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After God led the Israelites out of Egypt, and the Israelites subsequently worshiped the golden calf for leading them out of Egypt, Moses went before the Lord, simultaneously outraged and concerned:

Then Moses returned to the Lord, and said, “Alas, this people has committed a great sin, and they have made a god of gold for themselves. But now, if You will, forgive their sin—and if not, please blot me out from Your book which You have written!” The Lord said to Moses, “Whoever has sinned against Me, I will blot him out of My book. But go now, lead the people where I told you. . . .” -Exodus 32:31-34

First, what book are Moses and God talking about? It is apparently a book which God had already written. Do we know anything else beyond that?

Second, who did God promise to blot out from His book? Would this have included everyone who worshiped the golden calf? Does this imply that all Israel was "blotted out" from God's book?

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@Jas 3.1, I hope you do not mind my incorporating an answer to Brilliant's question into the answer to yours while I was walking around in the texts anyways. –  Sarah Feb 14 at 4:20
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1 Answer 1

This Book is The Book of Life

Whoever had sinned against YHWH would be blotted out of this book.

 In the Testimony of the Old Covenant we find the following:

Exodus 32:31-34

Then Moses returned to the Lord and said, “Oh, these people have committed a great sin, and have made for themselves a god of gold! Yet now, if You will forgive their sin—but if not, I pray, blot me out of Your book which You have written.”

And the Lord said to Moses, “Whoever has sinned against Me, I will blot him out of My book. Now therefore, go, lead the people to the place of which I have spoken to you. Behold, My Angel shall go before you. Nevertheless, in the day when I visit for punishment, I will visit punishment upon them for their sin.”

From this passage we learn what leads to one being blotted out of this book--sinning against YHWH God.


Psalms 69:28

Let them be blotted out of the book of the living, And not be written with the righteous.

From this passage we learn that this book that folks may be blotted out of is the Book of the living in which the righteous are listed. This is a key passage for discerning what the Hebrews understood this book to be. It was not just a book of the Hebrew dwelling in Jerusalem, but of the living righteous.


Psalms 139:16

Your eyes saw my substance, being yet unformed. And in Your book they all were written, The days fashioned for me, When as yet there were none of them.

from this we learn that folks are written in it before they are even formed when as yet their days were not yet.


Isaiah 4:3

And it shall come to pass that he who is left in Zion and remains in Jerusalem will be called holy--everyone who is recorded among the living in Jerusalem.

This may be the same book unless an earthy book listing the residents of Jerusalem was made.


 In the Testimony of the New Covenant We find:

Philippians 4:3

And I urge you also, true companion, help these women who labored with me in the gospel, with Clement also, and the rest of my fellow workers, whose names are in the Book of Life.

From this we learn that this book had significance under the New Covenant as well.


Revelation 3:5

He who overcomes shall be clothed in white garments, and I will not blot out his name from the Book of Life; but I will confess his name before My Father and before His angels.

here we learn that overcomers are not blotted out of the book of life and that Jesus confesses the names of those in this book before His Father and His angels.


Revelation 13:8

All who dwell on the earth will worship him, whose names have not been written in the Book of Life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

here we learn that even those not written in the book of life will worship the Lamb, to whom this book belongs.


Revelation 17:8

The beast that you saw was, and is not, and will ascend out of the bottomless pit and go to perdition. And those who dwell on the earth will marvel, whose names are not written in the Book of Life from the foundation of the world, when they see the beast that was, and is not, and yet is.

In this parallel passage, we gain insight about how the sentence structure of Revelation 13:8 should be translated, in the absence of "the lamb slain" we discover that it is "the book of life from the foundation of the earth," not "the lamb that was slain from the foundation of the earth."


Revelation 20:12

And I saw the dead, small and great, standing before God, and books were opened. And another book was opened, which is the Book of Life. And the dead were judged according to their works, by the things which were written in the books.

here we learn this book of life is different from the books that were opened by which the dead are judged.


Revelation 20:15

And anyone not found written in the Book of Life was cast into the lake of fire.

here we learn the fate of those not written in the book of life.


Revelation 21:27

But there shall by no means enter it anything that defiles, or causes an abomination or a lie, but only those who are written in the Lamb's Book of Life.


Revelation 22:19

and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part from the Book of Life, from the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.


Conclusions:
--This is the Book of life from the foundation of the world.
--All who are born are already written in this book.
(Note: they are not written in it upon salvation from sins).
--Whoever has sinned against God, will be blotted out of the book.
(Note: Jesus is the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world).
--Overcomers will not be blotted out of the book.
(Note: and they overcome by the blood of the Lamb and the word of His testimony).
--This book belongs to the Lamb slain.
(Note: whoever believes in the Lamb to whom this book belongs may live forever).

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