Being awed and inspired by the world's beauty is not the same thing as a teleological argument. In Psalm 19, the psalmist captures the experience of wonder, a core component of the religious experience and offers an awareness of God's manifestation in the physical world (all translations are by Robert Alter):
The heaven's tell God's glory, and his handiwork the sky declares.
Day to day breathes utterance and night to night pronounces knowledge.
Another example of this theme is found in chapter 8:
Lord, our Master, how majestic Your name in all the earth! Whose
splendor was told over the heavens.
… When I see your heavens, the
work of your fingers, the moon and the stars you fixed firm. (2-4)
Unlike a teleological argument, these psalms have no philosophical agenda. In chapter 8, the psalmist turns an awareness of the divine into a fundamental question of human existence:
What is man that You should not him, and the human creature that You pay him heed (5).
In chapter 19, the psalmist turns an awareness of the divine into an appreciation of God's commandments:
The Lord's teaching is perfect, resorting of life.
The Lord's pact is
steadfast, it makes the fools wise.
The Lord's precepts are upright,
delighting the heart.
The Lord's command unblemished, giving light to
The Lord's fear is pure, outlasting all time.
judgments are truth, all of them just.
… Unwitting sins who can grasp?
Of unknown actions clear me. (8-11, 13)
The structure, content and viability of a serious teleological argument would be a question for this site.