This is a difficult question: not only because we are looking at a figurative reference, but also a historical reference; one that will change as time progresses.
I will start with the historical reference: in Rev. 17:16-19,"And the 10 Horns which thou sawest upon the Beast, these shall hate the Whore, and shall make her desolate and naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire. For God hath put in their hearts to fulfil His Will, and to agree, and to give their kingdom unto the Beast, UNTIL the words of God shall be fulfilled. And the woman which thou sawest is That Great City, which reigneth over all the kingdoms of the earth."
In Rev. 8:11, we see "That Great City" defined as spiritually "Sodom and Egypt", where our Lord was crucified. We have both Literal and Figurative references here: Sodom and Egypt are figurative references, describing the spiritual condition of the city at that time, however, our Lord was physically crucified in Jerusalem; therefore, the "Great Harlot" is Jerusalem/Israel.
But here also we have an apparent countradiction, because there is another woman who appears in Rev. 12,"And there appeared a great wonder in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of 12 stars: and she being with child, travailing in birth, and pained to be delivered. And there appeared another wonder in heaven; and behold a great red dragon, having 7 Heads and 10 Horns, and 7 crowns upon his Heads. And his tail drew the 3rd part of the stars of heaven, and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon stood before the woman which was ready to be delivered, for to devour her child before it was born."
Some communtators describe this woman as Mary, the mother of Christ, but it doesn't adequately explain vs 12:1. This woman is also Israel; the 12 stars are the 12 tribes of Israel, we see this described in Gen.37:9 where Joseph described his dream saying,"I have dreamed a dream more; and behold, the sun and the moon and 11 stars made obeisance to me". Joseph, of course was the 12th star. Since they pre-existed long before Christ, it cannot be the church, although the church is the 'seed' of that woman.
So here we have 2 women describing the same thing: Spiritual Israel-the spiritual 'mother' of Christ and His Church, and Physical Israel, the nation which God 'birthed' but continually rejected Him, turning to their 'lovers'-read Ezech. 16, and even causing their 'lovers'-the dragon with 7 Heads and 10 Horns, to put Christ and His followers to death. This is what Christ described in Matt. 23:34-35,"Wherefore, behold, I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and some of them you shall kill and crucify; and some of them you will scourge in your synagogues, and persecute them from city to city: That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, who you slew between the temple and the altar."
Bloodguiltyness, of course, is not confined to Physical Israel. Throughout history, we have seen the blood of the righteous being shed, long after Israel's dispersion. What we must understand from the woman in Rev. 17 is she is the 'spiritual mother' of all those who commit 'spiritual harlotry', therefore, Christ's judgement upon her from Abel to Zachariah, even though Abel existed long before Israel became a nation. The Great Whore is also represented by the woman in Zech. 7, since she is "wickedness" as opposed to righteousness. This is the same as when Jesus told the Pharisees,"Your father is the devil...." in John 8:44. Their 'mother' would have been the 'Harlot', since they participated in the activities of their 'mother'. This 'mother' has children, we see it in the persecution of the Waldenses, the Moravians, the various Inquisitions of France, Spain, and Italy. We also see it in the guillotining of the clergy in France, during the French Revolution, the murdering of Christians(and righteous) under the various Communist and Antichristian regimes. All have the same 'mother' who murder the righteous, excusing their guilt in their own eyes.
To finish with Israel: the word 'until' defines the length of this judgement. 'Until' is used in Rev. 17:17, it is also used when Jesus says in Matt. 23:39,"Ye shall not see Me henceforth, TILL ye shall say,"Blessed is He that cometh in the Name of the Lord." 'Israel' has already had her 'flesh eaten' and burn't with fire: we call that 'Shoah' or the Holocaust. Therefore, Zech. 13:8-9 have been fulfilled, the 2/3rds have been 'cut off' and the 1/3rd brought through the fire to be brought again to their homeland, where amazingly, the promises of Deut. 30:1-7 are being fulfilled in our time. The sign is the Land(Deut 29:27): as it was a dry desolate place with few inhabitants during the Dispersion, so it will be a fertile, fruitful land when it's inhabitants return. Paul says in Rom. 11:26,"All Israel shall be saved". This is after the judgement of the Great Harlot, when her children are gathered once again to their land of promise.
There is much more to add, perhaps I can amend after comment.