at 14:15
You probably know better by now, but just in case, always make sure to properly attribute your source. Saying "I retrieved this from the Internet" is not sufficient. (I fixed this one for you.) – ThaddeusB Nov 28 '15 at 18:29

We do not really know but bramble is a common thorn in Palestine:

Bramble Stem

From The Plants of the Bible there are a few other options to choose from as well:

THE Hebrew words atad, koz, chedek, choach, naazuz, shait, shamir, sillon, sirim, sirpad, zinnim, and eight others, have been translated variously “thorns,” “briers,” and “brambles” in the Old Testament; and the word akantha is the “thorn” of the New Testament. It is impossible to say whether or not a particular species of plant was intended by each of these terms. Most of them apply generally to thorny plants, of which there are many in Palestine at the present day. Commentators mention among the thorny plants of the Holy Land species of Zizyphus, such as Zizyphus spina-Christi, also Paliurus aculeatus, Acanthus spinosus, Ononis spinosa, Solanum spinosum, Tribulus terrestris, Lycium europæum, and species of Rhamnus, Centaurea, and Astragalus.

Since man’s fall, thorns of all kinds have come up on the ground, which was cursed (Gen. 3:18); and God in chastening Israel often refers to the curse of thorns. Thus Isaiah says, “Upon the land of my people shall come up thorns and briers” (32:13); and Hosea prophesies that “the thorn and the thistle shall come up on their altars” (10:8).

The common bramble occurs in many parts of Palestine. (Balfour, J. H. (1885). The Plants of the Bible (p. 128). London; Edinburgh; New York: T. Nelson and Sons.)

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