Does Paul(of Tarsus) ever quote from the Talmud?
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closed as primarily opinion-based by Dan♦ Apr 22 '14 at 2:20
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As stated above, it would have been impossible for Paul, writing in the first half of the first century, to quote the Talmud. Everett Ferguson says in Backgrounds of Early Christianity, p462 that the Talmud consists of commentary on the Mishnah, which itself was largely written by Rabbi Judah the Patriarch (or Prince) at the end of the second century. However, As it is Written: Studying Paul's Use of Scripture, edited by Porter and Stanley, contains a number of essays that look at Paul's use of the Hebrew scriptures.
Paul's references were to the Greek Septuagint, and are variously described as quotations, allusions or echoes, depending on how clearly Paul identifies his sources. He would at times alter or misrepresent a scriptural passage in order to meet the needs of the moment.