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Genesis 3:6 (NIV) When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it. She also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it.

When I look at different translations of Genesis 3:6, I found these unique differences.

  1. Popular translation is "who was with her".
  2. Other common translation is "her husband with her".
  3. Some do not have "who was with her". (RSV)

This may prove helpful in understanding the presence or absence of Adam while the serpent and Eve were having a conversation.

1 Timothy 2:14 (NIV) And Adam was not the one deceived; it was the woman who was deceived and became a sinner.

If this verse is true, it sounds more like Adam was absent when the deception by serpent was going on or was not listening to their conversation. If Adam heard their conversation, he might have interrupted.

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I answered this before you added the Timothy passage. I'm going to leave my answer, rooted in the Genesis text (primary source :-) ) alone, anyway. –  Gone Quiet Jul 18 '13 at 14:57

4 Answers 4

up vote 6 down vote accepted

The Hebrew for the end of the verse is:

וַתִּקַּח מִפִּרְיוֹ, וַתֹּאכַל; וַתִּתֵּן גַּם-לְאִישָׁהּ עִמָּהּ, וַיֹּאכַל.

Literally:

She took from its fruit, and she ate, and she gave also to her man with her, and he ate.

The word עִמָּהּ is "with" ('im) with a preposition (the hei with the mapik (dot) means "her"). This is "with" as in physical proximity. 'Im is a common word in Tanakh.

The text does not say "and she went" (to go find him); at the time she gave him the fruit, he was already with her and she handed it to him. So there are a few possibilities:

  • Adam was there the whole time.

  • Adam wasn't there for the conversation but came after, while she was eating. The text doesn't say "and he came" or the like, but that doesn't mean it didn't happen.

  • Chava did leave, taking some fruit with her, and when they were together she gave him some. The text does not support this interpretation (it doesn't say she left) but nor does it preclude it.

The first of these seems the simplest given the text we have, but argument from omission (the text doesn't directly support the others but they're still possible) is weak. So any of these are consistent with the text we have.


Please note: This answer was written for a neutral, academic audience and is not intended to be interpreted in the context of a religious belief or doctrine.

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So would the translation of Proverbs 10:22 mean "with her" as well? interlinearbible.org/proverbs/10-22.htm –  Kate Jul 19 '13 at 0:02
    
@Kate, that's what it looks like to me. (I grant that that's a little awkward, which is probably why people sometimes say "to" instead of "with".) The "her" there is the blessing (בִּרְכַּת), which is a feminine noun. All nouns in Hebrew are genedered and verbs, adjectives, and possessive markers (like here) have to match that. –  Gone Quiet Jul 19 '13 at 0:33

I just wanted to say, Eve was deceived. See, it says that God told Adam, but there is no record of God telling Eve. Eve was deceived, and Adam was punished more because it was his seed that lost eternal life. Adam had to have been with her. He didn't stop her, and he waited until she tested it before he did. The lack of eternal life comes through the Y Chromosome.

Romans 5:12-20 New International Version (NIV)

"Death Through Adam, Life Through Christ 12 Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all people, because all sinned—

13 To be sure, sin was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not charged against anyone’s account where there is no law. 14 Nevertheless, death reigned from the time of Adam to the time of Moses, even over those who did not sin by breaking a command, as did Adam, who is a pattern of the one to come.

15 But the gift is not like the trespass. For if the many died by the trespass of the one man, how much more did God’s grace and the gift that came by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, overflow to the many! 16 Nor can the gift of God be compared with the result of one man’s sin: The judgment followed one sin and brought condemnation, but the gift followed many trespasses and brought justification. 17 For if, by the trespass of the one man, death reigned through that one man, how much more will those who receive God’s abundant provision of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man, Jesus Christ!

18 Consequently, just as one trespass resulted in condemnation for all people, so also one righteous act resulted in justification and life for all people. 19 For just as through the disobedience of the one man the many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the one man the many will be made righteous.

20 The law was brought in so that the trespass might increase. But where sin increased, grace increased all the more, 21 so that, just as sin reigned in death, so also grace might reign through righteousness to bring eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord."

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I think Adam was not present when Eve was deceived, because

1 Timothy 2:14 (NIV) And Adam was not the one deceived; it was the woman who was deceived and became a sinner.

if Adam was not deceived how than he would allow his beloved wife Eve to be deceived to eat the forbidden fruit. and also the word "with her" could not only means that Adam was with her in that place, it could be like she is living with Adam (sorry im not eloquent in english) eg: if some one ask us "are you living alone ?" we use to say "im with my parents" that doesnt mean the parents are with me at that place they could be at home or work. so Moses may try to say that she gave the fruit to Adam who is living with her since its ancient Hebrews.

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Adam was with her, however, the nakhash worked on the stronger of the two - Eve. Adam and Eve were equals, but as in all couples one leads and the other follws. For if both lead separation eventually occurs. So the nakhash deceived Eve - not Adam because he knew once Eve fell Adam would follow. End of story.

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Can you support your interpretation? We're looking for answers that show their work. Thanks. –  Gone Quiet Oct 28 '13 at 18:27
    
Welcome to Biblical Hermeneutics Stack Exchange! We're a little different from other sites. –  maj nem ɪz dæn Dec 11 '13 at 1:42

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