Galatians 1:4 - I imagine this means the then current history. Also, does "this present evil world" only refer to the happenings within the region of Galatia?
“The present evil age” is the focus of God’s purpose of salvation. Classic Jewish thought, being apocalyptic, presents two ages in which a present sinful, decaying age is placed in juxtaposition to a future age of blessing and peace. For the apostle Paul, Yeshua’s death and resurrection accentuated the traditional Jewish timeline. The Christian is viewed as living in a pronounced tension between what No Longer Is, and what is Yet To Come.
The coming of Messiah has placed former requirements such as circumcision, food laws, and feast days in a totally new perspective. Messiah has rescued believers from this “present evil age” through justification by faith and the outpouring of his Spirit in the lives of those believers. This is not a theory, but an accomplished fact; believers are warned not to be drawn back into “a yoke of slavery” (Galatians 5:1). Even though Messiah has rescued (delivered) believers from this "present evil age," he has not taken them out of it. So believers find themselves "in" the "present evil age," but not "of" it (John 17:14, 16).Therefore, liberation must not degenerate into license nor the gift of the Spirit be abused by selfish carnal behavior (Galatians 5:16–26), as that would, once again, lead one back into "the present evil age."